This report describes: funding and staff size of the Federally Funded R&D Centers (FFRDC); extent of subcontracted FFRDC work; structure of the parent organizations; missions, core competencies, and capabilities of the FFRDC's sponsors' criteria for defining core work; and sponsors' oversight mechanisms and responsibilities. Overall funding for DoD's FFRDC's increased by about 23%, from almost $1.4 billion in FY 1985 to a peak of approximately $1.7 billion in FY 1990. Since FY 1990, funding for DoD's FFRDC's has decreased by almost 26% to about $1.3 billion in FY 1995.
Over the past decade and a half, the Department of Energy (DoE) has spent tens of0 billions of dollars on projects, many of which experienced significant cost overruns and schedule delays, and some have never been completed. Reviews DoE's ability to complete its largest and most significant projects, called major system acquisitions. Specifically: it assesses DoE's performance in completing its major system acquisitions; identifies any key factors that hinder the timely, cost-effective completion of the acquisitions; and determines what DoE is doing to improve its performance. Charts and tables.
The second of two required reports in the Resolution Trust Corporation's (RTC) efforts to implement 21 management reforms mandated by the RTC Completion Act. This report provides information in the manner in which RTC & the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board implemented the mandated reforms. It also describes the progress made toward achieving full compliance during the year since the act became law in December of 1993.
A popular introductory guide for American citizens and those of other countries who seek a greater understanding of our heritage of democracy. The question and answer format covers a broad range of topics dealing with the legislative, executive and judicial branches of our government, as well as the electoral process and the role of political parties. Glossary of terms, bibliography, full text of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the U.S.
Includes summary data on Department of Defense (DoD) prime contract awards over $25,000 by service category and Federal Supply Classification (FSC) for fiscal years 1995, 1994, 1993, and 1992. The data presented in this report have the following characteristics: data cover only prime contracts (those awarded directly by DoD). The large number of subcontracts awarded for basic and intermediate materials and components are not reflected in this report. Terminations and other downward adjustments of contracts are included in the award category to which their dollar amount corresponds. Charts and tables.
In 2006, the fed. gov¿t. spent $13 billion -- 14% of its R&D expenditures -- to enable 38 federally funded R&D centers (FFRDCs) to meet special research needs. FFRDCs -- including laboratories, studies and analyses centers, and systems engineering centers -- conduct research in military space programs, nanotechnology, microelectronics, nuclear warfare, and biodefense countermeasures, among other areas. This report identifies: (1) how fed. agencies contract with organizations operating FFRDCs; and (2) agency oversight processes used to ensure that FFRDCs are well-managed. The author reviewed documents and interviewed officials from 8 FFRDCs sponsored by the DoD, DoE, HHS, and DHS. Includes recommend. Illus.
Provides a survey of the progress in the field, an evaluation of the state of the art, and trends of future developments. Covers: klystrons; magnetrons; vircators, reflex-diodes; Cherenkov devices. Extensive bibliography.
Computer security conference held by the National Computer Security Assoc. (NCSA) on Nov. 25-26, 1991. The first conference ever held which brought together anti-virus developers from around the world. Includes results of the Dataquest virus prevalence study, virus ethics, and much more. At this point, the NCSA1s computer virus collection numbered about 7,400 samples, the majority of the viruses that had been identified in the Western world.
This is a list of exemplary programs that address important social & economic issues & fosters their replication in Federal, state & local governments. Contents: ten lessons from innovations; innovations from the inside; eradicating sweatshops; consequence assessment tool set (CATS): disaster damage prediction & mapping; greater avenues for independence (GAIN); Florida Healthy Kids Corp.; Santa Fe affordable housing roundtable; compstat: a crime reduction mgmt. tool; Oregon health plan; arts incubator; contacts for recipients of awards. Photos.
Includes documents, news items, reports from government agencies, legislative proposals, summary of laws, and public statements intended to provide an overview of the critical issues in today's policy debate. Both sides of an issue are fairly presented. Includes: wiretapping and digital telephony (FBI report on implementing the Communications Assist. for Law Enforce. Act); the clipper chip debate (public key status report; clipper encryption); key escrow (clipper III analysis), and export controls (internat. market for computer software with encryption).
Provides an overview of the major weapons systems & support equipment the Army is currently developing or has fielded. Sections include: project and sustain; protect the force; win the information war; conduct precision strikes; & dominate the maneuver battle. Over 100 color photos & drawings. Each weapon system described in detail as to mission, characteristics, foreign counterpart, program status, projected activities, & prime contractor. Appendices: contractors by system, contractors by state, points of contact & an index. Comprehensive!
A national strategy for significantly improving the health of the Nation over the coming decade. Addresses the prevention of major chronic illnesses, injuries & infectious diseases. Sections include: health promotion; health protection; preventive services & surveillance & data systems; age-related objectives; & special population objectives. Charts, tables & graphs.
Reviews the current status of plant conservation in the southwestern U.S., citing specific cases from surveys, and genetic, demographic, and ecological studies. In addition, broad issues affecting the paradigms of conservation of rare plants species in an ecosystem management context are reviewed. Contents: public involvement in plant conservation; demography; genetics; issues concerning rarity and preserving biodiversity; reproductive and pollination biology; autecology; strategies for protection in an ecosystem context; and surveys and monitoring. 40 papers. Illus.
Ineligible individuals may be receiving disability benefits under the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, which provides benefits to the low-income disabled & blind. Allegations of fraud, waste, & abuse in the program have been wide spread. Some ineligible non-English-speaking applicants were illegally obtaining benefits through the use of middlemen. There have also been sharp increases in the number of SSI recipients in recent years. From 1990 to 1996, the population of disabled SSI recipients increased by over 40%, from about 3.4 million to nearly 4.8 million. Tables.
Identifies important areas for Federal investment, & specific research in agriculture, environmental biotechnology, manufacturing & bioprocessing, marine biotechnology & aquaculture, & infrastructure. Includes 13 Federal agency overviews: USAID, USDA, DoC, DoD, DoE, DHHS, DoI, DoJ, DoS, DVA, EPA, NASA, & NSF. Stresses the need to research the effects that biotechnology can have on society before going ahead with new advances. Discusses the impact of biotechnology in legal, societal, & economic issues. Glossary. Photos & charts.
About 75,000 Amerasians, and members of their families have left Vietnam to resettle in the U.S. under the provisions of the "Amerasian Homecoming Act,"enacted in Dec. 1987. This report assesses both the process and outcomes of resettling Vietnamese Amerasians in the U.S. It focuses on the outcomes for Amerasians and their families after resettlement has taken place, particularly with regard to education, employment, housing, and health care. Also examines the factors that have been helpful or harmful to the successful resettlement of Amerasians.
Uses the theory of passive detection to show that nuclear weapons employing plutonium and depleted uranium can be detected on board naval vessels, even when they are making port calls in countries that do not allow nuclear weapons.
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