The struggle for human rights did not begin at the end of the Second World War. For centuries, political associations, religious societies and individuals had been fighting for political freedom, religious tolerance, freedom of expression, freedom of thought and the right to participate in politics. However, the world was awakened by the atrocities of the Second World War and the idea that every person should have certain perpetual and inalienable rights was set out in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) from 1948, which contained an enumeration of international human rights standards.
Adopting an interpretative framework which pulls together universal ideas, values and principles of human rights, Human Rights in Europe during the Cold War demonstrates how conflicting interests collided when the exact meaning of human rights was established. It also discusses various approaches to the idea of imposing respect for human rights in countries where they were systematically violated and assesses the outcome of international accords on human rights, in particular the 1975 Helsinki Final Act. In conclusion, this volume proposes that human rights functioned as moral support to the opposition in repressive regimes and that this was subsequently used as a tool to further system changes.
Based on new archival research, this book will be of much interest to students of Cold War studies, human rights, European history, international law and IR in general.
All contributors to this book are close friends, colleagues and students of Gu Chaohao. They are all excellent experts among whom there are 9 members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Therefore this book will provide some important information on the frontiers of the related subjects.Contents:A Profile of the Late Professor Gu Chaohao (Tatsien Li)List of Publications of Gu ChaohaoIn Memory of Professor Gu Chaohao (Xiaqi Ding)In Memory of Professor Gu Chaohao (Gongqing Zhang (Kung-Ching Chang))Stability of E-H Mach Configuration in Pseudo-Steady Compressible Flow (Shuxing Chen)Incompressible Viscous Fluid Flows with Slip Boundary Conditions and Their Numerical Simulations (Ben-yu Guo)Global Existence and Uniqueness of the Solution for the Generalized Schrödinger-KdV System (Boling Guo, Bolin Ma & Jingjun Zhang)Anomaly Cancellation and Modularity (Fei Han, Kefeng Liu & Weiping Zhang)On Interior Estimates for Mean Curvature of Convex Surfaces in R3 and Its Applications (Jiaxing Hong)Geometric Invariant Theory of the Space — A Modern Approach to Solid Geometry (Wu-Yi Hsiang)Optimal Convergence Rate of the Binomial Tree Scheme for American Options and Their Free Boundaries (Lishang Jiang & Jin Liang)Rademacher Φ Function, Jacobi Symbols, Quantum and Classical Invariants of Lens Spaces (Bang-He Li & Tian-Jun Li)Historical Review on the Roles of Mathematics in the Study of Aerodynamics (Jiachun Li)Toward Chern–Simons Theory of Complexes on Calabi–Yau Threefolds (Jun Li)Exact Boundary Synchronization for a Coupled System of Wave Equations (Tatsien Li)Scaling Limit for Compressible Viscoelastic Fluids (Xianpeng Hu & Fang-Hua Lin)Uniqueness Modulo Reduction of Bergman Meromorphic Compactifications of Canonically Embeddable Bergman Manifolds (Ngaiming Mok)The Application of Conditional Nonlinear Optimal Perturbation to Targeted Observations for Tropical Cyclone Prediction (Mu Mu, Feifan Zhou, Xiaohao Qin & Boyu Chen)Isometric Immersions in Minkowski Spaces (Yi-Bing Shen)Remarks on Volume Growth for Minimal Graphs in Higher Codimension (Yuanlong Xin)Separation of Variables for the Lax Pair of the Bogomolny Equation in 2+1 Dimensional Anti-de Sitter Space-Time (Zi-Xiang Zhou)