Congress: Facilitator of State Action

SUNY Press
Free sample

Reassessing the relationship between the federal government and the states, Congress: Facilitator of State Action examines how the U.S. Congress routinely and necessarily devolves power to the states. A host of congressional statutes reveal the ways in which the U.S. Congress facilitates state action to solve certain problems, including the enforcement of respective criminal laws. Financial and nonfinancial assistance to the states are elucidated and assessed, including technical assistance and the establishment of such programs as the National Driver Register. Comprehensive and timely, this book illuminates a key dynamic in the country’s political system and offers a more complex and accurate theory of federalism.

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About the author

Joseph F. Zimmerman is Professor of Political Science at the University at Albany, State University of New York. His many books include Contemporary American Federalism: The Growth of National Power, Second Edition; The Silence of Congress: State Taxation of Interstate Commerce; and The Government and Politics of New York State: Second Edition, all published by SUNY Press.

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Additional Information

Publisher
SUNY Press
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Published on
Jan 11, 2010
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Pages
247
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ISBN
9781438429694
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Language
English
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Genres
Law / Criminal Procedure
Political Science / American Government / Legislative Branch
Political Science / American Government / Local
Political Science / American Government / National
Political Science / American Government / State
Political Science / Political Process / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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What is the price of federalism? Does it result in governmental interconnections that are too complex? Does it create overlapping responsibilities? Does it perpetuate social inequalities? Does it stifle economic growth?

To answer these questions, Paul Peterson sets forth two theories of federalism: functional and legislative. Functional theory is optimistic. It says that each level of the federal system is well designed to carry out the tasks for which it is mainly responsible. State and local governments assume responsibility for their area's physical and social development; the national government cares for the needy and reduces economic inequities. Legislative theory, in contrast, is pessimistic: it says that national political leaders, responding to electoral pressures, misuse their power. They shift unpopular burdens to lower levels of government while spending national dollars on popular government programs for which they can claim credit.

Both theories are used to explain different aspects of American federalism. Legislative theory explains why federal grants have never been used to equalize public services. Elected officials cannot easily justify to their constituents a vote to shift funds away from the geographic area they represent. The overall direction that American federalism has taken in recent years is better explained by functional theory. As the costs of transportation and communication have declined, labor and capital have become increasingly mobile, placing states and localities in greater competition with one another. State and local governments are responding to these changes by overlooking the needs of the poor, focusing instead on economic development. As a further consequence, older, big cities of the Rust Belt, inefficient in their operations and burdened by social responsibilities, are losing jobs and population to the suburban communities that surround them.

Peterson recommends that the national government adopt policies that take into account the economic realities identified by functional theory. The national government should give states and localities responsibility for most transportation, education, crime control, and other basic governmental programs. Welfare, food stamps, the delivery of medical services, and other social policies should become the primary responsibility of the national government.

The framers of the U. S. Constitution focused intently on the difficulties of achieving a workable middle ground between national and local authority. They located that middle ground in a new form of federalism that James Madison called the "compound republic." The term conveys the complicated and ambiguous intent of the framing generation and helps to make comprehensible what otherwise is bewildering to the modern citizenry: a form of government that divides and disperses official power between majorities of two different kinds—one composed of individual voters, and the other, of the distinct political societies we call states. America's federalism is the subject of this collection of essays by Martha Derthick, a leading scholar of American government. She explores the nature of the compound republic, with attention both to its enduring features and to the changes wrought in the twentieth century by Progressivism, the New Deal, and the civil rights revolution. Interest in federalism is likely to increase in the wake of the 2000 presidential election. There are demands for reform of the electoral college, given heightened awareness that it does not strictly reflect the popular vote. The U. S. Supreme Court, under Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, has mounted an explicit and controversial defense of federalism, and new nominees to the Court are likely to be questioned on that subject and appraised in part by their responses. Derthick's essays invite readers to join the Court in weighing the contemporary importance of federalism as an institution of government.
They thought they were safe.  They were wrong.

The murder of a young prostitute and a baby found abandoned on the same winter night signals the start of a disturbing investigation for Detective Kim Stone – one which brings her face to face with someone from her own horrific childhood.

As three more sex workers in the Black Country are murdered in quick succession, each death more violent than the last, Kim and her team realise that the initial killing was no one-off frenzied attack, but a twisted serial killer preying on the vulnerable.

At the same time, the search begins for the desperate woman who left her newborn baby at the station – but what at first looks like a tragic abandonment soon takes an even more sinister turn.

When another young woman goes missing, the two investigations bring the team into a terrifying, hidden world, and a showdown puts Kim’s life at risk as secrets from her own past come to light. 

As Kim battles her own demons, can she stop the killer, before another life is lost?                   

A gripping new crime thriller from the number 1 bestseller – you will be hooked until the final jaw-dropping twist.

                          

Praise for Broken Bones:

‘Angela Marsons has yet again nailed and delivered an outstanding five star read. Broken Bones had me hook, line and sinker until the shocking end. The author certainly knows how to keep me on my toes until delivering a final punch that knocked me well and truly off my feet. Brilliant!’ By the letter Book Reviews

‘Captivating…Angela Marsons yet again drags you into the story and locks you in until the final word. I can honestly say this is my favourite book of the best British Crime Series I think I've ever read! If I could give it 6 stars I would.’ Goodreads reviewer

‘Angela’s books touch on real storylines, and the ones here are both timely, hard-hitting and make for some emotional reading…Once again this is another faultless book from Angela Marsons who I firmly believe is in a league of her own in this genre.’ Book Addict Shaun

‘With an opening that will have you gripped from start to finish, I devoured it in a matter of hours - I simply couldn't put it down… I was literally on the edge of my seat with anticipation wanting to know what was going to happen next.’ Chelle’s Book Reviews

‘Marsons for me is the QUEEN of this genre. She knows how to add the human touch to each story and I just adore her. Bloody FABULOUS.’ Postcard Reviews

‘Angela Marsons is one of the most immensely talented writers out there; she has an exceptional skill in creating a cast of characters and a spider web of plots that will keep you glued to the book until it is finished. I'd strongly advise getting yourself well comfy before you start reading this as you are not going to move until you are done!’ Goodreads reviewer

‘An action-packed page turner with many twists and turns in a plot that is brilliantly written…This is a clever, realistic storyline that sucks you from the very first pages. I would have no hesitation in recommending this series to anyone, the quality of the writing never disappoints. Love it!’ Goodreads reviewer

‘Marsons just gets better and better, her plots are slick, her writing intelligent, and her characters are like family… It's a sign of a phenomenal author to be able to create that connection between reader and character, and Marsons just has it… I cannot praise her writing enough. Broken Bones is utterly amazing. Buy it. Now.’  Emma the Little Book Worm

‘The suspense builds up so fast and I couldn’t wait to get to the end for everything to be revealed… this definitely my favourite book of the series so far!’ Stardust Book reviews

‘Simply brilliant. Firstly, the plot is amazingly good and keeps you hooked from the first page. I really didn’t see the ending coming and really really enjoyed this read…I read it in one day and feel bereft now I’ve finished it.’ Goodreads reviewer

‘Angela Marsons is the only author that I put other books down for, to read hers when they come out. Did it live up to my expectations? Hell Yes!’ Nigel Adams Bookworm

‘Angela Marsons never fails, each one is as good, if not better than the last. I feel like I’m part of the team, totally immersed in the story. Keep it up, I can’t wait for the next one!’ Goodreads reviewer

‘A terrific plot with a real shockeroo of an ending…As always, the pace is fast as lightning, and the short chapters with their mini-cliffhanger endings make it so hard to put the book down… I will read anything and everything written by this author. If you have not started reading this series, you are really missing out.’ Goodreads reviewer

‘Stunningly good are the words that spring to mind after finishing the book. It's dark, it's twisted and I couldn't put it down. I loved it...So when is the next one out? I'm ready!’ Bonnie’s Book Talk

‘Oh my word, she's done it again!!! I was on the edge of my seat reading this book, I loved how each chapter took you in a different direction to the last and often ended in a cliff hanger that made you want to continue to find out what happened next!’ The Introverted Mum

‘The storyline had loads of twists and turns…a real page turner. I couldn’t put it down…I would give this book ten stars if I could.’ Goodreads reviewer

‘Kim Stone is without a doubt my favourite detective series and as soon as I get the latest book it immediately goes to the top of my reading list.’ Goodreads reviewer

‘Angela Marsons can't write a boring chapter if she tried. Her Kim Stone series is one of the best. I had it all worked out...until I realized that I knew nothing. I can't wait for the next one.’ Goodreads reviewer

                                                                                                      

Praise for Angela Marsons D.I. Kim Stone series:  

‘Hooked from the very first page...This is the best book I’ve read, by the best author on the shelves...I really can’t wait for the next one.’ Nigel Adams Book Worm (5 stars)

‘I could not put it down and was hooked in from page one to the very last word ... The plot is stunning. Very clever and very dark…A fantastic crime novel from one of my all-time favourite writers ever.’ Booklover Catlady (5 stars)

‘Gripping. I was captivated from the start, there is just no let-up...I wanted to read at every opportunity, fast-paced and blood pressure raising!...Angie Marsons is definitely one of my favourite authors, I just think the books are fantastic.’ Stef Loz Book Reviews (5 stars)

‘I read it in one gripping sitting as I just couldn't tear myself away...The Kim Stone series is one of the best crime series ever written...an incredibly powerful read, one that drew real emotion from me…There can't be a crime fan left in the world who hasn't discovered this series yet but if there is and you are one of them, go and read them all immediately.’ Book Addict Shaun (5 stars)

‘Read this book now, it is just that amazing...a gripping, unpredictable story...I couldn’t have been more hooked if I tried...some of the most vivid writing I've read, and I was feeling slightly queasy as I was reading as a result...unpredictable and completely absorbing.’ Rachel’s Random Reads (5 stars)             

‘Brilliant...a terrifying, nail-biting finale where, once again, Kim proves how far she will go to protect her team. Ms. Stone is fast becoming one of the greats of detective fiction’ Go Buy the Book (5 stars)

‘Addictive...yet ANOTHER cracker to add to an already stunning series. This stomping great read from an exceedingly talented writer will have you furiously flipping the pages.’ Little Bookness Lane (5 stars)

‘My favourite read of the year so far...Wow, totally fantastic, beautifully written, dark, dangerous and emotional. This series gets better with each book, loved it. I give it 6 stars.’ Bonnie’s Book Talk (5 stars)

‘Gripping...the best book in the series yet, and that takes some doing... grips you by the throat and doesn't let you go to the last heart-pumpingchapter...Would I recommend this book? Hell yes.’ The Book Review Café (5 stars)

‘One of the only people to make me cry [Angela Marsons] also takes me right to the edge of my very last nerve. Both from excitement and tension. Every. Flipping. Time. This is not a story for the faint-hearted...Best. One. Ever... (so far ;) ) Dark, troubled and tension-filled 5 stars. Big fat ones. Like, massive.’ Jen Med Book Reviews (5 stars)

‘Terrifying...I was genuinely surprised at the twist!...I stayed up late to finish this book and at the satisfying end, there was the same old question I know all DI Kim Stone fans have . . . when is the next one out??’ K.L. Slater

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER
"The best American political autobiography since Barack Obama’s Dreams from My Father." —Charles Kaiser, The Guardian

A mayor’s inspirational story of a Midwest city that has become nothing less than a blueprint for the future of American renewal.

Once described by the Washington Post as “the most interesting mayor you’ve never heard of,” Pete Buttigieg, the thirty-seven-year-old mayor of South Bend, Indiana, has now emerged as one of the nation’s most visionary politicians. With soaring prose that celebrates a resurgent American Midwest, Shortest Way Home narrates the heroic transformation of a “dying city” (Newsweek) into nothing less than a shining model of urban reinvention.

Interweaving two narratives—that of a young man coming of age and a town regaining its economic vitality—Buttigieg recounts growing up in a Rust Belt city, amid decayed factory buildings and the steady soundtrack of rumbling freight trains passing through on their long journey to Chicagoland. Inspired by John F. Kennedy’s legacy, Buttigieg first left northern Indiana for red-bricked Harvard and then studied at Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, before joining McKinsey, where he trained as a consultant—becoming, of all things, an expert in grocery pricing. Then, Buttigieg defied the expectations that came with his pedigree, choosing to return home to Indiana and responding to the ultimate challenge of how to revive a once-great industrial city and help steer its future in the twenty-first century.

Elected at twenty-nine as the nation’s youngest mayor, Pete Buttigieg immediately recognized that “great cities, and even great nations, are built through attention to the everyday.” As Shortest Way Home recalls, the challenges were daunting—whether confronting gun violence, renaming a street in honor of Martin Luther King Jr., or attracting tech companies to a city that had appealed more to junk bond scavengers than serious investors. None of this is underscored more than Buttigieg’s audacious campaign to reclaim 1,000 houses, many of them abandoned, in 1,000 days and then, even as a sitting mayor, deploying to serve in Afghanistan as a Navy officer. Yet the most personal challenge still awaited Buttigieg, who came out in a South Bend Tribune editorial, just before being reelected with 78 percent of the vote, and then finding Chasten Glezman, a middle-school teacher, who would become his partner for life.

While Washington reels with scandal, Shortest Way Home, with its graceful, often humorous, language, challenges our perception of the typical American politician. In chronicling two once-unthinkable stories—that of an Afghanistan veteran who came out and found love and acceptance, all while in office, and that of a revitalized Rust Belt city no longer regarded as “flyover country”—Buttigieg provides a new vision for America’s shortest way home.

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