Society: Progress and Force: Criteria and First Principles


About this ebook

As a sequel to Dialectics of Force: Ontόbia, this book is dedicated to the progress and force of society—topics that at first glance may seem banal, since mountains of literature are written on this subject. However, after carefully setting out the views on the progress and power of all outstanding thinkers of the past and present, the author has formulated the criteria of progress based on entirely different scientific paradigms. Moreover, Battler dared to formulate two Principles of Social Development, similar in fundamentality to the First and Second Laws of thermodynamics. The result was a book with very complex content. 

 This book is intended for teachers and students of philosophical and social sciences, as well as for all those who are interested in the problems of man and humanity.

About the author

Alex Battler—professor of political science, economics, and international relations, widely known under the alias Oleg Arin, is a Soviet-Canadian scholar and political writer.

Battler’s scientific work is a number of laws and regularities in philosophy, sociology, and the theory of international relations. The most important among them is the category of FORCE, which in the book Dialectics of Force turned into ontóbia (ontological force)—one of the attributes of being, along with the categories of matter, motion, time and space.

In the present monograph Society: Progress and Force. Criteria and First Principles, Battler formulated new definitions of the concept progress and the forms of social forces’ manifestation through the laws of force (principles): The First Principle of social development, or the law of social force; and the Second Principle of social development, or the law of social knowledge. 

In his monograph, The 21st Century: the World without Russia, Battler formulated two laws: the law of geoeconomics—the law of poles and the law of geostrategy—the law of center of power. He also introduced a new concept: the foreign policy potential of a state—and methods for calculating it and the optimal proportions of expenditures on foreign policy in accordance with the state’s foreign policy goals.

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