The Knowledge Deficit: Closing the Shocking Education Gap for American Children

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The Knowledge Deficit illuminates the real issue in education today -- without an effective curriculum, American students are losing the global education race. In this persuasive book, the esteemed education critic, activist, and best-selling author E.D. Hirsch, Jr., shows that although schools are teaching the mechanics of reading, they fail to convey the knowledge needed for the more complex and essential skill of reading comprehension. Hirsch corrects popular misconceptions about hot issues in education, such as standardized testing, and takes to task educators' claims that they are powerless to overcome class differences. Ultimately, this essential book gives parents and teachers specific tools for enhancing children's abilities to fully understand what they read.
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About the author

E.D. Hirsch, Jr. is the Linden Kent Memorial Professor of English at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, and the author of Cultural Literacy, The First Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, and The Core Knowledge Series. Dr. Hirsch is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and has been a senior fellow of the National Endowment for the Humanities. He is president of the Core Knowledge Foundation, a nonprofit organization devoted to educational reform.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
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Published on
Apr 1, 2007
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Pages
192
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ISBN
9780547346960
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Language
English
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Genres
Education / Elementary
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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From the bestselling author of Cultural Literacy, a passionate and cogent argument for reforming the way we teach our children

Why, after decades of commissions, reforms, and efforts at innovation, do our schools continue to disappoint us?  In this comprehensive and thought-provoking book, educational theorist E. D. Hirsch, Jr. offers a masterful analysis of how American ideas about education have veered off course, what we must do to right them, and most importantly why. He argues that the core problem with American education is that educational theorists, especially in the early grades, have for the past sixty years rejected academic content in favor of “child-centered” and “how-to” learning theories that are at odds with how children really learn.  The result is failing schools and widening inequality, as only children from content-rich (usually better-off) homes can take advantage of the schools’ educational methods.

Hirsch unabashedly confronts the education establishment, arguing that a content-based curriculum is essential to addressing social and economic inequality. A nationwide, specific, grade-by-grade curriculum established in the early school grades can help fulfill one of America’s oldest and most compelling dreams: to give all children, regardless of language, religion, or origins, the opportunity to participate as equals and become competent citizens. Hirsch not only reminds us of these inspiring ideals, he offers an ambitious and specific plan for achieving them.

Hundreds of thousands of teachers have used this highly practical guide to help K-12 students enlarge their vocabulary and get involved in noticing, understanding, and using new words. Grounded in research, the book explains how to select words for instruction, introduce their meanings, and create engaging learning activities that promote both word knowledge and reading comprehension. The authors are trusted experts who draw on extensive experience in diverse classrooms and schools. Sample lessons and vignettes, children's literature suggestions, end-of-chapter summaries, and "Your Turn" learning activities enhance the book's utility as a classroom resource, professional development tool, or course text.

New to This Edition
*Reflects over a decade of advances in research-based vocabulary instruction.
*Chapters on vocabulary and writing; assessment; and differentiating instruction for struggling readers and English language learners, including coverage of response to intervention (RTI).
*Expanded discussions of content-area vocabulary and multiple-meaning words.
*Many additional examples showing what robust instruction looks like in action.
*Appendix with a useful menu of instructional activities.

See also the authors' Creating Robust Vocabulary: Frequently Asked Questions and Extended Examples, which includes specific instructional sequences for different grade ranges, as well as Making Sense of Phonics, Second Edition: The Hows and Whys, by Isabel L. Beck and Mark E. Beck, an invaluable resource for K-3.
Kumpulan esai mengenai masalah kepengarangan yang ditulis oleh 15 sastrawan dan filsuf. Mereka adalah RM Rilke, TS Eliot, Helena Cixous, Virginia Woolf, M Sandra, Gibert dan Susan Gubar, F Nietzsche, R Descartes, ED Hirsch, S Freud, Simone de Beauvoir, R Barthes, JP Sartre, dan M Foucault. Esai-esai itu dikumpulkan oleh Toeti Heraty, filsuf, budayawan, penyair, dan feminis, yang pernah menjadi Rektor Institut Kesenian Jakarta (IKJ) tahun 1990-1996 dan pengurus Yayasan Kesenian Jakarta. Tujuannya adalah untuk menampilkan peran para pengarang dalam teori sastra maupun filsafat.
Esai-esai mengenai kepengarangan itu ditampilkan dalam empat bagian.

Pada bagian pertama, pengarang ditampilkan sebagai sosok agung. Hal ini ditegaskan oleh RM Rilke, TS Eliot, dan Nietzsche, yang mengungkapkan keistimewaan pengarang karena gejolak kreatifnya. Sedangkan pada bagian kedua, ditunjukkan bahwa sumber kreativitas dan interpretasi pengarang muncul dari dunia batinnya. Ini diungkapkan oleh Descartes, Hirsch, dan Freud.

Bagian ketiga agak lain. Di sini, Toeti Heraty mengumpulkan esai dari para pengarang perempuan. Dikatakannya, suara kaum perempuan terkadang hanya tersembunyi di pojok sejarah. Hal itu misalnya yang digambarkan dalam tulisan Sandra, Gilbert dan Susan Gubar. Sementara Simone Beauvoir, Woolf, dan Cixous, lebih memaparkan kreativitas beserta kendala-kendalanya dan "ruang pribadi" kepengarangan kaum perempuan.

Pada bagian keempat, melalui tulisan Roland Barthes, Sartre, dan Foucault, dipaparkan masalah surutnya peran pengarang. Perubahan-perubahan dalam masyarakat dapat membuat pengarang lenyap, fiksi dan polisemi telah berfungsi tanpa kita bertanya akan keaslian maupun orisinalitas.

Toeti Heraty sendiri berpihak pada kehidupan pengarang dan bukan kematiannya.
From the bestselling author of Cultural Literacy, a passionate and cogent argument for reforming the way we teach our children

Why, after decades of commissions, reforms, and efforts at innovation, do our schools continue to disappoint us?  In this comprehensive and thought-provoking book, educational theorist E. D. Hirsch, Jr. offers a masterful analysis of how American ideas about education have veered off course, what we must do to right them, and most importantly why. He argues that the core problem with American education is that educational theorists, especially in the early grades, have for the past sixty years rejected academic content in favor of “child-centered” and “how-to” learning theories that are at odds with how children really learn.  The result is failing schools and widening inequality, as only children from content-rich (usually better-off) homes can take advantage of the schools’ educational methods.

Hirsch unabashedly confronts the education establishment, arguing that a content-based curriculum is essential to addressing social and economic inequality. A nationwide, specific, grade-by-grade curriculum established in the early school grades can help fulfill one of America’s oldest and most compelling dreams: to give all children, regardless of language, religion, or origins, the opportunity to participate as equals and become competent citizens. Hirsch not only reminds us of these inspiring ideals, he offers an ambitious and specific plan for achieving them.

Give your child a smart start with the revised and updated
What Your Third Grader Needs to Know
 
What should your child learn in the third grade? How can you help him or her at home? This book answers these important questions and more, offering the specific shared knowledge that thousands of parents and teachers across the nation have agreed upon for American third graders. Featuring sixteen pages of illustrations, a bolder, easier-to-follow format, and a thoroughly updated curriculum, What Your Third Grader Needs to Know is designed for parents and teachers to enjoy with children. Hundreds of thousands of children have benefited from the Core Knowledge Series. This edition, featuring a new Introduction, gives today’s generation of third graders the advantage they need to make progress in school and to establish an approach to learning that will last a lifetime. In this book you’ll discover
 
• Favorite poems—old and new, from the traditional rhyme “For Want of Nail” to Lewis Carroll’s whimsical poem “The Crocodile”
• Literature—including Native American stories, African folktales, European fairy tales, classic myths from ancient Greece, stories from ancient Rome, and more
• Learning about language—the basics of written English, including sentence structure, parts of speech, and a first look at writing a report or letter
• World and American history and geography—journey down the great rivers of Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, visit ancient Rome, and experience the earliest days of America with the Pilgrims and Native Americans
• Visual arts—an introduction to masterworks by Rembrandt, Henri Matisse, Mary Cassatt, and others, with gorgeous reproductions and fun, do-it-yourself activities
• Music—the fundamentals of appreciating, reading, and making music, plus great composers, instruments, and sing-along lyrics for songs such as “Bicycle Built for Two” and “He’s Got the Whole World in His Hands”
• Math—stimulating lessons ranging from counting money to solving division problems, numbers through 100,000, graphs, and the metric system
• Science—fascinating discussions on the natural world, the cycles of life, the human body and its systems, and the environment, with accompanying activities and stories about famous scientists such as Copernicus and Alexander Graham Bell
Give your child a smart start with
What Your Fourth Grader Needs to Know
 
How can you help your child at home? This book answers that important question and more, offering the specific shared knowledge that thousands of parents and teachers across the nation have agreed upon for American fourth graders. Featuring illustrations throughout, a bolder, easier-to-follow format, and a thoroughly updated curriculum, What Your Fourth Grader Needs to Know is designed for parents and teachers to enjoy with children. Hundreds of thousands of students have benefited from the Core Knowledge Series. This edition, featuring a new Introduction, gives today’s generation of fourth graders the advantage they need to make progress in school  and establish an approach to learning that will last a lifetime. Inside you’ll discover
 
• Favorite poems—old and new, from the familiar classic “Paul Revere’s Ride” to Langston Hughes’s “Dreams”
• Literature—from around the world, including African and Chinese folktales, excerpts from beloved novels, and condensed versions of popular classics such as Gulliver’s Travels and “Rip Van Winkle”
• Learning about language—the basics of written English, including grammar, punctuation, parts of speech, synonyms and antonyms, plus an introduction to common English sayings and phrases
• World and American history and geography—explore world and American history, including creation of a constitutional government and early presidents and politics
• Visual arts—a broad spectrum of art from around the world, including African masks, Islamic architecture, Chinese calligraphy, and great American painters—featuring gorgeous reproductions
• Music—understanding and appreciating music, from the basics of musical notation to the orchestra, plus great composers and sing-along lyrics for such favorites as “Auld Lang Syne” and “Waltzing Matilda”
• Math—challenging lessons ranging from fractions and decimals to understanding graphs, making change, square roots, and the metric system
• Science—discover the wonders of the human body and its systems, learn about electricity, atoms, chemistry, geology, and meteorology, plus concise biographies of some of the great scientists of our time
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