Alternative Wirtschaftspolitik jenseits des Keynesianismus: Wirtschaftspolitische Optionen der Gewerkschaften in Westeuropa

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Nachdem offensichtlich der Krise nach 1974 mit den herkömmlichen Mitteln keyne sianischer Nachfragesteuerung nicht mehr beigekommen werden konnte und die Re gierungen in Westeuropa zu jeweils national spezifischen Varianten einer restrikti ven Austeritypolitik übergingen, wurde der Ruf nach einer "alternativen Wirtschafts politik" laut. Sie sollte sowohl effizient im Sinne der Wiederherstellung der Vollbe schäftigung sein als auch dem Abbau an Sozialleistungen ein Ende bereiten und im Gegenteil sogar die Ausweitung des Systems der sozialen Sicherung auch als ein Mit tel der Schaffung von gesellschaftlich sinnvollen und individuell befriedigenden Ar beitsplätzen benutzen. Insbesondere die Gewerkschaften in Westeuropa sind die Promotoren von Konzeptionen alternativer Wirtschaftspolitik, unterstützt von so zial engagierten kritischen Wissenschaftlern. Erst später wurden auch von den Links parteien, von sozialdemokratischen bis zu eurokommunistischen Parteien, Alterna tivkonzepte vorgelegt, die - abhold jeglichen revolutionären Pathos - auf struktu relle Reformen innerhalb des kapitalistischen Systems setzen. An dieser Konstella tion hat sich bis heute nichts geändert. Projekte alternativer Wirtschaftspolitik wer den immer wieder auf den neuesten Stand gebracht, doch ihre Realisierung ist ge genüber der Dampfwalze von restriktiven Maßnahmen und sozialpolitischen Demon tagen kaum weiter gekommen -- sieht man einmal von Frankreich ab, wo seit Mai 1981 eine Linksregierung im Amt ist, überhäuft von Schwierigkeiten, ihr Programm durchzuführen angesichts der internationalen Abhängigkeiten in dem hochintegier ten westeuropäischen Wirtschaftsraum, dem "Europa des Kapitals."
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Mar 8, 2013
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Business & Economics / General
Business & Economics / Management
Business & Economics / Management Science
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offers a valuable examination of these issues on climate change that will be of interest to academics and postgraduates researching climate policy, economic policy and social movements. Furthermore, it is relevant for policy analysts and policy makers who are interested in learning from climate policies in the context of innovation strategies for a range of countries.
The scientific-technical potential of the Baltic States and their possibilities for co operation with Europe require in-depth, specific analysis. With the deterioration of the structures of science and technology of the former Soviet Union, the severance of communications with former clients, industry and science and technology, the Baltic States - the leaders of the former Soviet Union in this area, faced a difficult new situation. The government budgets of these countries, due to economic decline, are not capable of financing scientific research and project studies, and industry has lost a large part (in some branches this loss reaches even 2/3 or more) of its potential, losing both funds and interest in the sciences. The conversion of industry in the Baltic States is tied with the whole of its restructurisation, which still has not attained more precise directions for a new specialization or connections to the international market. The earlier dominant branches, such as machine production, electro-technology, radio-technology and the electronics industry, require essential modernization, which is possible only through co-operation with other developed countries, especially with the EU and NATO countries. This co-operation could include new mobilized capacities of science and technology. A longer period of stagnation and separation may adversely affect these capacities and lead to their dilution and weakening, due to the "brain drain" of more qualified scientists and specialists to the commercial sector, which does not require high intellectual levels.
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