This annual report of the Compliance Review Panel (CRP) summarizes requests for compliance review in 2010 which was an important year for the Compliance Review Panel (CRP) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Two issues dominated the agenda: the review of ADB's compliance in relation to the Fuzhou project in the People's Republic of China and the joint Board and Management review of the ADB Accountability Mechanism. In addition, the CRP concluded the fifth and final annual monitoring of the remedial actions for the Chashma project in Pakistan and conducted its fourth annual monitoring of remedial actions for the Southern Transport Development Project in Sri Lanka.
After a full-scale review of the Accountability Mechanism that was concluded in February 2012, the new Accountability Mechanism of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) became effective on 24 May 2012. It has resulted in clearer and closer collaboration between the functions of problem solving—handled by the Office of the Special Project Facilitator (OSPF)—and those of compliance review by the Compliance Review Panel. The policy now clearly defines the responsibilities of OSPF and those of the Office of the Compliance Review Panel ( OCRP) as well as the oversight function of the Board on compliance review. The newly created position of the complaint receiving officer is a single entry point for complaints and directs them to OSPF, OCRP, or other offices in ADB. These changes make the Mechanism more credible, efficient, and effective in addressing the concerns of people affected by ADB projects.
At the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in May 2010, the President announced a joint Board and Management review of the Accountability Mechanism. This paper gives the summary of the review in which the main objective was to examine the scope for improvements in the Accountability Mechanism. The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures. It consists of two separate but complementary functions: consultation phase and compliance review phase.
Gaining feedback, learning lessons from past activities and using them imaginatively for charting its future course was the guiding principle for the Accountability Mechanism's activities during 2014. The 2014 Annual Report of the Accountability Mechanism (AM) has the theme "Strengthening Partnerships" with good reason: cooperation is the heart and soul of the mechanism. Without close collaboration among the AM, governments, affected people, nongovernment organizations, and civil society organizations, the AM would not work. Collaboration between the AM and ADB staff is also essential. The AM is constantly learning from stakeholders in ADB projects and from project staff, and it also learns from its interactions with people in the field during outreach missions. In this publication, the Office of the Special Project Facilitator, the Office of the Compliance Review Panel, and the Compliance Review Panel itself, present their activities in 2014 and some of the challenges for 2015.
The Office of the Special Project Facilitator (OSPF) is responsible for the Consultation Phase of the Accountability Mechanism of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). OSPF’s core function is to facilitate problem solving concerning ADB-assisted projects and programs using consensus-based methods, seeking agreement among all parties. In 2011, OSPF concluded the consultation process for two complaints, received and processed seven new complaints, and worked jointly with the Office of the Compliance Review Panel to inform stakeholders about the Accountability Mechanism through outreach sessions, both at ADB headquarters and in several countries. OSPF produced two new publications in 2011 and translated the Consultation Primer into the languages of three developing member countries to disseminate information about the complaint process and to promote the use of effective grievance redress mechanisms.
The main purpose of the Accountability Mechanism of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is to provide people adversely impacted by ADB-assisted projects with a forum for airing grievances that may have inadvertently arisen as a result of project operations, and seeking appropriate redress. However, few people understand that the mechanism benefits ADB as much as it does project beneficiaries. By ultimately improving project quality, operation of the Accountability Mechanism prevents numerous adverse impacts from occurring altogether. This report summarizes Accountability Mechanism operations during 2013 within the context of specific ADB-assisted projects. This approach provides readers unfamiliar with the mechanism with an easily understandable introduction to its operations. More importantly, the report’s focus on real-world examples allows project beneficiaries and their representatives, nongovernment organizations, government agencies, and even ADB staff members to understand how they may best benefit from its use.
Staff of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) must, at all times, adhere to ADB’s rules and regulations, and actively ensure that ADB funds are used for intended purposes only. This guide answers frequently asked questions on anticorruption and integrity; it further advises staff and provides examples of appropriate and compliant behavior in and outside the workplace.
Civil society organizations, including nongovernment organizations (NGOs), are important stakeholders of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). This report is a compilation of ADB's engagement with civil society organizations, including NGOs, at the policy and strategy, country and regional programing, and project operations. ADB's NGO and Civil Society Center, ADB focal points throughout the Bank, and the institution as one entity, seek to strengthen cooperation with civil society in the understanding that engagement of all stakeholders can further increase and boost development effectiveness.
This report is intended to provide government policy makers and other development stakeholders with the most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the region's progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. It also offers a range of policy options for improving the region's prospects for meeting the goals, particularly those related to providing basic services on health, education, water and sanitation and to enhancing regional cooperation
This book demonstrates some of the pitfalls associated with services liberalisation but recommends perseverance and even acceleration of the reforms. Contributors call for orderly and rapid progress towards regional integration of the services sector, based on the gradual removal of the barriers to competition. The benefits will be increased FDI flows and domestic investment, with a subsequent contribution to growth and poverty reduction. This book is based upon the 2002 International Forum on Asian Perspectives organised by the ADB and the OECD Development Centre.
This latest energy sector assessment, strategy, and road map for Indonesia highlights energy sector performance, major development constraints, and government development plans and strategy. This report reviews previous support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other development partners, and outlines ADB’s future support strategy in Indonesia’s energy sector. This publication provides energy sector background information for ADB investment and technical assistance operations and will inform ADB’s 2016–2019 country partnership strategy for Indonesia.
This publication summarizes the strengths, challenges, opportunities, and risks characterizing the prospects for integrated water resources management in Indonesia. Integrated water resources management planning is essential for sustainable growth. Indonesia’s rapid economic growth, increasing populations, and trends in developing and urbanizing environments are leading to potential conflicts as more users claim the same water resources. Understanding these conditions may provide decision makers with more insight to optimize the country’s water resources potential using available and state-of-the-art methodologies and tools for river basin planning. The report discusses all aspects of basin planning based on experiences from one of Indonesia’s most complex and strategic river basins.
The Country Water Assessment (CWA) evaluates the balance between reliable and available water supplies and future demands for sustainable economic development in Indonesia. Articulated around the water,food, and energy nexus, the CWA explores technical, institutional, and policy options to improve planning, management, and development of water resources. The 2015-2019 midterm government development policy guides the priorities covered under the CWA. This assessment intends to provide a platform for dialogue to advance water reforms across Indonesia, focusing on Java, Sumatera, and Sulawesi---the country’s three main economic regions.
This report points to the growing number of labor migrants in Asia and examines the policy question of how to best safeguard their rights. Governments and stakeholders in both origin and destination countries have largely recognized their mutual interest in safeguarding labor migrants. Multilateral frameworks have also put this in focus, with safe and orderly migration seen as important. This report examines some of the key policy questions in protecting migrant workers, including how to promote fair recruitment of less skilled workers, and how to address vulnerable groups such as irregular migrants and domestic workers. The four chapters in this report draw on issues raised and discussed during the Sixth Roundtable on Labor Migration in Asia: Safeguarding Labor Migrants from Home to Workplace that was held in Tokyo from 3 to 5 February 2016. The event brought together regional experts and policy makers and was co-organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the International Labour Organization. The report’s introductory chapter reviews recent regional migration trends. Two statistical annexes provide an overview of migration flows within Asia and between Asia and other regions.
Thailand's economic and social transformation of the last 50 years has placed it in the ranks of upper middle-income countries and made it an integral part of global value chains. It has also established itself as a regional hub for key transport and logistics, with a world-class airport. To continue its rise, Thailand needs to move into the higher-value segments of economic activity and create high-quality jobs that are regionally broader based. This report identifies the major constraints to accomplishing these goals and analyzes the main challenges. Among them, the country must: enhance research and development and international technology transfers; elevate worker skills and their industrial relevance; address structural impediments to competition, notably in services; provide advanced transport and logistics infrastructure; and improve access to finance and technology for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises.
This publication analyzes the performance of two states in India---Karnataka and Tamil Nadu---in their efforts toward installing solar and wind energy. It attempts to distill the reasons for their success, albeit in two very different renewable energy programs. It covers the major initiatives taken by the country in the form of policy and regulations including the formation of a full-fledged Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. The report focuses on lessons learned from these states so that a supportive environment can be created in other states to promote and adopt renewables-based power. The report also covers specific recommendations to create such an environment. Apart from the program and policy dimensions, the report deals in detail with the Indian solar industry and carries out an assessment of solar technology from the point of view of their applications in the country. This study will help policy makers and academia in further strengthening knowledge solutions for renewable energy across other countries in Asia.
Having made impressive progress in widening access to basic education, Indonesia must now consolidate these gains and develop an education system that will support better the needs of a rapidly emerging economy in its transition towards high-income status. This report provides guidance on how Indonesia can rise to this challenge. It highlights three main policy directions which, pursued together, would help Indonesia advance on the path towards stronger growth and more inclusive and sustainable development. The first priority is to raise the quality of education and ensure that all learners acquire the skills they need to succeed in life and work. The second goal is to widen participation, requiring a concerted effort to improve access for disadvantaged groups and expand provision beyond the basic level. The final challenge is to increase efficiency, with a more data-driven approach to resource allocation, better tailoring of provision to local needs, and stronger performance management.
This publication details the rapid assessment of the urban sector in Georgia to understand key urbanization trends and patterns of growth and to analyze challenges and opportunities. It gives a snapshot of the state of urban affairs at the national level with an urbanization profile, governance and urban management profile, capacity needs assessment, urban finance matrix, and a “3E” assessment covering economic, environmental, and social equity profiles. This document is not a strategy but the basis for developing a national urban strategy and road map for integrated investments to maximize development impact.
This report documents the findings of a process mapping exercise aimed at identifying bottlenecks in the prosecution of tax evasion cases. While the exercise was conducted in 2007 and the report presents a snapshot of issues at that time, many of the key challenges identified remain relevant today, while the strengthening of revenue collection has become even more of a critical priority in light of the impact of the global financial crisis.