The present collection of studies seeks a new answer by initiating a novel investigation informed by the ancient wisdom of the Greaco-Arabic-Islamic sources and inheritance, on the one side, and the contemporary discernment of Occidental phenomenology of life, on the other, in a common dialogical effort to unravel this great enigma of existence.
Papers by: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, William C. Chittick, Reza Akbarian, Daniela Verducci, Michael F. Andrews, Seyyed Mohammed Khamenei, Nader El-Bizri, Mehdi Aminrazavi, Massimo Durante, Abdul Rahim Afaki, Maria-Chiara Teloni, A.L. Samian, Kathleen Haney, Jad Hatem, Robert J. Dobie, Michel Dion.
In a schema covering the entire career of beingness-in-becoming between the infinities of origin and destiny, an historically unprecedented harmonizing all sectors of rationality is accomplished in a span of reflection comparable to Spinoza's Ethics.
The work draws on interdisciplinary investigations in both science and the arts. All of the history of Occidental philosophy finds summary in it, even as feelers, guidelines, leitmotifs are thrown out for its future development. A landmark of Occidental philosophy at the turn of the millennium.
Yet, challenging the mistrust of reason that pursuit is precisely engaged in what is undertaken here. Our forty–year elaboration of the ontopoiesis/phenomenology of life as first philosophy/phenomenology in its unravelling of the metamorphic deployment of the logos of life has laid the foundations for the retrieval of the metaphysical vision.
Here the classic concerns of philosophy are not negligently dismissed but are ciphered afresh in the light of innumerable perspectives and insights brought to philosophical attention in a New Enlightenment by advances in the sciences of life and of human apprehension.
Strikingly enough pursuit of the greatest enigma of all, namely, that of the All enhancing Divine, is revived in the revelation that the logos informing life is the Fullness of God. In the Fullness being revealed in the infinite intricacies of the operations of the Logos of Life, we find the plenitude of God’s experiencing man.
In times when the prevailing critique of reason casts aspersions on the quest for God through reason, the full revelation of the logos brings to the entire human experience the infinities of God.
In logos omnia
Grahame Lock, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, Daniela Verducci, Ted Toadvine, Mary Trachsel, Martin Holt, Mary Jeanne Larrabee, Leszek Pyra, Bronislaw Bombala, Konrad Rokstad, Ilja Maso, Nancy Mardas, Jennifer Anna Gosetti-Ferencei, Maria Villela-Petit, Mara Stafecka, Carmen Cozma, Francesco Totaro, Andreas Brenner, Sinan Kadir Celik, Osvaldo Rossi, Maria Manuela Brinto Martins, Elga Freiberga, Klymet Selvi, J.C. Couciero-Bueno, Patricia Trutty-Coohill, Walter Lammi, Ljudmila Molodkina, Martin Nkafu Nkemnkia.
The present collection of studies extends our investigation (see Analecta Husserliana vol. 93) by seeking the ontopoietic continuity of sense between the vitally and spiritually significant functions of life.
From the multiple approaches stretching through "The Animal, the Human, and the Divine" (Ales Bello), there come to the fore the intellective, aesthetic, moral fruits of the creative human mind: "The In-Depth Body and the Coming About of Ego" (De Preester), "Consciousness in the Perspective of Evolution" (Fiut), "Science and the Human Phenomenon" (Zonneveld), "Specifically Human Empathy" (Adri Smalling), and others. The emphasis falls upon "The Living Soul" (Shkubulyani) as the common origin of life’s sense giving functions, which in their ontopoietic unfolding become informed by the simultaneously originating human creative mind, crowned in its advance by the sacral "Spiritual Emergence" (Louchakova).
Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, Daniel J. Martino, Angela Ales Bello, Stella Zita de Azevedo, Brian Grassom, Olga Louchakova, Marcio Luis Fernandes, Olena Shkubulyani, Amy Louise Miller, Leo Zonneveld, Ignacy S. Fiut, Dmitri Ginev, Ayhan Sol, Anatoly Zotov, Salahaddin Khalilov, Helena de Preester, Alexsander Kouzmin, David Grünberg, Maerk B. Majorek, Roberto Verolini, Adri Smalling, Halil Turan, Ella Buceniece, Maria Mercede Ligozzi, Oliver W. Holmes, Velga Vevere, Natalia Smirnova, Cezary Olbromski, Ellen J. Burns, Semiha Akinci, Wieslaw Kurpiewski, Erkut Sezgin, Piotr Mróz, Maciej Kaluza, Joanna Handerek.
The hope was not disappointed. The studies here range from the predecessors of existentialism -- Kierkegaard (Kremer-Marietti), Nietzsche (Storm Torjussen), Wahl (Kremer-Marietti) -- to the work of its adherents -- Shestov (Gruca), Berdyaev (Stark), Unamuno (Tze-Wan Kwan), Blondel (Walkey, Mandolini), Blumenberg (Zowislo), and Heidegger and Mamardashvili (Stafecka). Existentialism’s congruence with Christian faith or with atheism is examined (Franke).
Among the Husserlian themes covered are Husserl’s apprehensions on essence and experience (Ortiz Hill), the place of questioning (Plotka), ethics and intentionality (Ferrarello); temporality and passivity (Shahid), and the lifeworld (Servan). Another study focuses on Husserlian progeny, namely, Dufrenne and Merleau-Ponty (Berman). Affinity between phenomenology and Tibetan Buddhism is also explored (Kurpiewski).
Studies focusing specifically on the interaction of phenomenology and existentialism are a comparison of Husserl and existentialists between the World Wars (Villela-Petit), on the intentional and the existential (Sivak), and on time consciousness in each line of thought (Rizzacasa).
In this post-modern darkness, the Phenomenology of Life and of the Human Condition excavate and bring to light the Logos of Life in its entire harmonizing interplay. In the present collection, which continues the long and winding itinerary of our previous probings, we first uncover the new field of the ontopoiesis of life by means of the self-individualisation of life, the key to its labyrinth (Tymieniecka). A network of the ontopoietic itineraries manifest life in its innumerable perspectives: the constructive scanning (chronos and Kairos) are treated specifically by Eva Syristova, M. Bielawka, F. Bosio, and M.A. Cecilia. Individualising dynamisms of passions and the tying of the communal order by G. Bucher, R. Sweeney, A. Polis, A. Zvie Bar-On and others. The life-struggle for the light of the spirit by L. Sundararajan, I.R. Owen etc. The deep springs of mundaneity in human existence (moral sense, empathy, communication) by A. Luse, A. Ales Bello, J. Cibulka, J. Sivak, etc. The life of the spirit (historicity) by M. Sancipriano, M. Cekic, H. Rodríguez Piñeiro, S. Rinofner-Kreidl and others.
Phenomenology's universal spread has, however, oftentimes diluted its original sense, even beyond recognition, and led to a weakening of its dynamics. There is at present an urgent need to retrieve the original understanding of phenomenology, to awaken its dormant forces and redirect them. This is the aim of the present book: resourcement and reinvigoration. It is meant to be not only a reference work but also a guide for research and study.
To restore the authentic vision of phenomenology, we propose returning to its foundational source in Husserl's project of a `universal science', unpacking all its creative capacities. In the three parts of this work there are traced the stages of this philosophy's progressive uncovering of the grounding levels of reality: ideal structures, constitutive consciousness, the intersubjective lifeworld, and beyond. The key concepts and phases of Husserl's thought are here exfoliated. Then the thought of the movement's classical figures and of representative thinkers in succeeding generations is elucidated. Phenomenology's geographic spread is reviewed.
We then proceed to the culminating work of this philosophy, to the phenomenological life engagements so vigorously advocated by Husserl, to the life-significant issues phenomenology addresses and to how it has enriched the human sciences. Lastly the phenomenological project's new horizons on the plane of life are limned, horizons with so powerful a draw that they may be said not to beckon but to summon. Here is the movement's vanguard.
This collection has 71 entries. Each entry is followed by a relevant bibliography. There is a helpful Glossary of Terms and an Index of Names.
The book asserts that unlike theory, which unfolds a logical continuity, and unlike dialogue, which is directed sequentially upward toward intellectual conclusions, the mode of reflection of the ‘rhapsodic logos’ imposes no limits or caps upon its understanding. Instead, the ‘logoic’ flow interlaces the rhapsodic cadences of our reflections on reality, in all their innumerable fluctuations, and sifts them to mold the intimate mind/soul inwardness that we experience as faith.
The radiative meditations of this ‘rhapsodic logos’ weave their way through the entanglements of the mystery of incarnation, the constitutive archetypes, the inwardly sacred, the transnatural destiny of the soul, and finally ascend the rhapsodic scales toward culminating faith in the Christo-Logos.
As Tymieniecka in her introduction puts it, the time is ripe to abandon the prejudices against empiria and set aside in a `second position' the epistemological/constitutive criterion of validity and truth - without, however, abandoning it. To the contrary: recognising with our present culture the overwhelmingly superior validity of the pragmaticity test, which science indubitably applies in its `verification' of technology, philosophy/phenomenology at last reaches the full significance of reality: the fullness of the vital fact of life, which comprises not only the works and enjoyment of the mind and the spirit, but those of the bios and the cosmos too.
The full-fledged dialogue with the hard-core sciences opens up; philosophy of life and the human creative condition draws together all the radiations of life into its field of inquiry. Tymieniecka thus proposes a new mathesis universalis - the dream of Leibniz and Husserl - which can at least be fulfilled.