Tracing the history of the concept, the book shows that there are fundamental tensions between legal, philosophical and social-scientific approaches to human rights. This analysis throws light on some of the most controversial issues in the field: Is the idea of the universality of human rights consistent with respect for cultural difference? Are there collective human rights? What are the underlying causes of human-rights violations? And why do some countries have much worse human-rights records than others?
The third edition has been substantially revised and updated to take account of recent developments, including the ‘Arab Spring’, the civil war in Syria, the refugee crisis, ISIS and international terrorism, and climate change politics. Widely admired and assigned for its clarity and comprehensiveness, this book remains a ‘go-to’ text for students in the social sciences, as well as students of human-rights law who want an introduction to the non-legal aspects of their subject.
Begin by exploring the fundamental aspects of image optimisation, from fixing exposure and making colour adjustments, to sharpening and noise reduction - essential steps that elevate simple snapshots to stunning images. Then move on to explore the advanced possibilities of black-and-white conversion, panoramic stitching, HDR imaging, and more. Learn to recognise the right tools for the job, saving you time on the computer and ensuring each image gets the treatment it deserves.
Whether you're salvaging an underexposed shot or building a composite of multiple images, these techniques will give your photography a professional and refined style.
Each section is organised into discrete units that articulate a working method for communicating particular ideas and capturing certain subjects. Dive into beautiful images and explore how each compositional element is placed and arranged in relationship to each other. Examine the outtakes from each shoot to understand why one particular image succeeded, compared to those shot before and after. Track the viewer's eye as it moves throughout the photo to see the optical dynamics held within each frame. And most of all, internalise this graphic language so you can instantly recognise amazing and powerful shots as they appear in your own viewfinder.
"This book tells what should have been known and isn't—that Israel's hidden force is as formidable as its recognized physical strength."
— Israeli President Shimon Peres
Combining straightforward guidance with artistic insight, this comprehensive handbook is an essential piece of kit for photographers of every style and experience level.
Michael Freeman shows you how to:
· Make the most of the gear you have
· Master the classic styles & subjects
· Compose shots with skill and confidence
· Share your work in a meaningful way
It's everything you need to be a successful photographer.
Now, in The Photographer's Vision, he examines the work of photography's greats, explaining how to look at a photo - and how to learn from looking at it.
The featured work includes some of the most distinguished names in photography's history: Nick Knight, Frederick Henry Evans, Frans Lanting, Tim Page, Wolfgang Tillmans, Nan Goldin, Paul Outerbridge, Walker Evans, Cindy Sherman, Elliott Erwitt, Trent Parke, Jeff Wall, Paul Strand, Romano Cagnoni, Horst Faas, James Casebere and many more, making this book visually stunning as well as intellectually authoritative.
Hailed upon its hardcover publication as an instant classic, the critically acclaimed New York Times bestseller 102 Minutes is now available in a revised edition timed to honor the tenth anniversary of the attacks of September 11, 2001.
At 8:46 a.m. that morning, fourteen thouosand people were inside the World Trade Center just starting their workdays, but over the next 102 minutes, each would become part of a drama for the ages. Of the millions of words written about this wrenching day, most were told from the outside looking in. New York Times reporters Jim Dwyer and Kevin Flynn draw on hundreds of interviews with rescuers and survivors, thousands of pages of oral histories, and countless phone, e-mail, and emergency radio transcripts to tell the story of September 11 from the inside looking out.
Dwyer and Flynn have woven an epic and unforgettable account of the struggle, determination, and grace of the ordinary men and women who made 102 minutes count as never before.
102 Minutes is a 2005 National Book Award Finalist for Nonfiction.
Freeman covers all aspects of black-and-white digital photography: the fine art tradition as well as the techniques. Learn how to see and expose in black and white, digitally convert colour to monochrome and develop a black and white digital workflow using the latest software.
Exposure is at the very heart of photography. It has always been a subject of fascination to aspiring amateurs and professional photographers alike. Developments in digital technology have transformed the ways in which exposures can be manipulated, and this in turn has forced photographers to think about what they can achieve by understanding the variables of aperture, ISO, and time.
In this book Michael Freeman takes you through this difficult and fast-moving area using unique workflow illustrations, histograms, and clear, visual examples to explore the subtleties of the subject and enable you to shoot with confidence.
Divided into six sections - Fast-track & Foolproof, Technical, The Twelve, Style, Post-processing, and Reference - the book will provide you with the necessary instruction to get perfect exposure anywhere and with any subject matter.
Tapping into his decades of experience shooting for such publications as Smithsonian, GEO, and Condé Nast Traveller (among many others), Michael Freeman studies the photo-essay phenomenon that took the world by storm and gave storytellers a completely new set of tools to construct their narratives. Having established how rhythm, pacing, and careful organisation build tension and cultivate interest, Freeman goes on to explain what this means for presenting your own photos, particularly in the new digital formats of online galleries, slideshows, and tablets.
The Photographer's Story will enliven your images, refresh your perspective, and elevate your understanding of how photographs work together to tell a story. Your audiences will thank you for it.
On September 12th, 2012, Brandon Webb learned Glen Doherty, one of his closest friends and his former Navy SEAL teammate, was killed alongside Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and two other Americans when the U.S. State Department and CIA headquarters in Benghazi, Libya, were sieged in a shocking terrorist attack. For the next four months, Webb and his team at SOFREP.com, the world’s premier Special Ops website, embarked on a relentless investigation to understand exactly what happened to their countrymen, as well as the roles played by the Obama administration, State Department, and CIA. Drawing on unmatched sources, they spoke to individuals who would talk to no one else, including fellow Special Operations team members familiar with the African theatre, and to well-placed contacts in the Washington intelligence community. This is their report—an unforgettably gripping minute-by-minute narrative of the events and their aftermath as they really unfolded on that terrible day in Libya.
Going beyond the basics, Michael Freeman reveals why certain photographs succeed, demystifying the abstract aesthetics to give practical rules and real-world advice that will enhance your images and inspire your creativity. Presented in a straightforward, down-to-earth method, these compositional principles will become second nature, giving you the creative freedom to seek out new, stunning shots of your own. What's more, you will develop reliable skills to approach a wide variety of subjects - from portraits to landscapes and everything in between - and to consistently present them in a strong, compelling composition.
Having first established the fundamental aesthetic choices that go into every B&W conversion, Michael Freeman goes on to review the noble tradition of black and white, detailing its numerous styles and fashions, with step-by-step instructions on how to achieve each effect, regardless of your particular software. Presented in a straightforward and easy-to-understand format, you will soon be able to both visualise exactly how you want your final image to appear, and achieve that signature look with efficient workflows and powerful conversion techniques.
These skills open up new worlds of photographic opportunity everywhere you look, and encourage artistic growth just as much as they inspire you to try new styles and exciting treatments.
Opening with a section on the qualities of different kinds of low light, the book then deals with ways of overcoming gloomy situations, whether you're shooting hand-held or on a tripod. Post-production fixes are also covered, allowing the reader to turn difficult shots into amazing images.
The Colour Photography Field Guide provides a unique look at analysing and combining three important ways of dealing with colour. The first is the subjective and cultural response to individual colour: the perception. The second is how colours are found and appear in photography: the science. The third is the means by which they can be viewed and altered digitally: the expression.
- A clear and technically precise look at how colour affects your digital images
- Portable and lightweight, for on-the-spot information and inspiration
- With a host of case studies examining difficult colour situations such as capturing flesh tones and unreal colours
Getting great street shots is much more than just a matter of chance. Michael Freeman details the optimal strategies for anticipating the action before it happens, and the fastest techniques that ensure you're ready with your finger on the shutter for that critical moment. A thorough overview of which equipment is best suited for each particular style lets you make the most of the gear you have, even in the most challenging lighting conditions. And a series of exercises keeps you engaged and alert to the creative potential of countless scenes throughout your daily life.
Beyond the gear and technique, you will also learn to think like a street photographer - recognising not just captivating scenes with engaging subjects, but also innovative angles from which to capture them, all with the split-second instinct of a professional.
Start your exploration of this vast subject by deconstructing and studying its elements-from the most reliable locations to the classic compositions. Next, learn how to find and position yourself in the optimal viewpoints for original and creative interpretations of these massive subjects. Using the right gear and techniques for each frame, you will be able to capture depth and dimensionality that speak to the grandeur of these exotic locations. With the sky as your studio, you can make the weather work for you to provide a stunning variety of spectacular light.
Going beyond the purely technical side, Freeman also dives into the mind of the landscape photographer, addressing the environment, studying how distinct colour palettes can evoke moods, and following in the illustrious tradition of B&W landscapes. The studio will start to feel very small indeed once you start exploring the great outdoors!
For her whole life, Souad Mekhennet, a reporter for The Washington Post who was born and educated in Germany, has had to balance the two sides of her upbringing – Muslim and Western. She has also sought to provide a mediating voice between these cultures, which too often misunderstand each other.
In this compelling and evocative memoir, we accompany Mekhennet as she journeys behind the lines of jihad, starting in the German neighborhoods where the 9/11 plotters were radicalized and the Iraqi neighborhoods where Sunnis and Shia turned against one another, and culminating on the Turkish/Syrian border region where ISIS is a daily presence. In her travels across the Middle East and North Africa, she documents her chilling run-ins with various intelligence services and shows why the Arab Spring never lived up to its promise. She then returns to Europe, first in London, where she uncovers the identity of the notorious ISIS executioner “Jihadi John,” and then in France, Belgium, and her native Germany, where terror has come to the heart of Western civilization.
Mekhennet’s background has given her unique access to some of the world’s most wanted men, who generally refuse to speak to Western journalists. She is not afraid to face personal danger to reach out to individuals in the inner circles of Al Qaeda, the Taliban, ISIS, and their affiliates; when she is told to come alone to an interview, she never knows what awaits at her destination.
Souad Mekhennet is an ideal guide to introduce us to the human beings behind the ominous headlines, as she shares her transformative journey with us. Hers is a story you will not soon forget.