Hosts of Living Forms

Penguin UK
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Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the world with the idea of natural selection, challenging the notion that species are fixed and unchanging. These writings from On the Origin of Species explain how different life forms appear all over the globe, evolve over millions of years, become extinct and are supplanted.

GREAT IDEAS. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Penguin UK
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Published on
Aug 26, 2010
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Pages
160
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ISBN
9780141958248
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Features
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Life Sciences / Biology
Science / Life Sciences / Evolution
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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'can we doubt ... that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and of procreating their kind?' In the Origin of Species (1859) Darwin challenged many of the most deeply held beliefs of the Western world. His insistence on the immense length of the past and on the abundance of life-forms, present and extinct, dislodged man from his central position in creation and called into question the role of the Creator. He showed that new species are achieved by natural selection, and that absence of plan is an inherent part of the evolutionary process. Darwin's prodigious reading, experimentation, and observations on his travels fed into his great work, which draws on material from the Galapagos Islands to rural Staffordshire, from English back gardens to colonial encounters. The present edition provides a detailed and accessible discussion of his theories and adds an account of the immediate responses to the book on publication. The resistances as well as the enthusiasms of the first readers cast light on recent controversies, particularly concerning questions of design and descent. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
New York Times Bestseller

A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg

From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.”

One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us?

Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas.

Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become?

Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR

A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes
Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

One of the most influential scientists of world history, the naturalist Charles Darwin gained widespread fame and notoriety with the 1859 publication of ‘On the Origin of Species’. At first shocking his Victorian readers by suggesting that animals and humans shared a common ancestry, Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection became the foundation of modern evolutionary studies. For the first time in publishing history, this comprehensive eBook presents Darwin’s complete works, with numerous illustrations, rare texts appearing in digital print for the first time, informative introductions and the usual Delphi bonus material. (Version 1)

* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Darwin’s life and works
* New introductions, specially written for this collection, by Professor Kenneth Richard Seddon, OBE (QUILL, The Queen’s University of Belfast)
* ALL of Darwin’s published books, with individual contents tables
* Images of how the books were first published, giving your eReader a taste of the original texts
* Excellent formatting of the books
* Famous works are fully illustrated with their original drawings and diagrams
* Multiple editions for the same books, including three editions for the groundbreaking ‘On the Origin of Species’: first, second and definitive sixth edition
* Includes Darwin’s letters and autobiographies - spend hours exploring the scientist’s personal correspondence
* Special criticism section, with 11 essays evaluating Darwin’s contribution to science
* Features Bettany’s seminal biography - discover Darwin’s life
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and genres

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CONTENTS:

The Books
INTRODUCTION TO ‘THE ZOOLOGY OF THE VOYAGE OF H.M.S. BEAGLE’
THE JOURNAL OF RESEARCHES
THE STRUCTURE AND DISTRIBUTION OF CORAL REEFS
GEOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE VOLCANIC ISLANDS VISITED DURING THE VOYAGE OF H.M.S. BEAGLE
GEOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON SOUTH AMERICA
A MONOGRAPH OF THE SUB-CLASS CIRRIPEDIA
A MONOGRAPH OF THE FOSSIL LEPADIDAE
ON THE TENDENCY OF SPECIES TO FORM VARIETIES; AND ON THE PERPETUATION OF VARIETIES AND SPECIES BY NATURAL MEANS OF SELECTION
ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION
ON THE VARIOUS CONTRIVANCES BY WHICH BRITISH AND FOREIGN ORCHIDS ARE FERTILISED BY INSECTS
ON THE MOVEMENTS AND HABITS OF CLIMBING PLANTS
THE VARIATION OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS UNDER DOMESTICATION
THE DESCENT OF MAN, AND SELECTION IN RELATION TO SEX
THE EXPRESSION OF THE EMOTIONS IN MAN AND ANIMALS
INSECTIVOROUS PLANTS
THE EFFECTS OF CROSS AND SELF FERTILISATION IN THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM
THE DIFFERENT FORMS OF FLOWERS ON PLANTS OF THE SAME SPECIES
ERASMUS DARWIN
THE POWER OF MOVEMENT IN PLANTS
THE FORMATION OF VEGETABLE MOULD, THROUGH THE ACTION OF WORMS
THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES

Pamphlets, Essays and Other Short Pieces
QUESTIONS ABOUT THE BREEDING OF ANIMALS
GEOLOGY: A MANUAL OF SCIENTIFIC ENQUIRY
RECOLLECTIONS OF PROFESSOR HENSLOW, IN JENYNS, MEMOIR OF THE REV. JOHN STEVENS HENSLOW
QUERIES ABOUT EXPRESSION
REPORT OF THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE PRACTICE OF SUBJECTING LIVE ANIMALS TO EXPERIMENTS FOR SCIENTIFIC PURPOSES
A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF AN INFANT MIND
IN WEISMANN, STUDIES IN THE THEORY OF DESCENT
ESSAY ON INSTINCT
INHERITANCE

The Letters
THE LIFE AND LETTERS OF CHARLES DARWIN
MORE LETTERS OF CHARLES DARWIN
The Autobiographies
DARWIN: HIS LIFE TOLD IN AN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL CHAPTER
THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES DARWIN

The Criticism
ON THE RECEPTION OF THE ‘ORIGIN OF SPECIES’ by Thomas Henry Huxley
DARWIN ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES by Samuel Butler
DARWIN AMONG THE MACHINES by Samuel Butler
AN ESTIMATE OF DARWIN by Asa Gray
DARWINISM IN THE THEORY OF SOCIAL EVOLUTION by Franklin H. Giddings
GLIMPSES AT DARWIN’S WORKING LIFE by William H. Larrabee
THE DARWIN CELEBRATION AT CAMBRIDGE by T. D. A. Cockerell
SPENCER AND DARWIN by Grant Allen
THE WORLD OF LIFE AS VISUALIZED AND INTERPRETED BY DARWINISM by Alfred Russel Wallace
CANON WILBERFORCE ON DARWIN
OBITUARY NOTICE OF CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN by John Hutton Balfour

The Biography
LIFE OF CHARLES DARWIN by G. T. Bettany

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