Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: The role of Strategy Management is the study of managing the process in order to produce goods and services. Independently of whether we are talking about small business or corporate, managing strategy remains vital in order for the enterprise to function effectively. Production industry would of course consist of much more complicated process of managing strategy, because it involves design and creation of the product, its development, followed by distribution and coordinating several product lines if applies. One of the very important parts of the strategy management is effectiveness and efficiency of the production process, that’s means time, cost and quality, those are very important for operational management. Starbucks created cautiously with growers in Africa, South and Central America, and Asia-Pacific regions to assure the superior of its product. Starbucks connected all employees' "partners" and shaped harder to alternation them with the abilities all-important to best serve the customer. The environment at Starbucks was crafted afterwards the European-style espresso bar. Since the starting of Starbucks principle, the business strives for achievement through expanded development and market share. In 1956, Starbucks's first shopping centre was opened in 1960, the string of connections of 212 business shops, supplementing another 144 shops in 1964 (Goetz Sutton 2007). This development tendency set with Starbucks Company accomplishes the name of market foremost in the retail nourishment commerce in the United Kingdom in 1995. 1990 was assessed by Starbucks increase spectacularly, inserting a broad variety of markets, encompassing new geographic markets and new markets. Armstrong (2003) devotes the next charts display the Starbucks in distinct geographical positions, functioning in 11 worldwide markets.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: Integration in any business is an asymptotic component. Given the ever improving technological innovation, financial challenges and consequently competition from new entrants and existing organization, it’s imperative for an organization to make sure that it remains competitive in the ever competitive, contemporary business environment. Indeed to survive in such an environment it’s critical for management to adopt strategies, which would give the company the much needed market and growth. In this case the concept of integration has become widely adopted by many organizations, with some, opting to merge or acquire new firms, while others seek to grow individually. Either way there are various benefits accrued to either vertical or horizontal integration of firms. This study will critically analyze the benefits accrued to the two types of integrations with emphasize on the benefits of each compared to the other.
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Canberra, language: English, abstract: Bank failures are common occurrences that happen in many countries across the world; certainly each country has witnessed one of its bank failure at one point or another. The cost that accompanies bank failure can be huge, and this destabilises the financial system of a country, which consequently impacts the country’s economic growth rate. There are several theories that have been formulated to try and explain the causes of bank failure. They include poor management, credit management, and political interferences, among others. this dissertation has tried to establish the why bank fails using a case study of three major international banks that nearly or actual collapsed, these banks are Northern Rock, Lehman Brothers and USB. Indeed, the findings have established the direct relationship between some existing theories and the causes of failure of these banks.
Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Sociology - Culture, Technology, Peoples / Nations, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: In the contemporary society the concept of culture, is one that attracts diverged connotations. Nevertheless, despite the concept of globalization, which has acted as impetus to increased connectivity, in the world, leading to the emergence of global village, different groups; continue to harbor diverse cultural identities, while maintaining their identities. Indeed globalization has led to extinction of some cultures while advancing other cultures, through the concept of westernization and other cultural export concepts (Meyers, 1984). With technology, cultural exchange and export, is a reality that seeks to foster understanding of the various cultures. The concept of culture basis its origin from a Latin word Cultura, which means cultivation. However over the years, different definitions have been coined. For instance Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn advanced over 165 definitions (Weber, 1991). The term was first used in relation to humanity by Edward B. Tylor, the famous British anthropologist in his book, Primitive Culture. Tylor accentuated that culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society" (26, 1871). Nevertheless culture can either be defined as a profound taste in the various aspects of fine arts or humanities, a set of defined and share values, practices or attitudes or as an integrated system of human beliefs ,behavior or knowledge, defined by the ability to socially interact or learn . This, study defines culture as the hereditary ideas , knowledge, values ,and beliefs, which include the collective bases of societal action (Meyers, 1984). Thus culture is comprised of behaviors, beliefs, objects, and any other characteristics, which are uniquely predominant and expressed by a specific grouping or society (Kramarae, 1981). Through culture, society defines itself and subsequently conforms to a particular shared values and norms. In this case, it includes such societal aspects such as rules, technologies, products, language, values, customs and norms.
Essay from the year 2011 in the subject History - World History - Modern History, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: The word humanism bases its origin from the 15th century Italian word umanista, which connotes, a teacher or scholar of classical Greek and Latin. The contemporary definition and meaning however stems, from the conceptions and works of German historian George Viogt who used the term Humanism to describe the renaissance movement in Italy, which revolutionized learning. However, over the ages, the word and concept has revolutionized to accommodate a more universally accepted meaning. Here, it refers to the study approach that focuses on human value and concern. Further according to the Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary, humanism refers to "any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, or dignity predominate” (691). In light of this humanism has different connotations, such as secular and religious. Thus, secular humanism ascribes to a philosophy that adopts reason, ethics, and the search for human fulfillment, and precisely abnegates supernatural and religious dogma as the basis of morality and decision-making. Thus based on theological underpinning secular humanists are atheists as demonstrated by Corliss Lamont who says, "Humanism contends that instead of the gods creating the cosmos, the cosmos, in the individualized form of human beings giving rein to their imagination, created the gods”(145). The history of secularism in modern world traces back to the mid 17th century when George Jacob Holyoake, in describing an ideology, accentuated on the acquisitiveness for accommodating a concept, based on verifiable questions authenticated by scientific means and statistical methods. In other word, the concept emerged because of increased discontentment of individuals, with the religious adages and dogmas of the religious assemblage. Thus, Historians ascertain that the movement traces back to the enlightenment era when individual thinkers began to question the fundamental certitudes and values of the religious groups, especially the catholic dogma.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: The aim of this report is to provide a fair understanding on the Integrated Management Project (IMP) theories. The key aspiration of this study is to make a fair review of requirement of strategy within an organization. IMP is the integration of the critical requirements of a business to run efficiently and successfully. It requires various theories, strategies and techniques which can help the organization to work efficiently and prosper in future. The report has been divided into three sections. The first section of the report portrays the company analysis of the firm, EasyJet airlines. The firm has been proven very successful with its unique approach and customer oriented services. But due to various reasons, its main market segment, Europe, appears to be saturated with the low-cost airlines of similar nature. The first section reflects the face of the airline industry with the introduction to EasyJet. This firm comes in the top ranks of the European low-cost airline market, but still faces the risk its market being declining. This section shows various aspects which EasyJet holds as assets and how it achieved its success. Furthermore, the report discusses the various strategies EasyJet has adopted and various more which the firm needs to adopt and take care of in order to recollect and enhance its massive brand image. The second section reviews the critical strategic theories which can be very important and beneficial for an organization like EasyJet. It has been discussed thoroughly with a view to analyze the theoretical concepts and its significance for an industry. Such theories are the basis of an effective organization and EasyJet can greatly benefit from its efficient implementation in short and long-run. The final section of the report reflects the reflection on the personal view of the report and the working behind the same. It shows the activities and tasks involved while preparing and various learning events during the course of report.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Information Management, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, course: Managment-InformationSystems, language: English, abstract: An information system can be defined as an application that integrates both information technology and activities with people. It aids the employees or human beings to improve and consequently support an organization’s operations, planning, management and decision making processes (Yusuf, 1998). In essence, the system incorporates the interaction between human beings and technology. It stresses on the concept of people’s way of interacting with technology in the field of information to aid processes in the organization such as decision making and data collection as well as in defining employee-employer relationships. Mandal and Gunasekaran (2002) further define such systems as a work system whose activities are dedicated to processing, capturing, transmitting, storing, retrieving, manipulating and displaying information. According to Laudon, “information systems is thus composed of computers, instructions, stored facts, people and procedure (2010, p.20). Hence it can be categorized into Decision Support System (DSS), Management information System and Executive Information Systems.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: A, Royal Holloway, University of London, language: English, abstract: This report covers a critical marketing audit of Apple, a company that operates in a highly competitive and dynamic high-tech industry. Specifically, the report analyses Apple’s current market strategy and business environment and then goes ahead to offer recommendations that the company’s marketing department can implement to improve the effectiveness of the company’s current marketing strategy. The report has found that competitor rivalry fuelled by intensive product development efforts have resulted into unusual brand loyalty even when competitors such as Samsung sell closely similar products at strangely low prices. Further, the study finds that Apple and its competitors share one common thing, creativity and innovation. Arguably, leading consumer electronics manufacturers in the US including Apple, Google, Microsoft, Samsung and IBM rose to fame courtesy of their cutting-edge technologies and product designs. In a nutshell, the study shows that Apple’s rise to fame was a result of its product innovation and diversification efforts by launching less conventional products such as iTunes. The report recommends that Apple should increase its product, business process, and business model innovations in order to address the stiff competition posed by rivals such as Samsung, HP, Dell, Microsoft, Google, and Lenovo. Further, the report recommends that Apple should become a lower seller so as to increase its customer base and build the confidence of the young and middle-level generations from less affluent households.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: As modern organisations shift into a global environment marred by increased adoption of ethical practices, trickling down of corporate social values and mission to the greater public is now deemed an obligation. Regardless of corporate values and culture, the economic or productive worth of contemporary organizations is even so derived from its value and its expansion of organization's insightfulness for wealth-profit index. This serves as the competitive gauge to sustain its survival in a competitive world (Henriques, 2003). In essence organisations are now seen as leading in promoting sustainable social development in their respective area of operations. This is achieved through sharing of its resources by participating in social projects, initiatives and schemes aimed at the community. Importantly, corporate social responsibility (CSR) allows organisations to remain true to their clients and community, while maintaining strong competitive edge over rivals. In this sense organisation are obligated to act responsibly, remain sensitive to social issues and uphold highest degree of ethical professionalism (Carroll, 1979, p. 500). Corporate Social Responsibility can be defined as a form of corporate self-regulation and principles incorporated into a business model and stratagem. If possible, CSR policy should be a system that functions autonomously and is simply integrated in the corporation. In the agenda of this policy the organisation is expected to oversee and pledge the adherence of law, ethical standards, and domestic and global norms (Bulkeley, pp. 430-432). Here an organisation should be held responsible for impact of its activities on the environment, clients, stakeholders, employees and the community at large. Additionally, the organisation must enthusiastically support the general public to eradicate practices that hurt populace, in spite of legality or productivity. Generally, corporate social responsibility must be based on three “P principles”, that are: People, Planet, and Profit (Friedman). Corporations are generally inclined to adopt CSR policies by “ethical consumerism” that is particularly apposite nowadays when our planet is so vulnerable to among others; financial, health and environmental challenges. Other notable driver’s are laws and regulations, market forces and stakeholder precedence.
Scientific Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Operations Research, grade: A, Harvard University, course: Business Management/Mergers and Aquisitions, language: English, abstract: Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are a form of contemporary corporate restructuring where separate companies come together to form a large entity. Mergers involve two separate companies who agree to drop their independence to form a new entity while acquisitions on the other hand, refer to a situation where a large company takes over a small one (Meyer, 2007). In acquisitions, it is only the acquired company that loses its existence while in mergers, the emerging companies looses their identity (Coleman & McLean, 2007). However, the distinction between what constitutes a merger and an acquisition is slowly getting blurred due to economic outcomes reasons. As a matter of fact, Coleman and Mclean (2007) argue that M&A is a general term that involves the process of buying, selling, dividing, and conjoining separate or similar entities to create corporate finance and to enhance faster growth in a given market without the need of creating a subsidiary
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: A, University of Plymouth, language: English, abstract: This report draws from relevant academic theories and models in evaluating the current situation at Jakey Travel. Having identified the underlying issues at the firm, suitable measures to improve service quality at the firm are recommended. 1. Impact of Service Quality on Customer Loyalty A careful assessment of relevant literature reveals plenty of empirical evidence in support of the proposition that service quality is a significant determinant of customer loyalty (Akbar et al., 2010). For example, in a recent study of the impact of service quality on customer loyalty in the context of retail outlets, Sainy (2010) demonstrated that the former has a strong, positive effect on the latter. Oliver (1981) contends that customer loyalty develops gradually and is not a result of a single experience. More specifically, Oliver (1981) asserts that consumers first become loyal in a cognitive sense, i.e., when they perceive the quality of a service delivered to them by an organisation as superior compared to its competitors, they consider the firm as a ‘wise’ choice over other alternatives. At the second stage is affective loyalty when the consumer develops a liking for the firm based on cumulatively satisfying service experiences. The third stage is conative loyalty whereby the consumer is committed to buying services from the same firm. This leads to the fourth stage, known as action loyalty, whereby the consumer exhibits consistent repurchase behaviour and engages in positive word – of – mouth communication about the firm.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: An organization’s culture is the established system of doing things, it is a reference point that guides the relationships in an organization and the decision making processes. This is either consciously or unconsciously. Culture affects all aspects of the organization; it is like a web that joins new ideas or relationships with the old ones that represent the accepted thought paradigm. This paradigm is a sieve that only lets through the culturally acceptable strategies in an organization. Modern organizations struggle to create an organizational culture that supports the set goals and objectives of an organization. It is from the organizational culture base that an organization can pursue projects that increase its competitiveness in the market. Culture is dynamic. Organizations are involved in a program that ensures there is a suitable culture to cope with the changes in the industry of operation, human resource policy and the technological changes that always affect organization. Top on the major organizational practices that require a suitable organizational culture is Innovation. This is among the major competitive advantages that an organization can have especially in this rapidly changing era. The market is not only interested by the quality or price of a company’s product but also on the improvements aimed at adding utility while satisfying the consumer wants. The survival of every organization is greatly influenced by its innovation capacity. The dynamism in modern business environments requires organizations to set up structures that ensure continuous flow of new ideas in production marketing and human resources mobilization. In innovation management, an organizations culture plays a major role. In the recent past China has emerged as a major economic power with multinationals that market their products in almost all parts of the world. The Chinese multinationals have become competitive in the world due to their innovative tendencies. There is always a new product that the market gets from this multinationals especially Hon Hai Precision industry which trades as Foxconn. This study focuses on this company. Foxconn was established in 1974 as a manufacturer of various electrical products. The company has specialized in computer related products like motherboards and micro chips that drive the information technology sector in the world today (Foxconn Technology Group, 2011).
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: Family business succession is an antagonistic concept, which continues to constipate, the subsequent survival of businesses both family owned and non-family owned, mostly because of lack of planning and poor, abortive and ineffectual succession planning strategies. Thus, Effective succession planning is a critical component of the future success and survival of family businesses. However, choosing the right successor within a family business is not an easy process. Research suggests that it is important to achieve some form of match between the firm and the successor, but it is unclear how important this is, or what factors should be matched. This study draws on a positivist, deductive research paradigm, and the use of quantitative methods and data analysis, to examine how important it is for family business to have successors trained in the particular field they are entering. In so doing, it focuses on the skills, education, knowledge, experience, and commitment of the potential successor. A sample of 15 family business successors and future successors in Saudi Arabia’s city of Jeddah was used. Data was collected through use of questionnaires sent to identified incumbents and potential successors and subsequently analyzed through use of quantitative statistical data analysis instruments such as SPSS and presented inform of graphs and tables. It was backed by secondary data from previous research and books. The findings, showed that indeed, it is critically important to have successors, trained in the field the family business operates in and that successor attributes do affect the eventual performance of the firm, either positively or negatively. In particular, the research identified accounts knowledge and education as one of the asymptotic skills, a successor ought to posses. The paper recommends among others, that proper succession planning be adopted by family businesses while transferring business to the next generation and strongly recommend family businesses owners to evaluate successor attributes such as knowledge, competency, training and performance in preparing for succession.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: From 1993, united states-china trade deficit has been increasing with the gap becoming bigger. Widening imbalance in bilateral trade has caused a number of concerns. This dissertation uses both secondary data and primary data to examine Chinese exchange rate policy and its trade balance with United States. Consequently, it was found that when statistical data was adjusted between 1989 and 2005, the trade imbalance of United States – china trade is not as united states report but occurs inevitably due to economic development. In addition, occurrence of trade deficit may not b a profit loss. Moreover, United States consumers and investors are benefiting from the trade between United States and china. According to the results, the china-united states debate on Chinese exchange rate debates are merely differences in perception in sequencing Chinese adoption of policies of making the exchange rate system flexible and reducing capital control.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: BMW is one of the largest car and motorcycle producing company based in Germany and exporting to markets all over the world. To maintain high productivity and a large market share, the department concerned with business at BMW must create strategies, whose objective is to maintain good and profitable business (Mortimer 2005, p. 312).
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Operations Research, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: Measuring the value creation of shareholders has been the debatable issue all over the globe. It turned out critical crucial since the business firms were largely moving in creating value for shareholders. Conventional/traditional accounting methods has been criticised because of their less correlation with value creation of shareholder. Thus, modern measuring approaches are required to evaluate the value creation of shareholder. However, the shifting/moving process from the conventional measures to the modern approaches is not easily accepted. This is the reason value creation of shareholder is measured these days is of critical importance. So as to focus on this issue, this thesis provides generally how value is created for shareholder as a basis to the valuation approaches/technique being exercised for the measurement of value creation of shareholder. The empirical section of the research presented that even though the firms in this research have adopted many approaches to create value for shareholder, a slight effort has been made to assess it because most of them are even now implementing the traditional accounting methods. The rationale for this perhaps is the lacking of pressure and conservatism from shareholders and stock market. After taking notice of this we in the end recommended the firms to implement “Value Based Methods (VBM)” in order to measure value creation of shareholder because they are more practicable and trustworthy.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject History - World History - Modern History, grade: B, New York University, language: English, abstract: The First Transcontinental Railroad was built in the United States of America. It was originally known to the people of America as the "Pacific Railroad". However, this name later on changed to become the “Overland Route”. This railroad was laid down between the years of 1863 and 1869 . The railroad was constructed by the Central Pacific Railroad of California. The Union pacific Railroad was also constructed around this period. The eastern terminus at Council Bluffs, Iowa/Omaha, Nebraska was connected to the Pacific Ocean which was at Oakland California by this rail road. The rail road did pass through the Ogden, Utah and Sacramento, California as it connected these two terminus. The railroad thus was linked with the railway network of the Eastern United Sates. This railway network in this region was already existent. Thus, this link up made it possible for the Atlantic and the Pacific coasts of the United States of America to be connected for the very first time by a railway network. This railway line became popular in no time and the people referred to it as the Overland Route . Union Pacific & Transcontinental Railroad in Context The construction and operation of this railway line got its authorization during the civil war. The Pacific Railroad Acts of 1862 and 1864 gave the go ahead for the construction of the railroad. The United State Congress also supported the idea of the construction of this railroad. They supported the initiative using the 30-year old United States government bonds . This way, the railroad construction was granted huge tracks of government-owned land to lay down the railroad on.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: From the start of commercial banking since1970s Islamic banking and finance has revealed progressive expansion over the globe. Pakistan, as one of the largest Muslim nation in the world, has taken some policies and established some strategies in order to develop Islamic banking industry in the country. Islamic banking, like commercial banking, faces a number of implications that may influence their operational performance. One of such implications is liquidity risk that provides extra features in the situation of Islamic banking. Both the Sharia rules and the international standards of banking propose that banks must have some strong management policies concerning to implication of liquidity risk, such as a liability committee and reactive asset, system of internal control and useful information, and techniques for managing deposits to decrease liquidity on-demand, in order to manage the liquidity risk and its implications. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to analyze the liquidity risk management and its implications in Islamic banking. This objective is fulfilled through the case study of Meezan Bank in Pakistan Islamic banking industry. The methods of data collection and analysis in this study include a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods to reach the aims and objectives of this research. Additionally, the primary data with the help of questionnaire survey was also collected with the intention of understating the real practices and implications of liquidity risk management. It was examined from the perspectives of depositors of Islamic banking and Islamic bankers in order to provide further sights on the issues related to liquidity risk management. The empirical analyses conducted in this research demonstrate, rate of interest in Islamic banking, staff behaviour with the clients in Islamic banking, quality of the service provided in Islamic banking, choice of bank through staff training, the adoption of liquidity risk management concept, and the level of withdrawal by the depositors and liquidity behavior of bank depositors. Finally, on the basis of these research findings, the study then provides comprehensive and integrated recommendations to manage the implications of liquidity risk in Islamic Banking.
Scientific Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, State University of New York at Stony Brook, language: English, abstract: In the contemporary competitive business environment, the ability of an organisation to maintain competitive advantage is defined by among others, adoption of new technology, effective operations management, and innovations. In this case a company facing stiff competition from its competitors will find adoption of new product innovations as a niche towards warding off competition. However it’s imperative to note innovations coupled by new product launch can define the survival of any business. Analysts quip that it’s critical for any management to conduct strategize effectively by among others conducting research to ensure that the product launched will address customers’ needs, market expectation and it’s successful. Indeed a new product launch is supposed to defines the company’s growth and development ambitions. This requires top notch planning and research on the product. This report seeks to critically analyse the consideration and decision making process undertaken while launching the healthy product.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Trade and Distribution, grade: B, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: In the contemporary business environment, country’s growth and development is determined by among others it’s GDP and its ability to invest and export its products abroad. Indeed international trade in the recent past has been necessitated by the concept of globalisation. In this case free movement of goods and people is a reality, a concept that promotes trade between countries, regions and organisations. International trade is thus, the exchange of goods and services between two or more countries across international territories. Generally in most cases international trade contributes a lot to a country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).Indeed it’s unthinkable to deduce what would be without international trade. In essence bilateral trade between two countries is becoming a common concept that seeks to compliment two country’s potentialities in modern business environment. Bilateral trade can be defined as the trade between two countries. This trade has numerous benefits to the parties involved, but consequently it can lead disastrous consequences, especially if one party benefits more compared to the other or consequently dominate the other market. What distinguishes international trade from domestic trade is among others, is the concept that, international trade is normally costly compared to domestic trade, and this is due to the fact that borders usually enforce supplementary costs such as tariffs Again time wastage due to delays in the border ant other technical factors. Further according to economists, factors of production are naturally more manageable inside a country than across countries. This study seeks to critically analyse the bilateral relationship between Brazil and China with emphasize on the nature of the trade based on theoretical underpinning and consequent export and import volumes. It will subsequently recommend ways to tackle the problems imminent, in this case what Brazil should do to stop influx of cheap Chinese products in its market.
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: The following research is based on the evaluation of consumer buying behaviour towards Indian food in the UK food market. The researcher has mainly focussed on the perception of people of UK on Indian food. The factors identified by the analyst are low price, taste, quality and reliability of products which drives a large number of food lovers towards the Indian food brand. Besides these aspects, the researcher has also illustrated theories based on market segmentation and the buying decision of consumers, in general. The factors that affect the buying decision of customers about Indian food have also been analysed along with incorporation of Integrated Marketing Communication tool to promote the Indian food products in UK. The author has used Interpretive philosophy in research methodology and quantitative analysis to analyse the accumulated data. Relevant information has been collected from 175 customers as the sample size. From the analysis of the available data, it can be evaluated that food lovers in UK tend to have Indian food since these are available at affordable price and reflect the rich heritage and ethnicity of India. People in UK are also fond of the zesty and spicy flavour of Indian food which is available at restaurants and eating joints.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Women Studies / Gender Studies, grade: B+, State University of New York at Stony Brook, course: Sociology - Gender Studies, language: English, abstract: No society has ever been comfortable with the natural sex discrepancies between men and women. Evidence shows that apart from the natural sex differences, every society culturally portrays women as different and inferior compared to men (Blessings, 2010; OECD, 2004; Vogel, 2003). Specifically, Brindley (2008) posits that this obvious differentiation amounts to social gender role profiling. Arguably, it is not enough for a man to be male or for a woman to be a female they must be painted as masculine or feminine. Social gender role can therefore be referred to as a kind of cultural sex assigning where women are painted as feminine and men are portrayed as masculine. Social gender role profiling expects men to learn and practice the assigned male gender roles while women are expected to learn and practice the assigned feminine roles. Vogel (2003) agrees that from an early age, boys are taught that masculinity is superior to femininity while girls are taught that femininity is about being submissive. The society expects men to be aggressive and show a sense of control in all matters they undertake while women are expected to be supportive to men but should not take leading roles in mainstream activities such as politics and entrepreneurship (Appelbaum, Audet and Miller, 2002). Any deviation from these held cultural sex assigning is usually met with outright societal condemnation and the responsible persons are referred to as rebels. Interestingly, masculine and feminine gender roles strengthen each other in a mutual manner. Since gender role is a psychological profiling system, persons who embrace masculine and feminine roles indirectly perpetuate societal inequality – even some employment opportunities are referred to as girlish (Blessings, 2010). It is interesting that every woman wants to be perceived as feminine through dressing, behaviour and even through the employment opportunities they take (Vogel, 2003). On the other hand, every man wishes to be perceived as true man by way of dressing, behaviour and the nature of economic activities they undertake (Appelbaum et al, 2002). Though there are significant cases of people transgressing into another gender role as is the case with gays and lesbians, the mainstream society is generally considered “straight” (Vogel, 2003).
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, University of Canberra, language: English, abstract: Corporate social responsibility has become highly important debate among scholars as well as business as not only it provides social benefits to communities but also competitive advantage to business and increase their profitability in the era of globalization and intense competition among organizations in global marketplace. Currents study is based on case study of McDonalds. McDonalds is among the most admired companies for CSR initiatives. According to McDonalds’ management point of view, corporate social responsibility is about living the values every day. It is about actions, results and maintenance of open line communication with customers and stakeholders. McDonald’s is determined to consistently improve its social and environmental performance. All organizations seek competitive advantage as it is the force which keeps the organization above others and provide it the power to stay in the business for a long time. The competitive advantage includes recognition of brand and helps the organization to become the first choice of customers. McDonalds is a good example of having a competitive advantage by adopting CSR behavior. In the current study, written sources and questionnaire were used in order to answer the research questions. Questionnaires are in an expensive way to gathering data from the large number of respondents. The multiple choice questionnaire was used in the research and the respondents of the questionnaires were consumers of McDonald. These two data collection methods are used in the study to understand the theory and to reach some trustworthy results. The research has found that the world famous food chain is enjoying competitive advantage for its CSR initiatives and it is also beneficial for the society. Results of the research show that people are more concerned about CSR activities of the company and they prefer to buy from it for its CSR activities that are beneficial for the society. It is found with the research that business is not a separate part from the rest of the parts of society. The ways organizations behave affect a lot of people, not only the shareholders. Therefore, an organization should be responsible for the operations it does in a society.
Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: A methodological framework that serves as a guide for solving problems, especially to those that arise in the management or administration of a system, the there is a discrepancy between what you have and what you want, its problems, its components and its solution. The systems approach is the activities that determine an overall objective and rationale for each of the subsystems, performance measures and standards in terms of the overall objective, the complete set of subsystems and their plans for a specific problem (Dostal, Elisabeth, 2005: 2). The process of transforming an input (problem) into a product (planned actions) requires the establishment of a methodology organized into three major subsystems: Formulation of the problem Identification and design solutions Control Results This indicates that the basic lines of work are: 1. The development of concepts and guidelines to study reality as a system (formulation conceptual model). 2. The development of methodological frameworks to guide the process of solving problems in their different phases. 3. The development of techniques and models to support decision making and to obtain and analyzing the information required. The systems approach is intended to address the increasingly complex problems that pose technology and modern organizations, problems that by their nature beyond our intuition and what is essential to understand is its structure and process (subsystem, relationships, environmental restrictions, etc.) (Pojasek, 2004, 83–89). Features of the Systems Approach Interdisciplinary Qualitative and Quantitative both Organized Creative Theorist Empirical Pragmatic The systems approach focuses constantly on his goals total. For this reason it is important to first define the objectives of the system and continually examine and perhaps redefine as the design progresses (Capra, 1996, 30).
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: In today’s world, people live in a world in which the range and variety of products from across the world which we consume are taken for granted. Logistics and Supply Chain Management have played an input role in allowing us an almost unlimited amount of choice in the food and drinks we consume (Waters, 2009; pp. 45). Fresh fruit and vegetables from every continent are available in Supermarkets. Clothing, electronic equipment and gadgets from China, Japan, Korea etc are available at prices far lower in real terms than ever before. Behind every one of these products is a Supply Chain, sometimes highly complex with flow of materials across numerous continents and some relatively simple. Besides, the divine Chocolate was set up by cocoa farmers with the aim of improving their sustainability and equity in the chocolate supply chain. In the process of production, the company invests in farmers is miniature compared to big players. Nonetheless, all the investments are substantial as part of its chocolate sales. This paper undertakes to provide an analysis of the of the end to end supply chain of Cadbury milk chocolate. This is done through highlighting on numerous issues such as the role of logistics, supply chain management, among others. Slack (2009, pp. 57) asserts that it is important to note that in answering to public call; most chocolate firms have decided to work on developing their supply through joining initiatives that insists on addressing several social issues. Some of the issues that such companies must address are under development, poverty, among others. These are some of the issues that push for the perpetuation of child labor in the supply chain of cocoa (Booth, 2010, pp. 23). The companies have also decided to focus on developing a more suitable, sustainable and equitable cocoa supply chain. The best supply chain will ensure that all the issues both for small and big
Project Report from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: A, University of Cambridge, language: English, abstract: Social Media Platform has become so ubiquitous in today’s society that it is not surprising that its adoption as a critical Relationship Marketing Strategy has immensely contributed to the bottom line of early adopters of this phenomenon, particularly in the Small Medium Enterprise (SME) sectors. The Enterprise and Industry Publication of the European Commission defines Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs ) as the category of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) which employ fewer than 250 persons and which have an annual turnover of not exceeding 50 million Euros, and /or an annual balance sheet total of not exceeding 43 million Euros(European Commission, 2005). The goal of this report is to investigate how Social Media Strategy can be a useful marketing tool for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). Social Media have revolutionized the online marketing landscape to the extent that many businesses that have recognized and mastered the Social Media as efficient and cos effective marketing tools have become commercial success in a relatively short period of time. Social Media in Relationship Marketing has emerged as a disruptive and substantial alternative to the traditional 4P (Product, Price, People and Places) approach to marketing. The Social Medium is an electronic communications outlet where users create online communities to share information, messages, ideas, music and videos. The findings of the investigation will be analyzed to validate or void the theoretical basis upon which the Case Study of MySahwira.com, an international consulting firm that focuses its services on the Zimbabwean Community in the UK, is based. The internet has become an exceptionally potent marketing tool because of its interactive ability to help consumers interact with sellers to learn about their needs, particularly, in today’s competitive environment, sellers must understand consumers’ needs and how to meet their needs (Kotler, P.,2005).
Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: The competition in the field of business has increased a lot and this is the reason why a business organisation needs to change its policies and procedures to run with the global flow. Due to the several consequences of the global crisis, each country faces sudden changes in order to stay in the field of business. Change is the indispensable part of every business in the present scenario (Amigoni, 2009). The success or failure of a business organisation depends a lot on the various factors including globalization, political and economical situations and socio-cultural trends. Undoubtedly such factors not only give strong impact on the efficiency, productivity, profitability and ability of the organisation rather it helps to maintain changed environment. Every business organisation focuses on profit making while maintaining its position in the market. It is very important to manage people specifically to manage employee in order to satisfy the financial demand of the organisation (Baldwin, 2008). Most of the organisation in the recent era considers that the employees are the most important assets. This is the reason why every organisation should focus on their policies, procedures and managerial practices. It paves the path for an improved productivity, enough motivation while reducing profit margins. This is very important to manage people for the sake of the organisation. [...]
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Michigan State University, language: English, abstract: The modern day business markets exhibit extreme volatilities that make it difficult for their managements to rely on conventional wisdoms and past experiences when trying to effect best management strategies (Ova 2006, p.1).The selection of best management models has called for the top management to carry out intensive research in their organizations to determine their unique needs and challenges. As the effects of modern day globalization continue to pose considerable challenges to the existing management patterns, current managers have been called upon to 'upgrade' their skills to cope with the ever changing and demanding business situations. Though there have been a number of challenges for modern day businesses to overcome, it should be noted that the selection of proper management models to address these challenges has business practically implemented across various business organizations. This study aims to demonstrate how selection of the best management models can lead to accumulation of a number of benefits for business enterprises. The study selects the expansion of Toyota into the expansive Chinese market through the use of its widely acknowledged management model. There were various reasons cited for the choice of the model in this market. Some of the key reasons cited in defence of the selection of the model included the need to embrace hybrid technology to answer to the needs of the shifting auto-market towards more fuel-efficient car models. Other reasons cited for the use of the models included the need to reduce on the production costs as well as the need to overcome the stiff competition as posed by Toyota’s rivals amongst them General Motors, Kia Motors, Honda Motors and Ford Motors. A variety of challenges stood in waiting for Toyota, having made a late entry into this lucrative but challenging auto-market. Key amongst them were the increasing energy costs that led to the increased costs of production, the few number of skilled manpower that made it difficult to implement the ‘complex’ processes of the model, the very demanding Chinese auto-consumers and the less capital availed to implement the expansion programme. Towards its end, this study advises on the importance of addressing both the needs of the particular institutions and its business partners when choosing or customizing a particular management model.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, University of Michigan, language: English, abstract: This dissertation explores the development of global civil societies in China to study the relationship between China and USA. This dissertation is based on the premise that most of the global civil societies that operate in China are from USA. The activities of civil societies have influence on the foreign policies formulated by the two nations. This dissertation uses primary and secondary data collection methods. Case studies on global civil societies that operate in China have also been carried out to offer information on the operating environment and effects to the China -USA relationship. The nature of the study required the use of inductive approach to research as it is important to get the opinions of civil societies operating in China and government officials. The findings show great influence to the US-China relations from the global civil societies. The dissertation concludes that the relationship is partially dependent on the civil society’s reports on human rights situation in China. The details and the methods followed in establishing these facts are presented in details here under.
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: Political, technological, social and cultural factors of different countries are affecting the economic conditions of that region both in positive and negative ways. But it majorly depends on the changes taking place in all of the above mentioned factors. The current study look into the impacts of political issues compared with technological issues on economies of developing countries. The purpose to narrowly focus the developing countries here is to go deep into the details of the reasons based on political and technological factors which are not letting the developing countries to grow and progress in the modern world. The literature has already identified many factors that are hindering the economic growth of countries but very little research has been done on this topic specific to the context of developing countries so this research study would be more focused toward this area. Developing countries as the name indicates are the countries which are struggling to get developed and thus they have to pay more attention toward problems occurring due to political, technological and several different issues. Another important fact to mention here is that although previous studies have identified individual impacts of different factors like political, technological, social and cultural factors etc on the economy of individual countries but this paper would rather focus over the comparative effect of political and technological factors on economy of developing countries. Reviewing the old research would make us clearer about the specific political and technological issues causing lower growth in the economy of developing countries. Comparative effect of both the political and technological factors would be studied here and it would be concluded at the end that which factor is putting greater impact on the economy of developing countries. Suggestions and recommendation would be based over this conclusion, thus whole study will be summed up properly along with supportive argument from the historical researches
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: Psychiatry is an area in human health that deals with the prevention, treatment and management of mental disorder. It involves examining a patient with a mental disorder considering his history about the disorder and application of some psychological tests. This is done by specialists on doctor-patient relationship, mental disorder treatments, diagnosis and other services. Psychiatric patient services has changed from the past due to an increase in mental health patients and conditions that the patients need in the health care facilities. This medical field has improved so that the health care institutions use more humane treatments though the mental health care facilities face different problems currently. Patients with mental disorders are always referred to as the psychiatric patients and are treated differently based on the kind of disorder they have, the severity of the his/her condition and how stable the patient is. They are admitted or treated at the psychiatric health care facilities on voluntary basis where a patient goes for treatment willingly or under forced circumstances when a patient does not want to go for mental health treatment though has a mental disorder. Admission of psychiatric patients is also influenced by mental health laws and court orders that call for forceful admission when a patient is a threat to his own life and others or has a condition that requires mental health examination and treatment under admission. Involuntary treatment though is not common since the patients are considered not to understand there conditions and are admitted on this basis with exceptions on the unconscious and inability to communicate. In different countries for example the USA and Canada, involuntary admission differ at the local jurisdiction that consider the cases of admission as either a patient having a mental condition or patients that are dangerous to themselves and/ or to others. In public facilities that have insufficient beds, it is the number of beds that determine the number of patients to be admitted.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: The selection of the product/service to a foreign country Fresh juice has over the years been a vital commodity to many people. Fresh juice serves numerous purposes including reducing asthma, arthritis, diabetes, digestion, high blood pressure and hay fever among others. Thus, it is a vital commodity with a large market that ranges from the old, children and those who exercise in the gym. Therefore, after a thorough research and consultation with nutritionist, Kim Lee felt it was necessary to introduce the juice so as to help people reduce health risks. In addition, it not only creates employment for people but generates millions of profit to the owners. The business proved lucrative early in its initial stages when it attracted a vast number of buyers. The packaging is quite attractive and it portable which has made it possible for those without time to sit down and drink carries it with them. For several years, the company Fruity Fresh Juice had few stores alongside the roads which did not have an adequate supply of juice. This meant that it was challenging to maintain consumers because the company did not have an adequate supply of the commodity they required most. Therefore, this gave birth to the plant and distribution channels so as to serve the whole area of California (Riad 2006). They were using small sized fruit blenders’ that made 10 glasses of juice at a time. This meant that for the company to have a continuous flow of juices, larger plants were essential in order to fulfill the requirements of their consumers..... This paper will discuss the effects of the internal environment to the business, external environment, and the entry modes used by the company to start operations in Morocco. In addition, the paper will also analyze international functions and the cost and benefits of establishing the Fruity Fresh Juice Company.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: History of British Airways is also the history of British aviation. The first cruise flight took place on August 25, 1919 year. AT&T along with two other airlines, being built from the ground up aviation services market in the UK. In time, AT&T has been transformed in Daimler Airways, later in 1924, along with four other airlines, formed Imperial Airways. In 1935, a number of smaller lines joined together - were British Airways Ltd. decision of the British government, both competitors were nationalized in 1939, and the lines are combined to form the British Overseas Airways Corporation. After the Second World War it became BOAC line of long-haul flights realizing, while local calls implemented as new airline - British European Airways (Neely, 2002). In the 50s BOAC was the first airline in the world to the jet aircraft traffic. The new standards also marked the BEA lines. In the 60s Trident jet these lines made the first automatic landing capability heralding the era of the takeoff and landing in bad weather. Dear both lines ran separately until 1974, when the British government decided on their combination. In this way born British Airways, in which the service until October 2003, the remains legendary Concorde. An important step in the history of British Airways was the decision to privatize. It started as early as 1979, but the process ended only in 1987. Mission In 1986, Lord Marshall, the chief executive of British Airways, BA presented the mission: “To be the best, reaching the most successful company in the airline industry.” The main objective was to change the image of British Airways (Colling, 1995, 18-32). Reputation and company managed finance to rebuild by improving the quality of customer service, re-defining marketing objectives, sales and management mode. Ten years later for the next challenge, on 10 June 1997 British Airways adopted a new strategy and a new face. The new image was a visual announcement of the changes that are planned, to invest in new products and services, and a fleet of training 6 billion pounds. New face values reflect British Airways co-existence of traditional British values of new features. BA had to wake associations with openness to the world, young spirit, friendliness, cultural diversity and transnational gaze. Heart new face of British Airways accounted for more than 50 designations images representing the richness of different cultures in the world.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Harvard University, language: English, abstract: The last forty years in Britain have been characterised by enormous changes that have led to the consequent change in the role of legal regulations and the employment relationship at the work place. There exists an explicit transformation from the traditional legal abstention of the state to the use of individualistic legal employment rights to protect workers. The change in employment relations in Britain is traced to the adoption of new statutory rights for individuals by the Labour government. In the 1960’s the employment relations in Britain were best described as Voluntarist as the public policy at that time envisioned abstention of the state. Trade unions and Employers had to consult to reach any conceivable agreement, and this gave trade unions colossal power in protection of the workers’ interests. Coats (2010) identified that the state at the time had the sole responsibility of regulating aspects of child labour, safety at work and payment of wages in low-income industries. According to Dickens (2009) the shift from collective bargaining as the distinct method of regulation of employment is because of the conservative governments between the years of 1979-1997. The said governments concentrated on increasing of managerial control and freedom to take independent action. The labour governments then took over and employed a different approach through the introduction of minimum employment standards of regulation that were aimed at promotion of equality at work places. The changed attitudes of employment relations by European Union and the introduction of National Minimum Wage in 1999 led to the expansion of statutory rights. The affected aspects included rights relating to working time, consultation of employees and antidiscrimination hence positively affecting the rights of atypical workers (Dickens 2009). Current Problems in Employment Relations in Britain
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Industrial Management, grade: A, Oxford University, course: Business economics - Industrial Management, language: English, abstract: Many products have come to actually cost cheaper online. For instance, if you call any company’s toll free centre agent, recorded human voice will redirect you to the specfic company’s website online system , where one may accomplish all his shopping task. Online shopping systems have enabled their users to gain competitive prices through offering comparisons between the many systems availed on the internet. To provide Newport consumers with the competitive advantages associated with online systems, the researcher developed an online shopping system for this upcoming retail Chinnese supermarket, which has expanded its market by opening a UK branch. The system was customized to suit personal needs (the needs of UK consumers and the management of the supermarket). It should be noted that the researcher developed the system with the intention of achieving his M-Commerce requirements as well as offering it (at a fee) to the Newport management. The aim of this project was to analyze, design and develop an online purchasing system cum website for the expanding Newport supermarket chain store; to help both the customers and the chain store to fully maximize on the many advantages manifest in the modern day communication and information sharing technologies.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: This assignment is about the aggregate planning of Mama Bakery that has been facing issues in its production department. Mama Bakery wants to expand its operations for which it has to improve its operations by enhancing the performance of its production department through the aggregate planning. The whole concept of aggregate planning is applied in this paper which gives the reader a clear understanding of aggregate planning, production system, and operations management. This paper emphasizes on the problems and issues faced by the Mama Bakery, their possible solutions, and medium term planning.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: 1.3 Research Aim and Objectives Currently, in the intense market competition around the global business, talents are the core resources of enterprises, and organisational performance greatly can be determined by the level of these talents engaging in the work. Job engagement is a crucial facet for building competitive advantage among organisations in emerging markets such as China. Therefore, this research is very crucial as it seeks to analyse the factors influencing employees’ job engagement among Chinese organisations. From this overarching aim, the study will also pursue the following specific research objectives: 1. To explore the impact of leadership style on employees’ job engagement in China. 2. To investigate the impact of performance assessment on employees' job engagement in China. 3. To report the impact of compensation and welfare on employees' job engagement in China. 4. To analyse the impact of training and development on employees' job engagement in China.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Health Science, grade: A, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: Malaria is a serious disease, which can be fatal, caused by infection of a certain type of mosquitoes. There are four major species of the Plasmodium parasite that cause malaria of various degrees of complexity in humans, namely Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae; although, scientists tend to name some other species as well (Mali, par. 1). Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the most widely spread and cause the majority of epidemic outbreaks, while Plasmodium falciparum is also the most dangerous one, causing fatal termination of the disease. Generally, malaria is characterized by high fever, chills, headache, increased sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and a wide range of other symptoms. Some of the parasite species cause the most severe and very often fatal cases. This kind of infectious disease is typical for tropical and subtropical regions; however, it may be easily transferred to other areas by travellers who had not been vaccinated against it. It can be manifested in weeks after leaving the endemic region and be unnoticed at first which does not make it less dangerous. For this reason all the cases should be accurately observed and recorded to provide the detailed description of the variety of cases for the posterior epidemic outbreaks.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: B, University of Michigan, language: English, abstract: The concept of internet,necessitated by communication technology and the effect of globalization have transformed the contemporary society as regards business operations, governments, banking institutions, individuals, educational institutions, international organisations and subsequently provided consumers with adequate information which is instrumental in determining their choice, rights and knowledge acquisition (Layton, 2007).With such technologies consumers are adequately informed and thus stand at a key position of critically determining their product choice and preferred product (McNab, 2004). With the increased use of internet the modern consumer is well informed on the organizations visions ,missions, strategies, products and management issues, since such information is easily accessible through internet technology through out the world(Layton, 2007). Indeed analysts concur that, the consumer does benefit from such information but what is more, important especially to the organization, it’s the positive impacts tied to such a strategy (Berry, 2004). In this case access of organizations information’s by consumers is both a boon and a detrimental effect. Under this ideation it’s imperative to note that the benefits for indeed surpass the limitations. This study will critically evaluate the use of internet by organization and consumer for information sharing and the subsequent impact it has on the organization as well as the consumer. With internet,geographical barriers are rapidly vanishing into oblivion. This concept has led to immense disarticulation in organisations all over the world. Indeed, the revolution in the pattern of universal communications technological systems has led to creation of contemporary approaches in the global economy. Currently its, participation in the information economy has become the revised set and elementary prerequisite for economic growth (Berry, 2004). The advent of internet indeed, opened new opportunities and opened the world virtually to new ideas and ways of doing things.Analyst posits that the business world has had great benefits from technological innovation tied to the internet and telecommunication. Just picture this, some decades back consumers could only obtain information from the markets but with technology the concept of electronic marketing has become a reality and subsequently connected organisation to millions of consumers worldwide, bridging the gap between physical availability and purchasing.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, , language: English, abstract: Implementation of work-life programs, as promoted by many organizations, aim at attracting better employees, increasing performance and productivity of employees, reducing work-to-life conflicts, and reducing the rate of employee turnover. Still, other organizations implement work-life programs because of the regulations by governments or other bodies. This research paper examines how work-life programs enhance employee retention. There have been extensive studies on this issue as work-life practices continue to increase in their importance and adoption. However, there has been varying results regarding the effectiveness and benefits of implementing work-life programs. Whereas some researchers have reported positive results, others have established negative results. There are those who have also found no difference at all. In our study, we reported positive outcomes of work-life programs in relation to employee retention. We propose through the paper that organizations that have not adopted work-life programs do so, although they have to modify the programs and practices according to their specific needs. This is because work-life programs, apart from enhancing retention, increase productivity, reduce costs, and create competitive advantage to the organization.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................The purpose of this research was to examine how work-life programs enhance employee retention. Many companies are presently initiating work-life programs as way of improving their working conditions, and attracting or retaining their employees. Many companies have realized that employees need more flexible working conditions to successfully manage work related issues and family issues, and with the global recession many companies suffered financially and can no longer continue to offer financial compensation. However, with increased rate of employee turnover in many companies, work-life is used to develop loyalty and enhance employee retention. This study used both primary and secondary research methodology. Primary research involved an interview of 55 employees. The employees selected were from different organizations, but below management level. Secondary research entailed literature review from previous studies on the same subject.
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2012 in the subject Law - Philosophy, History and Sociology of Law, grade: A, University at Albany, State University of New York, course: International Law , language: English, abstract: In this trial, prosecution for “crimes against humanity” was not, in a legal sense, justified. The depth of the humanitarian issues is presented by the Nuremberg trial judge panel. The judgment did not consider the moral and ethical issues to the world as a whole and to the entire legal world. Since any large trial, of a group of people is considered as a single set, the panel and the trial proceeding setup was exceedingly complex. The issues that are presented in the trial were also complicated and complex. In this regard, the decisions in the case are affected with this comparability. This has made the modern study of this case to be divided into several sections. This section enhances the learner and interpreters of the case to handle this complexity with an impression of coherency. In the first section, the Nuremberg trial carefully analyses the crimes that are perpetrated by the accused.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: The human being today is career oriented as it is the one sure way that will lead to satisfaction of one’s needs. For this reason managing careers is extremely important so as to achieve maximum results as well as make informed decisions while going about once career (Baruch, 2004, p. 10). A career in the today world can be termed as a profession or any form of employment that one concentrates on with an aim of satisfying his/her needs as it advances. In the world today, career is all about modifications in that particular employment and preparing for foreseeable future. According to Baruch (2004, p. 22), managing can be said to involve planning, organizing and systematic monitoring and evaluation of progress. Managing careers involves development of overall goals and objectives, development of a strategy to achieve the identified goals and objectives then development of policies, rules, procedures and activities that will help implement the formulated strategy then finally a constant but systematic evaluation and monitoring of the progress towards achieving the set goals and objectives. Managing tasks could prove difficult especially when one lacks knowledge of the available career opportunities as well as being unaware of the potential he or she has (Baruch, 2004, p. 23). The career management process is defined by the goals and objectives whether general or specific, short term, medium or long term all have an influence in the strategy to be used. Making informed career choices and decisions in the work environment today requires individuals to revisit the process constantly every now and then unlike in the traditional career set up where revisiting was not really necessary. The career management has to be harmonized with the organizational career which includes all the tasks of individual within a work place. This is important because the organization is responsible for molding an individual’s career as it provides an environment with the ingredients required. There is also the aspect of individuals being in control of their personal development in management of career. This is where employers take less responsibility and employees take full control of their own growth and development in their career to achieve their objectives as well as enhance their employability.