Aristotle's treatise on rhetoric

H. G. Bohn



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H. G. Bohn
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Published on
Dec 31, 1851
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Rhetoric, Ancient
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Book 3
For the first time in digital publishing, Delphi Classics is proud to present the complete works of Aristotle. The Ancient Classics series provides eReaders with the wisdom of the Classical world, with both English translations and the original Latin and Greek texts. This comprehensive eBook presents rare works, beautiful illustrations, informative introductions and the usual Delphi bonus material. (Version 1)
* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Aristotle's life and works
* Features the complete works of Aristotle, in both English translation and the original Greek
* Concise introductions to the treatises and other works
* Provides all of the spurious works in English translation, many appearing for the first time
* Includes translations previously appearing in Loeb Classical Library editions of Aristotle’s works
* Excellent formatting of the texts
* Easily locate the section or works you want to read with individual contents tables
* Includes Bekker reference numbers to aid study
* Features five bonus biographies, including Diogenes Laërtius’ famous biography – immerse yourself in Aristotle's ancient world!
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres


The Translations

Categories (1a)
On Interpretation (16a)
Prior Analytics (24a)
Posterior Analytics (71a)
Topics (100a)
Sophistical Refutations (164a)

Physics (184a)
On the Heavens (268a)
On Generation and Corruption (314a)
Meteorology (338a)
On the Universe (391a)
On the Soul (402a)
The Parva Naturalia
Sense and Sensibilia (436a)
On Memory (449b)
On Sleep (453b)
On Dreams (458a)
On Divination in Sleep (462b)
On Length and Shortness of Life (464b)
On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration (467b)
On Breath (481a)
History of Animals (486a)
Parts of Animals (639a)
Movement of Animals (698a)
Progression of Animals (704a)
Generation of Animals (715a)
On Colours (791a)
On Things Heard (800a)
Physiognomonics (805a)
On Plants (815a)
On Marvelous Things Heard (830a)
Mechanics (847a)
Problems (859a)
On Indivisible Lines (968a)
The Situations and Names of Winds (973a)
On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias (974a)

Metaphysics (980a)

Nicomachean Ethics (1094a)
Great Ethics (1181a)
Eudemian Ethics (1214a)
On Virtues and Vices (1249a)
Politics (1252a)
Economics (1343a)

Rhetoric (1354a)
Rhetoric to Alexander (1420a)
Poetics (1447a)

Constitution of the Athenians

The Greek Texts

The Biographies
ARISTOTLE by Elbert Hubbard
ARISTOTLE by Charles McRae
ARISTOTLE by William MacGillivray
 There are very few, except some professional debauchees, who will not readily agree that "Marriage is honourable to all," being ordained by Heaven in Paradise; and without which no man or woman can be in a capacity, honestly, to yield obedience to the first law of the creation, "Increase and Multiply." And since it is natural in young people to desire the embraces, proper to the marriage bed, it behoves parents to look after their children, and when they find them inclinable to marriage, not violently to restrain their inclinations (which, instead of allaying them, makes them but the more impetuous) but rather provide such suitable matches for them, as may make their lives comfortable; lest the crossing of those inclinations should precipitate them to commit those follies that may bring an indelible stain upon their families. The inclination of maids to marriage may be known by many symptoms; for when they arrive at puberty, which is about the fourteenth or fifteenth year of their age, then their natural purgations begin to flow; and the blood, which is no longer to augment their bodies, abounding, stirs up their minds to venery. External causes may also incline them to it; for their spirits being brisk and inflamed, when they arrive at that age, if they eat hard salt things and spices, the body becomes more and more heated, whereby the desire to veneral embraces is very great, and sometimes almost insuperable. And the use of this so much desired enjoyment being denied to virgins, many times is followed by dismal consequences; such as the green weesel colonet, short-breathing, trembling of the heart, etc. ...

by Aristotle

translated by J. I. Beare


HAVING now definitely considered the soul, by itself, and its

several faculties, we must next make a survey of animals and all

living things, in order to ascertain what functions are peculiar,

and what functions are common, to them. What has been already

determined respecting the soul [sc. by itself] must be assumed

throughout. The remaining parts [sc. the attributes of soul and

body conjointly] of our subject must be now dealt with, and we may

begin with those that come first.

The most important attributes of animals, whether common to all or

peculiar to some, are, manifestly, attributes of soul and body in

conjunction, e.g. sensation, memory, passion, appetite and desire in

general, and, in addition pleasure and pain. For these may, in fact,

be said to belong to all animals. But there are, besides these,

certain other attributes, of which some are common to all living

things, while others are peculiar to certain species of animals. The

most important of these may be summed up in four pairs, viz. waking

and sleeping, youth and old age, inhalation and exhalation, life and

death. We must endeavour to arrive at a scientific conception of

these, determining their respective natures, and the causes of their


But it behoves the Physical Philosopher to obtain also a clear

view of the first principles of health and disease, inasmuch as

neither health nor disease can exist in lifeless things. Indeed we may

say of most physical inquirers, and of those physicians who study

their art philosophically, that while the former complete their

works with a disquisition on medicine, the latter usually base their

medical theories on principles derived from Physics.

That all the attributes above enumerated belong to soul and body

in conjunction, is obvious; for they all either imply sensation as a

concomitant, or have it as their medium. Some are either affections or

states of sensation, others, means of defending and safe-guarding

it, while others, again, involve its destruction or negation. Now it

is clear, alike by reasoning and observation, that sensation is

generated in the soul through the medium of the body.

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