The first section lists the names of people involved in research and development work involving composite materials, as well as the name of the establishment where the person is employed. Each name is assigned a unique four-digit code that provides a cross-reference to the second section. The second section lists the establishments with full postal addresses, each with a numerical code that identifies individual research staff (from the previous section); the number of research personnel associated with the named individual working on composite materials; the type of organization (academic, independent, or industrial); and whether or not the establishment accepts contract research. The remaining sections provide details of research topics and activities covered by the people listed in the first section, including fibers (monofilaments and bundles), types of composites, matrix, physical and mechanical testing, fabrication and processing, non-destructive testing, and applications.
This monograph will be useful to those working in, or entering, the field of composites.
Opening chapters in part one briefly discuss the fundamental principles of nonwoven fabrics, topics such as the formation of nonwovens and the influence of fibre and fabric properties on nonwoven performance are covered. Part two provides valuable examples of how nonwoven materials can be used in a variety of textile products for apparel, filtration and personal hygiene.
With a collection of international contributors, this book is an important reference for professionals involved in the production, technology and use of nonwoven materials, extending from industries such as the medical textile industry to the apparel sector. It will also be suitable for researchers in academia with an interest in nonwoven fabrics.Focuses on the variety of technical nonwoven applications available and provides a comprehensive overview of current developments and likely future trendsReviews the formulation of various types of nonwovens and examines the influence of fibre and fabric properties on nonwoven performanceProvides a broad overview of nonwoven applications in a variety of different areas from apparel to automotive interiors
The book opens with an introduction to the topic. Chapters define the principles of sustainability and its use in legislation and industry before going on to investigate the impact of textiles throughout the supply chain, starting with the raw fibre through to fabric production, consumption and disposal. Textile process technology and methods for specifying quality and functions in textile products in order to reduce textile waste and improve sustainability are also examined. A series of Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) carried out in the European textile industry are investigated. These studies comprise a range of processes from cotton growing, spinning and weaving to the recycling of textiles. The book concludes with a discussion on sustainable textiles from a product development and marketing perspective.
With an internationally recognised expert author, the Handbook of sustainable textile production is a valuable reference tool for academics and students as well as for companies across the textile supply chain concerned with developing a sustainable environment, from fibre manufactures and designers to regulatory bodies.A detailed, quantitative assessment of the sustainable development of textilesProvides a useful compilation of technical, economical, and environmental data from various processes in the textile manufacturing chainChapters define the principles of sustainability and its use in legislation and industry, textile process technology, the impact of textiles throughout the supply chain, raw fibre through to fabric production, consumption and disposal
The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials.
With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia.Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materialsAddresses key environmental issuesExamines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved
The first group of chapters reviews the different types of models and methods available for predicting textile structures and behaviour. Chapters include modelling of yarn, woven and nonwoven materials. The second group of chapters presents a selection of case studies, expressing the strengths and limitations and how various models are applied in specific applications. Case studies such as modelling colour properties for textiles and modelling, simulation and control of textile dyeing are discussed.
With its distinguished editor and international range of contributors, Modelling and predicting textile behaviour is essential reading material for textile technologists, fibre scientists and textile engineers. It will also be beneficial for academics researching this important area.Provides an overview of the different types of models and methods that can be used successfully within the textile industryReviews the structural hierarchy in textile materials fundamental to the modelling of textile fibrous structuresAssesses the strengths and weaknesses of different textile models and how specific models are applied in different situations
The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations.
Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage.Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identificationAssesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres
Biodegradable and sustainable fibres opens with a discussion of microbial processes in fibre degradation. It then moves on to discuss the major fibre types, including bast fibres, alginates, cellulose and speciality biodegradable fibres, such as lyocell, poly(lactic acid) and poly(hydroxyalkanoate)s. The development of synthetic silks is covered along with biodegradable natural fibre composites, nonwovens, and geotextiles. The final chapter looks at the history and future of soya bean protein fibres.
Biodegradable and sustainable fibres is a comprehensive monograph providing essential reference for anyone interested in the area and environmental issues relating to textiles including fibre and textile scientists and students, textile technologists, manufacturers, and forensic specialists in industry and academia.Indispensable new book on this hot topicDiscusses the major fibre types, inlcuding bast fibresLooks at biodegradable and sustainable fibres as an effective way of reducing the harm disposed textiles have on the environment
Textile processing with enzymes aims to provide the textile technologist with an understanding of enzymes and their use with textile materials and in process engineering. It covers all the relevant aspects of textile processing with enzymes, from the chemical constitution and properties of textile materials as potential substrates for enzymes, to the processing of these materials; from basic biochemistry and enzymology to the industrial application of these biocatalysts.
The introductory chapter contains an historic overview of the subject, followed by an overview of the fundamental aspects of enzymes determining catalytic properties. There is also a review of non-fibrous materials as substrates for enzymes. Chapter four covers catalysis and processing; providing an analysis of the function and application of enzymes used in textile processing. The fifth chapter offers important insights in process engineering and describes major problems of industrial applications of enzymes in textiles. Chapter six discusses practical aspects of handling with enzymes. Enzyme stabilities, operational and storage stabilities are discussed in detail along with health and safety issues. The final chapter deals with the potential of enzymes in textile effluent treatment.
It is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the use of enzymes in textiles including textile students, scientists and engineers with a background in textiles, biotechnology, chemistry and process engineering.Aims to provide the textile technologist with an understanding of enzymes and their use with textile materials and in process engineeringCovers the relevant aspects of textile processing with enzymes, from the chemical constitution and properties of textile materials as potential substrates for enzymes, to the processing of these materialsOutlines the benefits of using enzymes in the chemical processing of fibres and textiles thanks to their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics
This book discusses the fundamental aspects of chemistry, chemical technology and machineries involved in the various pre-treatment process of textiles before subsequent dyeing, printing and finishing. With the introduction of newer fibres, specialty chemicals, improved technology and sophisticated machineries developed during the last decade, this book fills a gap in this area of technology. However, its real strength is its clear perception of ample background description, which will enable readers to understand most current journals, thus staying abreast of the latest advances in the field.
Drawing on the expertise of leading researchers in their fields, Current Topics in Elastomers Research provides the first comprehensive overview of rubber research activities from around the world. Divided into seven sections, this seminal work begins with a general introduction before presenting the chemistry and structure-property relationships of a variety of new materials and composites. The second section covers the most important rubber ingredients along with the current thinking on their mechanism of action.
Two important new characterization techniques, 3D-TEM and AFM, are evaluated in the third section, while the fourth considers the physics and engineering aspects of elastomers, including reinforcement mechanisms, viscoelastic properties, fatigue life, abrasion, adhesion, rheology, mixing and processing, and the effects of time, temperature and fluids. The fifth section pays respect to the tire, a driving impetus for research and one of the major applications of rubber. Finally, the book includes two chapters on eco-friendly technology and recycling, perhaps the most important engineering topic in this age of globalization and environmental responsibility.
Barring the inaccessibility of truly classified information, Current Topics in Elastomers Research is a complete review of current elastomers research and applications, compiling once-guarded knowledge and outlining the future directions of the field.
Part one covers the principles of fabric construction as applied to textile design, with chapters on fundamental principles, woven and knitted textile design. Part two discusses surface approaches to textile design, with chapters on such topics as surface design of textiles, printed and embroidered textile design, dyeing and finishing and the use of colour in textile design. Finally, part three focuses on the applications and advances in textile design, including chapters covering colour trend forecasting, sustainable textile design, fashion, interior and 2D to 3D design considerations and new developments in technical and future textiles.
With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Textile design is an essential reference for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those who specialise in interior textiles and academics with a research interest in the area.A broad overview of textile design covering fundamental topics such as principles of fibres and fabrics, knitted fabric design, through to the dyeing, finishing and printing aspects of textile designExplores the design aspects of technical textiles and future textilesAn invaluable source of information on textile design and suitable for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those in academia
After an introductory chapter covering the importance of chemical finishing, the following chapters focus on particular finishing techniques, from softening, easy-care and permanent press, non-slip and soil-release, to flame-retardant, antistatic and antimicrobial. Within each chapter, sections include an introduction, mechanisms, chemistries, applications, evaluations and troubleshooting. The book concludes with a chapter on the future trends in chemical finishing.
Chemical finishing of textiles is an essential reference for all academic and industrial textile chemists and for those studying textile education programmes.Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of every important type of chemical finishCombines technical understanding and practical experience conciselyEssential tool to assist in the demanding challenge of chemical finishing for textiles
Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles.Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applicationsExamines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textilesCovers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry
With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures is essential reading for all textile researchers, technicians, engineers and technologies, and will also be suitable for academic purposes.Looks at developments that have occurred in the manufacturing of specialist yarn, weave and fabric structuresDiscusses different types of specialist yarn structures, such as hybrid, fancy and compound yarnsOffers insight into multicomponent fabric structures such as 3D nonwovens, flocked, knotted and jacquard woven fabrics
This book gives a comprehensive description of polymeric nanocomposites, both as bulk materials and as thin surface coatings, and their behavior and potential use in tribological applications. It provides the preparation techniques, friction and wear mechanisms, properties of polymeric nanocomposites, characterization, evaluation and selection methodology. It also provides various examples of application of polymeric nanocomposites.
* Provides a complete reference from the preparation to the selection of polymeric nanocomposites
* Explains the theory through examples of real-world applications
* More than 20 international tribology experts contribute to their area of expertise
This book is the first extended look at a new and multifaceted polymer processing technology that has already been discussed in numerous articles. Called Solid-State Shear Pulverization (S3P), this innovative process produces polymeric powders with unique physical properties not found in the output of conventional size-reduction methods.... This technology, which utilizes a pulverizer based on a modified co-rotating twin-screw extruder..., has profound implications for both the creation of new polymer blends and recycling of plastic and rubber waste.
Unlike [earlier processes] where polymers are melted prior to pulverization, ...pulverizing mixtures of polymers with the S3P process...does not involve melting. By contrast, S3P maintains polymers in the solid state and avoids the additional heat history that occurs during [other processes], which can be detrimental to the physical properties of pulverized materials. The research and development of the S3P technology...has grown significantly since 1990 from the development of a new plastics recycling process to a much broader polymer processing method that allows intimate mixing of polymers with very different viscosities, sold-state dispersion of additives, including pigments, and continuous production of powder with unique shapes and larger surface areas. Polymeric powders are of growing importance to plastics processors due to the increase use of plastics in various applications, such as rotational molding, powder coatings, and compounding, which require powder as the feedstock.
...[I]t has become clear that this process allows for in-situ compatibilization of dissimilar polymers by applying mechanical energy to cause chemical reactions. This aspect of S3P technology that we describe in this book should [be useful in] developing new polymer blends with the use of pre-made compatibilizing agents. In addition, it has been discovered that S3P efficiently mixes polymer blends with different component viscosities, resulting in the elimination of phase inversion. The S3P process directly produces blends with matrix and dispersed phase morphology like those obtained after phase inversion during a long melt-mixing process. This phenomenon is of practical importance because a long processing time is required by conventional melt-mixing to produce a stable blend morphology. S3P is also advantageous for producing thermoplastic or thermoset powder-coating compounds in a one-step process as opposed to a conventional multi-step operation that involves melt extrusion followed by batch grinding. The major capabilities of this new process can be summarized as follows:
o Continuous powder production from plastics or rubber feedstocks
o Blending of immiscible polymers
o Efficient mixing of polymers with unmatched viscosities
o Environmentally friendly recycling of multicolored, commingled plastics waste
o Sold-state dispersion of heat-sensitive additives
o Engineered plastic/rubber blends
Materials and processes well illustrated
The text is well illustrated with 60 photographs, micrographs, diagrams and others figures. Here is a small sampling of the captions of these figures. o Particle-size distribution for virgin LDPE powder made with PT-25 pulverizer o Optical photograph of virgin LDPE powder made with PT-25 pulverizer o Layout for a three-stage rubber pulverizer o Flow chart for powder coating production by conventional process and with new S3P technology o SEM image of pulverized virgin PP at 40X (first in series of SEM images of polymer powders) o Optical micrograph of melt-crystallized thin films of unpulverized virgin PP under polarized light o Log of viscosity vs. log shear rate for virgin HDPE after S3P processing o Gel permeation chromatograms (GPC) of polystyrene subjected to S3P processing
One of the several functions of Solid-State Shear Pulverization technology is recycling mixed plastic waste. This section of twenty full-color photographs and micrographs illustrates different processed materials, as well as the machinery and mixed waste used. Here is a small sampling of the photo and micrograph captions. o Resultant flake feedstock from granulation o S3P-made uniform powder from feedstock o Flake feedstock of post-consumer HDPE/PP blend (90/10 ratio) o Injection-molded test bar (with translucence) made from S3P powder without pelletization o Injection-molded test bar made from S3P powder without pelletization showing uniform color o Several test bars subjected to tensile testing showing exceptionally high elongation at break
Useful reference data in tables
More than 60 tables provide useful data in convenient form. Here is a small sampling of table captions. o Physical properties of virgin PP 8020 GU injection-molded from S3P-made powder (first in series of tables on physical properties of various plastics processed from S3P-made powder) o Sieve analysis of powder resulting from S3P of virgin LDPE 509.48 (one of series of tables on sieve analysis of polymer powders) o Melt-flow rate before and after S3P processing for virgin PS and two PP samples o Key physical properties of injection-molded post-consumer polyolefin blends pulverized by S3P process
Klementina Khait, M.S. Ch.E., Ph.D., is Research Associate Professor and Director of the Polymer Technology Center in the Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University. Her industrial experience in polymer science and engineering includes work with Borg-Warner Chemicals and Quantum Chemical Corporation. She received her two advanced degrees, in chemical engineering and polymer chemistry, from the Technological Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia. Dr. Khait holds several patents and has published more than 50 papers in scientific and technical journals.
Stephen Carr, Ph.D., is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering at Northwestern University. His industrial work includes work in polymer science and engineering with General Motors Corp. He received a doctorate in polymer science from Case Western Reserve University. He has been on the Northwestern University faculty since 1969.
Martin H. Mack is Vice President for R&D with the Berstorff Division of Krauss-Maffei Corporation. He holds an engineering degree from the University of Stuttgart. He has served for more than ten years on the Board of Directors of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE).
The data is supported by a full explanation of its interpretation, and an introduction to the engineering aspects of permeability in polymers.
The third edition includes expanded explanatory text which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers, written by industry insider and author Larry McKeen (DuPont), and 20% new data and major new explanatory text sections to aid in the interpretation and application of the data.A unique collection of permeability data designed to enable quick like-for-like comparisons between different materialsThird edition includes 20% new data and expanded explanatory text, which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineersEssential reference for materials engineers, design engineers and applications engineers across sectors including packaging, automotive and medical devices
The book discusses the state of the art in smart clothing technology and applications. The chapters address usability and human aspects relevant to the manufacture and sale of such products and detail the evolving and increasingly wide-ranging applications in fields such as information technology, healthcare, and entertainment. They also cover technology topics including interface, communication, energy supply, data management, processors, and actuators. Discussions of packaging and interconnection, shape memory alloy, and design and modeling of electronic textile applications round out the coverage.
With technology news blaring headlines such as Smart Clothing Coming Soon to Your Galaxy and Futuristic Fashions Will Fight Our Health Scares, can clothing that communicates with your washer and dryer be far behind? It is not enough to understand the technology, you must also grasp the human factor aspects. Identifying the challenges and potential benefits of smart clothing from both perspectives, this book provides integrated coverage that establishes the need for methods significantly different from traditional ones. Its up-to-date coverage allows you to visualize trends and provides a glimpse into the future.
This textbook pioneered the approach whereby both properties and processing of reinforced and unreinforced plastics are covered in a single volume. It assumes no prior knowledge of plastics, and emphasises the practical aspects of the subject. In this third edition over half the book has been re-written and the remainder has been updated and re-organised. Early chapters give an introduction to the types of plastics which are currently available and describe how a designer goes about the selection of a plastic for a particular application. Later chapters lead the reader into more advanced aspects of mechanical design and analysis of polymer melt flow. All techniques developed are illustrated by numerous worked examples, and problems are given at the end of each chapter - the solutions to which form one of the appendices.
It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis). In addition, it uniquely offers a broader perspective on the actual engineering of foams and foam based (or foam including) products by including nine detailed case studies which firmly plant the theory of the book in a real world context, making it ideal for both polymer engineers and chemists and mechanical engineers and product designers.
* Complete coverage of the mechanical and design aspects of polymer foams from an acknowledged international expert: no other book is available with this breadth making this a plastics engineer's first choice for a single volume Handbook
* Polymer foams are ubiquitous in modern life, used everywhere from running shoes to furniture, and this book includes nine extensive case studies covering each key class of application, including biomechanics
* Offers a rigorous mechanical and microstructure perspective, plus a computer based chapter: Essential for engineers and designers alike.
The free suite of Autodesk 123D software offers all the tools you need to capture or design three-dimensional objects and characters. This book tells you how to harness that power to print or fabricate just about anything you can imagine.
Want to make something mechanical or structural that's based on precise measurements? 123D Design can help! Ready to create something cool based on a character, an organic shape, or something found in nature? 123D Catch, 123D Meshmixer, and 123D Sculpt+ will assist.
Learn how to use these tools, plus 123D Make--perfect for prototyping designs you'll cut with a CNC mill--to take your creativity to a new level.
An ideal book for Makers, hobbyists, students, artists, and designers (including beginners!), this book opens up the inexpensive world of personal fabrication to everyone.
In 3D CAD with Autodesk 123D, you’ll:Meet the classic "Stanford bunny" and learn to modify it with MeshmixerScan and 3D print anything around youDesign your own 3D-printed guitarFind models in the Sculpt+ community and make a skeleton!Build a birdhouse, prototype a playground, or create a statueLearn everything from basics to troubleshooting skillsGet started making right away
* A significant and extensive update from experts at The Welding Institute
* A systematic approach to discussing each joining method including: process, advantages and disadvantages, applications, materials, equipment, joint design, and welding parameters
* Includes international suppliers’ directory and glossary of key joining terms
* Includes new techniques such as flash free welding and friction stir welding
* Covers thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and rubbers.
Despite the preeminence and unrivaled versatility of polypropylene as a thermoplastic material to manufacture, relatively few books have been devoted to its study. Polypropylene: The Definitive User's Guide and Databook not only fills the gap but breaks new ground in doing so.
Polypropylene is the most popular thermoplastic in use today, and still one of the fastest growing. Polypropylene: The Definitive User's Guide and Databook is the complete workbook and reference resource for all those who work with the material. Its comprehensive scope uniquely caters to polymer scientists, plastics engineers, processing technologists, product designers, machinery and mold makers, product managers, end users, researchers and students alike.
Many advances have been made in polymer and elastomers research over the past ten years since the 2nd edition was published. Updated material stresses the continuous relationship between the ongoing research in synthesis, physics, structure and mechanics of rubber technology and industrial applications. Special attention is paid to recent advances in rubber-like elasticity theory and new processing techniques for elastomers. This new edition is comprised of 20% new material, including a new chapter on environmental issues and tire recycling.
· Explores new applications of rubber within the tire industry, from new filler materials to “green tires (a tire that has yet to undergo curing and vulcanization).
· 30% of the material has been revised from the previous edition with the addition of 20% new material, including a chapter on the environment.
· A mixture of theory, experiments, and practical procedures will offer value to students, practitioners, and research & development departments in industry.
Aimed at a wide audience of engineers, technicians, managers, purchasing agents and users, Multilayer Flexible Packaging provides a thorough introduction to the manufacturing and applications of flexible plastic films, covering:MaterialsHardware and ProcessesMultilayer film designs and applications
The materials coverage includes detailed sections on polyethylene, polypropylene and additives. The dies used to produce multilayer films are explored in the hardware section, and the process engineering of film manufacture explained, with a particular focus on meeting specifications and targets. The section includes unique coverage of the problematic area of bending technology, providing a unique explanation of the issues involved in the blending of viscoelastic non-Newtonian polymeric materials.
About the author
John R. Wagner, Jr. is President of Crescent Associates, Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in plastic films and flexible packaging. He graduated from the University of Notre Dame with a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering.
This book describes the history and properties of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) used in artificial joints by describing its properties and reviewing the latest clinical results.
* The most up-to-date information on the properties of UHMWPE
* Endorsed by Ticona - the world's leading manufacturer of UHMWPE for medical use
* An enormous 'installed base' of over 1.4 million procedures each year
* UHMWPE has been used by orthopedists for over 40 years, yet its properties and performance in situ are still not well understood
.Authoritative and rooted in extensive industrial experience, the expert guidance contained in this handbook offers practical understanding to novices, and new insights to readers already skilled in the art of injection molding and mold making.Contains the answers to common problems and detailed advice on how to control mold and post-mold shrinkage and warpage.Case Studies illustrate and enrich the text; Data tables provide the empirical data that is essential for success, but hard to come by.
This book covers all aspects of the growth, physical characteristics, production, marketing and consumption of silk, mohair, cashmere, camelhair, Alpaca, Llama, Vicuna, Guanaco, Yak and Musk Ox fibres. The image of these fabrics is of course all important and the book describes in detail those rare occasions when a lower priced and lower quality version of a luxury fibre has damaged its overall reputation. Some natural fibres covered here including spider silk are also increasingly finding applications within the technical textiles sector where their high performance thermal properties and bio-mimetic qualities in particular, are very useful.
This is an essential reference for all those involved in any part of the luxury fibre trade.Covers all aspects of the growth, physical characteristics, production, marketing and consumption of silk, mohair, cashmere, camelhair, Alpaca, Llama, Vicuna, Guanaco, Yak and Musk Ox fibresDescribes the rare occasions when a lower priced and lower quality version of a luxury fibre has damaged its overall reputation
Rubber Recycling is one of those rare books that has the potential to directly impact our ecological well-being. The editors of this important volume have filled a void in technological responsibility by bringing together a group of international experts who, using substantial research evidence, prove that the utilization of recycled rubber is not just desirable, but is also quite feasible and profitable.
This text provides a thorough overview of the fundamentals of rubber and the challenges of recycling. However, the heart of the book lies in its detailed explanation of the various processes currently available to breakdown, recycle, and reuse crosslinked rubber. These include --
Unconventional polymer recycling
High-pressure, high-temperature sintering
Ultrasonic and non ultrasonic devulcanization
The use of tire particles as replacement aggregates for low-strength concrete material
The utilization of powdered rubber waste in the production of rubber compounds
The future potential for recycling waste rubber by blending it with waste plastics
Never forgetting that these technologies are meaningless without industry participation, the book concludes with a highly practical discussion on how present market demands can be met with recycled rubber.
In this book, Brandau covers the engineering aspects of bottle production and the relevant production processes (focusing on blow molding), along with plant layout and organization and production management, to produce the definitive handbook for engineers and managers alike.Learn the tricks of the trade from an experienced engineer and managerSave money: Practical strategies to improve cycle timesIncrease productivity: Improve plant layout and organization and implement secondary processes such as inline printing
Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics.
This edition’s new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more.
A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume.
Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references.
In-depth coverage includesPolymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites–including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations
Topics covered include:
An overview and history of flexible electronics
Novel materials for solution-processable thin-film electronic devices and their properties
Low-temperature processing of conventional materials and devices on plastic foils
Novel techniques, such as printing and roll-to-roll processing, for large-area flexible electronics manufacturing
Materials and device physics relevant to flexible electronics
Device integration on flexible substrates
Mechanical and electronic characteristics for thin-film transistors and nano-scale transparent conductors on flexible platforms
Applications towards flexible displays, sensors, actuators, solar energy, radio-frequency identification, and micro-electro-mechanical systems
Written by leading researchers in the field, Flexible Electronics: Materials and Applications serves as a reference for researchers, engineers, and students interested in the characteristics, capabilities, and limitations of these exciting materials and emerging applications.
The eight chapters of the book provide a detailed coverage of the design of clothing manufacturing processes using a systematic approach to planning, scheduling and control. The book starts with an overview of standardised clothing classification systems and terminologies for individual clothing types. Chapter 2 explores the development of standardised sizing systems. Chapter 3 reviews the key issues in the development of a garment collection. Chapters 4 to 7 discuss particular aspects of clothing production, ranging from planning and organization to monitoring and control. Finally, chapter 8 provides an overview of common quality requirements for clothing textile materials.
Design of clothing manufacturing processes is intended for R&D managers, researchers, technologists and designers throughout the clothing industry, as well as academic researchers in the field of clothing design, engineering and other aspects of clothing production.Considers in detail the design of sizing and classification systemsDiscusses the planning required in all aspects of clothing production from design and pattern making to manufactureOverviews the management of clothing production and material quality requirements
Detailed descriptions and analysis of the key properties of packaging films are provided from both an engineering and scientific perspective. End-use effects are also covered in detail, providing key insights into the way the products being packaged influence film properties and design.
The book bridges the gap between key scientific literature and the practical challenges faced by the flexible packaging industry, providing essential scientific insights, best practice techniques, environmental sustainability information, and key principles of structure design to enable engineers and scientists to deliver superior products with reduced development time and cost.Provides essential information on all aspects of multilayer films in flexible packagingAids in material selection and processing, shortening development times and delivering stronger productsBridges the gap between scientific principles and key challenges in the packaging industry, with practical explanations to assist practitioners in overcoming those challenges
Chapters in part one focus on types of polymers, including temperature-, pH-, photo-, and enzyme-responsive polymers. Shape memory polymers, smart polymer hydrogels, and self-healing polymer systems are also explored. Part two highlights applications of smart polymers, including smart instructive polymer substrates for tissue engineering; smart polymer nanocarriers for drug delivery; the use of smart polymers in medical devices for minimally invasive surgery, diagnosis, and other applications; and smart polymers for bioseparation and other biotechnology applications. Further chapters discuss the use of smart polymers for textile and packaging applications, and for optical data storage.
Smart Polymers and their Applications is a technical resource for chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the polymer industry; manufacturers in such sectors as medical, automotive, and aerospace engineering; and academic researchers in polymer science.Reviews the different types of smart polymer, discussing their properties, structure, design, and characterizationReviews applications of smart polymers in such areas as biomedical engineering, textiles, and food packaging
Part one discusses the synthesis and characterisation of geopolymers with chapters on topics such as fly ash chemistry and inorganic polymer cements, geopolymer precursor design, nanostructure/microstructure of metakaolin and fly ash geopolymers, and geopolymer synthesis kinetics. Part two reviews the manufacture and properties of geopolymers including accelerated ageing of geopolymers, chemical durability, engineering properties of geopolymer concrete, producing fire and heat-resistant geopolymers, utilisation of mining wastes and thermal properties of geopolymers. Part three covers applications of geopolymers with coverage of topics such as commercialisation of geopolymers for construction, as well as applications in waste management.
With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Geopolymers: structure, processing, properties and industrial applications is a standard reference for scientists and engineers in industry and the academic sector, including practitioners in the cement and concrete industry as well as those involved in waste reduction and disposal.Discusses the synthesis and characterisation of geopolymers with chapters covering fly ash chemistry and inorganic polymer cementsAssesses the application and commercialisation of geopolymers with particular focus on applications in waste managementReviews the latest research on and applications of these highly important materials
Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industries in the world, second only to agriculture. Spinning covers a prominent segment in textile manufacturing, and this budding industry continues to thrive and grow. Process Management in Spinning considers aspect of process management, and offers insight into the process control procedures and methods of spinning. Focusing on the technology as well as the management of the process, it examines both the economic and technological advancements currently taking place in the spinning industry. This text takes a close look at the advancing technology in manufacturing and process, and product quality control. It provides a basic overview of the subject, and also presents applications of this technology for practicing engineers.
Incorporates Industry-Based, Real-World Examples
The book contains 15 chapters that specifically address the stages of process control, energy management methods, humidification and ventilation systems basics, pollution management, process management tools, productivity, waste control, material handling, and other aspects of spinning mills. It also includes real-time case studies involving typical problems that arise in spinning processes and strategies used to contain them. The author provides a broad outlook on various topics including mixing, winding, raw material and optimizing raw material properties, bale management, yarn engineering systems, processing, and process management systems. He also details the defects associated with each and every process with causes, effects, and control measures. The book addresses process management as it relates to productivity, quality, and costs, as well as process control as it relates to man, machine, and material.
Provides the scientific method for optimization/optimizing the properties of the fibers Familiarizes the reader with remedial measures to enhance the quality of the product Addresses productivity measurement and its role in controlling the cost of the manufacturing process Contains detailed examples, as well as linear programming and optimization techniques, and statistical applications Covers the areas of process control methods in spinning, defect analysis and rectification, improving productivity and quality, and using statistical tools
Process Management in Spinningestablishes the various process management measures required to help improve the process efficiency in spinning mills and the textile industry overall. Aimed at professionals in the textile industry, this text is a perfect resource for textile engineers/technologists/manufacturers, spin quality control engineers, spin quality assurance personnel, and other industry professionals.
Epoxy resins have experienced tremendous growth since their introduction in the 1950s. Future growth will be in new markets in the specialty performance areas and high-technology applications. Each raw material or product is described, as available, with typical assay or checkpoint figures and a brief summary of important features or applications. Additional sections useful to the reader are the Suppliers' Addresses and a Trade Name Index.
Part one provides an introduction to yarn fibre spinning and structure. Chapters discuss the principles of ring spinning and open-end spinning of yarns. Yarn structure and properties from different spinning techniques and yarn structural requirements for knitted and woven fabrics are also examined. Part two covers advances in particular yarn spinning technologies. Topics range from siro spinning to compact spinning technology and air-jet spinning. Final chapters explore how to minimise fibre damage which occur during spinning and the use of spin finishes for textiles.
With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Advances in yarn spinning technology is an important text for spinners, yarn manufacturers and fabric producers, as well as researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists in this sector of the textile industry.Documents advances in spinning technologies and presents comparisons between systemsAssesses particular textile spinning technologies with specific chapters focusing on siro, compact, rotor, friction and air-jet spinningReviews measures to minimise fibre damage caused by spinning are investigated with specific relevance to rotor and friction spinning
Molecular, biochemical, and evolutionary aspects of cellulose biosynthesis are reviewed in a variety of living organisms, including cyanobacteria, eubacteria, (Acetobacter, Salmonella, and E. coli), vascular plants (including Arabidopsis, forest trees, and maize), and tunicates.
Phylogenetic analysis, molecular genetics, and the potential for metabolic engineering are also presented.
Novel structural approaches include the macromolecular structure of the synthesizing units, the terminal complexes as well as the cellulose product in its many forms are also included. Novel applications using cellulose include smart materials, carbonised cellulose, and biomedical applications.
First hand information from the leading researchers distinguishes this work from other books on cellulose.