Because Americans always forget the political aspects of war. Time and again, argues Gideon Rose in this penetrating look at American wars over the last century, our leaders have focused more on beating up the enemy than on creating a stable postwar environment. What happened in Iraq was only the most prominent example of this phenomenon, not an exception to the rule.
Woodrow Wilson fought a war to make the world safe for democracy but never asked himself what democracy actually meant and then dithered as Germany slipped into chaos. Franklin Roosevelt resolved not to repeat Wilson’s mistakes but never considered what would happen to his own elaborate postwar arrangements should America’s wartime marriage of convenience with Stalin break up after the shooting stopped. The Truman administration casually established voluntary prisoner repatriation as a key American war aim in Korea without exploring whether it would block an armistice—which it did for almost a year and a half. The Kennedy and Johnson administrations dug themselves deeper and deeper into Vietnam without any plans for how to get out, making it impossible for Nixon and Ford to escape unscathed. And the list goes on.
Drawing on vast research, including extensive interviews with participants in recent wars, Rose re-creates the choices that presidents and their advisers have confronted during the final stages of each major conflict from World War I through Iraq. He puts readers in the room with U.S. officials as they make decisions that affect millions of lives and shape the modern world—seeing what they saw, hearing what they heard, feeling what they felt.
American leaders, Rose argues, have repeatedly ignored the need for careful postwar planning. But they can and must do a better job next time around—making the creation of a stable and sustainable local political outcome the goal of all wartime plans, rather than an afterthought to be dealt with once the "real" military work is over.
The arguments presented span the ideological
spectrum, and the authors include a range of leading experts from
several disciplines and countries, including Yuliya Tymoshenko,
Alexander Motyl, Orlando Figes, Kathryn Stoner, Daniel Treisman, Brian
Taylor, Kathleen McNamara, and more.
Released as policymakers in Washington and other
capitals debate how to handle Ukraine, this book contains everything
needed for readers to develop informed opinions of their own.
To help you understand today’s headlines, we’ve pulled together the best of our coverage in a new eBook, Endgame in Iraq. The arguments presented span every significant position on the political spectrum, and the authors include world-renowned experts from several disciplines, backgrounds, and countries, including Stephen Biddle, Antony J. Blinken, Dalia Dassa Kaye, Andrew F. Krepinevich, Barak Mendelsohn, Vali Nasr, Michael E. O’Hanlon, Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Ned Parker, Kenneth M. Pollack, Harith al-Qarawee, Steven Simon, Emma Sky, and Micah Zenko.
With Iraq’s fate once again hanging in the balance, there’s no better way to figure out how we got here and what will come next.
From social media to the Internet of Things, digital fabrication to robotics, virtual reality to synthetic biology, new technologies are racing forward across the board. Together they are ripping up the rule book for people, firms, and governments alike. Mastering this so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution is the theme of the World Economic Forum’s 2016 Annual Meeting, for which this special collection serves as background reading.
Klaus Schwab kicks things off with an overview of the topic, followed by sections on the technological trends driving the revolution; those trends’ economic, social, and political impacts; and the resulting challenges for policy. Drawn from the pages of Foreign Affairs and the pixels of ForeignAffairs.com, the articles feature world-class experts explaining crucial issues clearly, directly, and authoritatively. We hope you enjoy the collection and come back for more.
The arguments presented span the ideological spectrum, and the authors include a range of leading experts from several disciplines and countries, including Elizabeth Economy, Evan Feigenbaum, Yasheng Huang, Robert Kaplan, Eric Li, Damien Ma, Andrew Nathan, Lynette Ong, Lucian Pye, John Thornton, Cui Tiankai, and more.
Bringing together a collection of our best coverage of the subject from both print and Web, The ISIS Crisis offers an unparalleled range of authoritative analysis on everything from the group’s ideology, strategy, and internal characteristics; to its operations across the Middle East and elsewhere; to the difficult tradeoffs involved in trying to halt and reverse its advance. The collection concludes with a fascinating survey of expert opinion on whether Washington should step up its anti-ISIS military campaign, in which 73 of the world’s most knowledgeable observers offer their personal take on the question.
We can’t promise that after reading all this, you’ll know exactly what to do. But we can promise that you’ll have the information you need to think about the question intelligently.
In Masters of International Relations, we’ve decided to gather together a few of our most recent articles from some of the leading lights in international relations, showing just how the gap between scholars and policymakers can and should be bridged.
The collection features Francis Fukuyama, John Ikenberry, Joseph Nye, Robert Keohane, and Fareed Zakaria on the future of history, liberalism, and America. Stephen Brooks, John Ikenberry, and William Wohlforth debate Barry Posen on U.S. grand strategy. Kenneth Waltz, Robert Jervis, and Richard Betts all chime in on Iran. Graham Allison discusses nuclear weapons, and Michael Walzer, David Campbell, and Robert Putnam talk humanitarianism and religion. Masters of International Relations also offers an introductory chapter by Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.
No issue on the foreign policy agenda is more
controversial than how to deal with Iran’s nuclear program, and Foreign
Affairs continues to dominate the debate.
special collection, Iran and the Bomb 2: A New Hope, pulls together a
broad range of pieces that illuminate Iran’s turn toward negotiations, the pros
and cons of the interim agreement, and the geopolitical and psychological
intricacies of the crucial U.S.-Iranian-Israeli triangle. The authors include world-renowned experts from several
disciplines and professional backgrounds, and their arguments span every
significant position on the political spectrum.
and the Bomb 2: A New Hope offers an
excellent overview of the current situation and all the material required for
readers to develop their own opinions about how to proceed.
The articles presented span a range of topics and perspectives, from Steven M. Wise on animal rights to Bjorn Lomborg on environmental alarmism, Elizabeth Economy on China’s pollution problem, and Fred Krupp on fracking. Reading them over, it is hard not to be shaken by the scale of the damage being wrought on the planet and its non-human inhabitants by rapid, unregulated growth around the globe. But it is also hard not to recognize how much sensible public policy could do to address the problem. We hope this is a useful guide in those efforts.
In fits and starts, to varying degrees on varying issues, this project has managed to achieve extraordinary success over the past seven decades, enabling Europe to reach levels of peace and prosperity at which previous generations could only have marveled. But the endeavor has always been more popular with elites than with the masses, has lurched from crisis to crisis, and has struggled to deal with the differences that keep Europe’s disparate parts from forming a seamless whole.
Foreign Affairs has been covering the effort closely from the beginning, and as the Greek crisis comes to a head, we’ve decided to pull together highlights of our analysis of the quest for economic union in particular. This collection provides an unparalleled look at the past, present, and future of Europe’s common currency, showcasing more than two dozen of the world’s leading experts on European economics and politics to help you better understand the story behind the headlines.
Highlights include “Capital Punishment,” in which Tyler Cowen explains why French economist Thomas Piketty’s book on economic inequality is brilliant but fundamentally flawed. “Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault,” John Mearsheimer’s blockbuster article on Washington and its European allies’ responsibility for the Ukraine crisis, will make you rethink your opinion of recent Russian behavior. In “Meet Pakistan’s Lady Cadets,” Aeyliya Husain offers an eye-opening account of a small group of women making its way through the Pakistan Military Academy. Finally, Hamas is only the latest in a long line of groups to use tunnels to wage war. In “Notes from the Underground,” Arthur Herman writes that there’s no way to know how long drones and the like will last. But as long as there is warfare, tunnels will almost certainly be part of the fight.
We hope you enjoy the collection and come back for more in 2015.
But at Foreign Affairs, we have been carefully tracking the emergence and debating the significance of this “new global context,” as the World Economic Forum puts it, in real time. So we decided that it would be useful to put together this special collection as background reading for the Forum’s 2015 Annual Meeting.
Drawn from the pages of our print magazine and the pixels of our website, the articles gathered here trace major recent geopolitical events and debates from a broad range of expert perspectives. They give you the information and argumentation you need to make up your own mind about what truly matters, why, and what might come next.
We’ve brought together high-level commentary by our authors to provide the context, background, and forward-looking analysis that you need to understand the issues involved. The arguments presented span the political spectrum, and the authors include world-renowned experts from several disciplines, backgrounds, and countries, including Benedetta Berti, Daniel Byman, Thanassis Cambanis, Robert Danin, Zack Gold, Michael Herzog, Hussein Ibish, Martin Indyk, Barak Mendelsohn, Ariel Ilan Roth, Barry Rubin, and Khalil Shikaki.
We give you everything you need to understand the world today—not just the news but the context and intellectual tools to interpret it properly.
Foreign Affairs has long been the place for aspiring presidents and their advisers to present their foreign policy visions, and so with the 2016 campaign well under way, we decided to provide some context for it by pulling together nearly a century’s worth of campaign-related articles from our archives.
In this collection, you’ll find everybody, from all the major candidates in 2008—including Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, John McCain, Mitt Romney, and Mike Huckabee—to crucial historical figures such as Colonel House, Franklin Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, and many more. It’s a great volume to keep close at hand as you watch the election unfold—even as you keep an eye on the magazine and ForeignAffairs.com for essays by current candidates, along with continuous coverage of U.S. foreign policy and the world at large.
Between our classic print magazine and our award-winning website, we’ve published more than 500 articles this year—on everything from Vladimir Putin’s Russia to the euro crisis to how to deal with the self-proclaimed Islamic State. We’re proud of all our content, but every year there are a few pieces that really stand out from the pack. So we’ve compiled some of our favorites into this anthology for handy reference.
Our diverse offerings include Kenan Malik’s “The Failure of Multiculturalism,” which argues that Europe’s integration policies have entrenched divisions rather than erased them, and Ira Trivedi’s “When a Bride-to-Be Is a Bride to Buy,” an eye-opening piece on India’s bride shortage and how it has fueled the trafficking of young women. From Greece’s financial problems to the Islamic State’s statecraft, the decline of international studies in the American academy to the stagnation of reforms in China, we’ve covered it all. We hope you enjoy the collection and come back for more in 2016!