Biological Reactive Intermediates: Formation, Toxicity, and Inactivation

Springer Science & Business Media
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The concept that detoxication is the inevitable result of biotransformation of xenobiotic compounds by mammalian systems has undergone modification since it was first described. Indeed, despite the fact that R. T. Williams popularized the notion, he was among the first to caution that it was not possible to predict the biological activities of the resulting metabolites. It has become increasingly apparent in recent years that not only do many metabolites of drugs and other chemicals display biological activity but also in many instances these metabolites play an important role in initiating several forms of cancer and are the cause of a variety of types of toxicity. Thus it seems appropriate to collect in one volume a series of reports outlining advances in the study of the formation of chemically active intermediary metabolic products of chemicals, mechanisms of toxicity or carcinogenesis, and pathways for true detoxication of these chemicals. The work of R. T. Williams, beginning in the late 1920s and early 1930s, marked the first concerted effort to understand the biotransformation of foreign chemicals in animals. He investigated the metabolic pathway of numerous compounds in a wide variety of animal species while training large numbers of our colleagues who have been responsible for further advances in biochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology. Another pioneer in the study of drug metabo lism, B. B.
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Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Dec 6, 2012
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Pages
514
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ISBN
9781461341246
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Life Sciences / Biochemistry
Science / Life Sciences / Biophysics
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This content is DRM protected.
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Richard Preston
“The bard of biological weapons captures
the drama of the front lines.”
-Richard Danzig, former secretary of the navy


The first major bioterror event in the United States-the anthrax attacks in October 2001-was a clarion call for scientists who work with “hot” agents to find ways of protecting civilian populations against biological weapons. In The Demon in the Freezer, his first nonfiction book since The Hot Zone, a #1 New York Times bestseller, Richard Preston takes us into the heart of Usamriid, the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Maryland, once the headquarters of the U.S. biological weapons program and now the epicenter of national biodefense.

Peter Jahrling, the top scientist at Usamriid, a wry virologist who cut his teeth on Ebola, one of the world’s most lethal emerging viruses, has ORCON security clearance that gives him access to top secret information on bioweapons. His most urgent priority is to develop a drug that will take on smallpox-and win. Eradicated from the planet in 1979 in one of the great triumphs of modern science, the smallpox virus now resides, officially, in only two high-security freezers-at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta and in Siberia, at a Russian virology institute called Vector. But the demon in the freezer has been set loose. It is almost certain that illegal stocks are in the possession of hostile states, including Iraq and North Korea. Jahrling is haunted by the thought that biologists in secret labs are using genetic engineering to create a new superpox virus, a smallpox resistant to all vaccines.

Usamriid went into a state of Delta Alert on September 11 and activated its emergency response teams when the first anthrax letters were opened in New York and Washington, D.C. Preston reports, in unprecedented detail, on the government’s response to the attacks and takes us into the ongoing FBI investigation. His story is based on interviews with top-level FBI agents and with Dr. Steven Hatfill.

Jahrling is leading a team of scientists doing controversial experiments with live smallpox virus at CDC. Preston takes us into the lab where Jahrling is reawakening smallpox and explains, with cool and devastating precision, what may be at stake if his last bold experiment fails.
Johnjoe McFadden
Paul Davidovits
Physics in Biology and Medicine, Fourth Edition, covers topics in physics as they apply to the life sciences, specifically medicine, physiology, nursing and other applied health fields. This is a concise introductory paperback that provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems and presents material in a straightforward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology. Applicable courses are Biophysics and Applied Physics.

This new edition discusses biological systems that can be analyzed quantitatively, and how advances in the life sciences have been aided by the knowledge of physical or engineering analysis techniques. The volume is organized into 18 chapters encompassing thermodynamics, electricity, optics, sound, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and atomic and nuclear physics. Each chapter provides a brief review of the background physics before focusing on the applications of physics to biology and medicine. Topics range from the role of diffusion in the functioning of cells to the effect of surface tension on the growth of plants in soil and the conduction of impulses along the nervous system. Each section contains problems that explore and expand some of the concepts. The text includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body.

Physics in Biology and Medicine will be a valuable resource for students and professors of physics, biology, and medicine, as well as for applied health workers.

Provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systemsPresents material in a straight forward manner requiring very little background in physics or biologyIncludes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body
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