The Buddha was an Indian philosopher (seeker of wisdom), religious teacher, and the historical founder of Buddhism. He also known as Siddh?rtha Gautama, Shakyamun. His mind was calm and relaxed. As he sat his concentration deepened and his wisdom grew brighter. In this clear and peaceful state of mind he began to examine the true nature of life. The Buddha is undoubtedly one of the most influential figures in world history, and his teachings and faith have affected both within India and to the farthest reaches of the Western world.
Charlie Chaplin, one of the most financially successful stars of early Hollywood, was introduced to the stage when he was five and gained a prominent reputation as a performer. He came out of exile to receive the award and the longest standing ovation in the history of the Oscars. Charlie Chaplin had tremendous intensity. He was a great perfectionist and would make his actors perform scenes up to 100 times to get it just right. Charlie Chaplin became the great start of the silent era and his popularity spread throughout the globe.
Bhai Parmanand came from a family whose ancestor; Bhai Mati Das was sawed alive and martyred by the orders of Emperor Aurangzeb, along with his guru, Teg Bahadur, in 1675 in Chandni Chowk, where the gurdwara Sis Ganj stands today. Bhai Parmanand was a close associate of Lala Hardayal and assisted him in organising the activities of the Ghadr Party in the US. He returned to India in 1913 and was arrested in the Lahore Conspiracy case. His death sentence was commuted to life-imprisonment by Lord Hardinge.
Shakunatala Devi is a well-known mathematical genius and calculating progidy from India. She has been nicknamed 'Human Computer' because of her extraordinary talent and skill in solving complex mathematical problems without any mechanical aid. Shakuntala Devi was born on 4th November, 1939 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. With her brilliant mind, she was adept at solving arithmetical problems, including functions of addition, multiplication, division, calculating square and cube roots, along with complex algorithms and Vedic Maths in a jiffy. Amongst her numerous feats, the most outstanding ones that fetched her name in the 1995 Guinness Book of World Records.
Malala Yousafzai was born on July 12, 1997 in Pakistan. She survived an assassination attempt in 2012 and continued her activism. She is the co-founder of the Malala Fund, an organization to empower girls through education to achieve their potential and become confident and strong leader in their own countries. She won the Nobel Peace Prize at the age of 17 for her courageous, and near fatal, campaign to secure education for girls. Through her heroic struggle she has become a leading spokesperson for all females’ rights to education.
Baba Amte is one of the greatest social reformers India's ever had. He gave his lucrative career as barrister for social service and dedicated his life to the noble cause of social service, particularly to make life better for the sufferers of leprosy. The work of Baba Amte, was unanimously praised by many national and international organizations. On 9 February 2008 Baba bid us the final farewell after accomplishing much, after paving a new path, after entrusting us with a lot of duties and social responsibilities. For us, through his work and wisdom, through his ideas and ideals, Baba will remain ever alive.
Elattuvalapil Sreedharan, popularly known as the “Metro Man”, is an Indian engineer who played a key role in the building of the Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro. E. Sreedharan has added a lot of value to India's public transport system. He possesses effective leadership skills. He is a modest personality who finishes work with complete devotion and zeal. When it comes to the performance of a task, he is focused and determined to achieve. In spite of crossing the age of seventy, he is still active and endowed with strong will power.
Blind inventor of a system of writing for blind people known as Braille. He designed the coding system, based on patterns of raised dots, by which the blind can read through touch. His legacy has enlightened the lives of millions of people who are blind. Today, Braille code is transcribed in many different languages worldwide. Louis would be very proud to know his creation has given literacy to countless numbers of people over the decades. The effect is tremendously empowering and helps them achieve success in school and in their careers.
A multi-faceted political personality, Vajpayee was born on December 25, 1924 at Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. He brings with him a long parliamentary experience spanning over four decades. He is a skillful orator and was in several prestigious positions in his political career. He was conferred with Padma Vibhushan in 1992, for his outstanding services to the nation. Also, he was honored with the Lokmanya Tilak Award and the Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant Award too. Vajpayee is still known as an eminent poet, journalist and politician.
Tenzing Norgay was a Nepalese Indian mountaineer who was one of the first two individuals to set foot on the summit of Mount Everest. His life changed dramatically after he created history in 1953 by setting foot on the summit of Mount Everest and he received many international honors for achieving this feat. He was a simple man who liked and understood life on a simple, straightforward level. He became a symbol of achievement for the new nation of India, his adoptive home, and helped numerous other South Asian people (Sherpas and others alike) gain a comfortable life-style through mountaineering.
Kailash Satyarthi is a renowned Indian child rights activist and the winner of Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. He is the founder of the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA), an organization dedicated towards the eradication of child labor and rehabilitation of the rescued former child workers. Child labor is a rampant problem in India where millions of young children are engaged in various forms of work instead of attending schools. As an analytical thinker, he has established that child labor is responsible for the perpetuation of poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population explosion and many other social evils. He has also played an important role in linking the fight against child labor with the efforts for achieving 'Education’.
Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar (14 December 1918 – 20 August 2014), better known as B.K.S. Iyengar, was the founder of the style of yoga known as "Iyengar Yoga" and was considered one of the foremost yoga teachers in the world. He was the author of many books on yoga practice and philosophy including Light on Yoga, Light on Pranayama, Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, and Light on Life. The popularity of yoga that we see today is largely because of the effort of BKS Iyengar and the creative energy he put in to make Krishnamacharya’s teaching more accessible.
The "Father of the white revolution" in India, Dr. Verghese Kurien is acknowledged worldwide as the brain behind the success of the largest dairy development programme in the world by the name of Operation Flood. This unassuming man won many awards during his lifetime and served as a role model to many others. Dr. Kurien's credits his success to the farmers of Gujarat. He is regarded as one of the greatest proponents of the cooperative movement in the world, his work having lifted millions out of poverty in India, and outside.
R.K. Narayan is one of the most famous and widely read Indian novelists. His stories were grounded in a compassionate humanism and celebrated the humor and energy of ordinary life. R.K. Narayan won numerous awards and honors for his works. He told stories of ordinary people trying to live their simple lives in a changing world. Narayan typically portrays the peculiarities of human relationships and the ironies of Indian daily life, in which modern urban existence clashes with ancient tradition. His style is graceful, marked by genial humour, elegance, and simplicity.
Bipin Chandra Pal (November 7, 1858–May 20, 1932) was an Indian nationalist. He was among the triumvirate of Lal Bal Pal. He is known as the ‘Father of Revolutionary Thoughts’ in India. He was also effectively involved in removing social evils from the nation and in arousing the feelings of nationalism through national criticism. A lover of truth and freedom, Bipin Chandra was viciously against hypocrisy. A serious political, social, philosophical and religious thinker, he was also a gifted stylist in the field of literature.
Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was an Indian industrialist and entrepreneur who founded the Tata Group, India’s biggest conglomerate company. The massive success which the Tata Group enjoys today was the result of the vision and mission of one man—Jamsetji Tata. He was not just an astute businessman but also a humanist who greatly empathized with his employees. He was a visionary who played a pivotal role in the development of India through his industrial and philanthropic activities.
R K Laxman was born in 24 October 1921 in Mysore and is known as India's greatest cartoonist, illustrator, and humorist. He is widely recognized for his creation The Common Man. The character was so popular that he was even featured in a commemorative postage stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th anniversary of the ‘Times of India’ in 1988. There is no doubt that he set great score on honesty, using the term in its widest sense.