Under the present educational centralization Japanese secondary school teachers are severely handicapped in carrying out the goals of cultivating a spontaneous spirit and creating a culture rich in individuality. Although Japanese nursery, kindergarten, and elementary teachers could provide many hints to improve the methodology of their American counterparts, the reverse is true at the secondary and college levels. American teachers try to encourage students to be creative in approaching a problem, writing an essay, and sketching an object, and they will suggest appropriate courses, recommend books, and encourage intellectual challenge, while Japanese secondary school teachers' goal is narrowly focused on presenting designated textual material in as efficient a manner as possible.
In the United States, farmers constitute less than ten percent of the population, but American schools still operate as if students had to return home each day for chores, or as if the summer vacation and fall schedule had to be used to help parents with planting, cultivating, and harvesting crops. Today, most American mothers work full time and children have much more free time and live in less secure urban environments. The amount of time spent attending school in Japan and the United States is just one of the cultural attitudes that is examined in this book.
Organized into three parts encompassing 10 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the influences affecting the schools as well as affecting the entire life in which the schools have to take on a different meaning. This text then examines the educational institutions and describes how their purposes, structures, and populations are undergoing unprecedented change. Other chapters deal with the transformation of the teaching–learning role itself, with reference to the teachers. This book discusses as well the relevance of all educational sciences. The final chapter briefly examines some of the main questions that need to be asked again because of all the changes in education's purposes and instrumentality.
This book is a valuable resource for students and teachers.
This book deals with the specific case of the United States of America. It considers the American contribution to world-wide expectations. It examines how the American debate is no longer about the neighborhood school—it is about the American nation's identity and purpose, about efficiency in the least reorganized yet biggest industry. It analyzes the various aspects of American schools, school practices, students, teachers, teaching, and learning. It discusses how the American public school ideal has prevailed to be an inspiration and conceptual model for mankind.
This volume consists of 12 chapters organized into three sections and begins with a discussion of the social context and the dynamics of change. It explores changing perspectives in the educational process, the direction schools are already, and the cultivation of skill and the best use of human ability. Inequalities in educational opportunity in Britain today, and the ways in which they may be reduced, are also considered. The next section focuses on the changing role of teachers, their preparation and orientation, the use of new media in education, and future prospects. The role of teachers in research or curricular development is highlighted. The final section examines the evolution in educational thinking, with emphasis on the problem of authority and responsibility in the teaching of the new humanities, the rise in school enrollments, and the hunger for learning.
This book is intended for educators who want to improve their teaching skills for the benefit of society.