Shifting Roles and Functions of Regional and Local Labour Market Observatories Across Europe

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Over the years, regional and local labour market observatories have provided reliable and targeted labour market information and intelligence for regional and local decision-makers. Recent developments show that they are increasingly expected to fulfil tasks beyond mere data provision and analysis. Hence, they are emerging as interpreters, evaluators and mediators in regional and local governance and development efforts. Their participation in the planning, implementation and evaluation processes creates spaces for new alliances, cooperations and networks. However, the observatories often lack essential resources for fulfilling their complex new tasks. Stable sources of financing and employees with a solid and up-to-date skills base are essential for regional and local observatories to meet the new requirements. However, acknowledging their contribution to regional and local governance and development processes as well as adequate opportunities for exchange with different actors across Europe are equally important. How do the changing framework conditions affect the functions of regional and local labour market observatories? To what extent do shifts in their roles take place? Which patterns of changes can be observed across different European countries? How stable are the new arrangements and where do the observatories need support? This publication explores the shifts in the roles and functions of regional and local labour market observatories in different European countries as well as the framework conditions influencing their operating and further development.
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Publisher
Rainer Hampp Verlag
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Published on
Dec 31, 2013
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Pages
252
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ISBN
9783866189645
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Management
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Christa Larsen
The experience of regional and local labour market observatories shows that information on some aspects of the labour market - such as the demand for skilled labour in certain sectors or spatial units - is difficult to obtain. In the recent years, ICT-related innovations have created new forms and types of data that can be used for enhancing the efficiency in several areas of economic activity. So far, the vast amount of unstructured data contained in the World Wide Web - Big Data - has been largely unexploited. However, as the available technology provides increasingly cost-effective solutions, it has become possible to provide services that have formerly been too expensive. Therefore, applying Big Data in labour market monitoring can provide innovative insights into the functioning of labour markets. Also the process data of Public Employment Services or Statistical Offices constitute a promising source of large amounts of data. The results of the analyses based on the different sources of data can be used to improve the efficiency of the labour market at large and the provision of services by governments and private enterprises. However, the attempts to use Big Data in the context of labour market monitoring have been relatively rare so far, even though a growing interest can be observed among researchers and practitioners alike. Against this background, the issues of collecting, elaborating, analysing and disseminating the information available on the Web urgently needed to be addressed - as did the associated ethical and legal issues concerned with data ownership and protection. This year's Anthology of the EN RLMM covers these issues from the viewpoint of labour market researchers and practitioners in labour market observatories from different European regions and localities. The contributions provide first insights into new models and tools of labour market monitoring based on the usage of Big Data.
Christa Larsen
Regional factors are important for the economy and employment in highly competitive, international markets. As a precondition for the functioning of regional labour markets, adequate information has to be generated and transformed into new knowledge – for all actors involved.

Regional Labour Market Monitoring can be seen as an approach to meet these requirements. A variety of projects in this area have been set up in several European countries. Their common purpose is to develop and implement sets of indicators to measure the current regional labour market and to provide information over its development into the future. Both the regional labour force and business enjoy the benefits from this activity.

This anthology gives an idea of the diversity of European approaches to monitoring of regional labour markets. It renders different concepts and instruments representing the region in which they are used.

Keywords: Labour Market, Monitoring, Regional Economy, Information

The Authors

Dr. Christa Larsen is a social scientist and Senior Researcher at the Institute for Economics, Labour and Culture (IWAK) in Frankfurt am Main. Her current work concentrates on regional labour market monitoring, regionalised analyses of labour markets for health workers, systems for information and diagnoses of labour markets, and regional prognoses.

Waldemar Mathejczyk is a social scientist and Senior Researcher at the Institute for Economics, Labour and Culture (IWAK) in Frankfurt am Main. His research activities are focussed on labour market, safety and health at work, and working conditions. Prof. Dr. Alfons Schmid is Professor for Economics at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main and Scientific Director of the Institute for Economics, Labour, and Culture (IWAK) in Frankfurt am Main. His main areas of research are regional developments of employment and labour market, new information technology and impacts on employment situations, regional competitiveness, and attitudes in the context of welfare state.
Christian Baden
Die Schaffung von Transparenz über Stand und Entwicklung von Weiterbildungsintensität und -umfang, das frühzeitige Aufzeigen von Qualifikationsbedarfen und -defiziten, die Einordnung und Evaluierung von (Förder-) Aktivitäten im Bereich der beruflichen Weiterbildung sind auf der regionalen Ebene der Bundesländer nach den bisherigen Datenbeständen nur unzureichend möglich. Mit dieser Thematik beschäftigt sich ein Teil der vorliegenden Untersuchung: Es wird versucht, mittels einer eigens durchgeführten Betriebsbefragung sowie der Analyse weiterer Datenquellen ein möglichst differenziertes und genaues Bild über betriebliche Weiterbildungsaktivitäten im Bundesland Hessen zu erhalten. Die Teilnahme an Weiterbildung in Deutschland ist im internationalen Vergleich nicht nur insgesamt niedrig, sondern die Teilhabe am Lebenslangen Lernen ist auch ungleich verteilt. Gerade die beiden Gruppen un- und angelernter Beschäftigter und Ältere von 45 und mehr Jahren sind in der Weiterbildung unterrepräsentiert. Somit verschlechtert sich die ohnehin schlechtere Arbeitsmarktsituation dieser beiden Gruppen weiter. Will man die Wirkungen der vielfältigen staatlich/öffentlichen Qualifizierungsinstrumente und Fördermaßnahmen für die Gruppe bewerten, bedarf es jedoch einer möglichst genauen Beschreibung ihrer betrieblichen Weiterbildungsbeteiligung und deren Fortschreibung über einen längeren Zeitraum. Die vorliegende Untersuchung beschäftigt sich mit diesen Aspekten aus der Perspektive des Bundeslandes Hessen. Dabei konzentriert sie sich auf den Bereich der betrieblichen Weiterbildung. Zielsetzung war, die Datenlage zur betrieblichen Weiterbildung in Hessen insgesamt zu verbessern, den genannten Beschäftigtengruppen hierbei besonderen Raum zu geben und mögliche Anreizsysteme zur Erhöhung der Weiterbildungsbeteiligung insbesondere von älteren und gering qualifizierten Beschäftigten herauszuarbeiten.

Christian Baden, Diplom-Volkswirt, ist seit 1995 wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Kultur, Zentrum der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, leitet dort den Schwerpunkt Weiterbildung und verfügt über langjährige Forschungs- und Projekterfahrungen in den Bereichen regionale Arbeitsmarktentwicklung und -prognose, Qualifizierungs- und Weiterbildungsbedarfe, Standortpolitik sowie Evaluationsstudien. / Nils Beckmann, Diplom-Volkswirt und Diplom-Politologe, ist seit 2006 wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Kultur, Zentrum der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main. Seine aktuellen Arbeitsschwerpunkte sind die Weiterbildung besonderer Zielgruppen, die Konzeption und Durchführung qualitativer und quantitativer Befragung sowie blended-Learning. / Prof. Dr. Alfons Schmid ist Professor für Volkswirtschaftslehre und Direktor des Instituts für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Kultur (IWAK), Zentrum der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt. Forschungsschwerpunkte: regionale Beschäftigungsentwicklung und Arbeitsmarktpolitik, neue Kommunikationstechnologien und Beschäftigung, regionale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit, Einstellungen zum Sozialstaat, regionale Armuts- und Reichtumsforschung sowie regionale Prognosesysteme.
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