Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO) are large livestock and poultry operations that raise animals in a confined situation. CAFOs can improve the efficiency of animal production but large amounts of manure can degrade air and water quality. The EPA is responsible for regulating CAFOs and requires CAFOs that discharge certain pollutants to obtain a permit. This report discusses: (1) trends in CAFOs over the past 30 years; (2) amounts of waste they generate; (3) findings of key research on CAFOs¿ health and environmental impacts; (4) EPA¿s progress in developing CAFO air emissions protocols; and (5) effect of recent court decisions on EPA¿s regulation of CAFO water pollutants. Includes recommendations. Illustrations.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Under the Defense Environ. Restoration Program (DERP), DoD is responsible for cleaning up 5,400 sites on military bases that have been closed, as well as 21,500 sites on active bases, and over 4,700 formerly used defense sites, properties that DoD owned or controlled and transferred to other parties prior to Oct. 1986. The goals of DERP include: (1) reducing risk to human health and the environ.; (2) preparing properties to be environ. suitable for transfer; (3) having final remedies in place and completing response actions; and (4) demonstrating progress toward meeting program performance goals. This testimony discusses information on: (1) how DoD allocates cleanup funding at all sites with defense waste; and (2) cleanup status.
Examines the U.S.'s ability to prevent the introduction of foot & mouth (FMD) disease. FMD is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals such as cattle, swine, & sheep. Many animals recover from an FMD infection, but the disease leaves them debilitated & causes severe losses in meat & milk production. The report contains recommendations to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) on the need to develop a process to expeditiously communicate information on foreign disease outbreaks to the Customs Service, improve some of the preventive measures used in the U.S., & develop plans & timetables to address any outstanding issues that could impede a U.S. response. Color photos.
This report discusses the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) efforts to revise its approach to regulating and overseeing the nation's natural gas and electric power industries in light of these industries' evolution from highly regulated monopolies to competitive energy markets. The report contains recommendations to the Chairman of FERC on developing and implementing an effective regulatory and oversight approach for these markets. It also contains a matter for congressional consideration on the need to review FERC's legal authorities to determine whether revisions are warranted in view of the change to competitive energy markets. Charts, tables and graphs.