Occupational safety and health

Occupational and environmental health is the public health and multidisciplinary approach to the recognition, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of disease, injuries, and other adverse health conditions resulting from hazardous environmental exposures in the workplace, the home, or the community. These are essential elements of public health practice and the core course in Environmental Health in Masters of Public Health programs. Thoroughly updated and expanded upon, the sixth edition of Occupational and Environmental Health provides comprehensive coverage and a clear understanding of occupational and environmental health and its relationships to public health, environmental science, and governmental policy. New chapters include Toxicology, Risk Communication, Health Equity and Social Justice, Occupational and Environmental Health Surveillance, Food Safety, Protecting Disaster Rescue and Recovery Workers, Implementing Programs and Policies for a Healthy Workforce, and Addressing the Built Environment and Health. The authors also expand on chapters included in previous chapters, and the book features practical case studies, numerous tables, graphs, and photos, and annotated bibliographies. Reviews for previous editions: "This text goes a long way in meeting the need for a brief overview of the entire field. The quality of writing is in general excellent, and this is a physically attractive book. Chapters are concise and to the point. The use of illustrative cases in many of the chapters is a definite plus. This an excellent book and a mainstay for introductory courses in the field."--The American Journal of Industrial Medicine "It achieves a good blend of practical application, together with the elements of the supporting sciences, such as toxicology and epidemiology, as well the social context. It is a useful text to inform and support day-to-day practice, to educate students, and to help with examinations. If I had not received a reviewer's copy, i would have bought the book out of my own pocket."--Occupational and Environmental Medicine "The book is geared primarily to medical personnel and professionals, but it contains many chapters that would be of use to nearly everyone. It is a delight to read."--Journal of Community Health
Reflecting changes in the current health and safety landscape, Occupational Health and Safety Management: A Practical Approach, Third Edition includes examples and tools to facilitate development and implementation of a safety and health management approach. This how-to book is not just an information providing text. It shows you how to write a program and identify hazards as well as involve workers and attain their cooperation. It emphasizes the need for better and more effective communication regarding safety and health.

See What’s New in the Third Edition:

  • Chapters on workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety/sustainability
  • Additional coverage of flammable liquids and ventilation, accident reporting, and accident investigation
  • New compliance requirements as well as expanded accident investigation, environmental, and risk analysis guidelines
  • PowerPoint presentation slides for each chapter
  • A complete and practical guide for the development and management of occupational safety and health programs in any industry setting, the book supplies a management blueprint that can be used for occupational safety and health in any organization, from the smallest to the largest, beginning to develop or wanting to improve its safety and health approach. It includes comprehensive guidelines for development of occupational health and safety programs to a variety of industries and is especially useful for start-up companies.

    The author takes a total management approach to the development of written programs, the identification of hazards, the mitigation of hazards by the use of common safety and health tools, the development of a safe workforce through communications, motivational techniques, involvement, and training. He addresses the tracking and acceptable risk from both safety and health hazards. He also discusses how to work with and within the OSHA compliance approach as well as how to deal with the OSHA regulations, workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety. As you understand and apply the guidelines in each chapter, you can put your company on the way toward building a successful and effective safety and health effort for its employers and employees.

    Maximizing reader insights into a new movement toward leadership approaches that are collaborated and shared, and which views Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and performance excellence within the wider examination of leadership relationships and practices, this book argues that these relationships and processes are so central to the establishment of OSH functioning that studying them warrants a broad, cross-disciplinary, multiple method analysis.

    Exploring the complexity of leadership by the impact that contexts (e.g., national and organizational culture) may have on leaders, this book discusses the related literature, then moves forward to show how a more comprehensive practical approach to Occupational Safety and Health and performance excellence can function on levels pertaining to events, individuals, groups, and organizations. This book proposes that greater clarity in understanding leadership in Occupational Safety and Health and performance excellence can be developed from addressing two fundamental issues. Firstly, how do subunit inputs and processes combine to produce unit-level outcomes and how does leadership affect this process? Secondly, how do the leaders influence the way that individual-level inputs are combined to produce organizational outputs. In these issues, the alternative methodologies that allow precise measurement of organizational outputs in OSH and performance excellence are reviewed.

    To help readers navigate through the best practices, each chapter contains Question Guidelines, Exercises and Case studies which illustrate the concepts discussed and which serves to highlight the key evidence demonstrating that collaborative leadership can positively affect individual, group, and organizational level outcomes, including organizational OSH and performance excellence.

    This book integrates the growing clinical research evidence related to the emerging transdisciplinary field of occupational health and wellness. It includes a wide range of important topics, ranging from current conceptual approaches to health and wellness in the workplace, to common problems in the workplace such as presenteeism/abstenteeism, common illnesses, job-related burnout, to prevention and intervention methods. It consists of five major parts. Part I, “Introduction and Overviews,” provides an overview and critical evaluation of the emerging conceptual models that are currently driving the clinical research and practices in the field. This serves as the initial platform to help better understand the subsequent topics to be discussed. Part II, “Major Occupational Symptoms and Disorders,” exposes the reader to the types of critical occupational health risks that have been well documented, as well as the financial and productivity losses associated with them. In Part III, “Evaluation of Occupational Causes and Risks to Workers’ Health,” a comprehensive evaluation of these risks and causes of such occupational health threats is provided. This leads to Part IV, “Prevention and Intervention Methods,” which delineates methods to prevent or intervene with these potential occupational health issues. Part V, “Research, Evaluation, Diversity and Practice,” concludes the book with the review of epidemiological, measurement, diversity, policy, and practice issues–with guidelines on changes that are needed to decrease the economic and health care impact of illnesses in the workplace, and recommendations for future. All chapters provide a balance among theoretical models, current best-practice guidelines, and evidence-based documentation of such models and guidelines. The contributors were carefully selected for their unique knowledge, as well as their ability to meaningfully present this information in a comprehensive manner. As such, this Handbook is of great interest and use to health care and rehabilitation professionals, management and human resource personnel, researchers and academicians alike.
    This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book.

    Today's concise, up-to-date guide to basic safety and health in the workplace.

    Basics of Occupational Safety, Second Edition is today's most complete, concise, and up-to-date basic guide to the most critical aspects of occupational safety and health. Designed to be a highly-effective teaching and learning tool for both classroom and on-line settings, it contains helpful pedagogy supported by comprehensive web content and resources. It concisely addresses all applicable standards from OSHA, NIOSH, and other US federal and state government regulatory agencies, and covers a wide range of new and emerging trends. Up-to-the-minute coverage includes: emerging roles of safety professionals, the safety professional’s role in product recalls, maintenance requirements of NFPA 70E-2009 for electric shock, “hot work,” nanoscale materials in industrial hygiene, global harmonization of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard, MRSA in the workplace, and establishing a safety-first corporate culture.

    Teaching and Learning Experience

    This concise book will prepare students for occupational and safety health responsibilities in today's complex environments.

    • Concise, focused, basic coverage of the field's latest issues and trends: Thoroughly prepares students for current and future realities in the field of occupational safety and health
    • Supported with exceptional pedagogical features: Includes well-crafted chapter summaries, key terms and concepts, review questions, and many boxed features
    • Combines theory and principles in realistic settings: Focuses on the new challenges of occupational safety and health in global workplace environments, and the changing roles of safety/health professionals
    Now in its third edition, this popular Handbook has been your go-to guide to the fundamentals of occupational safety and health law for over a decade. This new edition provides an authoritative and up-to-date reference that you count on for its reliable information and straightforward explanation. Each chapter is written by a highly respected attorney who is an expert in the field. Yet the book is written without legal jargon, in plain English that anyone can understand. In it, the authors provide interpretations of many facets of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, review regulations and standards governing employee protection, and offer advice for dealing with regulatory authorities.

    The Handbook covers all of the important legal aspects of the Occupational Safety and Health Act with clearly written explanations of such issues as the boundaries of OSHA regulations, general administrative law concepts, and OSHA's enforcement tactics. It provides “Practitioner's Tips”—useful legal guidance given by experienced attorneys for complying with OSHA inspection regulations and enforcing employers' and employees' rights during inspections. It describes changes to the probable cause test under OSHA's “Warrant Requirement.” It also explains the legal and practical consequences facing a business not contesting OSHA citations, OSHA's use of “Monitoring Devices on Employees,” and more. This new edition covers major changes to the Hazard Communication Standard, new enforcement initiatives, updated regulations in the construction industry, new emergency response procedures, and more.
    'The text is generally very readable, the scientific quality of the content is above reproach, and the content is very comprehensive within the confines of the size of the actual book … In my opinion, the book meets the needs of the varied targeted audience, and I would regard it as good value for money. I would consider the book useful for occupational practitioners particularly those in training who would gain a global perspective on many of the issues of occupational medicine.'Journal of Occupational MedicineThis fourth edition continues to provide a link between occupational health and clinical practice. It covers target organ systems that can be affected by hazardous exposures in workplaces, and it focuses on the clinical presentations, investigations and management of affected individuals. We have retained consideration of some special issues relevant to occupational medicine practice in this new edition.The main emphasis continues to be prevention of disease and early detection of health effects. This edition of the book has been updated to include new materials, topics, and references. We have retained a few of the previous case studies and illustrations, and introduced several new ones. There are new chapters on audit and evidence-based practice and on occupational cancer. We trust that this edition addresses many of the recommendations that were provided by readers of the previous edition.We have again asked international experts to author many of the chapters. Some of the authors are from Asia, and others from the US, UK, the Middle East and Australia. All the authors will have either clinical or academic experience in occupational medicine practice.The book will be of interest to medical practitioners, especially those in primary care and doctors intending to pursue a career in occupational medicine. It would also be relevant for non-medical health and safety professionals wanting to know more about health effects resulting from occupational exposures. Other groups who may find this edition useful as a ready reference are medical students, occupational health nurses, or clinical specialists in fields such as dermatology, respiratory medicine or toxicology. The book is targeted at all those who are interested in the interaction between work and health, and how occupational diseases and work-related disorders may present.Related Link(s)
    Learning Made Simple books give you skills without frills. They are matched to the main qualifications and written by experienced teachers and authors to make often tricky subjects simple to learn. Every book is designed carefully to provide bite-sized lessons matched to readers' needs.

    Using full colour throughout and written by leading teachers and writers, Learning Made Simple books build on a rich legacy of over 50 years as leading publishers helping to learn new skills and develop their talents.

    Whether studying at college, training at work, or reading at home, aiming for a qualification or simply getting up to speed, Learning Made Simple Books will give readers the advantage of easy, well-organized training materials in a handy volume you can refer to again and again.

    These titles will be promoted direct to training companies and learners, and individuals will be urged to buy them not only by college lecturers but also by trainers at work. These titles will be core stock for years to come.

    The books are written by experienced HR trainers and will be typeset by PK McBride (an experienced teacher and author of several Learning Made Simples himself). PK McBride has a thorough understanding of the ethos of the LMSs books and his involvement will insure that all titles have a layout and style consistent with the brand.

    Jacqueline Jeynes has run her own Management Consultancy business Opal Services,for 19 years, providing a wide range of management skills training across all industry sectors. She has appeared as an expert on 10 BBC TV programmes on H&S for small firms. She has regularly published articles in professional journals. She was a Commissioner on the Independent Inquiry into Drug Testing in the Workplace 2005 and been a member of many national and European Commission committees. A member of IBA and IOSH, she has just been awarded Specialist Business Adviser of the Year 2006-7. Currently a business adviser, tutor on Durham University MBA and supervisor-tutor for Aston University undergraduates on work placement year. She has published two books with Butterworth-Heinemann.
    'Employment Law and Occupational Health: A Practical Handbook' provides an essential guide to best practice for all occupational health practitioners.

    This readable guide to the law will help to ensure both business success and respect for individual employment rights. The cost of sickness absence can present major costs and business management problems. Safeguarding health is therefore vital to both individuals and employers.

    'Employment Law and Occupational Health' explores key issues in occupational health practice from pre-employment, through health surveillance and occupational health services, to termination of employment. Topics explored include ethical and confidentiality issues, discrimination, data protection, working abroad, pregnancy and maternity leave, workplace policies, drugs and alcohol testing, stress, counselling, health surveillance and professional conduct rules.

    This second edition has been fully revised and updated to include a number of significant changes to employment law as well as new case law decisions that have occurred since the 1st Edition was published. Essential new material has also been included around age discrimination, disability discrimination, work related stress, corporate manslaughter and work-place bullying.

    • An accessible, practical guide to applying health law in everyday practice.
    • For occupational health nurses and other occupational health practitioners.
    • Addresses key employment issues from pre-employment to termination of employment.
    • Includes case studies, procedural checklists, and template letters and forms.
    Workplace accidents and errors cost organizations hundreds of billions of dollars each year, and the injured workers and their families endure considerable financial and emotional suffering. It's obvious that increasing employee health and safety pays. The accumulating evidence shows that investing in occupational health and safety results in improved financial and social responsibility performance. There are extensive country differences and wide occupational differences in the incidence of accidents and errors. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that every year there are 2.2 million fatal and 270 million non-fatal accidents or occupational diseases worldwide. Occupational Health and Safety looks at the research into what causes accidents and errors in the workplace. In line with other titles in the series, Occupational Health and Safety emphasizes the psychological and behavioral aspects of risk in organizations. It highlights how organizations differ in their health and safety performance, with case studies throughout and best practices. Key elements focus on: employee selection and training, fostering employee understanding, participation and engagement in health and safety matters, developing a health and safety culture at organizational and group/work unit levels, communicating and reinforcing safe workplace practices and bench-marking one's organization against the industry leaders. The contributors to this volume come from various countries, reflecting unique interest and knowledge in particular areas.
    Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) is a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field that focuses on the science and practice of psychology in promoting anddeveloping workplace health- and safety-related initiatives. This comprehensive text for undergraduate and graduate survey courses is the first toencompass a wide range of key issues in OHP from a North American perspective. It draws from the domains of psychology, public health, preventive medicine,nursing, industrial engineering, law, and epidemiology to focus on the theory and practice of protecting and promoting the health, well-being, and safetyof individuals in the workplace and improving the quality of work life.

    The text addresses key psychosocial work issues that are often related to mental and physical health problems, including psychological distress, burnout,depression, accidental injury, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. It examines leadership styles as they impact organizational culture and providesspecific recommendations for reducing employee-related stress through improved leader practices. Also addressed is the relationship between adversepsychosocial working conditions and harmful health behaviors, along with interventions aimed at improving the work environment and maximizingeffectiveness. Additionally, the book discusses how scientists and practitioners in OHP conduct research and other important concerns such as workplaceviolence, work/life balance, and safety. The book reinforces learning with chapter objectives, highlight boxes containing intriguing examples of researchand current controversies, and chapter summaries.

    Key Features:

    • Comprises the first comprehensive text on Occupational Health Psychology for undergraduate and graduate survey courses
    • Covers key issues in health psychology in the workplace such as stress, violence, work/life balance, and safety
    • Organized and written for easy access by students and faculty
    • Provides specific recommendation for reducing employee stress
    • Includes learning objectives, highlight boxes, and end-of-chapter summaries
    In Occupational Risk Control, Derek Viner brings together the historical and theoretical aspects of his subject into a coherent whole and then connects them with the needs both of practitioners and educators. The historical background, from early societies through the industrial revolution and into the early 20th Century is discussed as a means of understanding the individual and community prejudices and presumptions that underly society and that impede our effective control of risk. The author then brings together and develops the practical application of three hitherto disparate strands of scientific understanding of risk: energy damage, risk philosophy and engineering risk analysis. He also draws attention to the fact that the geological and botanical sciences can contribute much to our understanding of how to set about classifying (and hence better understanding) the phenomenon of damage and loss. To this mix, is added the contribution of law to our understanding of moral obligations for the control of risk and that of statistics to our understanding of the management of uncertainty. Viner argues that amongst the observable consequences of the absence of a holistic and science-based approach is ineffective legislation with limited vision as well as the prevalence of belief-based commercial risk and safety management systems of unproven value. The net effect of this absence, he suggests, is to be seen in the periodic occurrence of disasters of the magnitude of the Gulf of Mexico explosion and oil spill.

    Workers and their families, employers, and society as a whole benefit when providers deliver the best quality of care to injured workers and when they know how to provide effective services for both prevention and fitness for duty and understand why, instead of just following regulations.

    Designed for professionals who deliver, manage, and hold oversight responsibility for occupational health in an organization or in the community, Occupational Health Services guides the busy practitioner and clinic manager in setting up, running, and improving healthcare services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and occupational management of work-related health issues. The text covers:

    • an overview of occupational health care in the US and Canada: how it is organized, who pays for what, how it is regulated, and how workers’ compensation works
    • how occupational health services are managed in practice, whether within a company, as a global network, in a hospital or medical group practice, as a free-standing clinic, or following other models
    • management of core services, including recordkeeping, marketing, service delivery options, staff recruitment and evaluation, and program evaluation
    • depth and detail on specific services, including clinical service delivery for injured workers, periodic health surveillance, impairment assessment, fitness for duty, alcohol and drug testing, employee assistance, mental health, health promotion, emergency management, global health management, and medico-legal services.

    This highly focused and relevant combined handbook and textbook is aimed at improving the provision of care and health protection for workers and will be of use to both managers and health practitioners from a range of backgrounds, including but not limited to medicine, nursing, health services administration, and physical therapy.

    Job Hazard Analysis: A Guide for Voluntary Compliance and Beyond presents a new and improved concept for Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) that guides the reader through the whole process of developing tools for identifying workplace hazards, creating systems that support hazard recognition, designing an effective JHA, and integrating a JHA based program into occupational safety and health management systems. The book goes beyond the traditional approach of focusing just on the sequence of steps and demonstrates how to integrate a risk assessment and behavioral component into the process by incorporating elements from Behavior-Related Safety and Six Sigma. This approach allows businesses to move from mere compliance to pro-active safety management.

    This book methodically develops the risk assessment basis needed for ANSI/AIHA Z10 and other safety and health management systems. It is supported by numerous real-life examples, end of chapter review questions, sample checklists, action plans and forms. There is a complete online solutions manual for instructors adopting the book in college and university occupational safety and health courses.

    This text is intended for lecturers and students in occupational safety and health courses as well as vocational and degree courses at community colleges and universities. It will also appeal to safety and health professionals in all industries; supervisors, senior managers and HR professionals with responsibility for safety and health; and loss control and insurance professionals.

  • Enhances the JHA with concepts from Behavior- Related Safety and proven risk assessment strategies using Six Sigma tools
  • Methodically develops the risk assessment basis needed for ANSI/AIHA Z10 and other safety and health management systems
  • Includes numerous real-life examples, end of chapter review questions, sample checklists, action plans and forms
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