Gerhard Kittel (1888–1948) took over the chair of Adolf Schlatter at the University of Tübingen in 1926. He was the editor of “Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament” (Theological Dictionary of the New Testament) and one of the most popular theologians of his time. He joined the Nazi Party in 1933 and published his work “Die Judenfrage” (The Jewish Question), one of the most influential Christian statements and an example of the connection and mergence of Christian anti-semitism and folkish anti-semitism. In 1936, he began working in the department of “The Jewish Question” of Walter Frank’s Reichsinstitut für Geschichte des neuen Deutschlands (Reich Institute for History of the New Germany). The nine contributions of this volume not only analyse his biography and career but also his works and networks. Furthermore, the volume also includes Kittel’s comprehensive vita and bibliography.