"The Twelve Lessons" offers a unique, early 20th century study of automatic writing, or involuntary, writing -- writing allegedly directed by a spirit or by the unconscious mind, is sure to challenge while it inspires. In 1918, Margaret Cameron wrote "The Seven Purposes," a report of the author's research on automatic, or involuntary, writing -- writing allegedly directed by a spirit or by the unconscious mind. As the author stated, these lessons were "personal communications coming through my pencil to various of my friends, the twelve impersonal communications." She adds, "They contain.an explanation of life, in modern terms fitted for our present understanding and intended to strengthen our constructive determination." She then concludes, "These repeated warnings of impending spiritual conflict.are given here word for word as they were given to me."
"The Seven Purposes" written by Margaret Cameron in 1918 is a report of personal experience in psychic phenomena. This is based on the author's research on automatic, or involuntary, writing--writing allegedly directed by a spirit or by the unconscious mind. This report has been arranged in three parts: first, the genesis and rapid development of the individual message; second, the Lessons; third, additional individual messages."The Seven Purposes" offers a unique, early-20th century study of automatic writing sure to challenge while it inspires. Margaret Cameron was a novelist and short story writer. She also wrote one-act plays and contributed to magazines.
Philosophy of language has a rich and varied history stretching back to the Ancient Greeks. Twelve specially written essays explore this richness, from Plato and Aristotle, through the Stoics, to medieval thinkers, both Islamic and Christian; from the Renaissance and the early modern period, all the way up to the twentieth Century. Among the many topics that arise across this 2500-year trajectory are metaphysical questions about linguistic content. A first focal point of the volume is the issue of which broad ontological family linguistic contents belong to. Are linguistic contents mental ideas, physical particulars, abstract Forms, social practices, or something else again? And do different sorts of linguistic contents belong to different ontological categories-e.g., might it be that names stand for ideas, whereas logical terms stand for mental processes? The second focal point is the metaphysical grounding of linguistic content: that is, in virtue of what more basic facts do content facts obtain? Do words mean what they do because of natural resemblances? Because of causal relations? Because of arbitrary conventional usage? Or because of some combination of the above?
For the first time in English, this anthology offers a comprehensive selection of primary sources in the history of philosophy of language. Beginning with a detailed introduction contextualizing the subject, the editors draw out recurring themes, including the origin of language, the role of nature and convention in fixing form and meaning, language acquisition, ideal languages, varieties of meanings, language as a tool, and the nexus of language and thought, linking them to representative texts. The handbook moves on to offer seminal contributions from philosophers ranging from the pre-Socratics up to John Stuart Mill, preceding each major historical section with its own introductory assessment. With all of the most relevant primary texts on the philosophy of language included, covering well over two millennia, this judicious, and generous, selection of source material will be an indispensable research tool for historians of philosophy, as well as for philosophers of language, in the twenty-first century. A vital tool for researchers and contemporary philosophers, it will be a touchstone for much further research, with coverage of a long and varied tradition that will benefit today’s scholars and enhance their awareness of earlier contributions to the field.