Grunt tackles the science behind some of a soldier's most challenging adversaries—panic, exhaustion, heat, noise—and introduces us to the scientists who seek to conquer them. Mary Roach dodges hostile fire with the U.S. Marine Corps Paintball Team as part of a study on hearing loss and survivability in combat. She visits the fashion design studio of U.S. Army Natick Labs and learns why a zipper is a problem for a sniper. She visits a repurposed movie studio where amputee actors help prepare Marine Corps medics for the shock and gore of combat wounds. At Camp Lemmonier, Djibouti, in east Africa, we learn how diarrhea can be a threat to national security. Roach samples caffeinated meat, sniffs an archival sample of a World War II stink bomb, and stays up all night with the crew tending the missiles on the nuclear submarine USS Tennessee. She answers questions not found in any other book on the military: Why is DARPA interested in ducks? How is a wedding gown like a bomb suit? Why are shrimp more dangerous to sailors than sharks? Take a tour of duty with Roach, and you’ll never see our nation’s defenders in the same way again.
The origins and principles of NIR spectroscopy, including early instrumentation, spectroscopic theory, and light-particle interaction The physics of each instrument type, the strengths and weaknesses of each, and the manufacturers that produce them The possible advantages of using NIR methods for monitoring or controlling blending, as well as practical concerns for mixing processes NIR spectroscopy as applied to traditional granulation, drug layering, and film coating of beads or granules Pharmaceutical assays, including qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis, determination of actives in tablets and capsules, and considerations for intact dosage form analysis Steps involved in the validation and acceptance of an NIR spectroscopy method, including quality assurance, qualification and verification of instruments, and the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines Medical applications, including those related to blood glucose measurements, tissue and major organ analysis, fetal analysis, and cancer research
Providing comprehensive coverage of NIR spectroscopy, from theory, mathematics, application, and mechanics of NIR analysis, the book supplies ample references to facilitate further research into this burgeoning field.