Poetical representations of maternal filicide constitute the conceptual axis for the present study. I examine three playwrights which, even though separated in time, share the common interest for such a tragic matter. From this point of view, Euripides’ Medea (431 BC), Goethe’s Gretchentragödie (1790) and García Lorca’s Yerma (1934) stand out as plays in which the tragic meaning rests in the irony of having a child being murdered by the very same person who gave him life. Filicide, in these cases, works mostly as a meaningful metaphor for both the female body and women’s nature as tragic households of primordial conflicts: the sacred vs. reason, aesthetics vs. politics, literature vs. philosophy, intuition vs. concept. As such, this book offers a comparative reading of the aforementioned authors as well as the intellectual debate brought out by their tragedies, namely the discussions about the value of poetry and catharsis (Plato and Aristotle), the themes of sublime and will (Kant, Schiller, Schopenhauer), and the contemporary reassessments of the tragic proposed by Nietzsche and Unamuno.
Claudio Castro Filho (Rio de Janeiro, 1980) é investigador integrado no Centro de Estudos Clássicos e Humanísticos da Universidade de Coimbra e, atualmente, dedica-se à investigação de pós-doutoramento em estudos literários (com bolsa da Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia). É doutor em Literatura Comparada pela Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (2012), instituição onde se licenciou em História da Arte (2005) e onde lecionou Estética e Teoria da Arte entre 2007 e 2012. É autor de O trgico no teatro de Federico García Lorca (Porto Alegre, 2009) e tradutor de Assim que passarem cinco anos, de Federico García Lorca (Coimbra, 2014). Além da variada atividade científica nos âmbitos da estética teatral e dos estudos literários, dedica-se, também, à encenação e à dramaturgia.
Claudio Castro Filho (Rio de Janeiro, 1980) is a Full Researcher of the UI&D Centre for Classical and Humanistic Studies at the University of Coimbra, currently working in a postdoctoral research in Literary Studies founded by FCT (Portuguese national funding agency for science, research and technology). He earned his PhD in Comparative Literature from the State University of Rio de Janeiro (2012), where he graduated in Art History (2005) and taught Aesthetics and Art Theory (2007-2012). He published O trágico no teatro de Federico García Lorca (Porto Alegre, 2009) and translated García Lorca’s Assim que passarem cinco anos (Coimbra, 2012) into Portuguese. Besides a diverse scientific activity in the fields of dramatic aesthetics and literary studies, he is also a playwright and theatre director.