Embedded in a theoretical framework of situated practice, the naturalistic case studies and literacy autobiographies include portrayals of undergraduate students and teachers, master's level students, doctoral students, young bilingual faculty, and established scholars, all of whom are struggling to understand their roles in ambiguously defined communities of academic writers.
In addition to the notion of situated practice, the other powerful concept used as an interpretive framework is captured by the metaphor of "games"--a metaphor designed to emphasize that the practice of academic writing is shaped but not dictated by rules and conventions; that writing games consist of the practice of playing, not the rules themselves; and that writers have choices about whether and how to play.
Focusing on people rather than experiments, numbers, and abstractions, this interdisciplinary work draws on concepts and methods from narrative inquiry, qualitative anthropology and sociology, and case studies of academic literacy in the field of composition and rhetoric. The style of the book is accessible and reader friendly, eschewing highly technical insider language without dismissing complex issues. It has a multicultural focus in the sense that the people portrayed are from a number of different cultures within and outside North America. It is also a multivocal work: the author positions herself as both an insider and outsider and takes on the different voices of each; other voices that appear are those of her case study participants, and published authors and their case study participants. It is the author's hope that readers will find multiple ways to connect their own experiences with those of the writers the book portrays.
*Part I, "Linking Pedagogy to Communities," focuses on dynamic initiatives where practitioners collaborate with community members and other professionals as they acknowledge and build on the cultural, linguistic, and intellectual resources of ethnic-minority students and their communities.
*Part II, "Professional Learning for Diversity," centers on the authors' experiences in facilitating opportunities for working with prospective and practicing teachers to develop situated pedagogies, highlighting both the challenges that emerge and the transformations that occur.
*Part III, "Learning in Community (and Community in Learning), illustrates how educational innovation can extend beyond the realm of schools and classrooms by elucidating ways in which individuals construct learning venues in out-of-school settings.
Learning, Teaching, and Community: Contributions of Situated and Participatory Approaches to Educational Innovation is a compelling and timely text ideally suited for courses focused on teacher education and development, informal learning, equity and education, multilingual and multicultural education, language and culture, educational foundations, and school reform/educational restructuring, and will be equally of interest to faculty, researchers, and professionals in these areas.
The study emphasizes the links between familial patterns of language use and language socialization practices on the one hand, and children's development of bilingual and biliterate identities on the other. Using a framework emerging from their selection of two geographically distinct localities with differing demographic features, Schecter and Bayley compare patterns of meaning suggested by the use of Spanish and English in speech and literacy activities, as well as by the symbolic importance ascribed by families and societal institutions (such as schools) to the maintenance and use of the two languages.
Language as Cultural Practice:
*provides a detailed account of the diversity of language practices and patterns of use in language minority homes;
*offers educators detailed information on the language ecology of Latino homes in two geographically diverse communities--San Antonio, Texas, and the San Francisco Bay Area, California;
*shows the diversity within Mexican-American communities in the United States--families profiled range from rural families in south Texas to upper middle class professional families in northern California;
*provides data to correct the prevalent misconception that maintenance of Spanish interferes with the acquisition of English; and
*contributes to the study of language socialization by showing that the process extends throughout the lifetime and that it is an interactive rather than a one-way process.
This book will particularly interest researchers and professionals in linguistics, anthropology, applied linguistics, and education, and will be useful as a text in graduate courses in these areas that address language socialization and learning.
Carefully crafted, focused, and provocative, the chapters in this volume document authors' experiences with a range of practical, political, and personal issues in writing for publication. Many portray the hardship and struggle that are not obvious in a finished piece of writing. Readers are encouraged to resonate with the events and issues portrayed, and to connect the narratives to their own lives. Practical information, such as contact information for journal and book publishers, manuscript guidelines, and useful books are included in appendices.
Although organized thematically, the essays in Writing for Scholarly Publication: Behind the Scenes in Language Education overlap in many ways as each author considers multiple issues:
*In the Introduction, the editors discuss key aspects of writing for scholarly publication, such as writing as situated practice, issues faced by newcomers, the construction of personal identity through writing, writing and transparency, facets of the interactive nature of scholarly writing, and intertwined political issues.
*Part I focuses on issues and concerns faced by "Newcomers."
*In Part II, "Negotiating and Interacting," the essays closely examine the interactions among authors, editors, manuscript reviewers, and collaborators; these interactions tend to be the least often discussed and these essays therefore offer readers fascinating insights into the sensitive social, political, and personal relationships among the many players in the scholarly writing game.
*"Identity Construction" is addressed in Part III, where authors share their experiences with and reflections on the ways that professional writing helps them construct their identities as writers and scholars.
*The essays in Part IV, "From the Periphery," help redefine what the notion of "periphery" might mean, from a concept with a negative connotation of "outsider" to a positive connotation of active and unconventional participant.
Animal tracks, word magic, the speech of stones, the power of letters, and the taste of the wind all figure prominently in this intellectual tour de force that returns us to our senses and to the sensuous terrain that sustains us. This major work of ecological philosophy startles the senses out of habitual ways of perception.
For a thousand generations, human beings viewed themselves as part of the wider community of nature, and they carried on active relationships not only with other people with other animals, plants, and natural objects (including mountains, rivers, winds, and weather patters) that we have only lately come to think of as "inanimate." How, then, did humans come to sever their ancient reciprocity with the natural world? What will it take for us to recover a sustaining relation with the breathing earth?
In The Spell of the Sensuous David Abram draws on sources as diverse as the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty, Balinese shamanism, Apache storytelling, and his own experience as an accomplished sleight-of-hand of magician to reveal the subtle dependence of human cognition on the natural environment. He explores the character of perception and excavates the sensual foundations of language, which--even at its most abstract--echoes the calls and cries of the earth. On every page of this lyrical work, Abram weaves his arguments with a passion, a precision, and an intellectual daring that recall such writers as Loren Eisleley, Annie Dillard, and Barry Lopez.
The number of English language learners in U.S. schools is projected to grow to twenty-five percent by 2025. Most teachers have English learners in their classrooms, from kindergarten through college. The ESL/ELL Teacher?s Survival Guide offers educators practical strategies for setting up an ESL-friendly classroom, motivating and interacting with students, communicating with parents of English learners, and navigating the challenges inherent in teaching ESL students.Provides research-based instructional techniques which have proven effective with English learners at all proficiency levels
Offers thematic units complete with reproducible forms and worksheets, sample lesson plans, and sample student assignments
The book?s ESL lessons connect to core standards and technology applications
This hands-on resource will give all teachers at all levels the information they need to be effective ESL instructors.
A deep look into why women say that once they go black, they never go back...
* The second section provides a unique model of lesson planning. This adaptable model helps teachers prepare organized routines to make classes more effective and easier to prepare. Includes activities for discussion, giving instructions, guided and less-guided practice, and independent practice.
* The third section includes downloadable, photocopiable worksheets for the activities described in the manual.
Even so, learning to actually use American English comfortably isn’t among the easiest of tasks, Author Jeannie Yang hopes to help with that. Numbered lessons and regimented exercises only serve to make an already daunting task seem impossible. They don’t help, so they aren’t welcome in this book. Professor Jeannie Yang has takes a new approach to learning conversational English—inviting you to the conversation!
Written in the form of a movie screenplay, these fictional scenarios innovatively invite you to actively engage in conversations on a variety of subjects and in a variety of settings. As you speak their words, you can imagine that you are one of the characters—and you’ll be learning at the same time.
You’ll meetMi Hee—a sweet and spunky young woman from Korea who dreams of studying at an American university Kenny—an intellectual from Hong Kong who’s lived and studied in the United States for years Roy—Kenny’s best friend, whose liberal use of slang is in stark contrast to Kenny’s esoteric vocabulary
Whether you are going on a cruise or heading for a job interview, this book serves as a practical and entertaining guide to getting more comfortable with conversational American English.
Kristen tells Brittany about her dream with the monster under the bed
but has to head out, leaving Brittany alone in the house. She doesn't
care much for Kristen's dream but as Brittany rests at Kristen's place
and waits she starts to see something strange. It seems the horny
monster under the bed wants to be in her dreams...
5352 word explicit story contains adult themed material. Brittany experiences quite the ecstasy filled dream...
or maybe it's not a dream?
Top SLA researchers and applied linguists lend their expertise on matters such as foreign language across curriculum programs, testing, online learning, the incorporation of linguistic variation into the classroom, heritage language learners, the teaching of translation, the effects of study abroad and classroom contexts on learning, and other pedagogical issues. Other common themes of The Art of Teaching Spanish include the rejection of the concept of a monolithic language competence, the importance of language as social practice and cultural competence, the psycholinguistic component of SLA, and the need for more cross-fertilization from related fields.
This book provides a comprehensive and systematic framework for developing literacy skills and improving reading in all content areas. With funding from the Carnegie Corporation and the U.S. Department of Education, author Margarita Calderón has developed a research-based approach to expediting reading comprehension that results in higher test scores not just for ELLs, but for all students. Educators can easily complement their instruction with ready-to-use tools, including:Lesson templates Rubrics Sample lesson plans Strategies for teaching reading and vocabulary in content areas Descriptions of successful programs Professional development designs
her husband. Unfortunately for her, he doesn't have the same passion or
fortitude. Angela decides to visit Malcolm again to see if she's doing
something wrong. Malcolm, of course, is more than happy to give her
another lesson... Can Angela handle Malcolm's new lesson or will it be
too much this time?
Warning, this 5,980 word erotic story
contains adult themed content between a black male and a white house
wife. Angela's second lesson is much more intense than her previous one!
Helps English Language Learners Improve Their Skills
A fun guide to everything American for the English language learner!
Authored by seasoned ESL instructors, this handy guidebook is perfect for people who already have a good grasp of English, but want to improve how they speak the language as it is spoken in the United States.
Written in a lighthearted and easy-to-follow style, this book is a great resource for people of all ages and all nationalities. Each unit introduces commonly used phrases, vocabulary, and verbs, and offers sample dialogs to illustrate everyday American life. Sentence completions, quizzes, tips, and illustrations make learning fun.
Individual units cover topics essential to the mosaic of American life: making friends, basic skills, driving, dining out, dealing with money, home life, emergency situations, doctor visits, handling a job interview, and more.
To improve your pronunciation, listen to the embedded audio that accompanies this e-book or download the Mp3. The audio contains all the dialogues and pronunciation pointers found in the book so you can listen along and practice your speaking skills as you read. The dialogues are read by native speakers and are a great way to work on accent reduction.
If you’re looking for a fun and easy way to improve your English language skills, this is the book for you!
Gesture and Thought expands on McNeill’s acclaimed classic Hand and Mind. While that earlier work demonstrated what gestures reveal about thought, here gestures are shown to be active participants in both speaking and thinking. Expanding on an approach introduced by Lev Vygotsky in the 1930s, McNeill posits that gestures are key ingredients in an “imagery-language dialectic” that fuels both speech and thought. Gestures are both the “imagery” and components of “language.” The smallest element of this dialectic is the “growth point,” a snapshot of an utterance at its beginning psychological stage. Utilizing several innovative experiments he created and administered with subjects spanning several different age, gender, and language groups, McNeill shows how growth points organize themselves into utterances and extend to discourse at the moment of speaking.
An ambitious project in the ongoing study of the relationship of human communication and thought, Gesture and Thought is a work of such consequence that it will influence all subsequent theory on the subject.
You can download the audio recording of the conversation here : http://tinyurl.com/mdec5tt
Or did we? Portions of the human brain are also devoted to reading. Children learn to read at a very young age and can seamlessly absorb information even more quickly through reading than through hearing. We know that we didn’t evolve to read because reading is only a few thousand years old.
In "Harnessed," cognitive scientist Mark Changizi demonstrates that human speech has been very specifically “designed” to harness the sounds of nature, sounds we’ve evolved over millions of years to readily understand. Long before humans evolved, mammals have learned to interpret the sounds of nature to understand both threats and opportunities. Our speech—regardless of language—is very clearly based on the sounds of nature.
Even more fascinating, Changizi shows that music itself is based on natural sounds. Music—seemingly one of the most human of inventions—is literally built on sounds and patterns of sound that have existed since the beginning of time.
ESL certification is attainable if one understands the domains and competencies represented in the test and masters test prep skills. Dr. Elaine Wilmore, known for her popular TExES preparation seminars, synthesizes her knowledge and experiences and gives readers a practical approach to passing the ESL Supplemental Exam. Written in a conversational tone, the book uses real examples to help readers connect theory with actual practice and offers:Thorough discussions of relevant concepts related to domains and competencies Tables and graphics for visual and kinesthetic learners Chapter summaries highlighting “Important Points” and the author’s “Guess My Favorites” learning tips Test-taking strategies and sample exam questions
The chocolate craving that makes women say that once they go black, they never go back...
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Key features include:Examples of programs that address the needs of learners from diverse language backgrounds, including Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Haitian Creole, Hindi, Bengali, and Russian. Teaching strategies, activities, and student tasks geared toward current academic standards. The role of primary language in ESL, dual language, special education, and general education programs.
“At last, a book that focuses on the development of students’ bilingualism from the point of view of their home languages and not simply English! Rodríguez, Carrasquillo, and Lee lead teachers in uncovering the treasure of the home language in bilingual learning.”
—Ofelia García, professor, The Graduate Center, City University of New York
“I highly recommend The Bilingual Advantage . . . an essential tool to achieve equity and social justice as these evidence-based practices promote the high achievement and success of English learners within our schools.”
—Jose Luis Alvarado, associate dean, College of Education, San Diego State University
“This book brings together the latest research on the advantages of children learning in two languages and two cultures.”
—From the Foreword by Margarita Calderón, professor emerita, Johns Hopkins University
black man moves in. Cristina, a frustrated white wife of a man who's too
busy trying to get promoted, greets the suburbs first black neighbor. She
decides to show the warm, plush hospitality that the Mansion Estates are
known for. But is Cristina taking on more than she can bite? Or for that
You can download the audio recording of the conversation here :
This series, 이야기 (Iyagi) is for upper beginner and intermediate learners. In 이야기, we have two people talking about a topic in 100% Korean, while using easier vocabulary and talking at a slower pace than usual. In this episode, 최경은 and진석진 are talking about 노약자석, seats in public transportations reserved for the elderly, handicapped people and pregnant women.
This translation package contains the full transcript in Korean, followed by full translation of the text, a vocabulary review quiz, a comprehension quiz, and a vocabulary and grammar point list.
You can download the audio recording of the conversation here : http://tinyurl.com/qdwk7yp
More than ever before, K–12 educators in today's classrooms teach students from diverse language backgrounds. This handy reference guide to the ten most common languages of students who do not speak English—Spanish, Russian, Vietnamese, Arabic, Tagalog, Haitian Creole, Navajo, Hmong, Cantonese, and Korean—offers practical guidance for communicating with ELL students and their families. With a chapter dedicated to each language, this book provides a wealth of resources to help you make meaningful connections with ELL students, including:
• Information about the traditions, religions, and celebrations of the family's country of origin
• Guides to common words and phrases in the student's native language
• Picture dictionaries that can be reproduced for use with students
• Sample parent letters that include both English and native language translations
• Basic reading tests in ten languages
Language can be an intimidating barrier to many students and teachers alike. Don’t let it stand in the way of success. Help ensure that English Language Learners successfully transition into the school community and participate fully in the classroom learning environment!
Warning! This 6,770 word erotic story contains adult themed material. See how Lisa works her magic to succeed in her first assignment...
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This unique teacher time-saver includes scores of helpful, practical lists that may be reproduced for classroom use or referred to in the development of instructional materials and lessons. The material contained in this book helps K-12 teachers reinforce and enhance the learning of grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and writing skills in ESL students of all ability levels. For easy use and quick access, the lists are printed in a format that can be photocopied as many times as required. A complete, thoroughly updated glossary at the end provides an indispensable guide to the specialized language of ESL instruction.
You can download the audio recording of the conversation here : http://tinyurl.com/n7fo887
Warning! This 10,139 word explicit story contains adult themed material. Meriel is powerless as she's taken by trolls, and her mother, the queen, doesn't fare any better with ogres. The Realms of War takes off with the fall of Erun.
It is highly recommended that the Realms of War Trilogy 1 be read prior to reading A House of Glass but not required.
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group of police to take down a powerful drug dealer. Unfortunately for
her, she was tapped to be an informant. She was sent to an integrated
prison to get close to the group dealing drugs. Now she has to try to
get in the good graces of a group of black men, not only to become a
member of the group but for protection as well. To gain the leader's
trust, she's been told she has to pass on a lesson to a big, muscular
black man in a prison full of black men. Will she be able to handle the
immense amount of black men in her prison while at the same time
getting her job done to get in the good graces of Rick's big black crew?
This 10,550 word erotica story contains adult themed material. Ellen has really got to use her entire body to not
only take out one black man but a group of his black prison inmates to
get her inside job done!
Warning! This explicit story contains adult themed material. Estelle's journey to freedom and inheritence money concludes!
On this e-book you will find some guidance on how you should write an essay.
There are then model answers on the following pages for different types of essay and different questions, with some brief guidance on each.
Agree / disagree
Discuss two opinions
Advantages & disadvantages
Causes (reasons) & solutions
Causes (reasons) & effects
Problems & solutions
Compare & contrast
Not every essay will fit one of these patterns, but many do. You may get some of these tasks mixed up. For example, you could be asked to give your opinion on an issue, and then discuss the advantages or disadvantages of it.
The golden rule is to ALWAYS read the question very carefully to see exactly what you are being asked to do.
View this lesson for more practice on analysing essay questions.
An essay is structured like any other essay; you just need to make it shorter. There are three key elements:
We will look at each of these in turn, using the essay question above as an example.
This ebook goes through each part of a high scoring answer and explains exactly how to write it.
- See sample high scoring answers written by Examiner
- Discover the elements that have the biggest impact on your score and what to do about them
- Learn what high scoring writing answers look like so you can model them and do the same
- Get lots of sample questions to practice
time! She's tired of waiting for Mr. Brown to give her a new assignment
when her coworker, Ally, tells her about an opportunity. The warehouse
union workers are about to strike and the building manager wants help.
Ally decides to invite Lisa in on the negotiation, but with ten big
black overworked men, who knows what can happen?
6,440 word erotic story contains adult themed content between several
big black men and two subservient white executive assistants. See how
Lisa and Ally make their way through an extremely crazy warehouse!
Unfortunately for her, she's given a choice, infiltrate the largest gang
in Detroit or get kicked out of the academy. She reluctantly decides
to infiltrate but she first has to go to an integrated prison to built a
rapport with gang members. She first has to build a rapport with the
big black men in prison. Does she succeed or fail?
12,260 word erotic story contains adult themed material.
See if Ellen is able to convince the big black men in taking her into
The book addresses challenges others are likely to experience while improving teacher preparation, including preservice teacher resistance, the challenge of adding to already-packed courses, the difficulty of recruiting and retaining busy faculty members, and the question of how to best frame the larger issues. The authors also address options for integrating the work of improving teacher preparation for linguistic diversity into a variety of different teacher education program designs. Finally, the book demonstrates a data-driven approach that makes this work consistent with many institutions’ mandate to produce research and to collect evidence supporting accreditation.
The volume is distinguished in three ways:
* Following a Vygotskyan perspective on development, the studies assume that language learning is a fundamentally pragmatic enterprise, intrinsically linked to language use. This breaks from a more traditional understanding of second and foreign language learning, which has viewed learning and use as two distinct phenomena. The importance of classroom interaction to additional language development is foregrounded.
* The investigations reported in this book are distinguished by their methodological approach. Because language learning is assumed to be a situated, context-sensitive, and dynamic process, the studies do not rely on traditional experimental methods for collecting and analyzing data, but rather, they involve primarily the use of ethnographic and discourse analytic methods.
* The studies focus on interactional practices that promote second and foreign language learning. Although a great deal of research has examined first language learning in classrooms from a sociocultural perspective, little has looked at second and foreign language classrooms from such a perspective. Thus there is a strong need for this volume of studies addressing this area of research.
Researchers, teacher educators, and graduate students across the fields of second and foreign language learning, applied linguistics, and language education will find this book informative and relevant. Because of the programmatic implications arising from the studies, it will also appeal to teacher educators and teachers of second and foreign languages from the elementary to the university levels.
This book is the first to provide a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of this important field. It contains 10 chapters written by world-leading experts, which discuss influential theories of sentence processing and important experimental evidence, with a focus on recent developments in the area. The chapters also analyse research that has investigated how people process the structure and meaning of sentences, and how sentences are understood within their context.
This comprehensive and authoritative work will appeal to students and researchers in the field of sentence processing, as well anyone with an interest in psychology and linguistics.
Comprehensive – This book recommends methods for properly including ELLs throughout the entire test development process, addressing all essential steps from planning, item writing and reviews to analyses and reporting.
Breadth and Depth of Coverage– Coverage includes discussion of the key issues, explanations and detailed instructions at each intervention point.
Research Focus – All chapters include an extensive review of current research.
Emerging Trends – The chapters summarize guidance appropriate for innovative computer-based assessments of the future as well as the paper-and-pencil tests of today.
This book is appropriate for anyone concerned with the development and implementation of fair and accurate testing programs for English language learners. This includes university based researchers, testing personel at the federal, state and local levels, teachers interested in better assessing their diverse student populations and those involved in the testing industry. It is also appropriate for instructors teaching undergraduate and graduate courses devoted to testing the full range of students in todays schools.
radiation expert, until one fateful night. In an effort to make himself the
perfect specimen of man, he injects himself with a superior soldier drug
only to learn that it turns his deepest most desires into a physical
monsters known as the Bulk!
Warning! This explicit story contains adult themed material. You
don't want to make the Bulk horny... or do you?
The redesigned fourth edition of Second Language Acquisition retains the features that students found useful in the current edition but also provides new pedagogical tools that encourage students to reflect upon the experiences of second language learners. As with previous editions, discussion questions and problems at the end of each chapter help students apply their knowledge, and a glossary defines and reinforces must-know terminology. This clearly-written, comprehensive, and current textbook, by expert Sue Gass, is the ideal textbook for the introductory SLA course in second language studies, applied linguistics, linguistics, TESOL, and language education programs.
The volume provides an overview of case study methodology and examples of published case studies in applied linguistics, without attempting to be a comprehensive survey of the innumerable case studies that exist. The case studies presented here involve teachers and learners of English and various other languages in North America and other parts of the world. Advice is also given about how to conduct and publish case studies.
Case Study Research in Applied Linguistics is designed for students, both undergraduate and graduate, as well as other scholars seeking to understand case study methods and their applications in research on language learners and language users in a variety of contexts. Applied linguists working in other subfields will find the volume useful in their own research and in their supervision and evaluation of others' case studies.