More related to zoology

Insects as a group occupy a middle ground in the biosphere between bac teria and viruses at one extreme, amphibians and mammals at the other. The size and general nature of insects present special problems to the student of entomology. For example, many commercially available in struments are geared to measure in grams, while the forces commonly en countered in studying insects are in the milligram range. Therefore, tech niques developed in the study of insects or in those fields concerned with the control of insect pests are often unique. Methods for measuring things are common to all sciences. Advances sometimes depend more on how something was done than on what was measured; indeed a given field often progresses from one technique to another as new methods are discovered, developed, and modified. Just as often, some of these techniques find their way into the classroom when the problems involved have been sufficiently ironed out to permit students to master the manipulations in a few laboratory periods. Many specialized techniques are confined to one specific research labo ratory. Although methods may be considered commonplace where they are used, in another context even the simplest procedures may save con siderable time. It is the purpose of this series (1) to report new develop ments in methodology, (2) to reveal sources of groups who have dealt with and solved particular entomological problems, and (3) to describe ex periments which might be applicable for use in biology laboratory courses.
Entomologist Justin O. Schmidt is on a mission. Some say it’s a brave exploration, others shake their heads in disbelief. His goal? To compare the impacts of stinging insects on humans, mainly using himself as the gauge.

In The Sting of the Wild, the colorful Dr. Schmidt takes us on a journey inside the lives of stinging insects, seeing the world through their eyes as well as his own. He explains how and why they attack and reveals the powerful punch they can deliver with a small venom gland and a "sting," the name for the apparatus that delivers the venom. We learn which insects are the worst to encounter and why some are barely worth considering.

The Sting of the Wild includes the complete Schmidt Sting Pain Index, published here for the first time. In addition to a numerical ranking of the agony of each of the eighty-three stings he’s sampled so far (from below 1 to an excruciatingly painful 4), Schmidt describes them in prose worthy of a professional wine critic: "Looks deceive. Rich and full-bodied in appearance, but flavorless" and "Pure, intense, brilliant pain. Like walking over flaming charcoal with a three-inch nail embedded in your heel."

Schmidt explains that, for some insects, stinging is used for hunting: small wasps, for example, can paralyze huge caterpillars and then lay their eggs inside so that their larvae can feast within. Others are used to kill competing insects, even members of their own species. Humans usually experience stings as defensive maneuvers used by insects to protect their nest mates.

With colorful descriptions of each venom’s sensation and a story that leaves you tingling with awe, The Sting of the Wild’s one-of-a-kind style will fire your imagination.

100 Jahre zoologischer Forschung – dokumentiert im HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE, das damit einen enormen Reichtum an gesammeltem Wissen bietet.

Verlinkungs- und Suchfunktionen auf Basis taxonomischer und thematischer Kategorien, sowie nach beliebigen Stichwörtern Online Vorabveröffentlichung von neuen Beiträgen Internationales Team von Herausgebern und Autoren Keine Einschränkungen bei der digitalen Rechteverwaltung – unbegrenzte Anzahl gleichzeitiger Nutzer an jeder Universität / Institution

Das HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE umschließt das gesamte Tierreich – Wirbeltiere und Wirbellose. Es bietet einen umfassenden und zugleich detaillierten Überblick zur Systematik und Morphologie der Tiere und beinhaltet ausführliche Erläuterungen weiterer Aspekte, wie der Physiologie, des Verhaltens, der Ökologie und der angewandten Zoologie. Auch wenn das Wissen über viele taxonomische Gruppen in den letzten Jahrzehnten enorm gewachsen ist, besteht das ehrgeizige Ziel des HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE weiterhin darin, mit Texten und wissenschaftlichen Verweisen eine umfassende, solide Basis für die weiterführende Forschung zu bieten. Die neuen Beiträge zu der Reihe sind das Ergebnis der gemeinsamen Arbeit des internationalen Herausgeber- und Autorenteams. Dieses Team strebt eine ausgeglichene Betrachtung der Artenvielfalt und Diversität, der Bedeutung bestimmter Gruppen im phylogenetischen Kontext, des historischen und aktuellen Kenntnisstands und der entsprechenden Quellen an. Alle Beiträge werden auf Englisch veröffentlicht und sind auf die internationale wissenschaftliche Gemeinschaft ausgerichtet.

Demnächst NEU: Annelida (Band 1), Mammalia und Miscellaneous Invertebrates , mit Erkenntnissen aus laufenden Forschungsprojekten. Geplant: Bryozoa, Nannomecoptera und Neomecoptera, Nemertea, Strepsiptera, weitere Bände in der Annelida-Reihe und Bearbeitung der Bände zu Reptilia.

Hintergrund

Vor einem Jahrhundert wurde durch Professor Willi Kükenthal in Berlin das Projekt um das ‚HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE‘ ins Leben gerufen. In diesem, heute renommierten Nachschlagewerk, wird die Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches von den Einzellern bis zu den Säugetieren in acht Bänden mit thematischem Schwerpunkt behandelt:

Band I Protozoa, Porifera, Colenteratea, Mesozoa (1925) Band II Vermes (1933/34); Band III Arthropoda ex. Insecta (1927/1932) Band IV Arthropoda: Insecta; Band V Solenogastres, Mollusca, Echinoderma (1925) Band VI Pisces / Amphibia (1930) Band VII Reptilia / Aves (1931) Band VIII Mammalia.

Die Bände IV Arthopoda: Insecta und VII Mammalia werden bis dato kontinuierlich in neuer Zählung durch neuste Forschungsergebnisse und in englischer Sprache erweitert.

In den letzten Jahrzehnten folgen die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse immer rascher aufeinander. Um seiner Stellung als Standardwerk gerecht zu bleiben und auch den heutigen Nutzeranforderungen zu folgen, wurde das HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE in 2010 neu strukturiert und alle Bände neben den gedruckten Werken auch als E-Book verlegt. Die ursprünglichen acht Bände wurden zugunsten kleinerer, flexibler Einheiten, welche dem heutigen Stand der Phylogenie besser entsprechen, aufgelöst.

Das HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE wird außerdem als das vorliegende Online Nachschlagewerk HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINE angeboten. Der ursprüngliche Inhalt des Handbuchs (ca. 28.000 Seiten) wurde nach taxonomischen statt bibliographischen Kategorien neu geordnet und bildet die historische Grundlage des HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINE. Aufgrund der verlinkten Verweise und der kurzen Publikationszeiten durch die Ahead-of-Print Veröffentlichung, ist das HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINE sowohl für Nutzer als auch für Autoren äußerst attraktiv. Es bietet eine unkomplizierte Suchfunktion nach taxonomischen und thematischen Kategorien und beliebigen Stichwörtern. Die Datenbank kann schnell aktualisiert und erweitert werden, sodass das HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINEstets auf dem neuesten Stand der Phylogenetik bleibt und sich dynamisch weiterentwickelt.

Insects as a group occupy a middle ground in the biosphere between bacteria and viruses at one extreme, amphibians and mammals at the other. The size and gen eral nature of insects present special problems to the student of entomology. For example, many commercially available instruments are geared to measure in grams, while the forces commonly encountered in studying insects are in the mil ligram range. Therefore, techniques developed in the study of insects or in those fields concerned with the control of insect pests are often unique. Methods for measuring things are common to all sciences. Advances sometimes depend more on how something was done than on what was measured; indeed a given field often progresses from one technique to another as new methods are discovered, developed, and modified. Just as often, some of these techniques fmd their way into the classroom when the problems involved have been suffici ently ironed out to permit students to master the manipulations in a few labo ratory periods. Many specialized techniques are confined to one specific research laboratory. Although methods may be considered commonplace where they are used, in another context even the simplest procedures may save considerable time. It is the purpose of this series (1) to report new developments in methodology, (2) to reveal sources of groups who have dealt with and solved particular entomological problems, and (3) to describe experiments which might be applicable for use in biology laboratory courses.
This lavishly illustrated guide will enable you to identify the caterpillars of nearly 700 butterflies and moths found east of the Mississippi. The more than 1,200 color photographs and two dozen line drawings include numerous exceptionally striking images. The giant silk moths, tiger moths, and many other species covered include forest pests, common garden guests, economically important species, and of course, the Mescal Worm and Mexican Jumping Bean caterpillars. Full-page species accounts cover almost 400 species, with up to six images per species including an image of the adult plus succinct text with information on distribution, seasonal activity, foodplants, and life history. These accounts are generously complemented with additional images of earlier instars, closely related species, noteworthy behaviors, and other intriguing aspects of caterpillar biology.

Many caterpillars are illustrated here for the first time. Dozens of new foodplant records are presented and erroneous records are corrected. The book provides considerable information on the distribution, biology, and taxonomy of caterpillars beyond that available in other popular works on Eastern butterflies and moths. The introductory chapter covers caterpillar structure, life cycles, rearing, natural enemies, photography, and conservation. The section titled "Caterpillar Projects" will be of special interest to educators.


Given the dearth of accessible guides on the identification and natural history of caterpillars, Caterpillars of Eastern North America is a must for entomologists and museum curators, forest managers, conservation biologists and others who seek a compact, easy-to-use guide to the caterpillars of this vast region.



A compact guide to nearly 700 caterpillars east of the Mississippi, from forest pests to garden guests and economically important species
1,200 color photos and 24 line drawings enable easy identification
Full-page species accounts with image of adult insect for almost 400 species, plus succinct text on distribution and other vital information
Many caterpillars illustrated here for the first time
Current information on distribution, biology, and taxonomy not found in other popular works
A section geared toward educators, "Caterpillar Projects"
An indispensable resource for all who seek an easy-to-use guide to the caterpillars of this vast region
Covering 100 years of zoological research, the Handbook of Zoology represents a vast store of knowledge.

Handbook of Zoology provides an in-depth treatment of the entire animal kingdom covering both invertebrates and vertebrates. It publishes comprehensive overviews on animal systematics and morphology and covers extensively further aspects like physiology, behavior, ecology and applied zoological research. Although our knowledge regarding many taxonomic groups has grown enormously over the last decades, it is still the objective of the Handbook of Zoology to be comprehensive in the sense that text and references together provide a solid basis for further research. Editors and authors seek a balance between describing species richness and diversity, explaining the importance of certain groups in a phylogenetic context and presenting a review of available knowledge and up-to-date references. New contributions to the series present the combined effort of an international team of editors and authors, entirely published in English and tailored to the needs of the international scientific community.

Upcoming volumes and projects in progress include volumes on Annelida (Volumes 1-3), Bryozoa, Mammalia, Miscellaneous Invertebrates, Nannomecoptera, Neomecoptera and Strepsiptera and are followed later by fishes, reptiles and further volumes on mammals.

Background

The renowned German reference work Handbook of Zoology was founded in the 1920's by Professor Willi Kükenthal in Berlin and treated the complete animal kingdom from single cell organisms to mammals in eight thematic volumes:

Volume I Protozoa, Porifera, Colenteratea, Mesozoa (1925); Volume II Vermes (1933/34); Volume III Arthropoda ex. Insecta (1927/1932); Volume IV Arthropoda: Insecta; Volume V Solenogastres, Mollusca, Echinoderma (1925); Volume VI Pisces / Amphibia (1930); Volume VII Reptilia / Aves (1931); Volume VIII Mammalia.

The Volumes IV Arthropoda: Insecta and VII Mammalia continued publication into the present with the most recent contributions in English language.

Adapting to the accelerating speed of scientific discovery in the past decades the Handbook of Zoology entered a next phase in 2010.

In the new edition of the Handbook of Zoology, the original eight thematic volumes gave way for smaller and more flexible groupings that reflect the current state of phylogenetic knowledge. All subsequent volumes were published in print as well as e-book format.

The Handbook of Zoology is additionally offered as a database, the Handbook of Zoology Online, which can easily be searched and rapidly updated.

Original Handbook material (ca. 28 000 pages) has been reordered along taxonomic (instead of bibliographical) categories and forms the historical basis of this Online Reference Work. As a living Online Reference, the content is continuously updated and new content added. The material can be accessed through taxonomic and subject categories as well as free text, with a diversity of linking and search options.

Faster publication times through online-first publication, reference- and cross-linking, and make the Handbook of Zoology highly attractive to both authors and users.

For millennia, humans have regarded snakes with an exceptional combination of fascination and revulsion. Some people recoil in fear at the very suggestion of these creatures, while others happily keep them as pets. Snakes can convey both beauty and menace in a single tongue flick and so these creatures have held a special place in our cultures. Yet, for as many meanings that we attribute to snakes—from fertility and birth to sin and death—the real-life species represent an even wider array of wonders.
The Book of Snakes presents 600 species of snakes from around the world, covering nearly one in six of all snake species. It will bring greater understanding of a group of reptiles that have existed for more than 160 million years, and that now inhabit every continent except Antarctica, as well as two of the great oceans.
This volume pairs spectacular photos with easy-to-digest text. It is the first book on these creatures that combines a broad, worldwide sample with full-color, life-size accounts. Entries include close-ups of the snake’s head and a section of the snake at actual size. The detailed images allow readers to examine the intricate scale patterns and rainbow of colors as well as special features like a cobra’s hood or a rattlesnake’s rattle. The text is written for laypeople and includes a glossary of frequently used terms. Herpetologists and herpetoculturists alike will delight in this collection, and even those with a more cautious stance on snakes will find themselves drawn in by the wild diversity of the suborder Serpentes.
The theme of the book is highly relevant to the current emphasis on environment conservation, with focus on native biodiversity conservation in agro-ecosystems. The current impetus being given to organic farming and export oriented agri-hortculture in the country calls for access to relevant scientific knowledge base among the stakeholders. Research on biological pest control is more than a century old in India. Egg parasitoids, which are mainly tiny wasps, led by the family Trichogrammatidae, are the most widely utilized natural enemies for biological control globally. Over thirty countries are using these bioagents to protect over 10 million hectares of agricultural and forestry crops from many important insect pests. The book comprises 18 chapters, which are arranged in continuum, commencing with basic aspects of knowledge and ending in their utilization targets. The chapters cover broadly four areas: bio-diversity and natural occurrence of egg parasitoids, behaviour and adaptation of egg parasitoids, mass production and safe use of egg parasitoids and utilisation of egg parasitoids in different crop ecosystems. Some of the chapters cater to the needs of discipline-wise update on the current R&D scenario-like insect taxonomy, biotechnology, mass-production and quality control of the target organisms - egg-parasitoids, which are useful for laboratory scientists/researchers. There are also chapters devoted to knowledge status and scope for utilization of egg parasitoids in different target crops, which cater to requirements of field entomologists and extensionists for use in their tasks of guiding farmers/local guides. The book is different in approach, method, structure and content and ensures holistic coverage of the topic. The chapters are written by active and experienced workers in different crops and aspects and co-edited by four very experienced experts who have over three decades R&D experience in the subject. All the authors have uniformly focussed on comprehensive literature study and critical identification of knowledge gaps for future R&D, thus the book is novel in outlook, up-to-date in content and comprehensive in coverage of themes. This book will be useful for supplementary reading for MSc Agriculture and PhD Agriculture students, besides MSc/PhD research students in Zoology/Environmental Biology, who are specialising in Entomology. It would also serve as a very useful reference book for researchers worldwide, though focus is also there on Indian work. It addresses the special information needs of students and faculty, besides practitioners and extensionists in the Australasia and Africa regions and thus not limited to the R&D knowledge generated in developed countries.
In the English edition of his landmark book Endosymbiosis of Animals with Plant Microorganisms (1965), Professor Paul Buchner, probably the most prominent founder of systematic symbiosis research, wrote: “I too soon fell victim to the spell of this subject, and from 1911 on devoted myself to it.” Almost half a century later, a growing number of entomologists are recognizing the impact that arthropod-bacteria symbiosis has on virtually all aspects of the biology of both host and symbiont. The discussion of this subject tends to be system based, with primary emphasis on the insect host. However, recent screening studies have revealed that the diversity of bacteria associated with arthropods may not be as wide as initially expected, and some genera are constantly being found in hosts that belong to distantly related taxa.

Manipulative Tenants: Bacteria Associated with Arthropods introduces the fascinating world of bacteria-arthropod associations with an emphasis on the bacterial partner. Written by an interdisciplinary team of international contributors, this book provides an overview of the diversity of bacterial symbionts identified to date as frequent partners of terrestrial arthropods. It discusses primary (obligatory) symbionts as well as the most abundant secondary (facultative) symbionts currently known.

Summarizing the most up-to-date information available on each symbiont, the book presents a synopsis of the field from the bacterial angle. Chapters examine Proteobacteria, including Sodalis and Wigglesworthia in tsetse flies and Stammerula and other symbiotic bacteria in fruit flies, as well as Bacteroidetes such as Blattabacterium and Cardinium. The book also identifies questions that emerge from the study of these systems. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic of bacteria-arthropod associations to researchers who are not familiar with it, enlarges the scope of knowledge of those who are, and provides a textbook for students in microbiology and other branches of biology.

100 Jahre zoologischer Forschung – dokumentiert im HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE, das damit einen enormen Reichtum an gesammeltem Wissen bietet.

Verlinkungs- und Suchfunktionen auf Basis taxonomischer und thematischer Kategorien, sowie nach beliebigen Stichwörtern Online Vorabveröffentlichung von neuen Beiträgen Internationales Team von Herausgebern und Autoren Keine Einschränkungen bei der digitalen Rechteverwaltung – unbegrenzte Anzahl gleichzeitiger Nutzer an jeder Universität / Institution

Das HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE umschließt das gesamte Tierreich – Wirbeltiere und Wirbellose. Es bietet einen umfassenden und zugleich detaillierten Überblick zur Systematik und Morphologie der Tiere und beinhaltet ausführliche Erläuterungen weiterer Aspekte, wie der Physiologie, des Verhaltens, der Ökologie und der angewandten Zoologie. Auch wenn das Wissen über viele taxonomische Gruppen in den letzten Jahrzehnten enorm gewachsen ist, besteht das ehrgeizige Ziel des HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE weiterhin darin, mit Texten und wissenschaftlichen Verweisen eine umfassende, solide Basis für die weiterführende Forschung zu bieten. Die neuen Beiträge zu der Reihe sind das Ergebnis der gemeinsamen Arbeit des internationalen Herausgeber- und Autorenteams. Dieses Team strebt eine ausgeglichene Betrachtung der Artenvielfalt und Diversität, der Bedeutung bestimmter Gruppen im phylogenetischen Kontext, des historischen und aktuellen Kenntnisstands und der entsprechenden Quellen an. Alle Beiträge werden auf Englisch veröffentlicht und sind auf die internationale wissenschaftliche Gemeinschaft ausgerichtet.

Demnächst NEU: Annelida (Band 1), Mammalia und Miscellaneous Invertebrates , mit Erkenntnissen aus laufenden Forschungsprojekten. Geplant: Bryozoa, Nannomecoptera und Neomecoptera, Nemertea, Strepsiptera, weitere Bände in der Annelida-Reihe und Bearbeitung der Bände zu Reptilia.

Hintergrund

Vor einem Jahrhundert wurde durch Professor Willi Kükenthal in Berlin das Projekt um das ‚HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE‘ ins Leben gerufen. In diesem, heute renommierten Nachschlagewerk, wird die Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches von den Einzellern bis zu den Säugetieren in acht Bänden mit thematischem Schwerpunkt behandelt:

Band I Protozoa, Porifera, Colenteratea, Mesozoa (1925) Band II Vermes (1933/34); Band III Arthropoda ex. Insecta (1927/1932) Band IV Arthropoda: Insecta; Band V Solenogastres, Mollusca, Echinoderma (1925) Band VI Pisces / Amphibia (1930) Band VII Reptilia / Aves (1931) Band VIII Mammalia.

Die Bände IV Arthopoda: Insecta und VII Mammalia werden bis dato kontinuierlich in neuer Zählung durch neuste Forschungsergebnisse und in englischer Sprache erweitert.

In den letzten Jahrzehnten folgen die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse immer rascher aufeinander. Um seiner Stellung als Standardwerk gerecht zu bleiben und auch den heutigen Nutzeranforderungen zu folgen, wurde das HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE in 2010 neu strukturiert und alle Bände neben den gedruckten Werken auch als E-Book verlegt. Die ursprünglichen acht Bände wurden zugunsten kleinerer, flexibler Einheiten, welche dem heutigen Stand der Phylogenie besser entsprechen, aufgelöst.

Das HANDBUCH DER ZOOLOGIE wird außerdem als das vorliegende Online Nachschlagewerk HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINE angeboten. Der ursprüngliche Inhalt des Handbuchs (ca. 28.000 Seiten) wurde nach taxonomischen statt bibliographischen Kategorien neu geordnet und bildet die historische Grundlage des HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINE. Aufgrund der verlinkten Verweise und der kurzen Publikationszeiten durch die Ahead-of-Print Veröffentlichung, ist das HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINE sowohl für Nutzer als auch für Autoren äußerst attraktiv. Es bietet eine unkomplizierte Suchfunktion nach taxonomischen und thematischen Kategorien und beliebigen Stichwörtern. Die Datenbank kann schnell aktualisiert und erweitert werden, sodass das HANDBOOK OF ZOOLOGY ONLINEstets auf dem neuesten Stand der Phylogenetik bleibt und sich dynamisch weiterentwickelt.

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