This highly regarded text, aimed both at the researcher and the practicing engineer, as well as the student, presents a detailed discussion of fundamental aspects of the theory, accompanied by detailed solutions of typical and illustrative problems. The book is divided into four parts: Part I develops the fundamentals of thermoelasticity, starting with a presentation of the thermodynamic foundations of the subject and leading to various alternate formulations and methods of solutions of thermoelastic problems. Part II discusses the physical basis of heat transfer theory and methods of solution of heat conduction boundary-value problems. Part III covers more practical aspects of thermal stress analysis, mainly from the strength-of-materials viewpoint. Finally, Part IV presents the manner in which temperature effects can be included in inelasticity theory.
The result is an extremely useful resource which presents the salient features of the subject in a single volume from a unified and basic theoretical point of view.
This volume is divided into five sections and opens by discussing the role of acoustic emission in fracture toughness testing and the relation between static and dynamic fracture toughness of structural steels. The reader is then introduced to methods for determining stress-intensity factors of simplified geometries of structural parts; stress analysis of pressure vessels by thermal shock; the fracture toughness of constructional steels in cyclic loading; and fracture processes and fracture toughness in powder forged steels. The remaining chapters explore the influence of low-cycle damage on fracture toughness; fracture of structural alloys at temperatures approaching absolute zero; fracture mechanisms in Si-Al-O-N ceramics; propagation and bifurcation of cracks in quartz; and the effect of pressure and environment on the fracture and yield of polymers.
This monograph will be a useful resource for metallurgists, materials scientists, and structural and mechanical engineers.
When failure occurs in ceramic materials, it is often catastrophic, instantaneous, and total. Now in its Second Edition, this important book arms readers with a thorough and accurate understanding of the causes of these failures and how to design ceramics for failure avoidance. It systematically covers:
Stress and strain
Types of mechanical behavior
Strength of defect-free solids
Linear elastic fracture mechanics
Measurements of elasticity, strength, and fracture toughness
Subcritical crack propagation
Toughening mechanisms in ceramics
Effects of microstructure on toughness and strength
Cyclic fatigue of ceramics
Thermal stress and thermal shock in ceramics
Dislocation and plastic deformation in ceramics
Creep and superplasticity of ceramics
Creep rupture at high temperatures and safe life design
Hardness and wear
While maintaining the first edition's reputation for being an indispensable professional resource, this new edition has been updated with sketches, explanations, figures, tables, summaries, and problem sets to make it more student-friendly as a textbook in undergraduate and graduate courses on the mechanical properties of ceramics.
This is the first time that complete information of elevated temperature behavior of ceramic composites has ever been compacted together in a single volume. Of particular importance is that each chapter, written by internationally recognized experts, includes a substantial review component enabling the new material to be put in proper perspective.
Shanti Nair is Associate Professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Karl Jakus is Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.