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This well-established and highly successful book, now in its Second Edition, builds on the strength of the previous edition, retaining many of the topics and incorporating some new topics in consonance with the present-day needs. The accompanying CD contains all the attributes of a good speech—proper stress, intonation and correct pronunciation—to enable better compre-hension of the topics. Some of the conversations and Words Often Mispronounced are also included in the CD to emphasize on the correctness of learning and enrich the learners in language skills. Primarily intended for students and learners who wish to enhance their spoken English skills, this book will be useful also for those who have long-felt need to communicate in English. It has all the rich ingredients to facilitate the learners talk effectively and confidently:  About 50 real-life conversations to improve one’s speech  Extensive list of vocabulary to aid in group discussions  Several useful language tips to pursue the global quest for personal and academic excellence NEW TO THIS EDITION  Discusses the need of the body language  Gives dos and don’ts for an effective communicator  Provides a list of a few non-verbal behaviours and their universal interpretation KEY FEATURES  Application of idioms for effective and creative speaking  Learning of expressions and phrases for better practical presentation  Numerous word meanings to clarify doubts  Grammar and usage in almost all the chapters to grasp the correct syntax  Activity to instill confidence in public speaking
First Class Phonics is a series of books designed to help children quickly become proficient readers and writers by using Synthetic Phonics, a high-quality teaching method recognised all over the world. In Synthetic Phonics, children focus on the skills that enable them to read and spell words accurately. It is essential that children develop the ability to hear, identify and manipulate individual sounds in order to read fluently. The eight books in the series provide a complete reading programme in which children are taught to recognise the importance of every sound they hear in the spoken word and learn to blend these sounds so that they can read words from the very beginning of the program. Children progress from blending simple single sounds in Book One to using digraphs (two letter sounds) and trigraphs (three letter sounds) in later books. In the earlier books children are taught one letter or letter group for each sound but are gradually introduced to different groups of letters that make the same sound as well as the different sounds that can be made from an identical group of letters. Children are also taught words that they cannot initially ‘sound out’ as ‘tricky words’ that are learnt by sight. As children learn the different sounds that a group of letters can make these words cease to be ‘tricky words’. With lots of fun activities to reinforce learning in each book and a complete story in which children practice the skills they have learnt children quickly become fluent readers with a love for books.
The Letter Itself Becomes the Tutor To firmly establish the sound of the letters of the alphabet in the mind of your child, we created and instituted a completely new and unusual approach. In the A Different Approach to Phonics the letter itself becomes the tutor and the tool for learning the sound made by the letter. Your child should never again be able to look at a letter in the alphabet without assessing it as a means of verbally communicating sound. A Different Approach is very helpful for little ones, but it has also been shown to be very effective with the more mature student: and that can mean from 8 on until adulthood wherein the student has not been able to approach reading because of varying learning disabilities such as dyslexia. A Different Approach is a wonder reading program for all ages. To firmly establish the sound of the letters of the alphabet in the mind of your child, we created and instituted a completely new and unusual approach. In the A Different Approach to Phonics the letter itself becomes the tutor. After your child sees this style to phonics, he or she should never again be able to look at a letter in the alphabet without assessing it as a means of verbally communicating sound. It is so unique that it will be functional to those more mature students of reading who for various reasons find themselves needing to learn the various sounds which make up learning to read. A New Approach can act as a supplement to clarify and validate within the mind of your child that each letter has its own distinctive sound.
This dissertation examines the phonological patterning as well as phonetic characteristics of transparent vowels in Hungarian palatal vowel harmony. Traditionally, these vowels are assumed to be excluded from participating in harmony alternations. The experimental data presented in this dissertation run contrary to this assumption. The data show that transparent vowels in Hungarian are articulated differently depending on the harmonic domain in which they occur. Based on this observation, the central claim defended and formalized in this dissertation is that continuous phonetic details of all stem vowels including the transparent vowels are relevant for the phonological alternation in suffixes. The dissertation proposes an integrated model that relates phonetic and phonological aspects of vowel harmony using the formal language of non-linear dynamic. The advantage of this approach is in its potential to capture both qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of the same pattern in a unified way. Crucially, a dynamic approach allows one to express both phonological and phonetic generalizations while maintaining the essential distinction between them. Hence, the dynamic approach provides a feasible research strategy in the quest for understanding one of the continuing challenges in the study of speech: the relation between phonology - the mental or symbolic aspects of our speaking competence, and phonetics - continuous physical manifestations of this competence. Applied to the particular case of transparency in Hungarian vowel harmony, the premise of interdependency between the phonetic properties of the stem vowels and the phonological patterns of suffix selection allows for an explanation of a broad range of data. Most importantly, it provides a motivation for the cross-linguistic generalizations related to transparent vowels in palatal vowel harmony systems. In addition, the effects of tongue body height, lip rounding, and surrounding vocalic context on the suffix selection in Hungarian receive a natural and lawful explanation. To summarize, this dissertation presents novel experimental data from the production of transparent vowels in Hungarian. The proposed integrated model, relating phonetics and phonology using the formal language of non-linear dynamic, achieves a unified explanation of both the phonetic and phonological generalizations observed in the data and the literature.
Fun with Phonics is a kind of book that will help children or beginners learning English as a second language know how the spelling of the words connected to the specific sounds. For example, the words with vowel and consonant letter cluster ow may have either / ?? / or / a? / as follows: / ?? / / a? / Low brown glow down window town grow clown This knowledge, no doubt, helps learners know there are fixed patterns of spelling and the related speech sounds associated with them. In this way, learners can pronounce the words in sight without difficulty. Besides, being able to pronounce the words helps them remember the spelling of the words they have learnt or come across. Do you agree that learning is only considered to take place when you can remember the words and use them in both oral and written communication when required? That means this audio-visual process of learning can transfer the learning of the words into the long-term memory easily. From my personal experience, I find that knowing how to pronounce the words helps me to retrieve the words easily from memory, even though I have not used them for ages. Hence, I believe the knowledge of phonics enables learners to pronounce the words in sight and facilitate the learning and remembering. This book has also presented all the twenty vowel phonemes and twenty-four consonant phonemes. So a learner who knows all the English words is bound in these English speech sounds / phonemes. With this insight, a learner will not use the Chinese phonetics or the Malay phonetics to pronounce English words. I believe this book will prove to be useful and meaningful to those who cares to pronounce English words correctly and will help them remember the words.
This book is the first comprehensive account of the phonology and morphology of Arabic. It is a pioneering work of scholarship, based on the author's research in the region. Arabic is a Semitic language spoken by some 250 million people in an area stretching from Morocco in the West to parts of Iran in the East. Apart from its great intrinsic interest, the importance of the language for phonological and morphological theory lies, as the author shows, in its rich root-and-pattern morphology and its large set of guttural consonants. Dr Watson focuses on two eastern dialects, Cairene and San'ani. Cairene is typical of an advanced urban Mediterranean dialect and has a cultural importance throughout the Arab world; it is also the variety learned by most foreign speakers of Arabic. San'ani, spoken in Yemen, is representative of a conservative peninsula dialect. In addition the book makes extensive reference to other dialects as well as to classical and Modern Standard Arabic. The volume opens with an overview of the history and varieties of Arabic, and of the study of phonology within the Arab linguistic tradition. Successive chapters then cover dialectal differences and similarities, and the position of Arabic within Semitic; the phoneme system and the representation of phonological features; the syllable and syllabification; word stress; derivational morphology; inflectional morphology; lexical phonology; and post-lexical phonology. The Phonology and Morphology of Arabic will be of great interest to Arabists and comparative Semiticists, as well as to phonologists, morphologists, and linguists more generally.
At the end of 1998, Professor Pieter Muysken was awarded the Spinoza prize of the Netherlands Organization of Scientific Research (NOW) and set up a research program entitled “Lexicon and Syntax”. The implementation of the Program started in the autumn of 1999 with research on the lexicon and syntax in a number of areas where contacts between 1 different languages are intensive. For the languages of many of the areas selected, basic data had to be collected. For most of the languages of the Balkan Sprachbund area, however, there are grammars and dictionaries. Moreover, quite a number of studies of the Balkan Spra- bund features have been published. Accordingly, when I joined the team of the Project, I aimed at a description of the state of art in the field. After several months of research, I realized that Balkanists have mainly been concerned with compiling lists of similarities and making parallels between the lexical and grammatical forms of the Balkan languages, while analyses of the interaction of the Balkan Sprachbund morpho-syntactic features with other features in the structure of the DP or the sentence of a given language/dialect are scarce. This oriented me towards descriptions of Balkan Spra- bund morpho-syntactic features in the context of individual sub-systems in nine Balkan language to which they relate – the Slavic languages Macedonian, Bulgarian and Serbo-C- atian; the Romance languages Romanian, Aromanian and Megleno-Romanian; Albanian; Modern Greek; and the Arli Balkan Romani dialect.
This bestselling book provides indispensable tools and strategies for explicit, systematic phonics instruction in K-3. Teachers learn effective ways to build students' decoding skills by teaching letter-sound relationships, blending, word building, multisyllabic decoding, fluency, and more. The volume is packed with engaging classroom activities, many specific examples, and research-based explanations. It offers a complete phonics assessment and clear guidelines for sequencing instruction to give every student a strong foundation for reading. More than 30 reproducible forms and word lists are included in the appendices. Purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size and find a wealth of supplemental teaching resources.
 New to This Edition*Six additional chapters covering key topics, including assessment, phonemic awareness, orthography, and automaticity.*A complete phonics assessment with administering and scoring guidelines.*Downloadable forms and word lists, plus a companion website with rich supplemental resources, including word/syllable cards, assessment tools, and illustrated stories featuring target words, which teachers can project or print for classroom use.*More classroom examples and "Your Turn" activities, as well as expanded word lists.

See also Bringing Words to Life, Second Edition: Robust Vocabulary Instruction and Creating Robust Vocabulary: Frequently Asked Questions and Extended Examples, by Isabel L. Beck, Margaret G. McKeown, and Linda Kucan, which provide essential tools for K-12 vocabulary instruction.

 
Comprehensive Articulatory Phonetics teaches how to recognize, record, and reproduce the sounds of any language.

Note: The audio files can be downloaded from this link: bit.ly/1lCb0Ly

Phonetics is the study of sounds. Specifically, it is the study of human speech sounds. A person who only speaks one language may not realize that there are hundreds of different consonants and vowels spoken by humans in different parts of the world. This book will introduce the reader to almost every sound spoken by man.

Since the English alphabet is inadequate to represent every speech sound known to man, the reader will be taught the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). This is a special alphabet containing numerous symbols that represent sounds for all languages. Charts are included in the back of this book that list many of the symbols used in the IPA. Some IPA symbols will look quite familiar, but others are from foreign languages or were invented specially for the IPA. Learning these symbols and their corresponding sounds is the foundation to accurately learning the sound system of a language.

The reader should also be aware of the fact that not all linguists follow the IPA conventions. Though this book generally follows the standard IPA, alternative symbols and notations will be explained throughout the text.

This book is intended for speakers of American English because many of the sounds are compared to the English language. Speakers of other dialects or languages may need to adjust their pronunciation accordingly.

Table of Contents:
Lesson 1: Introduction to Sounds
Lesson 2: Fricatives and Voicing
Lesson 3: Pitch Variations
Lesson 4: Stops and Voice Onset Time
Lesson 5: Facial Diagrams
Lesson 6: Progressive Pitch Control
Lesson 7: Aspiration and Glottal Stops
Lesson 8: Advanced Intonation
Lesson 9: Affricates
Lesson 10: Introduction to Vowels
Lesson 11: Characteristics of Syllables
Lesson 12: Vowel Glides
Lesson 13: Fronting, Retroflexion, and Sibilants
Lesson 14: Back Vowels
Lesson 15: Nasals
Lesson 16: Front Vowels
Lesson 17: Laterals
Lesson 18: Open Vowels and Length
Lesson 19: Flaps and Trills
Lesson 20: Central Vowels and Approximants
Lesson 21: Alveopalatal Stops
Lesson 22: Vowel and Glide Clusters
Lesson 23: Palatal and Uvular Consonants
Lesson 24: Nasalized Vowels
Lesson 25: Double Articulations and Prenasalization
Lesson 26: Front Rounded and Back Unrounded Vowels
Lesson 27: Transition and Release
Lesson 28: States of the Glottis
Lesson 29: Implosives
Lesson 30: Breathy Consonants and Consonant Clusters
Lesson 31: Ejectives
Lesson 32: Tongue Root Placement
Lesson 33: Secondary Articulations
Lesson 34: Fortis and Lenis Articulation
Lesson 35: Clicks
Lesson 36: Speech Styles
Appendix
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