Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing: Volume 1

Springer Science & Business Media
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Petroleum has remained an important aspect of our lives and will do so for the next four or five decades. The fuels that are derived from petroleum supply more than half of the world’s total supply of energy. Gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil provide fuel for automobiles, tractors, trucks, aircraft, and ships. Fuel oil and natural gas are used to heat homes and commercial buildings, as well as to generate electricity. Petroleum products are the basic materials used for the manufacture of synthetic fibers for clothing and in plastics, paints, fertilizers, insecticides, soaps, and synthetic rubber. The uses of petroleum as a source of raw material in manufacturing are central to the functioning of modern industry. Petroleum refining is now in a significant transition period as the industry has moved into the 21st century and the demand for petroleum products has shown a sharp growth in recent years, especially with the recent entry of China into the automobile market. This means that the demand transportation fuels will, without doubt, show a steady growth in the next decade, contributing to petroleum product demand patterns that can only be fulfilled by the inclusion of heavier feedstocks into refinery operations.
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About the author

About the editors:

Paul R Robinson, Ph.D., is a specialist in petroleum processing, with expertise in catalysis, hydroprocessing technology, and process automation. He earned Bachelor of Science with Honors and Master of Arts degrees in Chemistry from the University of Missouri, Columbia, before going on to earn a PhD in Chemistry from the University of California, San Diego.

Paul is an active member of the American Chemical Society, serving on the Program Committee for the Division of Petroleum Chemistry. He is also a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

With a strong background in inorganic and physical chemistry, Paul started his career as a Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. He then worked for three years at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where he conducted research on alternative fuels.

While working for Unocal’s Science and Technology Division (1981-95), Paul received two awards for Creativity and a Patent Achievement Award. His accomplishments included the development of commercial catalysts for removing sulfur and nitrogen from petroleum fractions. In 1994-95, he was part of the team that reformulated Unocal gasoline to meet the strict requirements of the California Air Resources Board. He also worked in the Process Technology and Licensing group, where he provided first-level technical service for more than two dozen refineries in Europe, Japan, North America and Southeast Asia.

As Senior Advisor and Best Practice Leader with Aspen Technology, Inc. (1995-2001), Paul participated in numerous model-predictive control projects and led the development of a rigorous model for hydrocracking and hydrotreating units. That model is now being used for the closed-loop optimization of three commercial hydrocrackers.

As Process Engineering Manager for Air Liquide’s Pro-En Services initiative, Paul led several hydrogen network optimization studies for oil refineries in North America and Europe. All of these studies led to projects that generated multi-million-dollar benefits. In 2002, he was promoted to Air Liquide Group Expert.

In 2003, Paul founded PQ Optimization Services, Inc., to provide model-based consulting services to the refining industry.

During his career, Paul’s work has led to 11 US patents and more than 50 technical papers on catalysis, process development, and process optimization.

Chang Samuel Hsu, PhD, is a Principal Investigator for ExxonMobil Research & Engineering Company in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He also serves as an Adjunct Professor of Chemistry and Environmental Science for the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

For the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (ASMS), Dr. Hsu is a Board Member-at-Large for Measurements and Standards and Chairman of the Hydrocarbon and Chemical Processes Interest Group. He is also an active member of the International Activities Committee of the American Chemical Society (ACS).

Dr. Hsu’s expertise in mass spectrometry, analytical chemistry, petroleum chemistry, and geochemistry contribute to his value a problem solver and strategic planner. He is the author of three books - Analytical Advances for Hydrocarbon Research (2003), Current Practice in GC/MS (2001), and Chemistry of Diesel Fuels (2000). He also has written several book chapters and more than a hundred technical papers while chairing symposia and presenting lectures at symposia for Pittcon, the ACS, and other organizations.

Dr. Hsu is a member of the Phi Tau Phi Scholastic Honor Society. His other honors include the 2001 ACS New Jersey Regional Award for Achievements in Mass Spectrometry; the 1999 Chinese American Chemical Society (CACS) Distinguished Service Award; the 1999 Chinese American Chemical Society (CACS) Tristate Chapter Award, the 1997 Asian American Heritage Council Award; and a 1997 Exxon Golden Tiger Award. He is a member of Who's Who in Science and Engineering and Men of Achievement.

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Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Jan 10, 2007
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Science / Chemistry / Analytic
Science / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
Science / Chemistry / Organic
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Technology & Engineering / Chemical & Biochemical
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This reference work targets researchers who have chosen a career in this complex but essential industry as well as people who are new in the industry and are looking for easy references to the work in which they are involved. This Handbook is an essential addition to the libraries of universities which contain a chemical engineering faculty as well as to the libraries of engineering construction companies, and oil refineries.

This Handbook describes and discusses the features that make up the petroleum refining industry. It begins with a description of the crude oils and their nature. It continues with the saleable products from the refining processes, with a review of the modern day environmental impact.

There is a complete overview of the processes that make up the refinery with a brief history of the processes. It also describes design technique, operation, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, sufficient to enable good input to modern computer simulation packages.

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The chapter on refinery planning covers both operational planning and the decision making procedures for new or revamped processes.

Finally, the major items of equipment used in the industry are reviewed. This chapter gives a detail of the equipment with examples of the process specifications for these items.

The final chapter is in part a glossary and in part a dictionary of the terms and expressions used in Petroleum Refining. This part of the book also includes an appendix section with an item on much used data such as converging factors, selected crude oil assays and an example of optimising a refinery configuration using linear programming.

Reflecting the myriad changes and advancements in the technologies involved in FTIR, particularly the development of diamond ATRs, this second edition of Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy has been extensively rewritten and expanded to include new topics and figures as well as updates of existing chapters.

Designed for those new to FTIR, but with enough reference material to appeal to journeyman and expert spectroscopists, this book does not demand any extensive familiarity with chemistry or physics. Specializing in concise and comprehensible explanations of FTIR topics, the author introduces the field of infrared spectroscopy, including the strengths and weaknesses of FTIR as a chemical analysis technique. He then describes the instrument itself and explores topics such as how an interferometer generates a spectrum, optimization of spectral quality, and which tests are used to monitor instrument health.

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Drawing on the experience and knowledge of the author as both a professor and practitioner, Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy offers up-to-date information given in clear, easily understood language to appeal to beginner and expert spectroscopists alike. The author maintains a website and blog with supplemental material. His training course schedule is also available online.
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