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Concentration, Functional Inequalities and Isoperimetry: International Workshop on Concentration, Functional Inequalities, and Isoperimetry, October 29-November 1, 2009, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida
The volume contains the proceedings of the international workshop on Concentration, Functional Inequalities and Isoperimetry, held at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, Florida, from October 29-November 1, 2009. The interactions between concentration, isoperimetry and functional inequalities have led to many significant advances in functional analysis and probability theory. Important progress has also taken place in combinatorics, geometry, harmonic analysis and mathematical physics, to name but a few fields, with recent new applications in random matrices and information theory. This book should appeal to graduate students and researchers interested in the fascinating interplay between analysis, probability, and geometry.
Noncommutative Geometry and Global Analysis: Conference in Honor of Henri Moscovici, June 29-July 4, 2009, Bonn, Germany
This volume represents the proceedings of the conference on Noncommutative Geometric Methods in Global Analysis, held in honor of Henri Moscovici, from June 29-July 4, 2009, in Bonn, Germany. Henri Moscovici has made a number of major contributions to noncommutative geometry, global analysis, and representation theory. This volume, which includes articles by some of the leading experts in these fields, provides a panoramic view of the interactions of noncommutative geometry with a variety of areas of mathematics. It focuses on geometry, analysis and topology of manifolds and singular spaces, index theory, group representation theory, connections of noncommutative geometry with number theory and arithmetic geometry, Hopf algebras and their cyclic cohomology.
Function Spaces in Modern Analysis: Sixth Conference on Function Spaces, May 18-22, 2010, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
This volume contains the proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Function Spaces, which was held from May 18-22, 2010, at Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville. The papers cover a broad range of topics, including spaces and algebras of analytic functions of one and of many variables (and operators on such spaces), spaces of integrable functions, spaces of Banach-valued functions, isometries of function spaces, geometry of Banach spaces, and other related subjects.
Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Imaging: NIMS Thematic Workshop, Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Imaging, August 10-13, 2010, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
This volume contains the proceedings of the NIMS Thematic Workshop on Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Imaging, which was held from August 10-13, 2010, at Inha University, Incheon, Korea. The goal of this volume is to give the reader a deep and unified understanding of the field of imaging and of the analytical and statistical tools used in imaging. It offers a good overview of the current status of the field and of directions for further research. Challenging problems are addressed from analytical, numerical, and statistical perspectives. The articles are devoted to four main areas: analytical investigation of robustness; hypothesis testing and resolution analysis, particularly for anomaly detection; new efficient imaging techniques; and the effects of anisotropy, dissipation, or attenuation in imaging.
Symmetries and Related Topics in Differential and Difference Equations: Jairo Charris Seminar 2009, Escuela de Matemáticas, Universidad Sergio Arboleda, Bogotá, Colombia
This volume represents the 2009 Jairo Charris Seminar in Symmetries of Differential and Difference Equations, which was held at the Universidad Sergio Arboleda in Bogota, Colombia. The papers include topics such as Lie symmetries, equivalence transformations and differential invariants, group theoretical methods in linear equations, namely differential Galois theory and Stokes phenomenon, and the development of some geometrical methods in theoretical physics. The reader will find new interesting results in symmetries of differential and difference equations, applications in classical and quantum mechanics, two fundamental problems of theoretical mechanics, the mathematical nature of time in Lagrangian mechanics and the preservation of the equations of motion by changes of frame, and discrete Hamiltonian systems arising in geometrical optics and analogous to those of finite quantum mechanics. This book is published in cooperation with Instituto de Matematicas y sus Aplicaciones (IMA).
Algebraic Aspects of Darboux Transformations, Quantum Integrable Systems and Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics: Jairo Charris Seminar 2010, Universidad Sergio Arboleda, Santa Marta Colombia
Primitivo B. Acosta Humanez
This volume represents the 2010 Jairo Charris Seminar in Algebraic Aspects of Darboux Transformations, Quantum Integrable Systems and Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics, which was held at the Universidad Sergio Arboleda in Santa Marta, Colombia. The papers cover the fields of Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Integrable Systems, from an algebraic point of view. Some results presented in this volume correspond to the analysis of Darboux Transformations in higher order as well as some exceptional orthogonal polynomials. The reader will find an interesting Galois approach to study finite gap potentials. This book is published in cooperation with Instituto de Matematicas y sus Aplicaciones (IMA).
Geometric Analysis of Several Complex Variables and Related Topics: Marrakesh Workshop, May 10-14, 2010, Marrakesh, Morocco
This volume contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Geometric Analysis of Several Complex Variables and Related Topics, which was held from May 10-14, 2010, in Marrakesh, Morocco. The articles in this volume present current research and future trends in the theory of several complex variables and PDE. Of note are two survey articles: The first presents recent results on the solvability of complex vector fields with critical points while the second concerns the Lie group structure of the automorphism groups of CR manifolds. The other articles feature original research in major topics of analysis dealing with analytic and Gevrey regularity, existence of distributional traces, the $\bar\partial$-Neumann operator, automorphisms of hypersurfaces, holomorphic vector bundles, spaces of harmonic forms, and Gysin sequences.
Advances in Non-Archimedean Analysis: 11th International Conference on P-Adic Functional Analysis, July 5-9 2010, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France
This volume contains papers based on lectures given at the Eleventh International Conference on $p$-adic Functional Analysis, which was held from July 5-9, 2010, in Clermont-Ferrand, France. The articles collected here feature recent developments in various areas of non-Archimedean analysis: Hilbert and Banach spaces, finite dimensional spaces, topological vector spaces and operator theory, strict topologies, spaces of continuous functions and of strictly differentiable functions, isomorphisms between Banach function spaces, and measure and integration. Other topics discussed in this volume include $p$-adic differential and $q$-difference equations, rational and non-Archimedean analytic functions, the spectrum of some algebras of analytic functions, and maximal ideals of the ultrametric corona algebra.
Entropy and the Quantum II: Arizona School of Analysis with Applications, March 15-19, 2010, University of Arizona
The goal of the Entropy and the Quantum schools has been to introduce young researchers to some of the exciting current topics in mathematical physics. These topics often involve analytic techniques that can easily be understood with a dose of physical intuition. In March of 2010, four beautiful lectures were delivered on the campus of the University of Arizona. They included Isoperimetric Inequalities for Eigenvalues of the Laplacian by Rafael Benguria, Universality of Wigner Random Matrices by Laszlo Erdos, Kinetic Theory and the Kac Master Equation by Michael Loss, and Localization in Disordered Media by Gunter Stolz. Additionally, there were talks by other senior scientists and a number of interesting presentations by junior participants. The range of the subjects and the enthusiasm of the young speakers are testimony to the great vitality of this field, and the lecture notes in this volume reflect well the diversity of this school.
Commutative Algebra and Its Connections to Geometry: Pan-American Advanced Studies Institute, August 3-14, 2009, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Olinda, Brazil
This volume contains papers based on presentations given at the Pan-American Advanced Studies Institute (PASI) on commutative algebra and its connections to geometry, which was held August 3-14, 2009, at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco in Olinda, Brazil. The main goal of the program was to detail recent developments in commutative algebra and interactions with such areas as algebraic geometry, combinatorics and computer algebra. The articles in this volume concentrate on topics central to modern commutative algebra: the homological conjectures, problems in positive and mixed characteristic, tight closure and its interaction with birational geometry, integral dependence and blowup algebras, equisingularity theory, Hilbert functions and multiplicities, combinatorial commutative algebra, Grobner bases and computational algebra.
Randomization, Relaxation, and Complexity in Polynomial Equation Solving: Banff International Research Station Workshop on Randomization, Relaxation, and Complexity, February 28--March 5, 2010, Banff, Ontario, Canada
This volume corresponds to the Banff International Research Station Workshop on Randomization, Relaxation, and Complexity, held from February 28-March 5, 2010 in Banff, Alberta, Canada. This volume contains a sample of advanced algorithmic techniques underpinning the solution of systems of polynomial equations. The papers are written by leading experts in algorithmic algebraic geometry and touch upon core topics such as homotopy methods for approximating complex solutions, robust floating point methods for clusters of roots, and speed-ups for counting real solutions. Vital related topics such as circuit complexity, random polynomials over local fields, tropical geometry, and the theory of fewnomials, amoebae, and coamoebae are treated as well. Recent advances on Smale's 17th Problem, which deals with numerical algorithms that approximate a single complex solution in average-case polynomial time, are also surveyed.
Representation Theory and Mathematical Physics: Conference in Honor of Gregg Zuckerman's 60th Birthday, October 24--27, 2009, Yale University
This volume contains the proceedings of the conference on Representation Theory and Mathematical Physics, in honor of Gregg Zuckerman's 60th birthday, held October 24-27, 2009, at Yale University. Lie groups and their representations play a fundamental role in mathematics, in particular because of connections to geometry, topology, number theory, physics, combinatorics, and many other areas. Representation theory is one of the cornerstones of the Langlands program in number theory, dating to the 1970s. Zuckerman's work on derived functors, the translation principle, and coherent continuation lie at the heart of the modern theory of representations of Lie groups. One of the major unsolved problems in representation theory is that of the unitary dual. The fact that there is, in principle, a finite algorithm for computing the unitary dual relies heavily on Zuckerman's work. In recent years there has been a fruitful interplay between mathematics and physics, in geometric representation theory, string theory, and other areas. New developments on chiral algebras, representation theory of affine Kac-Moody algebras, and the geometric Langlands correspondence are some of the focal points of this volume. Recent developments in the geometric Langlands program point to exciting connections between certain automorphic representations and dual fibrations in geometric mirror symmetry.
Model Theoretic Methods in Finite Combinatorics: AMS-ASL Joint Special Session, January 5-8, 2009, Washington, DC, Part 3
This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS-ASL Special Session on Model Theoretic Methods in Finite Combinatorics, held January 5-8, 2009, in Washington, DC. Over the last 20 years, various new connections between model theory and finite combinatorics emerged. The best known of these are in the area of 0-1 laws, but in recent years other very promising interactions between model theory and combinatorics have been developed in areas such as extremal combinatorics and graph limits, graph polynomials, homomorphism functions and related counting functions, and discrete algorithms, touching the boundaries of computer science and statistical physics. This volume highlights some of the main results, techniques, and research directions of the area. Topics covered in this volume include recent developments on 0-1 laws and their variations, counting functions defined by homomorphisms and graph polynomials and their relation to logic, recurrences and spectra, the logical complexity of graphs, algorithmic meta theorems based on logic, universal and homogeneous structures, and logical aspects of Ramsey theory.
Tomography and Inverse Transport Theory: International Workshop on Mathematical Methods in Emerging Modalities of Medical Imaging, October 25-30, 2009, Banff, Canada : International Workshop on Inverse Transport Theory and Tomography, May 16-21, 2010, Banff, Canada
This volume contains research and review articles written by participants of two related international workshops ``Mathematical Methods in Emerging Modalities of Medical Imaging'' (October 2009) and ``Inverse Transport Theory and Tomography'' (May 2010), which were held at the Banff International Research Station in Banff, Canada. These workshops brought together mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and medical researchers working at the cutting edge of medical imaging research and addressed the demanding mathematical problems arising in this area. The articles, written by leading experts, address important analytic, numerical, and physical issues of the newly developing imaging modalities (e.g., photoacoustics, current impedance imaging, hybrid imaging techniques, elasticity imaging), as well as the recent progress in resolving outstanding problems of more traditional modalities, such as SPECT, ultrasound imaging, and inverse transport theory. Related topics of invisibility cloaking are also addressed.
Topics in Complex Analysis and Operator Theory: Third Winter School in Complex Analysis and Operator Theory, February 2-5, 2010, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
This book contains the lecture notes as well as some invited papers presented at the Third Winter School in Complex Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications held February 2-5, 2010, in Valencia, Spain. The book is divided into two parts. The first is an extended self-contained version of the mini-courses taught at the School. The papers in this first part are: Notes on real analytic functions and classical operators, by Pawel Domanski; Shining a Hilbertian lamp on the bidisk, by John E. McCarthy; Selected problems in perturbation theory, by Vladimir V. Peller; and Composition operators on Hardy-Orlicz spaces, by Luis Rodriguez-Piazza. The second part consists of several research papers on recent advances in the area and some survey articles of an expository character. The articles in this second part are: Remarks on weighted mixed norm spaces, by O. Blasco; Interpolation subspaces of $L^1$ of a vector measure and norm inequalities for the integration operator, by J.M. Calabuig, J. Rodriguez, and E.A. Sanchez-Perez; On the spectra of algebras of analytic functions, by D. Carando, D. Garcia, M. Maestre, and P. Sevilla-Peris; Holomorphic self-maps of the disk intertwining two linear fractional maps, by M.D. Contreras, S. Diaz-Madrigal, M.J. Martin, and D. Vukotic; ABC-type estimates via Garsia-type norms, by K.M. Dyakonov; and Volterra type operators on Bergman spaces with exponential weights, by J. Pau and J.A. Pelaez. The topics selected for the mini-courses cover several aspects of complex analysis and operator theory that play important roles in understanding connections between different areas that are considered in fashion these days. This part is aimed at graduate students and young researchers. The courses are self-contained, focusing on those aspects that are basic and that can lead the readers to a quick understanding of the theories presented in each topic. They start with the classical results and reach a selection of open problems in each case. The research and survey articles are aimed at young researchers in the area, as well as post-doc and senior researchers interested in complex analysis and operator theory. This book is published in cooperation with Real Sociedad Matematica Espanola.
New Trends in Noncommutative Algebra: Conference in Honor of Ken Goodearl's 65th Birthday, August 9--14, 2010, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
K. R. Goodearl
This volume contains the proceedings of the conference ``New Trends in Noncommutative Algebra'', held at the University of Washington, Seattle, in August 2010, in honor of Ken Goodearl's 65th birthday. The articles reflect the wide interests of Goodearl and will provide researchers and graduate students with an indispensable overview of topics of current interest. Specific fields covered include: noncommutative algebraic geometry, representation theory, Calabi-Yau algebras, quantum algebras and deformation quantization, Poisson algebras, growth of algebras, group algebras, and noncommutative Iwasawa algebras.
Compact Moduli Spaces and Vector Bundles: Conference on Compact Moduli and Vector Bundles, October 21-24, 2010, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
This book contains the proceedings of the conference on Compact Moduli and Vector Bundles, held from October 21-24, 2010, at the University of Georgia. This book is a mix of survey papers and original research articles on two related subjects: Compact Moduli spaces of algebraic varieties, including of higher-dimensional stable varieties and pairs, and Vector Bundles on such compact moduli spaces, including the conformal block bundles. These bundles originated in the 1970s in physics; the celebrated Verlinde formula computes their ranks. Among the surveys are those that examine compact moduli spaces of surfaces of general type and others that concern the GIT constructions of log canonical models of moduli of stable curves. The original research articles include, among others, papers on a formula for the Chern classes of conformal classes of conformal block bundles on the moduli spaces of stable curves, on Looijenga's conjectures, on algebraic and tropical Brill-Noether theory, on Green's conjecture, on rigid curves on moduli of curves, and on Steiner surfaces.
Algebraic Groups and Quantum Groups: International Conference on Representation Theory of Algebraic Groups and Quantum Groups, August 2-6, 2010, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
This volume contains the proceedings of the tenth international conference on Representation Theory of Algebraic Groups and Quantum Groups, held August 2-6, 2010, at Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan. The survey articles and original papers contained in this volume offer a comprehensive view of current developments in the field. Among others reflecting recent trends, one central theme is research on representations in the affine case. In three articles, the authors study representations of W-algebras and affine Lie algebras at the critical level, and three other articles are related to crystals in the affine case, that is, Mirkovic-Vilonen polytopes for affine type $A$ and Kerov-Kirillov-Reshetikhin type bijection for affine type $E_6$. Other contributions cover a variety of topics such as modular representation theory of finite groups of Lie type, quantum queer super Lie algebras, Khovanov's arc algebra, Hecke algebras and cyclotomic $q$-Schur algebras, $G_1T$-Verma modules for reductive algebraic groups, equivariant $K$-theory of quantum vector bundles, and the cluster algebra. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in geometric and combinatorial representation theory, and other related fields.
Zeta Functions in Algebra and Geometry: Second International Workshop, May 3-7, 2010, Universitat de Les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
The volume contains the proceedings of the ``Second International Workshop on Zeta Functions in Algebra and Geometry'' held May 3-7, 2010 at the Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Zeta functions can be naturally attached to several mathematical objects, including fields, groups, and algebras. The conference focused on the following topics: arithmetic and geometric aspects of local, topological, and motivic zeta functions, Poincare series of valuations, zeta functions of groups, rings, and representations, prehomogeneous vector spaces and their zeta functions, and height zeta functions. This book is published in cooperation with Real Sociedad Matematica Espanola.
Dynamical Systems and Group Actions
This volume contains cutting-edge research from leading experts in ergodic theory, dynamical systems and group actions. A large part of the volume addresses various aspects of ergodic theory of general group actions including local entropy theory, universal minimal spaces, minimal models and rank one transformations. Other papers deal with interval exchange transformations, hyperbolic dynamics, transfer operators, amenable actions and group actions on graphs.
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