More by Arthur Schopenhauer
For 70 years, the only unabridged English translation of this work was the Haldane-Kemp collaboration. In 1958, a new translation by E. F. J. Payne appeared that decisively supplanted the older one. Payne's translation is superior because it corrects nearly 1,000 errors and omissions in the Haldane-Kemp translation, and it is based on the definitive 1937 German edition of Schopenhauer's work prepared by Dr. Arthur Hübscher. Payne's edition is the first to translate into English the text's many quotations in half a dozen languages. It is thus the most useful edition for the student or teacher.
Schopenhauer's reasoning encompasses the influence of the Upanishads and Buddhist teachings, as well as the works of Plato and Kant. His philosophy had an enormous impact on contemporary philosophy and literature, and on subsequent thinkers such as Nietzsche, Freud, and Wittgenstein. Published toward the end of his life in a collection called Parerga und Paralipomena, these essays include "On the Sufferings of the World," "On the Vanity of Existence," "On Suicide," "Immortality: A Dialogue," "Further Psychological Observations," "On Education," "On Women," and "On Noise," plus "A Few Parables." They remain among Schopenhauer's most popular works, offering insights into his philosophy as a whole as well as the human condition.
Schopenhauer makes a distinction between freedom of acting (which he endorses) and the freedom of willing (which he refutes). The philosopher regards human activity as entirely determined, but he also posits that the variety of freedom that cannot be established in the sphere of human activity resides at the level of individuated will — a reality that transcends all dependency on outside factors. Because the essay's clear and rigorous argument reveals many basic features of his thought, it forms a useful introduction to Schopenhauer for students of philosophy or religion.
subject-headings. These works won widespread attention with their publication in 1851, helping to secure lasting international fame for Schopenhauer. Indeed, their intellectual vigor, literary power, and rich diversity are still extraordinary even today.
Starting with his polemic against Kant's ethics of duty, Schopenhauer anticipates the latter-day critics of moral philosophy. Arguing that compassion forms the basis of morality, he outlines a perspective on ethics in which passion and desire correspond to different moral characters, behaviors, and worldviews. In conclusion, Schopenhauer defines his metaphysics of morals, employing Kant's transcendental idealism to illustrate both the interconnectiveness of being and the affinity of his ethics to Eastern thought.
In The Wisdom of Life, an essay from Schopenhauer's final work, Parerga und Paralipomena (1851), the philosopher favors individual strength of will and independent, reasoned deliberation over the tendency to act on irrational impulses. He examines the ways in which life can be arranged to derive the highest degree of pleasure and success, presents guidelines to achieving this full and rich manner of living, and advises that even a life well lived must always aspire to grander heights. Abounding in subjects of enduring relevance, Schopenhauer's highly readable work appears here in an excellent translation.
“Schopenhauer’s philosophy has had a special attraction for those who wonder about life’s meaning, along with those engaged in music, literature, and the visual arts.” —Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Essential Schopenhauer delivers the first comprehensive English anthology of the seminal philosopher’s writings. Edited by Wolfgang Schirmacher, president of the International Schopenhauer Association, this indispensible collection affords readers a uniquely accessible gateway into the monolithic thinker’s prodigious body of work. Just as the Harper Perennial Basic Writings series renders the work of Heidegger and Nietzsche accessible for English readers, The Essential Schopenhauer gives us unprecedented access to the complex ideas of this profound and influential thinker.
Confronté au néant de la vie qui mène inéluctablement à la mort, Arthur Schopenhauer, dont la philosophie est en grande partie un effort pour sortir de l'idéalisme, s'interroge sur ce primat de la Volonté, ce régime d'instincts, de pulsions et de désirs aveugles, qui nous pousse, malgré tout, à vouloir vivre.
Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.
More than any other work, On Human Nature offers an expression of Schopenhauer's views, including the depth of his interests, his biases, and his philosophy. Students of history and philosophy along with other readers will appreciate these lucid, accessible observations on government, free will and fatalism, character, moral instinct, and ethics.
Dem Gerechten keine Gesetze, und dem Weisen keine Rathschläge. Und doch hat noch Keiner so viel gewußt, als er für sich brauchte. Eines hast du mir zu verzeihen, ein Andres zu danken: daß ich nämlich dieses Handbuch der Lebensklugheit ein »Orakel« genannt habe, denn es ist ein solches, wegen des Sentenziösen und Gedrungenen; sodann aber, daß ich dir in Einem Federzuge alle zwölf Werke Gracian's darbiete, deren jedes so hoch geschätzt wird, daß sein »Weltkluger« kaum in Spanien erschienen war, als er schon in Frankreich, in dessen Sprache übersetzt und an dessen Hofe gedruckt, genossen wurde. Gegenwärtiges sei der Vernunft ein Denkbuch bei dem Gastmahl ihrer Weisen, in welches sie die in den übrigen Werken aufzutragenden Schüsseln der Klugheit einschreibe, um den Genuß auf eine anmuthige Weise zu vervielfältigen.
Bien avant Freud, le misanthrope amateur de jolies femmes insiste sur la puissante force motrice de la sexualité.
Le véritable philosophe ne saurait être un docile fonctionnaire d'État, mais un esprit libre et impertinent. Nietzsche se souviendra de cette leçon de son « éducateur » dans Par-delà le bien et le mal quand il opposera les philosophes de l'avenir aux simples « ouvriers