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Mathematics is playing an ever more important role in the physical and biological sciences, provoking a blurring of boundaries between scientific disciplines and a resurgence of interest in the modern as well as the clas sical techniques of applied mathematics. This renewal of interest, both in research and teaching, had led to the establishment of the series: Texts in Applied Mathematics (TAM). The development of new courses is a natural consequence of a high level of excitement on the research frontier as newer techniques, such as numerical and symbolic computer systems, dynamical systems, and chaos, mix with and reinforce the traditional methods of applied mathematics. Thus, the purpose of this textbook series is to meet the current and future needs of these advances and encourage the teaching of new courses. TAM will publish textbooks suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses, and will complement the Applied Math ematical Sciences (AMS) series, which will focus on advanced textbooks and research level monographs. Preface As in Part I, this book concentrates on understanding the behavior of dif ferential equations, rather than on solving the equations. Part I focused on differential equations in one dimension; this volume attempts to understand differential equations in n dimensions. The existence and uniqueness theory carries over with almost no changes.
Mathematics is playing an ever more important role in the physical and biological sciences, provoking a blurring of boundaries between scientific disciplines and a resurgence of interest in the modern as well as the clas sical techniques of applied mathematics. This renewal of interest, both in research and teaching, has led to the establishment of the series: Texts in Applied Mathematics (TAM) . The development of new courses is a natural consequence of a high level of excitement on the research frontier as newer techniques, such as numerical and symbolic computer systems, dynamical systems, and chaos, mix with and reinforce the traditional methods of applied mathematics. Thus, the purpose of this textbook series is to meet the current and future needs of these advances and encourage the teaching of new courses. TAM will publish textbooks suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses, and will complement the Applied Mathe matical Sciences (AMS) series, which will focus on advanced textbooks and research level monographs. Preface Consider a first order differential equation of form x' = f ( t, x). In elemen tary courses one frequently gets the impression that such equations can usually be "solved," i. e. , that explicit formulas for the solutions (in terms of powers, exponentials, trigonometric functions, and the like) can usually be found. Nothing could be further from the truth.
The authors study the Newton map $N:\mathbb{C}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{C}^2$ associated to two equations in two unknowns, as a dynamical system. They focus on the first non-trivial case: two simultaneous quadratics, to intersect two conics. In the first two chapters, the authors prove among other things: The Russakovksi-Shiffman measure does not change the points of indeterminancy. The lines joining pairs of roots are invariant, and the Julia set of the restriction of $N$ to such a line has under appropriate circumstances an invariant manifold, which shares features of a stable manifold and a center manifold. The main part of the article concerns the behavior of $N$ at infinity. To compactify $\mathbb{C}^2$ in such a way that $N$ extends to the compactification, the authors must take the projective limit of an infinite sequence of blow-ups. The simultaneous presence of points of indeterminancy and of critical curves forces the authors to define a new kind of blow-up: the Farey blow-up. This construction is studied in its own right in chapter 4, where they show among others that the real oriented blow-up of the Farey blow-up has a topological structure reminiscent of the invariant tori of the KAM theorem. They also show that the cohomology, completed under the intersection inner product, is naturally isomorphic to the classical Sobolev space of functions with square-integrable derivatives. In chapter 5 the authors apply these results to the mapping $N$ in a particular case, which they generalize in chapter 6 to the intersection of any two conics.