This fully revised guide shows, step-by-step, how to effectively solve fuel problems you might face in the field. Written by leading petroleum expert Kim B. Peyton, Nalco Champion Fuel Field Manual, 3rd Edition, covers the entire range of problems encountered during the refining, storage, transportation, delivery, and combustion processes. You will get the latest testing, troubleshooting, and problem solving techniques, as well as concise hazard information and detailed safety procedures. The book offers quick answers to difficult questions, taking you easily from problem to solution.
Inside, you’ll find:
• Crude oil and common hydrocarbon fuel properties
• Identifying and solving specific fuel problems
• Sources of fuel production problems
• Physical and chemical measurements
• Solving fuel problems using chemical additives
• Start-to-finish testing methods
• Fuel and fuel additive storage and injection systems
• Safe shipping and hazard information
• Fuel performance property and deposit analysis
• Synthetic and alternative fuels
Tribological Processes in Valvetrain Systems with Lightweight Valves: New Research and Modellingprovides readers with the latest methodologies to reduce friction and wear in valvetrain systems—a severe problem for designers and manufacturers. The solution is achieved by identifying the tribological processes and phenomena in the friction nodes of lightweight valves made of titanium alloys and ceramics, both cam and camless driven.
The book provides a set of structured information on the current tribological problems in modern internal combustion engines—from an introduction to the valvetrain operation to the processes that produce wear in the components of the valvetrain. A valuable resource for teachers and students of mechanical or automotive engineering, as well as automotive manufacturers, automotive designers, and tuning engineers.Shows the tribological problems occurring in the guide-light valve-seat insertCombines numerical and experimental solutions of wear and friction processes in valvetrain systemsDiscusses various types of cam and camless drives the valves used in valve trains of internal combustion engines—both SI and CIExamines the materials used, protective layers and geometric parameters of lightweight valves, as well as mating guides and seat inserts
In this well-known resource, leading tire model expert Hans Pacejka explains the relationship between operational variables, vehicle variables and tire modeling, taking you on a journey through the effective modeling of complex tire and vehicle dynamics problems.
Covering the latest developments to Pacejka's own industry-leading model as well as the widely-used models of other pioneers in the field, the book combines theory, guidance, discussion and insight in one comprehensive reference.
While the details of individual tire models are available in technical papers published by SAE, FISITA and other automotive organizations, Tire and Vehicle Dynamics remains the only reliable collection of information on the topic and the standard go-to resource for any engineer or researcher working in the area.New edition of the definitive book on tire mechanics, by the acknowledged world authority on the topicCovers everything an automotive engineer needs to know about pneumatic tires and their impact on vehicle performance, including mathematic modelling and its practical applicationMost vehicle manufacturers use what is commonly known as Pacejka’s ‘Magic Formula’, the tire model developed and presented in this book
Engineer high-performance, low-emission automobiles by overcoming traditional obstacles and efficiently harnessing energy from multiple sources. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Design and Control features complete coverage of all electrical, mechanical, and software components. Find out how to develop fast-charging battery systems, efficiently manage power, implement independent steering and force control, and enhance driving stability and controllability. This comprehensive guide offers detailed modeling, testing, and tuning techniques and provides an overview of emerging developments in hybrid technologies.
Coverage includes:4WIS and 4WID hardware and software Hybrid vehicle design structures Zero-radius turning and lateral parking Steer-by-wire and extended steering Behavior-based and zero-radius steering Traction force distribution and stability Battery, energy, and power management systems Cell equalization and fast-charging control MPC, load forecasting, and neural network classifi cation Best performance techniques
The second edition adds more information on power system stability, excitation system, and small disturbance analysis, as well as discussions related to grid integration of renewable power sources. The book is designed to be used as reference, review, or self-study for practitioners and consultants, or for students from related engineering disciplines that need to learn more about power systems.Includes comprehensive coverage of the analysis of power systems, useful as a one-stop resourceFeatures a large number of worked examples and objective questions (with answers) to help apply the material discussed in the bookOffers foundational content that provides background and review for the understanding and analysis of more specialized areas of electric power engineering
Reliable, low-cost electric power is a fundamental requirement for modern society, making possible such vital services as lighting, HVAC, transportation, communication, and data processing, in addition to driving motors of all sizes. A mainstay of industrial productivity and economic prosperity, it is also essential for safeguarding human life and health. This handbook is a valuable information resource on electric power for everyone from technical professionals to students and laypeople.
This compact, user-friendly edition updates and expands on the earlier edition. Its core content of power generation, distribution, lighting, wiring, motors, and project planning has been supplemented by new topics:
* CAD for preparing electrical drawings and estimates
* Basic switch and receptacle circuit wiring
* Structured wiring for multimedia
* Swimming pool and low-voltage lighting
* Electrical surge protection
An easy-to-read style makes complex topics understandable. It’s a must-have reference for those with a need or desire to get up to speed on the entire subject of electric power or just familiarize themselves with the latest advances--regardless of their formal education or training. Reader-helpful features in this edition include:
* Up-front chapter summaries to save time in finding topics of interest.
* References to related articles in the National Electrical Code.
* A bibliography identifying additional sources for digging deeper.
* Approximately 300 illustrations
This book provides a comprehensive coverage of vehicle system dynamics and control, particularly in the area of integrated vehicle dynamics control. The book consists of two parts, (1) development of individual vehicle system dynamic model and control methodology; and (2) development of integrated vehicle dynamic model and control methodology. The first part focuses on investigating vehicle system dynamics and control according to the three directions of vehicle motions, including longitudinal, vertical, and lateral. Corresponding individual control systems, e.g. Anti-lock Brake System (ABS), Active Suspension, Electric Power Steering System (EPS), are introduced and developed respectively.
Particular attention is paid in the second part of the book to develop integrated vehicle dynamic control system. Integrated vehicle dynamics control system is an advanced system that coordinates all the chassis control systems and components to improve the overall vehicle performance including safety, comfort, and economy. Integrated vehicle dynamics control has been an important research topic in the area of vehicle dynamics and control over the past two decades. The research topic on integrated vehicle dynamics control is investigated comprehensively and intensively in the book through both theoretical analysis and experimental study. In this part, two types of control architectures, i.e. centralized and multi-layer, have been developed and compared to demonstrate their advantages and disadvantages.Integrated vehicle dynamics control is a hot topic in automotive research; this is one of the few books to address both theory and practice of integrated systems Comprehensively explores the research area of integrated vehicle dynamics and control through both theoretical analysis and experimental study Addresses a full range of vehicle system topics including tyre dynamics, chassis systems, control architecture, 4 wheel steering system and design of control systems using Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI) Method
Suitable for motor designers, engineers, and manufacturers, as well as maintenance personnel, undergraduate and graduate students, and academic researchers, Mechanical Design of Electric Motors provides in-depth knowledge of state-of-the-art design methods and developments of electric motors. From motor classification, design of motor components, model setup, and material and bearing selections to power losses, motor cooling, design integration, vibration, and acoustic noise, this comprehensive text covers the fundamentals, practical design and design-related issues, modeling and simulation, engineering analysis, manufacturing processes, testing procedures, and performance characteristics of electric motors today.
Focusing on the mechanical design of modern electric motors, the book:
Details the design and manufacture of major components and subsystems, such as rotors, shafts, stators, and frames Reviews various cooling techniques, including forced air, liquid, and phase-change Discusses the analysis and calculation of motor power losses Addresses motor vibration and acoustic noise issues Presents engineering analysis methods and case study results Emphasizes construction, optimization, and applications
Featuring research results from the author’s own personal experience and the significant contributions of others, Mechanical Design of Electric Motors highlights innovative and advanced electric motors developed in recent decades.
New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems.Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilersPresents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentationDiscusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changedProvides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrumentConsistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and IndiaAll-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity LevelsDiscusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants
A thorough reference on the simulation and hardware implementation of BLDC motor drives, this book covers recent advances in the control of BLDC motor drives, including intelligent control, sensorless control, torque ripple reduction and hardware implementation. With the guidance of the expert author team, readers will understand the principle, modelling, design and control of BLDC motor drives. The advanced control methods and new achievements of BLDC motor drives, of interest to more advanced readers, are also presented. Focuses on the control of PM brushless DC motors, giving readers the foundations to the topic that they can build on through more advanced readingSystematically guides readers through the subject, introducing basic operational principles before moving on to advanced control algorithms and implementations Covers special issues, such as sensorless control, intelligent control, torque ripple reduction and hardware implementation, which also have applications to other types of motors Includes presentation files with lecture notes and Matlab 7 coding on a companion website for the book
Although rollovers are a small percentage of all traffic accidents, they do account for a large proportion of severe and fatal injuries. Specifically, some large passenger vehicles, such as large vans, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles, are more prone to rollover accidents with a high center of gravity (CG) and narrow track width. Vehicle rollover accidents may be grouped into two categories: tripped and untripped rollovers. A tripped rollover commonly occurs when a vehicle skids and digs its tires into soft soil or hits a tripping mechanism such as a curb with a sufficiently large lateral velocity. On the other hand, the untripped rollover is induced by extreme maneuvers during critical driving situations, such as excessive speed during cornering, obstacle avoidance, and severe lane change maneuver. In these situations, the forces at the tire-road contact point are large enough to cause the vehicle to roll over. Furthermore, vehicle rollover may occur due to external disturbances such as side-wind and steering excitation. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the dynamic stability and control of tripped and untripped vehicle rollover so as to avoid vehicle rollover accidents.
In this book, different dynamic models are used to describe the vehicle rollover under both untripped and special tripped situations. From the vehicle dynamics theory, rollover indices are deduced, and the dynamic stabilities of vehicle rollover are analyzed. In addition, some active control strategies are discussed to improve the anti-rollover performance of the vehicle.
Keep electric motors running at peak performance! Electric Motor Maintenance and Troubleshooting, Second Edition explains in detail how all types of AC and DC motors work. Essential for anyone who needs to buy, install, troubleshoot, maintain, or repair small to industrial-size electric motors, this practical guide contains new information on three-phase motors along with coverage of the latest test instruments.
Drawing on his more than 40 years of experience working with electric motors, expert author Augie Hand provides a wealth of tested procedures to pinpoint and correct any kind of issue. He'll help you decide whether to replace a motor, take it offline for repair, or repair it in place--decisions that can reduce down time. End-of-chapter questions reinforce the material covered in the book. Quickly and accurately diagnose electric motor problems and find effective solutions with help from this fully updated classic.
Electric Motor Maintenance and Troubleshooting, Second Edition covers:Troubleshooting and testing DC machines AC electric motor theory Single-phase motors Three-phase induction motors Troubleshooting less common motors, including synchronous, two-speed one-winding, and multispeed Test instruments and services
FeaturesConsiders complete dynamic modeling of induction and PMSM in the rotating frame. Provides various field-oriented controls, while covering advanced topics in PMSM high speed control, loss minimizing control, and sensorless control. Covers inverter, sensors, vehicle dynamics, driving cycles, etc., not just motor control itself. Offers a comparison between BLDC, surface PMSM, and interior PMSM. Discusses how the motor produces torque and is controlled based on consistent mathematical treatments.
This practical resource offers comprehensive coverage of the entire electrical field and its equipment, including troubleshooting and repair. You'll learn how to read and interpret schematics and drawings and safely work with all electrical components and systems on the jobsite.
The Second Edition features a new chapter on robotics, a new 16-page color insert, and information on the latest codes, regulations, and devices. Filled with more than 650 photos and diagrams, study questions, review problems, and detailed answers, this career-building tool helps you enhance your electrical and electronics expertise and apply it effectively in the workplace.
Industrial Electricity and Motor Controls, Second Edition covers:Tools and equipment Safety in the workplace Symbols used in electrical wiring diagrams and ladder diagrams Control circuits and diagrams Switches Magnetism and solenoids Relays Electric motors Timers and sensors Solenoids and valves Motor starting methods Solid-state reduced-voltage starters Speed control and monitoring Motor control and protection Three-phase controllers Drives Transformers Power generation Power distribution systems Programmable controllers Robotics Careers in electricity
Combining the fundamentals of vehicle dynamics with the basics of computer simulated modeling, Road Vehicle Dynamics: Fundamentals and Modeling Aspects draws on lecture notes from undergraduate and graduate courses given by the author, as well as industry seminars and symposiums, to provide practical insight on the subject. Requiring only a first course in dynamics and programming language as a prerequisite, this highly accessible book offers end-of-chapter exercises to reinforce concepts as well as programming examples and results using MATLAB®.
The book uses SI-units throughout, and begins with an introduction and overview of units and quantities, terminology and definitions, multibody dynamics, and equations of motion. It then discusses the road, highlighting both deterministic and stochastic road models; tire handling including contact calculation, longitudinal and lateral forces, vertical axis torques, and measurement and modeling techniques; and drive train components and concepts such as transmission, clutch, and power source.
Later chapters discuss suspension systems, including a dynamic model of rack-and-pinion steering as well as double-wishbone suspension systems; force elements such as springs, anti-roll bars, and hydro-mounts; and vehicle dynamics in vertical, longitudinal, and lateral directions using a simple model approach to examine the effects of nonlinear, dynamic, and active force elements. Highlighting useable knowledge, the book concludes with a three-dimensional vehicle model and typical results of standard driving maneuvers.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles provides an introduction to hybrid vehicles, which include purely electric, hybrid electric, hybrid hydraulic, fuel cell vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric, and off-road hybrid vehicular systems. It focuses on the power and propulsion systems for these vehicles, including issues related to power and energy management. Other topics covered include hybrid vs. pure electric, HEV system architecture (including plug-in & charging control and hydraulic), off-road and other industrial utility vehicles, safety and EMC, storage technologies, vehicular power and energy management, diagnostics and prognostics, and electromechanical vibration issues.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Second Edition is a comprehensively updated new edition with four new chapters covering recent advances in hybrid vehicle technology. New areas covered include battery modelling, charger design, and wireless charging. Substantial details have also been included on the architecture of hybrid excavators in the chapter related to special hybrid vehicles. Also included is a chapter providing an overview of hybrid vehicle technology, which offers a perspective on the current debate on sustainability and the environmental impact of hybrid and electric vehicle technology.Completely updated with new chapters Covers recent developments, breakthroughs, and technologies, including new drive topologies Explains HEV fundamentals and applications Offers a holistic perspective on vehicle electrification
Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Principles and Applications with Practical Perspectives, Second Edition is a great resource for researchers and practitioners in the automotive industry, as well as for graduate students in automotive engineering.
In dynamics we always have to do with causes or stimuli for motion, the rules of reaction or behavior and its result in the form of trajectory of changes.
This book is devoted to dynamics of a wide class of specific but very important objects such as electromechanical systems. This is a very rigorous discipline and has a long tradition, as its theoretical bases were formulated in the first half of the XIX century by d’ Alembert, Lagrange, Hamilton, Maxwell and other prominent scientists, but their crucial results were based on previous pioneering research of others such as Copernicus, Galileo, Newton...
This book in its theoretical foundations is based on the principle of least action which governs classical as well as relativistic mechanics and electromagnetism and leads to Lagrange’s equations which are applied in the book as universal method to construct equations of motion of electromechanical systems. It gives common and coherent grounds to formulate mathematical models for all lumped parameters’ electromechanical systems, which are vital in our contemporary industry and civilized everyday life.
From these remarks it seems that the book is general and theoretical but in fact it is a very practical one concerning modern electrical drives in a broad sense, including electromechanical energy conversion, induction motor drives, brushless DC drives with a permanent magnet excitation and switched reluctance machines (SRM). And of course their control, which means shaping of their trajectories of motion using modern tools, their designed autonomy in keeping a track according to our programmed expectations.
The problems presented in the book are widely illustrated by characteristics, trajectories, dynamic courses all computed by use of developed simulation models throughout the book. There are some classical subjects and the history of the discipline is discussed but finally all modern tools and means are presented and applied.
More detailed descriptions follow in abstracts for the particular chapters.
The author hopes kind readers will enjoy and profit from reading this book.