Mahatma Gandhi said, “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” Since civil societies are ruled by law, they can be evaluated, both figuratively and literally, by how animals are treated in the criminal justice system. This book depicts animals’ roles within society and the laws that govern how humans treat them. Carmen M. Cusack focuses on current issues in human-animal relationships and how these are affected by the criminal justice system. Her analysis, while objective, is rooted in firsthand activist, professional, legal, and criminal justice experience. She presents a comprehensive overview of the place of animals and the law, including pets in prison, K-9 units, constitutional rights, animal sacrifice, wild animals, entertainment, domestic violence, rehabilitation, history, and religion. She includes information about law, behavioral and social science, systemic responses and procedure, anecdotal evidence, current events, and theoretical considerations. Animals and Criminal Justice is a useful handbook and a thorough textbook, as well as a practical guide to animals’ relationships with the criminal justice system. Professionals, including police, child protective services, judges, animal control officers, and corrections staff, as well as scholars in the fields of criminal justice and criminology will find this book invaluable.
Criminal Justice Handbook on Masculinity, Male Aggression, and Sexuality discusses masculinity as a social construct, an ideal, and an impediment for males and females. The book explores how the law equalizes, protects, bridles, and enforces masculinity while dealing with crime, which often exploits and exaggerates masculinity. Among the topics addressed are historical and contemporary law, scientific understandings, issues in corrections, military service, the court system, policing, criminal procedure, medicine, and treatment. Because masculinity is often exhibited as a gender role, the book examines aggressive behaviors, emotional responses, interpersonal rules, appearances, sexual desires, and other aspects of human dynamics that may restrict or enhance masculinity. Juveniles are discretely discussed in subsections concerning masturbation, bullying, risk, sexual assault, pornography, and their susceptibility to victimization by peers and adults. Physical differences between males and females are relevant to criminal justice processes and includes bone shape and size, voices, appearance, scent, and genitalia. The male genitalia is thoroughly discussed in the sections dealing with unlawful penetration, male working animals, forensics, sex offenders, frisks and searches, penile injuries, prostheses, obscenity and lewd behavior, transgenderism, and human trafficking. Unique features include: male and female perpetrators of domestic violence, illegal immigration, drug and alcohol trafficking, gangs and gang members, homosexual victims of hate crimes, and the use of steroids. In addition, illustrations are included to clarify specific points. This text will be an excellent resource for careers in correctional education, juvenile justice, criminal justice and male aggression, law enforcement, sociology, and psychiatry.
This volume assembles hundreds of cases and studies to provide the most accurate and comprehensive picture of the status of pornography in the criminal justice system. Presenting high-level research in an accessible and organized manner, it explores a range of topics, including investigating and prosecuting a case, arguments favoring and opposing decriminalization of pornography, and relationships between pornography, mental disorders, and crime. It also examines criminal justice responses and international laws, policies, attitudes, and definitions of pornography in comparison to those of the United States.
Hair and Justice discusses criminal acts, deviance, rebellion, and power in contexts demonstrating that hair is an intricate and important issue and piece of evidence in criminal justice, constitutional law, and public policy. The book demonstrates that the significance of hair in society is relative, in flux, and constantly being debated. The text argues that members of a culture and society share perceptions about hair that may be misunderstood or judged by outsiders and authorities. The book presents dozens of cases in which eyewitnesses have described perpetrators’ and defendants’ hair. However, eyewitness testimony is often unreliable and the value given to it may conflict with or further shape the extent to which society will tolerate misunderstandings or misperceptions about hair. Major sections include: religion; evidence; institutions; head shaving; gangs; animals; authority and power; crimes; Fourth Amendment; regulation, codes, and licenses; politics; and education. This very unique book will be a valuable resource for students and professionals in sociology, law, law enforcement, psychology, gang studies, criminal justice, criminology, social science, public administration, and related areas of study.
Animals, Deviance, and Sex proposes that “deviance” is a fluid term that advances cultural, gender, human, and societal norms, but “deviant” labels that presume unequivocally to segregate superior human morality from animal sexuality may fail to see the forest for the trees. A plain reading of the word “deviance” may suggest scientific or quantitative classifications. Indeed, animal species may be grouped and analyzed according to generalized norms for each species. However, “deviance” may indicate moral relativism, which is fundamentally tied to historical and contemporary understandings of human sexuality and human-animal relationships. Animals, Deviance, and Sex argues that traditional and progressive classifications, analyses, and implications of human deviance could authentically be reworked in consideration of animals’ anatomy, breeding, copulation, gender, mating, nonconsent, and sexuality. Morally and ethically gray areas voluntarily and knowingly traversed by human-animal sexual linkages have expanded and become increasingly normalized by popular culture. Animals, Deviance, and Sex’s treatment of these trends is amusingly complex, yet unpretentious, truthfully proficient, and careful. Each chapter assiduously and succinctly tethers animal science, anecdotes, behavior and social science, current events, human-animal relationships, law, and theory throughout dozens of exotically-themed subchapters. Animals, Deviance, and Sex is a well-organized oeuvre demonstrating professional expertise and experience.