Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution, Second Edition: Edition 2

CRC Press
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Building on the success of its 1993 predecessor, this second edition of Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution has been thoroughly re-written, updated and extended to provide a complete and authoritative account of modern hydrogeochemistry.

Offering a quantitative approach to the study of groundwater quality and the interaction of water, minerals, gases, pollutants and microbes, this book shows how physical and chemical theory can be applied to explain observed water qualities and variations over space and time. Integral to the presentation, geochemical modelling using PHREEQC code is demonstrated, with step-by-step instructions for calculating and simulating field and laboratory data. Numerous figures and tables illustrate the theory, while worked examples including calculations and theoretical explanations assist the reader in gaining a deeper understanding of the concepts involved.

A crucial read for students of hydrogeology, geochemistry and civil engineering, professionals in the water sciences will also find inspiration in the practical examples and modeling templates.

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About the author

Dr Tony Appelo is a consultant based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Dr Dieke Postma teaches at the Danish Technical University in Lyngby, Denmark.

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Additional Information

Publisher
CRC Press
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Published on
Jun 24, 2004
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Pages
668
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ISBN
9781439833544
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Industries / General
Science / Earth Sciences / Geology
Science / Earth Sciences / Hydrology
Technology & Engineering / Civil / General
Technology & Engineering / Environmental / Water Supply
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Seth M. Siegel
New York Times and Los Angeles Times Bestseller!

As every day brings urgent reports of growing water shortages around the world, there is no time to lose in the search for solutions.

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Elana Freeland
Broder J. Merkel
To understand hydrochemistry and to analyze natural as well as man-made impacts on aquatic systems, hydrogeochemical models have been used since the 1960’s and more frequently in recent times. Numerical groundwater flow, transport, and geochemical models are important tools besides classical deterministic and analytical approaches. Solving complex linear or non-linear systems of equations, commonly with hundreds of unknown parameters, is a routine task for a PC. Modeling hydrogeochemical processes requires a detailed and accurate water analysis, as well as thermodynamic and kinetic data as input. Thermodynamic data, such as complex formation constants and solubility-products, are often provided as databases within the respective programs. However, the description of surface-controlled reactions (sorption, cation exchange, surface complexation) and kinetically controlled reactions requires additional input data. Unlike groundwater flow and transport models, thermodynamic models, in principal, do not need any calibration. However, considering surface-controlled or kinetically controlled reaction models might be subject to calibration. Typical problems for the application of geochemical models are: • speciation • determination of saturation indices • adjustment of equilibria/disequilibria for minerals or gases • mixing of different waters • modeling the effects of temperature • stoichiometric reactions (e.g. titration) • reactions with solids, fluids, and gaseous phases (in open and closed systems) • sorption (cation exchange, surface complexation) • inverse modeling • kinetically controlled reactions • reactive transport Hydrogeochemical models depend on the quality of the chemical analysis, the boundary conditions presumed by the program, theoretical concepts (e.g.
Charles R. Fitts
Groundwater Science, Second Edition — winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association — covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater.

New to the Second Edition:

New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systemsExpanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis.Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertaintyFree software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modelingLists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapterExpanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questionsWinner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors AssociationFeatures two-color figuresIncludes homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughoutProvides a companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problemsOffers PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty
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