Filter Design With Time Domain Mask Constraints: Theory and Applications

Applied Optimization

Book 56
Springer Science & Business Media
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Optimum envelope-constrained filter design is concerned with time-domain synthesis of a filter such that its response to a specific input signal stays within prescribed upper and lower bounds, while minimizing the impact of input noise on the filter output or the impact of the shaped signal on other systems depending on the application. In many practical applications, such as in TV channel equalization, digital transmission, and pulse compression applied to radar, sonar and detection, the soft least square approach, which attempts to match the output waveform with a specific desired pulse, is not the most suitable one. Instead, it becomes necessary to ensure that the response stays within the hard envelope constraints defined by a set of continuous inequality constraints. The main advantage of using the hard envelope-constrained filter formulation is that it admits a whole set of allowable outputs. From this set one can then choose the one which results in the minimization of a cost function appropriate to the application at hand. The signal shaping problems so formulated are semi-infinite optimization problems.
This monograph presents in a unified manner results that have been generated over the past several years and are scattered in the research literature. The material covered in the monograph includes problem formulation, numerical optimization algorithms, filter robustness issues and practical examples of the application of envelope constrained filter design.
Audience: Postgraduate students, researchers in optimization and telecommunications engineering, and applied mathematicians.
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Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Mar 9, 2013
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Pages
330
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ISBN
9781475734096
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Information Technology
Computers / Software Development & Engineering / General
Mathematics / Applied
Mathematics / Optimization
Technology & Engineering / Electrical
Technology & Engineering / Electronics / Circuits / General
Technology & Engineering / Electronics / General
Technology & Engineering / Imaging Systems
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Optimality and stability are two important notions in applied mathematics. This book is a study of these notions and their relationship in linear and convex parametric programming models. It begins with a survey of basic optimality conditions in nonlinear programming. Then new results in convex programming, using LFS functions, for single-objective, multi-objective, differentiable and non-smooth programs are introduced. Parametric programming models are studied using basic tools of point-to-set topology. Stability of the models is introduced, essentially, as continuity of the feasible set of decision variables under continuous perturbations of the parameters. Perturbations that preserve this continuity are regions of stability. It is shown how these regions can be identified. The main results on stability are characterizations of locally and globally optimal parameters for stable and also for unstable perturbations. The results are straightened for linear models and bi-level programs. Some of the results are extended to abstract spaces after considering parameters as `controls'. Illustrations from diverse fields, such as data envelopment analysis, management, von Stackelberg games of market economy, and navigation problems are given and several case studies are solved by finding optimal parameters. The book has been written in an analytic spirit. Many results appear here for the first time in book form.
Audience: The book is written at the level of a first-year graduate course in optimization for students with varied backgrounds interested in modeling of real-life problems. It is expected that the reader has been exposed to a prior elementary course in optimization, such as linear or non-linear programming. The last section of the book requires some knowledge of functional analysis.
A unique guide to the state of the art of tracking, classification, and sensor management

This book addresses the tremendous progress made over the last few decades in algorithm development and mathematical analysis for filtering, multi-target multi-sensor tracking, sensor management and control, and target classification. It provides for the first time an integrated treatment of these advanced topics, complete with careful mathematical formulation, clear description of the theory, and real-world applications.

Written by experts in the field, Integrated Tracking, Classification, and Sensor Management provides readers with easy access to key Bayesian modeling and filtering methods, multi-target tracking approaches, target classification procedures, and large scale sensor management problem-solving techniques. Features include:

An accessible coverage of random finite set based multi-target filtering algorithms such as the Probability Hypothesis Density filters and multi-Bernoulli filters with focus on problem solving A succinct overview of the track-oriented MHT that comprehensively collates all significant developments in filtering and tracking A state-of-the-art algorithm for hybrid Bayesian network (BN) inference that is efficient and scalable for complex classification models New structural results in stochastic sensor scheduling and algorithms for dynamic sensor scheduling and management Coverage of the posterior Cramer-Rao lower bound (PCRLB) for target tracking and sensor management Insight into cutting-edge military and civilian applications, including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR)

With its emphasis on the latest research results, Integrated Tracking, Classification, and Sensor Management is an invaluable guide for researchers and practitioners in statistical signal processing, radar systems, operations research, and control theory.

The 1980s and 1990s have seen a growing interest in research and practice in the use of methodologies within problem contexts characterised by a primary focus on technology, human issues, or power. During the last five to ten years, this has given rise to challenges regarding the ability of a single methodology to address all such contexts, and the consequent development of approaches which aim to mix methodologies within a single problem situation. This has been particularly so where the situation has called for a mix of technological (the so-called 'hard') and human centred (so-called 'soft') methods. The approach developed has been termed mixed-mode modelling. The area of mixed-mode modelling is relatively new, with the phrase being coined approximately four years ago by Brian Lehaney in a keynote paper published at the 1996 Annual Conference of the UK Operational Research Society. Mixed-mode modelling, as suggested above, is a new way of considering problem situations faced by organisations. Traditional technological approaches used in management science have suffered criticisms relating to their adequacy in the past few decades, and these hard approaches have been replaced by soft methods, which consider process more relevant than outcome. However, the sole use of human centred approaches to organisational problems has also proved to be inadequate. Mixed-mode modelling accepts the importance of both process and outcome, and provides enabling mechanisms for hard and soft investigation to be undertaken.
This edited book is dedicated to Professor N. U. Ahmed, a leading scholar and a renowned researcher in optimal control and optimization on the occasion of his retirement from the Department of Electrical Engineering at University of Ottawa in 1999. The contributions of this volume are in the areas of optimal control, non linear optimization and optimization applications. They are mainly the im proved and expanded versions of the papers selected from those presented in two special sessions of two international conferences. The first special session is Optimization Methods, which was organized by K. L. Teo and X. Q. Yang for the International Conference on Optimization and Variational Inequality, the City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 1998. The other one is Optimal Control, which was organized byK. ~Teo and L. Caccetta for the Dynamic Control Congress, Ottawa, 1999. This volume is divided into three parts: Optimal Control; Optimization Methods; and Applications. The Optimal Control part is concerned with com putational methods, modeling and nonlinear systems. Three computational methods for solving optimal control problems are presented: (i) a regularization method for computing ill-conditioned optimal control problems, (ii) penalty function methods that appropriately handle final state equality constraints, and (iii) a multilevel optimization approach for the numerical solution of opti mal control problems. In the fourth paper, the worst-case optimal regulation involving linear time varying systems is formulated as a minimax optimal con trol problem.
A unique guide to the state of the art of tracking, classification, and sensor management

This book addresses the tremendous progress made over the last few decades in algorithm development and mathematical analysis for filtering, multi-target multi-sensor tracking, sensor management and control, and target classification. It provides for the first time an integrated treatment of these advanced topics, complete with careful mathematical formulation, clear description of the theory, and real-world applications.

Written by experts in the field, Integrated Tracking, Classification, and Sensor Management provides readers with easy access to key Bayesian modeling and filtering methods, multi-target tracking approaches, target classification procedures, and large scale sensor management problem-solving techniques. Features include:

An accessible coverage of random finite set based multi-target filtering algorithms such as the Probability Hypothesis Density filters and multi-Bernoulli filters with focus on problem solving A succinct overview of the track-oriented MHT that comprehensively collates all significant developments in filtering and tracking A state-of-the-art algorithm for hybrid Bayesian network (BN) inference that is efficient and scalable for complex classification models New structural results in stochastic sensor scheduling and algorithms for dynamic sensor scheduling and management Coverage of the posterior Cramer-Rao lower bound (PCRLB) for target tracking and sensor management Insight into cutting-edge military and civilian applications, including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR)

With its emphasis on the latest research results, Integrated Tracking, Classification, and Sensor Management is an invaluable guide for researchers and practitioners in statistical signal processing, radar systems, operations research, and control theory.

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