Engineering Psychology and Human Performance: Edition 4

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Forming connections between human performance and design Engineering Psychology and Human Performance, 4e examines human-machine interaction. The book is organized directly from the psychological perspective of human information processing. The chapters generally correspond to the flow of information as it is processed by a human being--from the senses, through the brain, to action--rather than from the perspective of system components or engineering design concepts. This book is ideal for a psychology student, engineering student, or actual practitioner in engineering psychology, human performance, and human factors Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers should be able to: * Identify how human ability contributes to the design of technology. * Understand the connections within human information processing and human performance. * Challenge the way they think about technology's influence on human performance. * show how theoretical advances have been, or might be, applied to improving human-machine interaction
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About the author

Chris Wickens is Professor Emeritus from the University of Illinois Department? of Psychology, Adjunct Professor University of Colorado Department of Psychology, and Senior Scientist at AlionSciences Company Boulder, Colorado. He taught engineering and experimental psychology, human factors engineering and aviation psychology for 30 years at the University of Illinois, where he supervised 38 PhD students. For 20 years he was also head of the? Aviation Human Factors program at Illinois.? He has won teaching awards including the Psi-Chi award for excellence in undergraduate teaching, and the Paul M Fitts award from the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society for outstanding contributions to the education and training of human factors specialists. He has also received the annual FAA Excellence in Aviation Award. He is a Fellow of the Human Factors Society. His main research interests are in applied attention theory and? human performance modeling. He is an avid mountain climber.

Justin G. Hollands

is a Defense Scientist and Senior Advisor to the Human Systems Integration Section at Defense Research and Development Canada - Toronto. He is also an Adjunct Professor of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at the University of Toronto. From 1994 to 1999, Dr. Hollands was an Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Idaho. He received his PhD in cognitive psychology from the University of Toronto in 1993, and an MA in human factors psychology from the University of Guelph in 1989. He received a BA in psychology (honors--co-operative program) from the University of Waterloo in 1986. His experience as a co-op student in work term placements at the Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Bell-Northern Research, and IBM Canada sparked his interest in human factors and engineering psychology. Dr. Hollands has authored or co-authored over 50 peer-reviewed articles. He is interested in display and interface design, human reliance on automated systems, visual momentum, visual attention, and human perception and psychophysical scaling.

Simon Banbury

is the owner and President of?Looking Glass HF Inc., an independent Canadian-based Human Factors consultancy specializing in optimizing how people interact with technology. He is also a Professeur Associe of the School of Psychology at the Universite Laval (Canada) where he supervises PhD students and supports research on teamwork and medical decision making. Simon has almost twenty years of Human Factors consultancy and applied research experience in defence, industrial and academic domains; he has worked as a Human Factors consultant in the defence and industrial sectors, a lecturer in Psychology at Cardiff University (U.K.), and a defence scientist for the United Kingdom's Defence Evaluation and Research Agency. Simon has published widely on the applied aspects of attention and memory; including the effects of extraneous noise on performance in the office and on the flight deck.

Raja Parasuraman

, Ph.D. is University Professor of Psychology at George Mason University. He is Director of the Graduate Program in Human Factors and Applied Cognition and Director of the Center of Excellence in Neuroergonomics, Technology, and Cognition (CENTEC). His research interests are in attention, automation, neuroimaging, and genetics. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed journal articles and 10 books, including?Varieties of Attention, Automation and Human Performance, Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work, and?Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind.?He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Society, and the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. His awards include the Franklin Taylor Award for Lifetime Achievement from the American Psychological Association, the Paul Fitts Education Award from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and the Outstanding Faculty Award from the State Council for Higher Education for the State of Virginia. For more information, see http: //archlab.gmu.edu/people/rparasur/
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Additional Information

Publisher
Psychology Press
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Published on
Aug 20, 2015
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Pages
544
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ISBN
9781317351313
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Language
English
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Genres
Psychology / Applied Psychology
Psychology / Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Technology & Engineering / Industrial Health & Safety
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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As ubiquitous as the atmosphere, intelligent adaptive systems (IASs) surround us in our daily lives. When designed well, these systems sense users and their environments so that they can provide support in a manner that is not only responsive to the evolving situation, but unnoticed by the user. A synthesis of recent research and developments on IASs from the human factors (HF) and human–computer interaction (HCI) domains, Intelligent Adaptive Systems: An Interaction-Centered Design Perspective provides integrated design guidance and recommendations for researchers and system developers.

The book explores a recognized lack of integration between the HF and HCI research communities, which has led to inconsistencies between the research approaches adopted, and a lack of exploitation of research from one field by the other. The authors integrate theories and methodologies from these domains to provide design recommendations for human–machine developers. They then establish design guidance through the review of conceptual frameworks, analytical methodologies, and design processes for intelligent adaptive systems. The book draws on case studies from the military, medical, and distance learning domains to illustrate intelligent system design to examine lessons learned.

Outlining an interaction-centered perspective for designing an IAS, the book details methodologies for understanding human work in complex environments and offers understanding about why and how optimizing human–machine interaction should be central to the design of IASs. The authors present an analytical and design methodology as well as an implementation strategy that helps you choose the proper design framework for your needs.

The barrage of data overload is threatening the ability of people to effectively operate in a wide range of systems including aircraft cockpits and ground control stations, military command and control centers, intelligence operations, emergency management, medical systems, air traffic control centers, automobiles, financial and business management systems, space exploration, and power and process control rooms. All of these systems need user interfaces that allow people to effectively manage the information available to gain a high level of understanding of what is currently happening and projections on what will happen next. They need systems designed to support situation awareness.

Addressing the information gap between the plethora of disorganized, low-level data and what decision makers really need to know, Designing for Situation Awareness: An Approach to User-Centered Design, Second Edition provides a successful, systematic methodology and 50 design principles for engineers and designers seeking to improve the situation awareness of their systems' users based on leading research on a wide range of relevant issues.

See what’s new in the Second Edition:

Significantly expanded and updated examples throughout to a wider range of domains New Chapters: Situation Awareness Oriented Training and Supporting SA in Unmanned and Remotely Operated Vehicles Updated research findings and expanded discussion of the SA design principles and guidelines to cover new areas of development

Mica R. Endsley is a pioneer and world leader in the study and application of situation awareness in advanced systems. Debra G. Jones work is focused on designing large-scale and complex systems to support situation awareness and dynamic decision making. Completely revised and updated, liberally illustrated with actual design examples, this second edition demonstrates how people acquire and interpret information and examines the factors that undermine this process. Endsley and Jones distill their expertise and translate current research into usable, applicable methods and guidelines.

There is perhaps no facet of modern society where the influence of computer automation has not been felt. Flight management systems for pilots, diagnostic and surgical aids for physicians, navigational displays for drivers, and decision-aiding systems for air-traffic controllers, represent only a few of the numerous domains in which powerful new automation technologies have been introduced. The benefits that have been reaped from this technological revolution have been many. At the same time, automation has not always worked as planned by designers, and many problems have arisen--from minor inefficiencies of operation to large-scale, catastrophic accidents. Understanding how humans interact with automation is vital for the successful design of new automated systems that are both safe and efficient.

The influence of automation technology on human performance has often been investigated in a fragmentary, isolated manner, with investigators conducting disconnected studies in different domains. There has been little contact between these endeavors, although principles gleaned from one domain may have implications for another. Also, with a few exceptions, the research has tended to be empirical and only theory-driven. In recent years, however, various groups of investigators have begun to examine human performance in automated systems in general and to develop theories of human interaction with automation technology.

This book presents the current theories and assesses the impact of automation on different aspects of human performance. Both basic and applied research is presented to highlight the general principles of human-computer interaction in several domains where automation technologies are widely implemented. The major premise is that a broad-based, theory-driven approach will have significant implications for the effective design of both current and future automation technologies. This volume will be of considerable value to researchers in human
Two noted researchers explain scientific evidence that shows why certain experiential and lifestyle factors may promote and maintain cognitive vitality in older adults.

Although our physical abilities clearly decline as we age, cognitive decline in healthy old age is neither universal nor inevitable. In Nurturing the Older Brain, Pamela Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman show that scientific research does not support the popular notion of the inexorable and progressive effects of cognitive aging in all older adults. They report that many adults maintain a high level of cognitive function into old age and that certain experiential and lifestyle factors—including education, exercise, diet, and opportunities for new learning—contribute to the preservation of cognitive abilities.

Many popular accounts draw similar conclusions and give similar lifestyle advice but lack supporting scientific evidence. Greenwood and Parasuraman offer a comprehensive review of research on cognitive and brain aging. They show that even the aged brain remains capable of plasticity—the ability to adapt to and benefit from experience—and they summarize evidence that brain plasticity is heightened by certain types of cognitive training, by aerobic exercise, and by certain diets. They also report on the somewhat controversial use of estrogen and cognition-enhancing drugs, on environmental adaptations (including "virtual assistants") that help older adults "age in place," and on genetic factors in cognitive aging.

The past twenty years of research points to ways that older adults can lead rich and cognitively vital lives. As millions of baby boomers head toward old age, Greenwood and Parasuraman's accessible book could not be more timely.

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