This is a real eBook that you will be able to use on the desktop or on a mobile device, in the office, at the jobsite, or wherever else your work takes you!
If you're taking on a job like this you need to know three things - can you do it on your own; how long is going to take; and most important of all, how much is it going to cost.
This book tells you the answers. With simple-to-follow guidance on all your home improvement projects it tells you:
· the time the job will take
· the costs of the materials
· how difficult it's going to be
· and what a professional is going to charge to do it for you
The authors examine the relationship between the external annual accounts and the internal cost-value reconciliation process. CVR is covered in depth and the authors consider issues such as interim payments, subcontract accounts, contractual claims, final accounts, cash flow management and the reporting of the physical and financial progress of contracts.
A broad perspective of all the financial aspects of contracting is taken along with related legal issues and the authors explain how things operate in the ‘real world’. They describe good practice in financial control while at the same time being honest about some of the more questionable practices that can - and do - happen. The approach taken is unique as the financial management of construction projects is considered from the perspective of the contractor’s quantity surveyor. The book deals with the real issues that surveyors have to address when using their judgment to report turnover, profitability, cash flow, and work in progress on projects and the financial problems faced by subcontractors are frankly and pragmatically explored.
The payment and notice requirements of the Construction Act are explained in detail and relevant provisions of JCT2011, NEC3, ICC, DOM/1 and other standard contracts and subcontracts are also covered.
Financial Management in Construction Contracting addresses the wide variety of external factors that influence how construction companies operate, including government policy, banking covenants and the financial aspects of supply chain management. Cost reporting systems are described and real-life examples are used to illustrate cost reports, accrual systems and how computerised systems can be employed to provide the QS with information that can be audited.
Examples drawn from practice demonstrate how work-in-progress (WIP) is reported in contracting. Cost value reconciliation reports are featured and the book demonstrates how adjustments are made for overmeasure, undermeasure, subcontract liabilities and WIP as well as explaining the processes that contractors use when analysing external valuations.
This is the ideal core text for final year degree and post-graduate level modules on Quantity Surveying, Commercial Management, Construction Management and Project Management courses and will provide an invaluable source of reference for quantity surveyors and others who may be engaged in the financial management of construction projects.
The book’s companion website at www.wiley.com/go/rossfinancialmanagement offers invaluable resources for students and lecturers as well as for practising construction managers:end-of-chapter exercises + outline answers PowerPoint slides for each chapter ideas for discussion topics links to useful websites
As well as introducing different estimating techniques, it includes:The nature of costs in construction from a cost of resources approach Modern tendering procedures and the stages of development of construction projects How to convert an estimate into a formal tender and then into a contract Simple numerical examples of estimates Estimating and cost analysis during the construction project Summaries and discussion questions in every chapter
This is an easy to read introduction to building estimating for undergraduate students, or anyone working in a quantity surveying or construction commercial management role who needs a quick reference.
It includes instructions on how to handle:
the NRM order of cost estimate;
unit-rate pricing for different trades;
pro rata pricing and dayworks;
Worked examples show how each of these techniques should be carried out in clear, easy-to-follow steps. This is the indispensible estimating reference for all quantity surveyors, cost managers, project managers and anybody else with estimating responsibilities. Particular attention is given to NRM2, but the overall focus is on the core estimating skills needed in practice.
A Sunday Times Best Book of 2016
Pinpoint tells the story of GPS, a scientific marvel that enables almost all modern technology—but is changing us in profound ways.
Over the last fifty years, humanity has developed an extraordinary shared utility: the Global Positioning System. Even as it guides us across town, GPS helps land planes, route mobile calls, anticipate earthquakes, predict weather, locate oil deposits, measure neutrinos, grow our food, and regulate global finance. It is as ubiquitous and essential as another Cold War technology, the Internet. In Pinpoint, Greg Milner takes us on a fascinating tour of a hidden system that touches almost every aspect of our modern life.
While GPS has brought us breathtakingly accurate information about our planetary environment and physical space, it has also created new forms of human behavior. We have let it saturate the world’s systems so completely and so quickly that we are just beginning to confront the possible consequences. A single GPS timing flaw, whether accidental or malicious, could bring down the electrical grid, hijack drones, or halt the world financial system. The use, and potential misuse, of GPS data by government and corporations raise disturbing questions about ethics and privacy. GPS may be altering the nature of human cognition—possibly even rearranging the gray matter in our heads.
Pinpoint tells the sweeping story of GPS from its conceptual origins as a bomb guidance system to its presence in almost everything we do. Milner examines the different ways humans have understood physical space, delves into the neuroscience of cognitive maps, and questions GPS’s double-edged effect on our culture. A fascinating and original story of the scientific urge toward precision, Pinpoint offers startling insight into how humans understand their place in the world.
New to this edition are:
Hundreds of revised graphics to complement the fully updated text
New illustrations and photos printed in full colour for the first time
New chapters on sustainability, ventilation and windows.
This highly sought after text concentrates on principles and practice rather than details and regulations and retains it’s easy to follow format and highly accessible style. In doing so it enables the reader to demonstrate a comprehensive and genuine understanding of modern house construction and its evolution over the last 100 years.
The Construction of Houses is not only an essential read for students, surveyors, developers and planning professionals, but also the interested lay person considering their first building project.
A guide to successfully designing, estimating, and scheduling a civil engineering project, Integrated Design and Cost Management for Civil Engineers shows how practicing professionals can design fit-for-use solutions within established time frames and reliable budgets. This text combines technical compliance with practical solutions in relation to cost planning, estimating, time, and cost control. It incorporates solutions that are technically sound as well as cost effective and time efficient. It focuses on the integration of design and construction based on solid engineering foundations contained within a code of ethics, and navigates engineers through the complete process of project design, pricing, and tendering.
The book uses cases studies to illustrate principles and processes. Although they center on Australasia and Southeast Asia, the principles are internationally relevant. The material details procedures that emphasize the correct quantification and planning of works, resulting in reliable cost and time predictions. It also works toward minimizing the risk of losing business through cost blowouts or losing profits through underestimation.
This Text Details the Quest for Practical Solutions That:Are cost effective Can be completed within a reasonable timeline Conform to relevant quality controls Are framed within appropriate contract documents Satisfy ethical professional procedures, and Address the client’s brief through a structured approach to integrated design and cost management
Designed to help civil engineers develop and apply a multitude of skill bases, Integrated Design and Cost Management for Civil Engineers can aid them in maintaining relevancy in appropriate design justifications, guide work tasks, control costs, and structure project timelines. The book is an ideal link between a civil engineering course and practice.
This book aims to provide readers with a practical guide into quantity surveying from a main contractor's perspective. Readers will acquire an understanding of the skills and competencies required by the contractor’s quantity surveyor. Following a brief introduction, the book's early chapters cover measurement methodology and the contractor's business, with the rest of the chapters discussing commercial and contractual management of a construction project, including day-to-day running from commencement through to completion, in a highly practical way.
A separate chapter covers survey problems after flood and fire damage, and the legal section takes account of recent developments in case law relating to inspections and surveys of properties.
This new edition continues to provide a thorough treatment of all the key issues relating to surveying buildings, dealing with the problems that surveyors are likely to encounter when inspecting buildings.
Changes for the new edition include:Examples and references have been updated Evaluation of condition rating systems for domestic and commercial buildings A new section on the home condition reports More information on slate defects Bibliography revised and expanded, to make it more comprehensive Additional appendix showing the home condition report format
It consists of an Introduction and six Regional Summary chapters that describe the spatial metadata activities happening in Europe, North America, Asia/Pacific, Latin America, Africa/Middle East, and the ISO community. These chapters provide the broader context and description of the milieu in which these standards operate, so that the reader can more easily understand the scientific and technical framework from whence a particular standard has emerged. The third section is a complete listing of all of the three levels of scientific and technical characteristics, and their meaning by the inclusion of a set of definitions for metadata terms used in the book. The fourth section, and by far the largest, contains 22 chapters that assess each of the major national and international spatial metadata standards in the world, and also contains a few representative subject matter profile derived from a major standard. They have been carried out in terms of all three levels of characteristics. Each assessment has been carried out by a Commission member who has been an active participant in the development of the standard being assessed in the native language of that standard. The fifth section contains a summary cross-table wall size summary chart that includes all 22 standards and profiles that are cross tabulated by 70 of the crucial characteristics. The columns provide a thumbnail sketch of each individual standard, while the rows facilitate a quick comparison of individual critical characteristics across all of the 22 standards and profiles. Many readers of our previous book have begun their standards evaluation process with this cross-table.
This current book on spatial metadata standards has been purposely designed to serve as a companion working volume to the 1997 book the Commission published on Spatial Data Transfer Standards, Moellering & Hogan, Editors, ISBN 008042433.Assesses the National and International Spatial Metadata Standards & Profiles in their native languages, and then reports the analysis in a scientifically consistent manner in a widely used scientific language (English)Provides a summary Crosstable of the 22 Spatial Metadata Standards/Profiles in a large wall-sized table highlighting 70 of the most important scientific characteristicsProvides the scientific and technical detail for each of the 22 Standards/Profiles to 12 primary levels, 58 second levels, and about 278 tertiary levels. Scientific and technical characteristics can be used for a wide variety of uses with spatial metadata and associated standards
For this new edition, many of the chapters have been substantially updated and new photographs have been added. There are four new chapters covering:
How defects are defined
An overview of building and architectural history
External joinery and painted finishes
Environmental and health- related building problems
Many of the 21 chapters cover a specific building element and include a brief introduction setting out construction principles and the evolution of current practice. All of the chapters consider the identification, cause and diagnosis of common (and sometimes not so common) defects. This book is a must have for all those students and practitioners who require a broad understanding of housing defects.
Building surveyors, general practice surveyors, architects, estate agents, housing officers and anyone involved in the management and maintenance of property as well as its construction will benefit hugely from this highly informative full-colour text. Written by the authors of The Construction of Houses, the book is also the natural companion to this bestselling textbook.
Cybercartography: Theory and Practice examines the major elements of cybercartography and emphasizes the importance of interaction between theory and practice in developing a paradigm which moves beyond the concept of Geographic Information Systems and Geographical Information Science. It argues for the centrality of the map as part of an integrated information, communication, and analytical package.
This volume is a result of a multidisciplinary team effort and has benefited from the input of partners from government, industry and other organizations. The international team reports on major original cybercartographic research and practice from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including the humanities, social sciences including human factors psychology, cybernetics, English literature, cultural mediation, cartography, and geography. This new synthesis has intrinsic value for industries, the general public, and the relationships between mapping and the development of user-centered multimedia interfaces.
* Discusses the centrality of the map and its importance in the information era
* Provides an interdisciplinary approach with contributions from psychology, music, and language and literature
* Describes qualitative and quantitative aspects of cybercartography and the importance of societal context in the interaction between theory and practice
* Contains an interactive CD-Rom containing color images, links to websites, plus other important information to capture the dynamic and interactive elements of cybercartography
This book is ideal for professional engineers as well as students in university courses in micro-processors/microcontrollers in departments of electrical engineering, computer engineering or computer science; It is also appropriate for advanced technical school courses. The book will also be a valuable professional reference for electrical engineers and mechanical engineers in industry working with the design of electronic and electromechanical devices and systems
While the objective of this book is to prepare for the certification process, it is a primary source of information for individuals interested in learning fundamental manufacturing concepts and practices. This book is a valuable resource for anyone with limited manufacturing experience or training.
Instructor slides and the Fundamentals of Manufacturing Workbook are available to complement course instruction and exam preparation.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Mathematics
Chapter 2: Units of Measure
Chapter 3: Light
Chapter 4: Sound
Chapter 5: Electricity/Electronics
Chapter 6: Statics
Chapter 7: Dynamics
Chapter 8: Strength of Materials
Chapter 9: Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
Chapter 10: Fluid Power
Chapter 11: Chemistry
Chapter 12: Material Properties
Chapter 13: Metals
Chapter 14: Plastics
Chapter 15: Composites
Chapter 16: Ceramics
Chapter 17: Engineering Drawing
Chapter 18: Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Chapter 19: Computer-Aided Design/Engineering
Chapter 20: Product Development and Design
Chapter 21: Intelllectual Property
Chapter 22: Product Liability
Chapter 23: Cutting Tool Technology
Chapter 24: Machining
Chapter 25: Metal Forming
Chapter 26: Sheet Metalworking
Chapter 27: Powdered Metals
Chapter 28: Casting
Chapter 29: Joining and Fastening
Chapter 30: Finishing
Chapter 31: Plastics Processes
Chapter 32: Composite Processes
Chapter 33: Ceramic Processes
Chapter 34: Printed Circuit Board Fabrication and Assembly
Chapter 35: Traditional Production Planning and Control
Chapter 36: Lean Production
Chapter 37: Process Engineering
Chapter 38: Fixture and Jig Design
Chapter 39: Materials Management
Chapter 40: Industrial Safety, Health and Environmental Management
Chapter 41: Manufacturing Networks
Chapter 42: Computer Numerical Control Machining
Chapter 43: Programmable Logic Controllers
Chapter 44: Robotics
Chapter 45: Automated Material Handling and Identification
Chapter 46: Statistical Methods for Quality Control
Chapter 47: Continuous Improvement
Chapter 48: Quality Standards
Chapter 49: Dimensional Metrology
Chapter 50: Nondestructive Testing
Chapter 51: Management Introduction
Chapter 52: Leadership and Motivation
Chapter 53: Project Management
Chapter 54: Labor Relations
Chapter 55: Engineering Economics
Chapter 56: Sustainable Manufacturing
Chapter 57: Personal Effectiveness
The 'RICS New rules of measurement: Order of cost estimating and cost planning of capital building works' (referred to as NRM1) is the cornerstone of good cost management of capital building works projects - enabling more effective and accurate cost advice to be given to clients and other project team members, while facilitating better cost control.
The NRM1 Cost Management Handbook is the essential guide to how to successfully interpret and apply these rules, including explanations of how to:quantify building works and prepare order of cost estimates and cost plans use the rules as a toolkit for risk management and procurement analyse actual costs for the purpose of collecting benchmark data and preparing cost analyses capture historical cost data for future order of cost estimates and elemental cost plans employ the rules to aid communication manage the complete 'cost management cycle' use the elemental breakdown and cost structures, together with the coding system developed for NRM1, to effectively integrate cost management with Building Information Modelling (BIM).
In the NRM1 Cost Management Handbook, David Benge explains in clear terms how NRM1 is meant to be used in familiar quantity surveying tasks, as well as a range of activities of crucial importance for professionals in years to come. Worked examples, flow charts, diagrams, templates and check lists ensure readers of all levels will become confident and competent in the use of NRM1. This book is essential reading for anyone working with NRM1, and is the most authoritative guide to practice available for those preparing to join the industry.
This book has been thoroughly revised to include new topics such as OS digital mapping, standard deviation and standard error, global positioning systems, transition and vertical curves.
Walter Whyte was born in New Zealand of Scottish parents and educated in Scotland. He worked on site and building surveys in Scotland. He worked on site and building surveys in Scotland, then on road survey and setting out in the North Nyanza and Uasin Gishu Provinces of Kenya, and as a road engineer in British Southern Cameroons and Northern Nigeria, De Montford University in the UK and latterly at City University, Hong Kong.
Raymond E Paul has been professionally involved in surveying for over 40 years as a land and cartographical surveyor, senior lecturer and author. He has a wealth of practical experience and an awareness of the needs of the intended users of this book from all corners of the globe.
The new 11th edition has been fully updated to recognise the introduction of the New Rules of Measurement (NRM) by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), which reflect the way the modern QS works and provide a standard set of measurement rules that are understandable by all those involved in a construction project.
Key features:First published in 1935, has been used by many generations of quantity surveyors and lecturers New edition fully updated to include the RICS new rules of measurement (NRM) Many examples updated to reflect current QS practice Revisers have extensive experience of teaching the subject through College of Estate Management courses
* Teaches controls with an intuitive approach, avoiding unnecessary mathematics.
* Key topics are demonstrated with realistic models of control systems.
* All models written in Visual ModelQ, a full graphical simulation environment available freely via the internet.
* New material on OBSERVERS explained using practical applications.
* Explains how to model machines and processes, including how to measure working equipment; describes many nonlinear behaviours seen in industrial control systems.
* Electronic motion control, including details of how motors and motor feedback devices work, causes and cures of mechanical resonance, and how position loops work.
2) The Value of a Plane Co-ordinate System, by W. P. Moore
3) Some Judicial Decisions Affecting Property Lines, by W. A. Rounds
4) Retracing Texas Land Lines, by W. J. Powell
5) Discussion of Major W. J. Powell’s Paper on Retracing Texas Land Lines, by T. A. Munson
Many of the concepts in these classic works are as relevant today as they were 75 years ago and, with the adjustable text size and go-anywhere portability of an eBook, more accessible than ever.
Questions and problems at the end of each chapter can be used as self-tests or assignments. An Instructor's Guide is available to tailor a more structured learning experience. Additional resources from SME, including the Fundamental Manufacturing Processes videotape series (selected by the Wisconsin Manufacturing Curriculum Consortium as "recommended resources" supporting the competency-based objectives of its Tech Span curriculum) can also be used to supplement the book's learning objectives.
With 31 chapters, 45 tables, 586 illustrations, 141 equations and an extensive index, Manufacturing Processes & Materials is one of the most comprehensive texts available on this subject.
This trusted and easy to use guide to the cost management role:
Focuses on the importance of costs of constructing projects during the different phases of the construction process
Features learning outcomes and self-assessment questions for each chapter
Addresses the requirements of international readers
From introductory data on the construction industry and the history of construction economics, to recommended methods for cost analysis and post-contract cost control, Cost Studies of Buildings is an ideal companion for anyone learning about cost management.
More worked examples, legal cases, case studies and current research have been introduced to cover every aspect of the cost manager’s role. Whole-life costing, value management, and risk management are also addressed, and self-test questions at the end of each chapter support independent learning.
This comprehensive book is essential reading for students on surveying and construction management programmes, as well as built environment practitioners with cost or project management responsibilities.
Each of the eighteen chapters covers a specific building element and includes a brief introduction setting out construction principles and the evolution of current practice. Each chapter then goes on to look at the identification, cause and diagnosis of common (and sometimes not so common) defects.
The text has been revised and extended with new sections on boundary walls, chimneys and basements. The Services chapter has been replaced with three new, more substantial chapters on heating and plumbing, electrical installations and drainage.
The authors cover the major components of the direct cost: estimating procedures and cost trends related to materials, construction equipment, and skilled and unskilled labor. They describe various types of building estimates encountered during the lifecycle of a project, as well as the role and accuracy of each. The book provides an overview of the industry, cost indexes in use, approaches to preparing a detailed estimate, and an in-depth description of the organization and function of the estimating group. Including CSI Master Format and UniFormat codes, estimating forms, a list of available estimating software packages, a detailed construction site and investigation report, the book provides a cost estimating methodology that readers can tailor to their own organizational needs.
The definition, use, defense, and retirement of easements are areas of active work for land surveyors, lawyers, and the holders and buyers of easements, such as utility companies and highway departments. Easements Relating to Land Surveying and Title Examination is the most up-to-date reference that succinctly and incisively covers easements and reversions, written for land surveyors and title examiners.
This comprehensive guide covers the various forms of easements, their creation, reversion, and termination. Its numerous case studies offer examples of situations in which easements resulted in litigation and reveal how these cases were decided by the courts. The book also includes coverage of undescribed easements and guidance on how to properly write new easement descriptions.
This useful, practical handbook: Defines easements and easement terminology Covers both right-of-way and right-of-way line easements Explains the creation of easements by express grant, reservation or exception, agreement or covenant, implication, estoppel, custom, and more Explores all types of easement termination, including expiration, release, merger of title, abandonment, prescription or adverse possession, and many others Provides thorough descriptions of problem easements, from undescribed and blanket easements to hidden and rolling easements Offers extensive coverage of reversion of easements, including highway-related reversions and rules for locating and defining reversions Presents detailed information for land surveyors and title examiners on how to handle these easement issues
This second book in the series of four, following Inspections and Reports on Dwellings: Assessing Age, covers the entire field of inspecting dwellings, from ascertaining the clients’ requirements, setting the instructions by way of agreeing the Conditions of Engagement for any one of the five types of report envisaged as being covered by the series, to the physical inspection itself. Desirable attributes in the surveyor are discussed – qualifications, necessary insurance cover, both in respect of liability for his work and his own person, together with his fees.
Court cases determining the scope and level of inspection are given full consideration and there is a concentration on ascertaining, particularly in regard to age, the materials and forms of construction that make up each part of a dwelling, the structure, finishes, services and surroundings and its condition, all by means of sight, sound, feel and smell.
of a building’s structure. Presented in a clear structure and user-friendly style, the book goes through all the structural aspects of a building and assesses the importance of the different components. It explains the structural behaviour of buildings, giving some of the basics of structures together with plenty of real-life examples and guidance.
This internationally researched collection seeks to create a paradigm shift, which will shape work processes and future directions for how value is conceptualized and operationalized in both the project management and business aspects of construction. The readers will gain an understanding of:The value-adding paradigm in construction How to make value-supporting decisions Waste identification and control in practice
With contributions from South Africa, Brazil, Norway, and the USA, the implications of this book are globally relevant. This is essential reading for all higher level students of construction management and economics, and all professionals interested in value management.
Over recent years there have been significant developments in construction management, notably new procurement methods, greater emphasis on innovation and partnering, a greater reliance on cost planning as a methodology, and new developments in both industry and governmental reports and guidance.
This new and updated edition of a well-established textbook addresses each of these developments in turn, placing them firmly in the context of a thorough and easy to understand introduction to the roles of the estimator in preparing and winning tenders.
When cracking is observed in a building the most common reaction is that it must be the foundations and that it must be serious.
Many surveyors are nervous about diagnosing cracks. This is understandable, as the interpretation of cracks can be difficult to teach, with university courses providing little or no time for field experience. Yet by understanding one straightforward principle the majority of cracks can be diagnosed in just a few minutes. Linking this with a good knowledge of construction techniques, the factors that distort cracking patterns and the key features of common causes of cracking, almost all cracks can be diagnosed quickly and with confidence.
Practical Guide to Diagnosing Structural Movement in Buildings provides a methodology by which cracks and movement in buildings can be diagnosed. Written in four parts, part one describes the key principles of movement and cracking. Parts two and three describe the main features of common forms of movement and the associated crack patterns. Part two covers causes other than ground or foundation movement and part three covers movement caused by ground or foundation problems. Part four briefly describes the techniques used to arrest further movement or repair damage cause by movement.
Primarily intended for the relatively inexperienced surveyor or engineer and undergraduate students of surveying as a practical guide for use on site, it focuses on identification and diagnosis. It will not only help in correctly diagnosing the problem but it will also demonstrate a methodical approach to show and record how the diagnosis was reached – critical when giving advice to third parties.
"What's the crack?" - In the vast majority of cases it's not foundation related and in most cases it's not indicating a serious defect.
In order to solve problems in control and planning for a Robotic system it is necessary to meet the growing need for the integration of sensors in to the system. Control in Robotics and Automation addresses this need. This book covers integration planning and control based on prior knowledge and real-time sensory information. A new task-oriented approach to sensing, planning and control introduces an event-based method for system design together with task planning and three dimensional modeling in the execution of remote operations.
Typical remote systems are teleoperated and provide work efficiencies that are on the order of ten times slower than what is directly achievable by humans. Consequently, the effective integration of automation into teleoperated remote systems offers potential to improve remote system work efficiency. The authors introduce visually guided control systems and study the role of computer vision in autonomously guiding a robot system.Sensor-Based Planning and Control in an Event-Based ApproachVisually Guided Sensing and ControlMultiple Sensor Fuson in Planning and ControlSystem Integration and ImplementationPractical Applications
As we enter the second decade of the twenty-first century, the pressure on the QS profession continue to change and evolve and so this third edition includes new chapters to help students and professionals deal with the new issues they face. Key areas for new coverage include:
the RICS New Rules of Measurement (NRM) the increasing importance of sustainability in the built environment new pressures for ethical standards in the QS profession.
Alongside these new issues, the chapters addressing issues such as procurement, IT, global markets and adding value have been updated to reflect changes in practice since the second edition.
With an emphasis on current practice, you will find this book an indispensible guide as you embark on your career in quantity surveying.
This new edition reflects recent developments in the field such as new tendering and procurement methods; the move from basic estimating to cost-planning and the greater emphasis placed on partnering and collaborative working. It also includes changes to pricing, rates, terminology and technology to bring the book completely up-to date.
Clearly-written and illustrated with examples, notes and technical documentation the book is ideal for students on construction-related courses needing to understand these essential processes or professionals beginning in industry.
An additional chapter on modern developments is included and the text has also been extended to cover ordnance survey; calculation of areas; computation of true horizontal length; measurement of vertical angles; Code of Measuring Practice; curve ranging and calculations of volumes for earthworks.
Key features include:the structure of the construction industry cost forecasting and feasibility studies measurement and quantification, with NRM2 and SMM7 examples estimating and bidding whole life costs contract selection final account procedure.
This text includes recommended formats for cost plans, developer’s budgets, financial reports, financial statements and final accounts. This is the ideal concise reference for quantity surveyors, project and commercial managers, and students of any of the above.