This book informs beekeepers of best practices so that their hard work results in a product of optimum quality. It also describes the threats to honey quality which can occur through poor handling skills or poor design of facilities. It includes references to legislation about food production, where relevant. It shows the way to document procedures so that they can be used as evidence of best practice.
PART A: HIVE TO EXTRACTION
Part A is about:
· safety of personnel
· properties of honey
· removing honey from the hive
· transporting honey to the extracting facility.
PART B: EXTRACTION PREMISES
Part B is about:
· the location and construction of the extraction facility
· surrounding grounds
· site as a food premise
· mobile extraction facilities.
PART C: EXTRACTION PROCESS
Part C is about:
· the extraction process
· extraction equipment
· maintenance of the equipment
· storage of honey.
PART D: EVIDENCE
Beekeepers and other food producers must have documented and traceable evidence that food materials have been handled safely and free from any contamination.
Part D of this book outlines the requirements for the documentation and provides examples of satisfactory ways to demonstrate compliance. This is the Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points or HACCP for the honey industry.
Beekeepers and growers of horticultural crops, broadacre crops and pastures all benefit from bees visiting flowers. this book informs the beekeeper about preparing and maintaining bees so that they are fit for the pollination task and informs the grower about creating an environment for best results. It describes the specific bee stocking rate required for more than sixty plant species and includes a section on making a business agreement between grower and beekeeper.
Table of contents:
· Safety for personnel
· Floral structure
· Agents of pollination
· Honey bee colonies
· Size of the operation
· Nutrition for bees
· Health problems
· Stock selection
· Hive strength
· Pollination standards
· Orchard design and management
· Managing hives on the crop
· Netting and glass houses
· Post-pollination hive management
· Contracts and agreements
· The bee broker
· Appendix 1: Sample pollination agreement
· Appendix 2: Individual crops
· Appendix 3: Standard operation procedure (SOP)
Whether your goal is to rear a few queen bees or thousands, this manual provides the basic knowledge and instruction to get you started and can be applied to beekeeping operations ranging from several thousand colonies to one or two.
A successful queen bee producer is well organised, committed, and pays attention to hygiene, pest and disease status and environmental conditions at all apiaries: be they mating or queen breeding apiaries or those holding production and support colonies. With practice, you can refine your queen rearing methods to suit your operation and resources. This manual can always be your point of reference.
Rearing queen bees is a specialist job. It takes a significant level of experience and resources to produce good quality mated queens. In addition, rearing your own queen bees can be a lot of fun and can add an extra interest to your beekeeping.
Queens of superior quality result from a combination of:
· good drone rearing and stocking practices
· good queen rearing practices
· a program of continual stock selection.
Each of these three elements is addressed in-depth throughout this manual.
This publication was written by technical specialists of the NSW Department of Primary Industries and produced by Education Delivery, Tocal College.
It supports the following competencies from AHC10, The National Agriculture, Horticulture, Conservation and Land Management Training Package:
· AHCBEK402A Perform queen bee artificial insemination
· AHCBEK407A Rear queen bees
Read an Interview with Dr. Resh here
With Dr. Howard Resh’s help, you’ll learn:
Background information on how hydroponics evolved The nutritional and environmental demands of plants and how to control these factors How to provide formulations of nutrients optimal to the plants you wish to grow The many different hydroponic systems you can purchase or build for yourself Designs for different types of greenhouses with components to fit your personal taste and budget Crop selection and step-by-step procedures, including seeding, transplanting, training, pest and disease control, and harvesting—along with when to plant and when to change crops How you can grow microgreens on your kitchen counter
The book includes an appendix with sources of seeds and other supplies, along with helpful websites and lists of books, articles, and conferences on growing hydroponically and caring for your crops. By following the guidelines in this book, you’ll understand everything you need to know to get your home-growing operation up and running in no time.