The present study constitutes the first diplomatic edition of the text in which the doctor, philosopher and educator António Ribeiro Sanches proposes a plan for the education of the young Russian noblemen (manuscript of 1766). After studying with the famous Dutch physician and chemist Hermann Boerhaave, the propagation of whose methods he promoted notably (in the Universities of Coimbra, Strasburg and Saint Petersburg), Ribeiro Sanches spent sixteen years in Russia providing scientific and professional services with official status. The plan for the education of the young Russian noblemen was written at the request of the illuminated Empress Catherine II, as part of the cultured and political openness that the promoted. In the proposal of Ribeiro Sanches, one notes properties that are innovative and modern for the time, such as the practical nature of the proposed instruction, as well as its usefulness, social tolerance and scientific and organizational rigor.
Brian Franklin Head depois de estudar na academia militar de West Point, prestou serviço como oficial no Corpo de Comunicações, onde teve algumas missões como intérprete para português e francês. Fez mestrados (M. A.) em Francês e Espanhol (Colorado College, 1960) e em Estudos Luso-Brasileiros (Universidade de Wisconsin-Madison, 1961), e completou o doutoramento (Ph. D.) em Linguística na Universidade do Texas-Austin (1964) com especialização em línguas românicas e semíticas. Foi professor de linguística em várias universidades: a Universidade do Texas-Austin, a Universidade de Coimbra, a Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), a Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), a Universidade Católica de Valparaíso, Chile, a Universidade Estadual de Nova Iorque em Albany (SUNY/Albany), a Universidade do Minho. Tem sido professor de diversas áreas das Ciências da Linguagem, mormente a fonética, dialectologia, a linguística histórica, a variação e mudança linguísticas, a fonoaudiologia e a filologia. Os seus numeros trabalhos são destes mesmos domínios.
Following graduation from the United States Military Academy at West Point, with a B.S. in engineering, Brian Franklin Head served as an officer in the Signal Corps, where he had occasional assignments as interpreter in Portuguese and French. He completed Master’s degrees in French and Spanish (Colorado College, 1960) and Luso-Brazilian Studies (University of Wisconsin at Madison, 1961) and a Ph. D. in Linguistics with specialization in Romance and Semitic languages (University of Texas at Austin 1964). He was professor of linguistics at several universities: the University of Texas at Austin, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the University of Campinas in Brazil, the Catholic University of Valpariso in Chile, the State University of New York at Albany, the University of Coimbra and the University of the Minho, in Portugal. He has taught several areas of the language sciences, especially phonetics, dialectology, historical linguistics, variation and change in language, and philology. His numerous published works are in these same areas.