Silicon Photonics II: Components and Integration

Springer Science & Business Media
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This book is volume II of a series of books on silicon photonics. It gives a fascinating picture of the state-of-the-art in silicon photonics from a component perspective. It presents a perspective on what can be expected in the near future. It is formed from a selected number of reviews authored by world leaders in the field, and is written from both academic and industrial viewpoints. An in-depth discussion of the route towards fully integrated silicon photonics is presented. This book will be useful not only to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers but also to graduate students who are interested in the fields of micro- and nanophotonics and optoelectronics.
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About the author

David J. Lockwood earned BSc (1964), MSc (1966), and PhD (1969) degrees in physics at the University of Canterbury and was awarded a DSc in 2000. His doctoral research work was on inelastic light (Raman) scattering from insulators under Professor Alister G. McLellan. He spent 1970-71 as a post-doctoral fellow in physical chemistry with Professor Donald E. Irish at the University of Waterloo working on the vibrational spectroscopy of solvated cations. Dr. Lockwood then moved to Edinburgh University as a research fellow in the group of Professor William Cochran and spent six years there researching the dynamical properties of structural phase transitions and antiferromagnets. As a result of these studies he was awarded a DSc (1978) degree in physics by Edinburgh University. In 1978, Dr. Lockwood joined the Division of Physics of the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, where he is now a Principal Research Officer in the Institute for Microstructural Sciences.

At NRC, Dr. Lockwood continued his investigations of the electronic and magnetic excitations of antiferromagnets culminating in the classic book on light scattering in magnetic solids co-authored with Professor Michael G. Cottam. Since the mid-1980s he has researched the optical properties of semiconductor heterostructures, superlattices, and more recently, nanostructures. His seminal work on silicon nanostructures resulted in the definitive and widely cited observation of quantum-confined light emission in silicon and also of self-organized growth in superlattice structures. Dr. Lockwood has now published over 550 papers and 22 books on these topics and holds 7 patents.

Dr. Lockwood has been extremely active in the promotion of science internationally through his service in recent years on more than 40 international and national committees including work within NATO, IUPAP, and the American Physical Society, where he was chair of the Forum on International Physics. He is an Editor of Solid State Communications and a member of the Editorial Boards of Physica E, Low Temperature Physics, The Open Condensed Matter Physics Journal, and Physics in Canada and is also Founding Editor for the Book Series on Nanostructure Science and Technology. Within the Electrochemical Society (ECS), he has co-organized or chaired a number of very successful international symposia on pits and pores, quantum confinement, and advanced luminescent materials and has served on the Board of Directors of ECS as well as chair of the Luminescence and Display Materials Division. He has served on the executive of the Canadian Association of Physicists as director of international affairs and also as treasurer, and of the Royal Society of Canada as treasurer.

Dr. Lockwood is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the American Physical Society, and the Electrochemical Society, and is a member of the Materials Research Society, ASTM International, the Institute of Nanotechnology, and the Canadian Association of Physicists. In 2005 he was awarded the Brockhouse Medal of the Canadian Association of Physicists for outstanding achievement in condensed matter and materials physics and the Tory Medal of the Royal Society of Canada for outstanding research in any branch of astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, physics, or an allied science.

Lorenzo Pavesi is Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Trento (Italy). Born the 21st of November 1961, he received his PhD in Physics in 1990 at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale of Lausanne (Switzerland). In 1990 he became Assistant Professor, an Associate Professor in 1999 and Full Professor in 2002 at the University of Trento. He leads the nanoscience laboratory (25 people), teaches several classes at the Science Faculty of the University of Trento, and is dean of the PhD School in Physics. He founded the research activity in semiconductor optoelectronics at the University of Trento and started several laboratories of photonics, growth and advanced treatment of materials. He is in charge of the professional master in NEMS-MEMS, coorganized between University and FBK. He has directed more than 15 PhD students and more than 20 Master thesis students. His research activity concerned the optical properties of semiconductors. During the last years, he concentrated on Silicon based photonics where he looks for the convergence between photonics and electronics by using silicon nanostructures. He is interested in active photonics devices which can be integrated in silicon by using classical waveguides or novel waveguides such as those based on dynamical photonic crystals. His interests encompass also optical sensors or biosensors and solar cells. In silicon photonics, he is one of the worldwide recognized experts, he organized several international conferences, workshops and schools and is a frequently invited speaker. He manages several research projects, both national and international. He advises EC on photonics and is a frequently invited reviewer, monitor or referee for photonics projects by several grant agencies. He is an author or co-author of more than 250 papers, author of several reviews, editor of more than 10 books, author of 2 books and holds six patents. He is in the editorial board of Research Letters in Physics and he was in the editorial board of Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies, in the directive council of the LENS (Florence), in the Board of Delegates of E-MRS. He holds an H-number of 33 according to the web of science

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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Oct 13, 2010
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Pages
256
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ISBN
9783642105067
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Language
English
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Genres
Technology & Engineering / Electrical
Technology & Engineering / Electronics / General
Technology & Engineering / Lasers & Photonics
Technology & Engineering / Materials Science / General
Technology & Engineering / Microwaves
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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VI spectrum of potential applications is outlined by T. W. HANSCH, who also touches briefly on the exciting field of laser spectroscopy, a most important application to which a forthcoming volume is devoted. The treatment, being tutorial in nature, is suitable both for graduate students and for scientists working in the dye-laser field or applying a dye laser in another research discipline. The book will also prove to be an indispensable and handy source of information for the specialist. The literature is reviewed up to spring 1973, and the list of additional references (which cites the titles of articles) extends to summer 1973. This is proof of an amazingly short publication period for a 300-page book. Heidelberg, October 1973 HELMUT K. V. LOTSCH Contents 1. Principles of Dye Laser Operation. By FRITZ P. SCHAFER (with 53 Figures) Historical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Organization of the Book . . . . . . . . . 5 1. 1. General Properties of Organic Compounds 6 1. 2. Light Absorption by Organic Dyes 9 1. 3. Deactivation Pathways for Excited Molecules 28 1. 4. Laser-Pumped Dye Lasers . . . . . . 32 1. 4. 1. Oscillation Condition . . . . . 32 1. 4. 2. Practical Pumping Arrangements 37 1. 4. 3. Time Behavior and Spectra 44 1. 5. Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Lasers 54 1. 5. 1. Triplet Influence . . . . 54 1. 5. 2. Practical Pumping Arrangements 60 1. 5. 3. Time Behavior and Spectra 64 1. 6. Wavelength-Selective Resonators for Dye Lasers 66 1. 7. Dye-Laser Amplifiers 79 1. 8. Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 2. Continuous-Wave Dye Lasers. By B. B.
The development of integrated silicon photonic circuits has recently been driven by the Internet and the push for high bandwidth as well as the need to reduce power dissipation induced by high data-rate signal transmission. To reach these goals, efficient passive and active silicon photonic devices, including waveguide, modulators, photodetectors, multiplexers, light sources, and various subsystems, have been developed that take advantage of state-of-the-art silicon technology.

Suitable for both specialists and newcomers, Handbook of Silicon Photonics presents a coherent and comprehensive overview of this field from the fundamentals to integrated systems and applications. It covers a broad spectrum of materials and applications, emphasizing passive and active photonic devices, fabrication, integration, and the convergence with CMOS technology. The book’s self-contained chapters are written by international experts from academia and various photonics-related industries.

The handbook starts with the basics of silicon as an optical material. It then describes the building blocks needed to drive integrated silicon photonic circuits and explains how these building blocks are incorporated in complex photonic/electronic circuits. The book also presents applications of silicon photonics in numerous fields, including biophotonics and photovoltaics.

With many illustrations, including some in color, this handbook provides an up-to-date reference to the broad and rapidly changing area of silicon photonics. It shows how basic science and innovative technological applications are pushing the field forward.

The development of integrated silicon photonic circuits has recently been driven by the Internet and the push for high bandwidth as well as the need to reduce power dissipation induced by high data-rate signal transmission. To reach these goals, efficient passive and active silicon photonic devices, including waveguide, modulators, photodetectors, multiplexers, light sources, and various subsystems, have been developed that take advantage of state-of-the-art silicon technology.

Suitable for both specialists and newcomers, Handbook of Silicon Photonics presents a coherent and comprehensive overview of this field from the fundamentals to integrated systems and applications. It covers a broad spectrum of materials and applications, emphasizing passive and active photonic devices, fabrication, integration, and the convergence with CMOS technology. The book’s self-contained chapters are written by international experts from academia and various photonics-related industries.

The handbook starts with the basics of silicon as an optical material. It then describes the building blocks needed to drive integrated silicon photonic circuits and explains how these building blocks are incorporated in complex photonic/electronic circuits. The book also presents applications of silicon photonics in numerous fields, including biophotonics and photovoltaics.

With many illustrations, including some in color, this handbook provides an up-to-date reference to the broad and rapidly changing area of silicon photonics. It shows how basic science and innovative technological applications are pushing the field forward.

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