The first section covers how micro-organisms spread and cause disease in humans, and how the human body responds to infection in general. The next three sections give a broad outline of the important properties of human infectious pathogens; split into viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic organisms. The final sections cover laboratory diagnosis, antimicrobial chemotherapy, prevention strategies, and infection from the point of view of the patient.
Die Ressourcen unseres Planeten sind endlich, und die Arbeit des Ingenieurs muss dem Rechnung tragen. Die ökologische Planung kann sich in vielen Gebäudeaspekten wiederspiegeln: Fassade, Gebäudetechnik, Belichtung, Regenwassernutzung oder Energiekonzept.
Das britische Ingenieurbüro Buro Happold ist seit langen Jahren im Bereich der ökologischen Planung tätig und hat sich damit weltweit einen Namen gemacht.
Dieses Buch stellt die Arbeit des Büros vor und zeigt ausgewählte Projekte mit zahlreichen konstruktiven Details. Zu den dargestellten Arbeiten gehören die Überdachung des Innenhofs im British Museum (mit Foster and Partners), der Millennium Dome in London (mit Richard Rogers) oder das Wessex Water Headquarters in Bath. Das Augenmerk liegt dabei auf der ökologisch sinnvollen Umsetzung des konstruktiven Konzepts und dessen Beurteilung über einen längeren Zeitraum.
Das Buch dokumentiert etwa 15 Bauten und Projekte ausführlich, wobei die Einbindung in den jeweiligen Kontext von besonderer Bedeutung ist. Zu den vorgestellten Projekten gehören u.a. das Magna Centre in Rotherham, UK, das National Waterfront Museum Swansea, UK, den Guangzhou West Tower, China und die Gatwick Airbridge, UK.
Every animal, whether human, squid, or wasp, is home to millions of bacteria and other microbes. Ed Yong, whose humor is as evident as his erudition, prompts us to look at ourselves and our animal companions in a new light—less as individuals and more as the interconnected, interdependent multitudes we assuredly are.
The microbes in our bodies are part of our immune systems and protect us from disease. In the deep oceans, mysterious creatures without mouths or guts depend on microbes for all their energy. Bacteria provide squid with invisibility cloaks, help beetles to bring down forests, and allow worms to cause diseases that afflict millions of people.
Many people think of microbes as germs to be eradicated, but those that live with us—the microbiome—build our bodies, protect our health, shape our identities, and grant us incredible abilities. In this astonishing book, Ed Yong takes us on a grand tour through our microbial partners, and introduces us to the scientists on the front lines of discovery. It will change both our view of nature and our sense of where we belong in it.
In a systematic fashion, learn how to identify and evaluate the functional groups that comprise the structure of a drug molecule and their influences on solubility, absorption, acid/base character, binding interactions, and stereochemical orientation. Relevant Phase I and Phase II metabolic transformations are also discussed for each functional group.
Key features include:
• Discussions on the roles and characteristics of organic functional groups, including the identification of acidic and basic functional groups.
• How to solve problems involving pH, pKa, and ionization; salts and solubility; drug binding interactions; stereochemistry; and drug metabolism.
• Numerous examples and expanded discussions for complex concepts.
• Therapeutic examples that link the importance of medicinal chemistry to pharmacy and healthcare practice.
• An overview of structure activity relationships (SARs) and concepts that govern drug design.
• Review questions and practice problems at the end of each chapter that allow readers to test their understanding, with the answers provided in an appendix.
Whether you are just starting your education toward a career in a healthcare field or need to brush up on your organic chemistry concepts, this book is here to help you navigate medicinal chemistry.
About the Authors
Marc W. Harrold, BS, Pharm, PhD, is Professor of Medicinal Chemistry at the Mylan School of Pharmacy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA. Professor Harrold is the 2011 winner of the Omicron Delta Kappa "Teacher of the Year" award at Duquesne University. He is also the two-time winner of the "TOPS" (Teacher of the Pharmacy School) award at the Mylan School of Pharmacy.
Robin M. Zavod, PhD, is Associate Professor for Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Chicago College of Pharmacy, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL, where she was awarded the 2012 Outstanding Faculty of the Year award. Professor Zavod also serves on the adjunct faculty for Elmhurst College and the Illinois Institute of Technology. She currently serves as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.
NEW TO THIS EDITION:Three new chapters including new information on men’s health, women’s health, and pharmacogenomics and laboratory tests.Mini-cases embedded in each chapter provide therapy-related examples and reinforce important points made in the text.Quickview Charts give an overview of important clinical information including reference ranges and critical values.Learning Points focus on a clinical application of a major concept present in the chapter.
Government Is Us 2.0 picks up where the previous edition left off. It addresses the bigger questions that are being asked and discussed about the relationships among and between citizens and their governments, how individuals and agencies govern, and the institutional elements that keep us from engendering long-term, socially just participatory change.
The central argument of Government Is Us 2.0 is that much can be done to bridge the gulf between citizens and their governments. The chapter authors offer practical suggestions on how public administrators can productively involve citizens in government work, with steps that will increase citizens' trust in government through opportunities for direct connection and collaboration.
TechPrep™ contains more than 1,000 review questions to help readers prepare for national technician certification exams. A robust Practice Session feature allows users to create custom quizzes by setting topic area, time, and number of questions. The Simulated Exam function lets readers practice their test skills by providing a 90 question, 120 minute test, with questions weighted to mimic national certification exams. Students using TechPrep™ receive instant, automated scoring, and can quickly identify areas they’ve mastered, or practice subjects where they need improvement. Alone or with the new edition of the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, 4th Edition andall-new Workbook for the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, the Pharmacy Technician Review Guide and Practice Exam offers the most comprehensive review to help you achieve certification!
Although rotations are crucial to the development of skills needed to practice pharmacy, there has been little available to guide students in the best way to prepare and make the most of these experiences—until now.
Maximize Your Rotations: ASHP’s Student Guide to IPPEs, APPEs, and Beyond breaks down everything you need to know into easy-to-navigate chapters. Inside you will find the skills required to excel while on IPPE or APPE rotations, along with competencies that may be unique to one type of rotation or another.
Each chapter is written by an experienced preceptor, lending a valuable perspective.
By using this text, you will gain an appreciation of the general expectations and typical activities of each rotation experience before you begin. Better preparation means better performance. Maximize Your Rotations will also be a resource throughout the experiential year, offering everything from reminders of clinical issues and statistical reviews to advice on interviewing, CV writing, professional organizations, and more.
Maximize Your Rotations means less time getting up to speed—and more time getting ahead in your career. Your rotation experience can be the launching pad for your career, and there’s no better guide than Maximize Your Rotations.
Each chapter contains learning objectives, case studies, bibliographies, and charts that summarize the causes of high and low test results.
New for this edition: Updated and expanded Quick View tables in each chapter now match those in the popular quick-reference, Interpreting Laboratory Data: A Point-of-Care Guide New glossary of acronyms is right up front for a streamlined reference Normal value ranges of all tests have been standardized by an expert pathologist New and updated cases in each chapter apply your Basic Skills in clinical situations Reorganized to highlight the application of concepts by body system, and in special populationsBasic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data offers features that will help pharmacy students not only understand and engage with the material but also will streamline the transition from classroom to practice setting. After studying with this trusted text, students and pharmacists will more effectively monitor patient therapy, evaluate test results, and improve outcomes through optimal and focused pharmacotherapy.
From Abilify to Zyrtec and nearly every drug in between, Mosby's Drug Reference for Health Professions, 3rd Edition is the must-have item for every aspiring health professional. In fact, it's the only drug book on the market written specifically for health professionals! Filled with vital details your students need to know about patient medications, this updated edition features concise, reliable information that is easy to navigate and simple to follow. Key details are presented in short monographs for 1,000 generic drugs (including 4,500 trade-name drugs) that are listed alphabetically. Precautions and considerations sections are tailored to circumstances your students will face on the job. Make certain they have the most relevant information on hand for their studies and for clinical practice with Mosby's Drug Reference for Health Professions, 3rd Edition!
Decision making based on personal experience alone, without knowledge from well-designed, controlled, randomized trials with adequate sample size, often overestimates the efficacy and underestimates the safety risks associated with drugs. This book provides a roadmap that is instructional and, most importantly, practical for the pharmacist so these new skills can be applied immediately in practice.
Based on a five-step process perfected over ten years at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, School of Pharmacy, this exciting new approach will:
· Reduce complexity
· Shorten time for decision making support
· Maintain rigor
· Categorize quality of the evidence in a simple, straightforward, and logical manner
· Provide a process designed specifically for pharmacists making drug therapy decisions
Use of examples, tables, diagrams, and key points highlighted throughout the book and summarized at the end of each chapter provide the pharmacist with skills they can implement the next day to begin applying EBM principles to their practice.
A&P content helps you understand how drugs work in the human body.
Comprehensive drug tables provide fast, easy access to essential pharmaceutical facts.
Tech Notes and Tech Alerts highlight steps you can take to enhance efficiency and avoid common errors on the job.
Pharmacist's Perspective boxes provide practical insight on common scenarios you'll encounter in practice.
Technician's Corner boxes challenge you to apply your critical thinking skills to chapter content.
Abbreviated drug monographs familiarize you with essential pharmaceutical data for common drugs:
Route of administration
Side effects Auxiliary labelMedication Safety and Error Prevention chapter helps you confidently address growing concerns related to patient safety and prevent medication-related errors.
Revised Math Calculations chapter incorporates helpful information to clarify complex pharmaceutical calculations.
Updated content prepares you for the Pharmacy Technician Certification (PTC) exam and highlights current concerns you'll encounter in the workforce:
HIPAA regulationsThe Medicare Modernization Act Legal parameters for the sale of pseudoephedrine productsThe issuance of multiple Schedule II prescriptionsPending legislation requirements for Medicaid prescriptionsThe United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
New full-color photographs familiarize you with current practice settings. Learning games and certification review quizzes on the companion Evolve website reinforce your understanding and challenge you to apply what you've learned.
Knowledge flow- A mobile learning platform provides Apps and Books.
Knowledge flow provides learning book of Basics of Microbiology. This book is for all science students and professional across the world. Microbiology is the microscopic study of micro-organism like bacteria, viruses and protozoa. To understanding better key concepts of microbiology this book of microbiology is very helpful with effective illustrations.
1. Introduction to Microbiology
2. Morphology of bacteria
3. Reproduction and Growth
4. Enzymes and their Regulations
5. Microbial Metabolism
6. Bacterial Genetics
To find more education books, visit here http://knowledgeflow.in/books.
Kenneth D. Somers, Ph.D. Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, and Stephen Morse, Center for Infectious Diseases, Center of Disease Control, Atlanta GA
If you are a patient, gain a better understanding of how a pharmacy functions; if you are a health care provider, learn how to better communicate with retail pharmacists. A Prescription for Retail Pharmacy provides helpful advice for those already working behind the counter, as well. Explore what is expected of pharmacy technicians and new techniques for pharmacists to use in handling the typical problems they encounter.
Whether your problems are in front of the counter or behind it, A Prescription for Retail Pharmacy provides the cure!
Visually grasp and retain difficult concepts easilythanks to a user-friendly color-coded format, key concept boxes, explanatory diagrams, and over 190 photos to help you visualize tissues and diseases.
Put concepts into practice. "Critical Thinking Boxes" and 25 online cases encourage you to "think immunologically" while anchoring your understanding of immunology through clinical application.
Gauge your mastery of the materialand build confidence with high-yield style chapter-opening summaries and case-based and USMLE-style questions that provide effective chapter review and quick practice for your exams.
Access the full contents online at www.studentconsult.comwhere you'll find the complete text and illustrations, USMLE-style questions, clinical cases, and much more! Get the depth of coverage you need in a smaller, more manageably sized book. Through meticulous editing and reorganization, primary material remains in the book while more specialized and clinical material has been moved online.
Master the most cutting-edge concepts in immunology.Thorough updates throughout provide the timely knowledge you need ace your exams.
Grasp and retain vital concepts easilythanks to a user-friendly color-coded format, succinct text, key concept boxes, and dynamic illustrations.
Effectively review for problem-based courseswith the help of chapter introductions and "Lessons in Microbiology" text boxes that highlight the clinical relevance of the material, offer easy access to key concepts, and provide valuable review tools.
Approach microbiology by body system or by pathogenthrough an extensively cross-referenced "Pathogen Review" section.
Access the complete contents online at studentconsult.com, along with downloadable illustrations...150 multiple choice review questions... "Pathogen Parade"...and many other features to enhance learning and retention. Enhance your learning and absorb complex information in an interactive, dynamic way with Pathogen Parade – a quickly searchable online glossary of viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
Deepen your understanding of epidemiology and the important role it plays in providing evidence-based identification of key risk factors for disease and targets for preventive medicine.A completely re-written chapter on this topic keeps abreast of the very latest findings.
Water Insolubility is the Primary Culprit in over 40% of New Drug Development Failures
The most comprehensive resource on the topic, this second edition of Water Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe solubility properties and their impact on formulation, from theory to industrial practice. With detailed discussion on how these properties contribute to solubilization and dissolution, the text also features six brand new chapters on water-insoluble drugs, exploring regulatory aspects, pharmacokinetic behavior, early phase formulation strategies, lipid based systems for oral delivery, modified release of insoluble drugs, and scalable manufacturing aspects. The book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies, illustrated with case studies featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available, this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field.
This book offers a complete review of the basic mathematics concepts and skills, which provide a foundation for more advanced understanding of pharmacy-related topics. The guide provides students with the pharmacy basics necessary for correctly interpreting prescriptions and drug orders, and for performing dosing calculations that technicians face every day.
The chapters are broken down into four units and are organized to complement most pharmacy technician training curricula and to support the ASHP model curriculum:
· Review of Mathematics
· Systems of Measurement
· Preparing for Problem Solving in Pharmacy
· Dosing Calculations and Other Pharmacy Problems
Key features throughout the book include:
· Chapter objectives
· Key terms and definitions
· Examples of problem scenarios or calculations questions and solutions
· “Tech Note!” —provides a highlight of key points within the chapters
· “Numbers at Work” —illustrates why key concepts are important to know and skills are critical to master
· Practice problems
· A test bank
· Appendices that include the parts of a prescription, a glossary of terms, conversions, and abbreviations tables.
For additional resources related to this book, visit www.ashp.org/techcalculations.
Includes more than 20 case studies
The twenty-seventh edition of Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology delivers a concise, up-to-date overview of the roles microorganisms play in human health and illness. Linking fundamental principles with the diagnosis and treatment of microbial infections, this classic text has been updated throughout to reflect the tremendous expansion of medical knowledge afforded by molecular mechanisms, advances in our understanding of microbial pathogenesis, and the discovery of novel pathogens.
Along with brief descriptions of each organism, you will find vital perspectives on pathogenesis, diagnostic laboratory tests, clinical findings, treatment, and epidemiology. The book also includes an entire chapter of case studies that focuses on differential diagnosis and management of microbial infections.
Here’s why Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology is essential for USMLE review:650+ USMLE-style review questions 300+ informative tables and illustrations 23 case studies to sharpen you differential diagnosis and management skills An easy-to-access list of medically important microorganisms Coverage that reflects the latest techniques in laboratory and diagnostic technologies Full-color images and micrographs Chapter-ending summaries Chapter concept checks
Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology introduces you to basic clinical microbiology through the fields of bacteriology, virology, mycology, and parasitology, giving you a thorough yet understandable review of the discipline.
The book provides an overview of the function of the pharmaceutical microbiologist and what they need to know, from regulatory filing and GMP, to laboratory design and management, and compendia tests and risk assessment tools and techniques. These key aspects are discussed through a series of dedicated chapters, with topics covering auditing, validation, data analysis, bioburden, toxins, microbial identification, culture media, and contamination control.Contains the applications of pharmaceutical microbiology in sterile and non-sterile productsPresents the practical aspects of pharmaceutical microbiology testingProvides contamination control risks and remediation strategies, along with rapid microbiological methodsIncludes bioburden, endotoxin, and specific microbial risksHighlights relevant case studies and risk assessment scenarios
Mastering Pharmacy Technician Math: A Certification Review is a super-effective way for students preparing for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination to improve their ability to perform basic math and pharmacy-specific calculations. The book includes powerful learning aids such as practice exercises in each chapter, end-of-chapter Q&A, a 50-question pretest that reviews key concepts, and three 100-question practice tests to prepare you for the board exam. All questions are correlated to the learning outcomes found in the book so you know exactly what to review should you answer a question incorrectly.
Mastering Pharmacy Technician Math: A Certification Review is logically divided into ten chapters:
Chapter 1: Mathematical Concepts -- reviews the basic mathematical building blocks needed to master advanced pharmacy calculations, including fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, proportions, conversions, and cross-multiplication.
Chapter 2: Numbering Systems -- reviews the different systems of measurement and how to convert within and between them, including working with temperatures and time.
Chapter 3: Understanding Drugs and Drug Orders -- identifies drug strengths, doses, drug forms, and routes of administration and explains how to identify and interpret information on drug labels, package inserts, prescriptions, and medication orders.
Chapter 4: Methods of Dosage Calculations -- presents methods to perform dosage calculations correctly, including fraction proportion, ratio proportion, dimensional analysis, and formulas.
Chapter 5: Oral Dosages -- describes the processes for calculating dosages, amount to dispense, and estimated days' supply for oral medications.
Chapter 6: Parenteral Dosages (Excluding Intravenous) -- describes parenteral medications, including those given by injection; inhalants; transdermal, ophthalmic, and otic drugs; and drugs placed in the rectum or vagina.
Chapter 7: Intravenous Calculations -- describes how to calculate IV concentrations and how to prepare medications for continuous and intermittent IV infusion.
Chapter 8: Special Preparations Calculations -- describes the processes to calculate concentrations, ratio strengths, final volume/final strength, and dilutions, as well as how to write recipes to prepare compound drug orders and perform alligation calculations.
Chapter 9: Medication Safety and Calculations -- discusses pharmacokinetics, high-alert medications, look-alike/sound-alike medications, how to calculate drug half-life values, pediatric and geriatric calculations, DEA controlled substance requirements related to prescriber DEA numbers, and how to perform the calculation needed to verify DEA number validity.
Chapter 10: Business, Inventory, and Reimbursement Calculations -- discusses reimbursements and patient payments, and describes how to calculate overhead costs, profits and losses, markups, turnover rates, and correct costs and change.
Fundamentals of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, Second Edition gives practitioners the information they need to improve outcomes and personalize care for elderly patients. New to this edition are new chapters on “Palliative and Hospice Care” and “Infections and Antimicrobial Stewardship”. Additional enhancements in this edition include added links to new guidelines, assessment tools, and videos. Additional cases and a study guide will match the content map for certified geriatric pharmacists examination.
Useful features throughout the book guide practitioners in navigating the maze of information required when caring for the older patient. These include:
Summarized treatment guidelinesReviews of the evidence baseSpecial focus on recommendations for the frail elderlyFull case studies in each chapterClinical PearlsKey Points and Key Terms (with definitions) in each chapterThe demands of an aging population mean that a greater understanding of geriatric pharmacotherapy I now essential for all health care providers. Fundamentals of geriatric Pharmacotherapy, Second Edition ensures had the information to allow providers to respond appropriately
Pretests in each chapter allow readers to assess their current knowledge of specific topics.
Step-by-step examples make it easy to learn and remember how to do equations and use formulas.
Hundreds of practice problems provide practice with calculations, conversions, and measurements.
Actual drug labels accompany examples and problems, for real-world experience with the information you will see in pharmacy practice.
Business Math for Pharmacy Technicians chapter introduces the calculations needed in retail pharmacy settings.
Body system icons appear next to medication names to help you associate different drugs with their respective disorders and body systems.
Points to Remember boxes make it easy to learn and remember key information.
Review of Rules sections in each chapter summarize the rules and methods for performing equations.
Chapter reviews provide a quick summary of the key concepts in each chapter.
Posttests in each chapter allow you to assess how well you have learned the material.
A comprehensive posttest includes 50 questions that assess your knowledge of all major topics covered in the book.
Helpful study tools also include an answer key for odd-numbered problems and a comprehensive glossary.Updated content meets ASHP requirements and features new topics such as powder volume and compounding problems, formulas for reducing and enlarging medications, and opportunities to write out prescription label directions.
Tech Note boxes offer helpful advice on real-life situations you may encounter in the pharmacy.
Tech Alert boxes warn against common pharmacy and medication errors that could impact patients' safety.
Additional prescription and practice exercises give you valuable experience with translating physician directions into patient instructions.