This book is intended for teachers and students of philosophical and social sciences, as well as for all those who are interested in the problems of man and humanity.
Alex Battler—professor of political science, economics, and international relations, widely known under the alias Oleg Arin, is a Soviet-Canadian scholar and political writer.
Battler’s scientific work is a number of laws and regularities in philosophy, sociology, and the theory of international relations. The most important among them is the category of FORCE, which in the book Dialectics of Force turned into ontóbia (ontological force)—one of the attributes of being, along with the categories of matter, motion, time and space.
In the present monograph Society: Progress and Force. Criteria and First Principles, Battler formulated new definitions of the concept progress and the forms of social forces’ manifestation through the laws of force (principles): The First Principle of social development, or the law of social force; and the Second Principle of social development, or the law of social knowledge.
In his monograph, The 21st Century: the World without Russia, Battler formulated two laws: the law of geoeconomics—the law of poles and the law of geostrategy—the law of center of power. He also introduced a new concept: the foreign policy potential of a state—and methods for calculating it and the optimal proportions of expenditures on foreign policy in accordance with the state’s foreign policy goals.