Throughout the book, the text emphasises problem-solving in which students are encouraged to apply their conceptual understanding in order to solve practical problems.
This book is primarily intended for the undergraduate students of civil engineering and agricultural engineering.
The book introduces the engineering hydrology of arid and semi-arid regions, covering meteorological processes and hydrology. The author discusses precipitation and precipitation losses, catchment characteristics, and runoff estimation methods. He also examines streamflow measurements and hydrographs, flood routing, and groundwater hydrology, including the basic equations of groundwater flow and analytic solutions describing flow aquifers, pumping tests, and salt water intrusion. Building on this foundation, the book then delineates sediment yield in watersheds and streams and the design of hydraulic structures for protection and management of water resources systems. It includes case studies, conversion tables, and modeling software.
During the last two decades, research efforts and networking have enhanced the state of knowledge about arid and semi-arid areas, especially watershed and catchment systems. Pulling this information together into a comprehensive resource, this book provides a better understanding of wadi hydrology, capacity-building processes, water education and training, and institutional development. This understanding can then be used to select the appropriate tools to support water management and optimize the sustainable use of water resources.
"When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water"
— Benjamin Franklin
Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary defines more that 4,000 basic terms and phrases related to water conveyance with emphasis on computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling. Compiled by Nicolas G. Adrien, a noted consulting engineer with three decades of experience, this dictionary includes detailed references to actual modeling studies, nearly 100 illustrations, 150 equations and formulas, and many notations. It also includes a chapter of application examples and another containing more than 6,000 related terms with a list of resources where interested readers can find additional definitions.
Other dictionaries and glossaries related to these areas tend to be either dated or much narrower in scope. This dictionary offers broad, practice-based coverage of terms culled directly from the latest texts, references, and actual engineering reports. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary stands alone in providing ready access to the vocabulary of these subjects.
Widely praised for its direct and concise presentation, practical orientation, and wealth of example problems, Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems presents fundamental theories and concepts balanced with excellent coverage of engineering applications and design. The Fourth Edition features a major revision of the chapter on distribution systems, as well as a new chapter on the application of remote sensing and computer modeling to hydrology.
Outstanding features of the Fourth Edition include . . .
• More than 350 illustrations and 200 tables
• More than 225 fully solved examples, both in FPS and SI units
• Fully worked-out examples of design projects with realistic data
• More than 500 end-of-chapter problems for assignment
• Discussion of statistical procedures for groundwater monitoring in accordance with the EPA’s Unified Guidance
• Detailed treatment of hydrologic field investigations and analytical procedures for data assessment, including the USGS acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) approach
• Thorough coverage of theory and design of loose-boundary channels, including the latest concept of combining the regime theory and the power function laws
Hydrology and Water Resource Systems Analysis includes a number of illustrations and tables, with fully solved example problems integrated within the text. It describes a systematic treatment of various surface water estimation techniques; and provides detailed treatment of theory and applications of groundwater flow for both steady-state and unsteady-state conditions; time series analysis and hydrological simulation; floodplain management; reservoir and stream flow routing; sedimentation and erosion hydraulics; urban hydrology; the hydrological design of basic hydraulic structures; storage spillways and energy dissipation for flood control, optimization techniques for water management projects; and methods for uncertainty analysis.
It is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and for practitioners. Hydrologists and water-related professionals will be helped with an unfamiliar term or a new subject area, or be given a formula, the procedure for solving a problem, or guidance on the computer packages which are available, or shown how to obtain values from a table of data. For them it is a compendium of hydrological practice rather than science, but sufficient scientific background is provided to enable them to understand the hydrological processes in a given problem, and to appreciate the limitations of the methods presented for solving it.