with more than 100 ready-to-use legal forms
With The Savvy Mom's Book of Legal Forms, protecting your family and property has never been easier. Based on his more than twenty-year career as a lawyer, Cliff Roberson gives you more than 100 customizable forms for dealing with common legal issues that affect the average family and provides detailed guidance on using them correctly.
Every document has been reviewed by an attorney to guarantee it does what it's supposed to do. Plus, a CD-ROM with extra resources and a handy legal glossary make sure you can handle almost any issue that comes your way.
Legal forms cover:Family protection Medical and financial protection Identity theft protection Residential rental property agreements Home protection Hiring independent contractors Pet protection Insurance and estate planning
Topics covered include:
The importance of understanding crime data
The goals of punishment
The history of criminology, including the influence of social Darwinism on early trait theorists
Crime causation theories, including a comparison of mainstream and critical theories
The relationship between crime and biology, including the influence of genetics, substance use, and mental illness
The social structural approach to crime, including a consideration of the changing contexts of urban criminality
The nature and function of the justice system at the local, state, and federal levels, and basic categories of crimes
Drug trafficking crimes, drug court efforts, and perceived weaknesses in current antidrug efforts
Each chapter begins with a set of objectives and concludes with a summary. Interactive questions promote classroom discussion and practicum sections facilitate contextual learning. Drawn from different and distinct backgrounds, the authors each have unique perspectives on crime, making for a particularly well-rounded text that explores crime from several angles. The book attempts to educate readers in the development of new insights on crime and crime causation and provides a greater understanding of the steps that need to be taken before a significant reduction in crime can occur.
Each chapter is designed as an independent unit of study. Along with updates to each chapter, other new additions to the second edition include:A list of learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter A summary at the end of each chapter Classroom exercises A threefold increase to the number of photographs An expanded discussion of the oldest known legal systems An extensive discussion on the rule of law A discussion of United Nations actions to improve juvenile justice Increased attention to the role of the Organization of American States
Thorough and concise, An Introduction to Comparative Legal Models of Criminal Justice, Second Edition provides a text covering the different major legal models in the world that is ideal for a one-semester course.
The Second Edition includes:Learning objectives added to each chapter An extended discussion on the issue of "Does the United States have an unwritten constitution in addition to a written one?" Summary outlines of recent Supreme Court decisions Revisions to all chapters in accordance with Supreme Court decisions since the first edition Edits to cases and excerpts to enhance understanding of the material A summary added to each chapter
The book begins with an overview of the Bill of Rights, followed by an examination of the components of the judiciary. It moves on to a discussion of due process, the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments, and the exclusionary rule. Additional chapters address civil liability and the criminal justice professional as well as the impact of terrorism on the right of habeas corpus.
Review questions and relevant cases in each chapter illustrate legal applications of each topic. With a balanced approach of illustration, clarity, and conciseness, Constitutional Law and Criminal Justice, Second Edition is a remarkable improvement upon its predecessor. It gives you the key information to understand the most important issues regarding the Constitution and its application in the judicial system.
The book begins by defining the subject matter, explaining what ethics is, and what it is not. It explores the concept of false moral identity, examines difficult decisions that arise from attorney-client privilege, and discusses problematic issues such as officer gratuities. Next, the book provides a historical review of the concept of ethical reasoning, examining different religious and cultural influences and exploring ethics from various schools of philosophy.
Ethics and police officers
The authors discuss management and corruption, the causes and effects of abuse of authority, police perjury, and the practice of lying to obtain a confession. They explore the role of prejudice and discrimination in unethical behavior and review legislation designed to curb such practices.
Ethics in the courtroom
Shifting to issues that arise in the courtroom, the book addresses prosecutorial and judicial misconduct, discovery violations, the presentation of inadmissible evidence, discretion to prosecute, and defense counsel ethics.
Ethics in the prison system
Finally, the book explores issues that arise with respect to correction. The authors examine the four purposes of punishment: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation, as well as the death penalty and methods of execution.
Each chapter ends with a set of review questions to test comprehension and a series of exercises further clarifies the material. Interspersed with the content are real-life vignettes that help to ground the theoretical concepts in practice and actual court cases that illustrate the principles. Ample references are provided to inspire further study of issues for which often there are no easy answers.
Topics discussed include
The history of criminal investigation in Western society Qualifications for becoming an investigator, the selection process, and ideal training requirements Crime scene search techniques, including planning and post-search debriefing Preparing effective field notes and investigative reports Interviewing and interrogating Types of evidence found at the crime scene and how to collect, package, and preserve it The contributions of forensic science to criminal investigations and the equipment used in crime labs Investigative protocol for a range of crimes, including property crimes, auto theft, arson, financial crimes, homicide, assault, sex crimes, and robbery Specialized investigations, including drug trafficking, cybercrime, and gang-related crime Legal issues involved in criminal investigations and preparing a case for trial
Bringing together contributions from law enforcement personnel, academics, and attorneys, the book combines practical and theoretical elements to provide a comprehensive examination of today’s criminal investigative process. The accessible manner in which the information is conveyed makes this an ideal text for a wide-ranging audience.
Topics discussed include:
Policing activity, human rights, and corruption Female policing in India compared to other countries Challenges and obstacles in policing in Slovenia, China, Asia, and the Pacific Strategies for preventing juvenile delinquency in Japan and Hong Kong The threat caused by nonreturnable arrest warrants in Canada An insider’s look at the United Kingdom’s Integrated Special Branch, an intelligence unit Virtual organized crime in cyberspace A successful public housing safety initiative in the Eastern District of New York
Highlighting individual differences in police theory, style, and practice around the world, this volume opens a dialogue in which police agencies and academics can learn from other cultures, recognize their similarities, and move towards an improved global policing methodology.
The book begins by exploring the nature and definition of deviance. It discusses why certain conduct is labeled as deviant and some is not. It examines the two major perspectives on what constitutes deviance—positivism and constructionism. It goes on to look at the various theoretical explanations for deviant behavior, including free will or lack thereof, rational choice, social control, cultural transmission, strain theories, and biological and psychological explanations.
The book provides an in-depth explanation of the many categories of deviant behavior—interpersonal violence, self-destructive behavior, family violence, business and organized crime, governmental deviance, cybercrimes, and human trafficking and commercial sex. The authors take an international approach and emphasize that what is deviant in one culture may not be deviant in another. To aid understanding, each chapter concludes with a detailed summary, review questions, and definitions of the relevant key terms.
Procedures in the Justice System, 10e, is comprehensive yet readable. Designed for one-semester courses on American criminal courts, it covers the court systems and processes using a sequential approach—following law violators from arrest to conviction and sentencing. Each chapter examines the roles that law enforcement agencies, courts, and correctional departments play in the process, and builds logically on previous material. Down-to-earth examples, illustrations, court documents, and cases help make procedures more real and concrete.
Topics discussed include:
Types of juvenile delinquency cases, arrest statistics, juvenile justice organizations, and the concept of judicial waiver The history of juvenile courts, including the parens patriae doctrine, early laws, In re Gault, and concepts of reform versus punishment Delinquency causation philosophies, including social, cultural deviance, symbolic interactionist, and psychological theories Types of abuse and neglect, child protective services, and child abuse prevention programs Law enforcement agencies, the structure of juvenile courts, juvenile court procedures, transfers to criminal court, and the concept of individual rights Juvenile probation and parole, juvenile institutions, group homes, boot camps, and shock programs Selected issues in juvenile justice, including drug abuse, juvenile sex offenders, and youth gangs
The book cites actual court cases to demonstrate concepts, provides review questions at the end of each chapter, and includes a glossary of relevant terms. A concise and practical text on juvenile justice, this volume facilitates understanding of this complex and critical subject.
Theories behind white-collar crime, including social and psychological theories Routine activity, crime pattern, and situational crime prevention theories Laws that govern the securities industries, including the Securities Exchange Act and Sarbanes–Oxley Bank fraud, money laundering, racketeering, and organized crime Crimes involving public officials and obstruction of justice Control and prevention of white-collar crimes and sanctions for white-collar criminals
The material is organized and presented in a logical fashion, with each chapter building from the previous content. Every chapter begins with objectives to help readers focus on the topic and concludes with review questions to test assimilation of the material and promote debate. Several chapters conclude with a practicum to facilitate real-world understanding of the material.
This handbook addresses the crucial and complex topic of victims’ issues, examining both societal and governmental reactions to victims’ concerns and acquainting readers with the issues that discord may cause, and how they affect the provision of services. This book will serve as an essential reference for academics and practitioners working with crime victims, as well as for students taking courses in victimology, criminology, sociology, and related subjects.
Topics discussed include:
The history of violence in Europe and America Whether violent behavior can be predicted Possible correlates of violence, including values, poverty, low education, abuse and neglect, alcohol abuse, and shame Sociological theories surrounding crime causation, including social control, conflict and strain, and anomie Psychological approaches to understanding violence from Freud, Bentham, Skinner, and others Biological theories and the influence of positivism and determinism The role of early exposure to violence on future behavior and programs to counteract these effects Gang activity and hate crimes The history of punishment and its effectiveness Victimology and victimization
Organized in logical fashion, each chapter builds on previous ones and makes use of concrete examples to clarify concepts. Action boxes help readers focus on salient points and review questions appear at the end of each chapter, enabling readers to test their assimilation of the material.
For courses in criminal procedure
From Arrest to Sentencing: A Comprehensive Guide to Criminal Justice Procedures
Procedures in the Justice System presents the judicial procedures and related issues involved in criminal cases from arrest to conviction and sentencing. Real cases are used throughout to illuminate key points. Down-to-earth examples, illustrations, and court documents help make students grasp the application of key concepts and practice. The Eleventh Edition has been updated throughout and expanded to include new chapters on police and citizen encounters and interrogation procedures.
With its brief format and narrative approach, PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LAW, 5/e moves away from dense citations and lengthy discussion to present the basic concepts and principles of criminal law in a clear and accessible tone. Covering a variety of topics, it discusses crimes such as white collar crime, victimless crime, and political crime, in addition to the major offenses. Chapters focus on real-world applications and include short edited cases, focus boxes, and end-of-chapter practicums. Fully updated in this edition, the revision includes new How Would You Rule sections and material on terrorism, home invasion robbery, and racketeering.
Written and Interpersonal Communication Methods for Law Enforcement is a practical and easy to read guide to oral and written communications in the law enforcement and criminal justice fields. It helps students master communication skills, theories, and issues; provides practical examples and exercises; and includes helpful guides for improving spelling, vocabulary, and overall writing. The text includes both general theories and techniques to improve communication, and specific guidelines for writing documents common in the field, such as affidavits and search warrants.
The authors discuss scientific inquiry, establishing a framework for thinking about and understanding the nature of research. They examine various types of research methods in the broad categories of quantitative, qualitative, and evaluation designs and provide coverage of analytical and experimental research designs. The book also examines survey methods, survey instruments, and questionnaires, including wording, organization, and pretesting. It describes the fundamental characteristics of the qualitative approach, setting the stage for an in-depth discussion of the participant observation and case study methods of research. Other topics include ethical standards of conduct, topic selection, literature review, and guidelines for writing a research report or grand proposal. The second edition features updated examples, reworked exercises, additional discussion points, and new research-in-action sections.
Defining a clear approach to the study of research, the book enables student experiencing their initial exposure to this subject to be fundamentally prepared to be proficient researchers in criminal justice and criminology.
Victimology: Legal, Psychological, and Social Perspectives, 4e is a student-friendly, easy-to-read text that covers the field of victimology. Fully updated with the latest trends, it reflects the field’s growing focus on the entire victim-offender relationship, while taking a global perspective on the study of victimology. The text is divided into four major areas. The authors first introduce traditional victimology theories, the measurement of crime, and both civil and criminal processes. (Civil process is included because it is an important aspect of the victim—offender interaction.) Second, they discuss responses to victimization, including techniques for empowering victims. They next turn to special types of victims, including the elderly, the disabled, and gay and lesbian victims. Finally, they thoroughly review the civil remedies available to crime victims. A brief discussion of the juvenile system is also included because more attention is being focused on youth violence. Throughout the text, key concepts are supported with a comprehensive package of pedagogical material and teaching/learning aids.
The subjects of these interviews administer justice in Australia, Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Republic of Slovenia, Canada, India, and the United States. Representing a variety of cultures, political environments, and economic systems, the interviewees each discuss their background, education, and career; their judicial role; the major changes and challenges they have experienced; and the relationship between theory and practice. In addition to the candid observations of the interview subject, each chapter provides a brief portrait of the national judicial system and court in which each judge serves.
Continuing the work of the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) and the CRC Press series Interviews with Global Leaders in Policing, Courts, and Prisons, the book enhances readers’ understanding of the judiciary and opens a dialogue between scholars, researchers, and practitioners. It is a major contribution to the study and practice of judging around the world.
Using a unique format and style, this essential handbook draws on the expertise of contributors with police and academic backgrounds to provide both new and seasoned detectives with invaluable insights. It covers a wide range of detective procedures and practices employed in the United States and can be read as a whole or used as a reference for conducting various types of investigations and interrogations.
The book highlights common mistakes and outlines best practices to help readers avoid making the same mistakes in the field. It provides the tools and understanding to conduct the range of investigations that today’s detectives will most likely have to conduct, including those involving sexual predators, healthcare and financial fraud, cyber crime, gangs, cults, personal violence, and property.
The text concludes with a section on all-purpose practices and lessons for investigations. In this section, readers will learn the practical aspects of interviewing and interrogating witnesses, including how to interview and communicate with special populations, such as those with mental and physical disabilities.
Sharing the most effective investigative practices and procedures in use today, this book is a must-have for police, sheriffs, and other government agencies that are responsible for protecting the public.
Plain Language Explanations of Constitutional Rights
Following an overview of the Bill of Rights, the book examines the components of the judiciary before focusing on due process; the first, fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth amendments; and the exclusionary rule. Additional chapters address civil liability and the criminal justice professional as well as the impact of terrorism on the right of habeas corpus.
Using review questions and relevant cases in each chapter to illustrate legal applications, this volume illuminates the concepts in plain language, eliminates unnecessary legal jargon, and clarifies the nuances in the law, making complicated concepts approachable by those without advanced legal training.
Principal legal systems, including common law, civil law, Islamic and socialist systems, and American Indian law
Feminist legal theories, critical race theory, and the roles of morality and values in social control
The contributions of sociological research and its impact on the law
Court systems and procedures, the exclusionary rule, and plea bargaining
The nature and process of legislative, administrative, and judicial lawmaking
Alternative dispute resolution and international arbitration and mediation
The law as a mechanism for social changes, such as those brought on by the 1964 Civil Rights Act
Issues related to the legal profession and professional responsibility
This text eliminates the need for a separate reader by also discussing controversial legal topics—including affirmative action, education, the death penalty, right to work laws, and abortion. Each chapter builds on the previous ones and includes concrete examples of the issues involved. Enhanced by chapter summaries of salient points, review questions, and practical exercises, the book is designed to encourage students in the development of new insights into the relationships between law and society.
While in Plato’s time there may have been some truth to his belief that there can only be "one single justice, and one single law," such is not the case today. Criminal justice systems vary widely across the world in their approaches to the problem of crime. Bringing together the collective wisdom of Cliff Roberson and Dilip K. Das, two world-renowned experts and university professors who have been involved in the criminal justice system for over thirty years, An Introduction to Comparative Legal Models of Criminal Justice presents the theme that a country’s legal model to a great extent determines the character of its police and corrections as well as its legal system. This book examines these different systems and is a useful reference guide for all criminal justice professionals.
Examines Various Approaches
The book begins with a brief overview of the five legal models. The continental (civil) system, characterized by an inquisitorial nature and practiced in most European countries, is discussed, followed by the common law model, which is known for its adversarial quality and is used in most English-speaking countries. The religion-based Islamic system and the rehabilitation-oriented Marxist system are also profiled. Those systems that are still emerging or are hybrid in nature are characterized as mixed. In some cases, the secretive nature of certain countries’ methods, especially those using extreme punishments, necessitated reliance on reports published by the U.S. State Department.
By examining how other societies deal with problems of justice, criminal justice professionals will gain insight as to which police and corrections methods are likely to be the most successful in their jurisdictions, and which will create more problems than they solve.
Police Field Operations: Theory Meets Practice, 2/e is a comprehensive, readable text that presents a practical look at police field operations and is designed to be used in one-semester courses on police operations or patrol procedures. Chapters have been designed to be independent units that can be taught individually, but also build upon each other to provide a complete picture of police operations. The text cover all major areas of police operations including patrolling, investigations, crime mapping, community policing, hot pursuit issues, communications, gangs and drugs, and more. Discussions focus on issues and challenges that police officers face on the job and help students bridge the gap between theory and practice.
Teaching and Learning Experience
This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience—for you and your students. It provides:Clear links between theory and practice: Chapters help students understand theoretical concepts and directly apply them to field operations. Comprehensive coverage: The text is a complete resource for field operations courses. Readable discussions: Straightforward language and insightful features make the text readable and engaging.
Taking a practical approach, AMERICAN CRIMINAL COURTS covers the entire criminal courts system in a manner which is understandable to students studying criminal justice, government, public administration and other judicially related topics. It includes a descriptive analysis of local, state, federal, and international courts and discusses the jurisdiction, processes and jurisprudence of each court. Law in Action boxes address emerging trends such as political pressure, language barriers, security in the courtroom and special courts. The book also explains the roles played by the judges in each type of court as it pertains to judicial selection, judicial decision making, and judicial review.
Moving seamlessly across genres and disciplines, Dayan considers legal practices and spiritual beliefs from medieval England, the North American colonies, and the Caribbean that have survived in our legal discourse, and she explores the civil deaths of felons and slaves through lawful repression. Tracing the legacy of slavery in the United States in the structures of the contemporary American prison system and in the administrative detention of ghostly supermax facilities, she also demonstrates how contemporary jurisprudence regarding cruel and unusual punishment prepared the way for abuses in Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo.
Using conventional historical and legal sources to answer unconventional questions, The Law Is a White Dog illuminates stark truths about civil society's ability to marginalize, exclude, and dehumanize.
Drawing on numerous commonsense examples, in addition to his extensive knowledge of Chicago-school economics, David D. Friedman offers a spirited defense of the economic view of law. He clarifies the relationship between law and economics in clear prose that is friendly to students, lawyers, and lay readers without sacrificing the intellectual heft of the ideas presented. Friedman is the ideal spokesman for an approach to law that is controversial not because it overturns the conclusions of traditional legal scholars--it can be used to advocate a surprising variety of political positions, including both sides of such contentious issues as capital punishment--but rather because it alters the very nature of their arguments. For example, rather than viewing landlord-tenant law as a matter of favoring landlords over tenants or tenants over landlords, an economic analysis makes clear that a bad law injures both groups in the long run. And unlike traditional legal doctrines, economics offers a unified approach, one that applies the same fundamental ideas to understand and evaluate legal rules in contract, property, crime, tort, and every other category of law, whether in modern day America or other times and places--and systems of non-legal rules, such as social norms, as well.
This book will undoubtedly raise the discourse on the increasingly important topic of the economics of law, giving both supporters and critics of the economic perspective a place to organize their ideas.
Breaking the Cycles of Hatred represents a unique blend of political and legal theory, one that focuses on the double-edged role of memory in fueling cycles of hatred and maintaining justice and personal integrity. Its centerpiece comprises three penetrating essays by Minow. She argues that innovative legal institutions and practices, such as truth commissions and civil damage actions against groups that sponsor hate, often work better than more conventional criminal proceedings and sanctions. Minow also calls for more sustained attention to the underlying dynamics of violence, the connections between intergroup and intrafamily violence, and the wide range of possible responses to violence beyond criminalization.
A vibrant set of freestanding responses from experts in political theory, psychology, history, and law examines past and potential avenues for breaking cycles of violence and for deepening our capacity to avoid becoming what we hate. The topics include hate crimes and hate-crimes legislation, child sexual abuse and the statute of limitations, and the American kidnapping and internment of Japanese Latin Americans during World War II. Commissioned by Nancy Rosenblum, the essays are by Ross E. Cheit, Marc Galanter, Fredrick C. Harris, Judith Lewis Herman, Carey Jaros, Frederick M. Lawrence, Austin Sarat, Ayelet Shachar, Eric K. Yamamoto, and Iris Marion Young.
In this second of two major volumes on the intersection of constitutional and religious issues in the United States, Kent Greenawalt focuses on the Constitution's Establishment Clause, which forbids government from favoring one religion over another, or religion over secularism. The author begins with a history of the clause, its underlying principles, and the Supreme Court's main decisions on establishment, and proceeds to consider specific controversies. Taking a contextual approach, Greenawalt argues that the state's treatment of religion cannot be reduced to a single formula.
Calling throughout for acknowledgment of the way religion gives meaning to people's lives, Religion and the Constitution aims to accommodate the maximum expression of religious conviction that is consistent with a commitment to fairness and the public welfare.
Although the book ranges over a variety of traditional topics in federal jurisdiction, the focus is steady on federal judicial administration conceived of as an interdisciplinary approach emphasizing system rather than doctrine, statistics rather than impressions, and caseload rather than cases. Like the earlier edition, this book promises to be a landmark in the empirical study of judicial administration.
Contrary to the frequency claims of excessive leniency on the part of judges that are often asserted by journalists and shapers of opinions, Rossi and Berk find strong correspondence between the median sentences deemed appropriate by the public and the sentences prescribed by the guidelines. Although the authors conclude that the Commission was able to match prescribed punishments closely to the American consensus for most crimes, in one category -- drug trafficking offenses -- the guidelines were much harsher in dealing with offenders.
The national survey used a factorial survey as its design strategy, allowing for analysis of a large variety of federal crimes and variations in the social characteristics of convicted felons. A wealth of detail, along with ample graphic and tabular illustrations, extends the book's application to issues of consensus and variations in punitiveness by region and socioeconomic characteristics of respondents.
• Article, “The (Non)Finality of Supreme Court Opinions,” by Richard J. Lazarus
• Book Review, “The Laws of Capitalism,” by David Singh Grewal
• Note, “Citizens United at Work: How the Landmark Decision Legalized Political Coercion in the Workplace”
• Note, “Data Mining, Dog Sniffs, and the Fourth Amendment”
• Note, “Nonbinding Bondage”
The issue includes In Memoriam contributions about the life, scholarship, and teaching of John H. Mansfield. The contributors are Anthony D'Amato, Robert W. Gordon, Martha Minow, Frederick Schauer, and James A. Sonne.
In addition, the issue features student commentary on Recent Cases and policy papers, including such subjects as internet law and privacy, Fourth Amendment right to deletion, state action and credit card fees, antitrust law and foreign trade, applicability of Seventh Amendment to states and commonwealths, free speech and tour guide licensing in D.C., labor law and sexual harassment claims, and gender crimes in international criminal law. Finally, the issue includes several summaries of Recent Publications.
The Harvard Law Review is a student-run organization whose primary purpose is to publish a journal of legal scholarship. The Review comes out monthly from November through June. The organization is formally independent of the Harvard Law School. Student editors make all editorial and organizational decisions. This issue of the Review is December 2014, the second issue of academic year 2014-2015 (Volume 128).
Prosecuting the Exonerated: Actual Innocence and the Double Jeopardy Clause; By Jordan M. Barry
From Multiculturalism to Technique: Feminism, Culture, and the Conflict of Laws Style; By Karen Knop, Ralf Michaels & Annelise Riles
Fragmentation Nodes: A Study in Financial Innovation, Complexity, and Systemic Risk; By Kathryn Judge
Note: Insurmountable Obstacles: Structural Errors, Procedural Default, and Ineffective Assistance; By Amy Knight Burns
Comment: The Gulf Coast Claims Facility and the Deepwater Horizon Litigation: Judicial Regulation of Private Compensation Schemes; By Colin McDonell
In the ebook edition, all the footnotes, graphs, and tables of contents (including those for individual articles) are fully linked, properly scalable, and functional; the original note numbering is retained. Also, the URLs in notes are active; and the issue is properly formatted.
This issue of The Yale Law Journal (the 4th issue of Volume 121, academic year 2011-2012) features articles and essays by several notable scholars. Principal contributors include Louis Kaplow (on burdens of proof and their justifications), Richard Schragger (on democracy and debt), and Anna Gelpern (on quasi-sovereign bankruptcy).
The issue also features student contributions on guilty plea colloquys for immigrants and others, and on voting rights' historical lessons from the school re-segregation cases.
Kotiswaran conducted in-depth fieldwork among sex workers in Sonagachi, Kolkata's largest red-light area, and Tirupati, a temple town in southern India. Providing new insights into the lives of these women--many of whom are demanding the respect and legal protection that other workers get--Kotiswaran builds a persuasive theoretical case for recognizing these women's sexual labor. Moving beyond standard feminist discourse on prostitution, she draws on a critical genealogy of materialist feminism for its sophisticated vocabulary of female reproductive and sexual labor, and uses a legal realist approach to show why criminalization cannot succeed amid the informal social networks and economic structures of sex markets. Based on this, Kotiswaran assesses the law's redistributive potential by analyzing the possible economic consequences of partial decriminalization, complete decriminalization, and legalization. She concludes with a theory of sex work from a postcolonial materialist feminist perspective.
* Article, "The Interpretation-Construction Distinction in Patent Law," by Tun-Jen Chiang & Lawrence B. Solum
* Article, "Agencies as Litigation Gatekeepers," by David Freeman Engstrom
* Essay,"Tops, Bottoms, and Versatiles: What Straight Views of Penetrative Preferences Could Mean for Sexuality Claims Under Price Waterhouse," by Ian Ayres & Richard Luedeman
* Review, "Why Protect Religious Freedom?," by Michael W. McConnell
* Note, "The Case for Tax: A Comparative Approach to Innovation Policy," by Shaun P. Mahaffy
Quality ebook formatting includes fully linked footnotes, active Table of Contents (including linked Contents for individual articles), active URLs in notes, and properly presented tables and graphs throughout.