The West Valley nuclear facility (WVNF), in W. NY State, was built to convert spent nuclear fuel (NF) from comm'l. reactors into reusable nuclear fuel. However, the market for reprocessed NF was limited; new, more restrictive health and safety standards raised concerns about the facility; and there was concern about reprocessed NF being used to make nuclear weapons. The WVNF was permanently shutdown in the 1970s, and cleanup began in the 1980s. This report examines: the status of the cleanup; factors that may be hindering the cleanup; the degree of certainty in the DoE's est. of total cleanup costs and schedule; and the degree to which the WVNF cleanup may reflect larger cleanup challenges.
Illicit trafficking in or smuggling of nuclear & other radioactive materials has increased in recent years. Many nuclear smuggling cases have been traced to nuclear material that originated in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The U.S., has helped these countries secure nuclear material at civilian & defense facilities, but these assistance efforts face daunting challenges. This report addresses U.S. efforts to combat nuclear smuggling by: identifying the U.S. Fed. programs tasked with combating the threat of illicit trafficking in nuclear materials & the amount of U.S. funding spent on this effort; determines how well the U.S. assistance is coordinated among Fed. agencies; & assesses the effectiveness of the equipment & training provided by the U.S.
Allegations of racial profiling at the DoE weapons labs, raised most notably in the 1999 case of Dr. Wen Ho Lee, an Asian Amer. accused of espionage, have called into question the equitable treatment of minorities & women in personnel actions such as hiring, pay, & promotion. This report: describes the composition of staff by race/ethnicity, gender, & job category to determine how the composition of lab staff has changed in the 5-year period; determines whether there are differences in selected personnel actions for managers & prof'l's. when comparing minority employees & white employees in FY1998-2000; describes EEO concerns raised by lab staff; & identifies opportunities for improving labs' compliance with EEO require.
In 1998, the U.S. and Russia embarked on an ambitious nonproliferation program, known as the Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI), to create sustainable job opportunities for weapons scientists in Russia's closed nuclear cities, and to help Russia accelerate the downsizing of its nuclear weapons complex. NCI, implemented by the DoE and its nat. labs., seeks to employ weapons scientists and other residents of the cities in non-military scientific or commercial activities. This report discusses the: costs to implement NCI, incl. the amount spent in the U.S. and Russia, as well as planned expenditures; impact of the Dept.'s NCI projects; and status of the European Nuclear Cities Initiative.
In 1986, the U.S. Gov't. entered into a Compact of Free Assoc. (Compact) with the Fed. States of Micronesia (FSM) and the Rep. of the Marshall Islands (RMI). The Compact granted these former Trust Territory dist. their independence and provided a framework for future governmental relations and financial pay. from the U.S., including compensation for effects from the tests of U.S. nuclear weapons in the RMI during the 1940s and 1950s. This report examines: cost to the U.S. of providing assist. to the FSM and to the RMI in accordance with the existing Compact from FY 1987 through FY 1999, and funds provided prior to FY 1987 for the effects of nuclear weapons testing to what is now the RMI.
The DoD estimates that cleaning up contamination and hazards at thousands of properties that it formerly owned or controlled will take more than 70 years and cost from $15 to $20 billion. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has determined that more than 4,000 of the 9,181 properties eligible for its cleanup program do not have hazards that require further Corps study or cleanup action. This report determines the extent to which the Corps: (1) has a sound basis for its determinations; and (2) has communicated its determinations to owners and to the regulatory agencies that may have responsibility and notified the owners that it will reconsider a determination if evidence of DoD-caused hazards is found later. Charts and tables.