Bleriot’s exploit encouraged the politicians to reassess how Britain would be defended in the future. An important government committee heard evidence that led directly to the forming of the Royal Flying Corps – an organization that initially included army and naval wings. Superficially, the Royal Navy was moving from strength to strength as it expanded in the naval arms race with Germany. The service remained in high public esteem but a section of the ruling Liberal party wanted money diverted for welfare – a new and powerful competitor for funds. The Two-Power Standard was quietly dropped in 1909 and the astronomical costs of battleship building forced the Navy to look for cheaper substitutes such as submarines and aircraft. A forceful critic of naval expenditure, Winston S. Churchill fostered the early development of airpower when he became First Lord in 1911 and continued to do so when out of office.
The German air raids of 1917 panicked the wartime government into making an ill-considered merger of naval and army air arms that supported imaginative but untried theories of airpower. In 1938, a later government submitted to the national psychosis of bombing by allowing the Royal Air Force to be the only service to rearm without regard to the nation’s ability to afford it. In 1940, the contribution of the Royal Navy was minimized as Churchill praised the RAF for saving the nation from invasion in the Battle of Britain. As a result the RAF’s story has achieved an iconic status that is part of British national identity. Consequently, more important operations including the Dunkirk evacuation; Battle of the Atlantic; Battle of Mers El Kebir and the naval operations against the Italian fleet have been underrated and misunderstood. This ultimate justification of independent airpower continues to undermine understandings of maritime defense and may have skewed US and UK defense policies in the wrong direction for decades.
Alan Warren providesÂ aÂ new study of the series of battles that made up the Burma campaign, including first-hand accounts of the conflict and aÂ fresh examination of the armies and commanders of the major combatants. Burma 1942Â powerfully demonstrates how victory or defeat in particular battlesÂ altered the trajectory of the conflict, affecting the lives of millions.
During the interwar years, from 1920 to 1940, leaders from the Army Air Corps and the Marine Corps recreated their agencies based on visions of new military technologies. In War Machines, Timothy Moy examines these recreations and explores how factors such as bureaucratic pressure, institutional culture, and America's technological enthusiasm shaped these leaders' choices.
The very existence of the Army Air Corps was based on a new technology, the airplane. As the Air Corps was forced to compete for money and other resources during the years after World War I, Air Corps leaders carved out a military niche based on hightech precision bombing. The Marine Corps focused on amphibious, firstwave assault using sturdy, graceless, and easytoproduce landing craft.
Moy's astute analysis makes it clear that studying the processes that shaped the Army Air Corps and Marine Corps is fundamental to our understanding of technology and the military at the beginning of the twentyfirst century.
Who was the model for the movie "The Man Who Never Was?"
What officer was responsible for the eradication of flogging in the U.S. Navy?
Who is the most decorated living U.S. Army veteran?
That the uncle of a world-famous entertainer won the Distinguished Service Cross in Korea?
What officer led the mission to rescue General Patton's son-in-law?
Who was the commanding officer of the famed WW II B-17 Rosie's Riveters?
Who commanded both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets of the U.S. submarine forces?
What soldier, born in Lithuania, was the Commanding General of the U.S. Special Forces?
Who commanded the battleship Utah at Pearl Harbor and received the Navy Cross?
What French general was commended by Napoleon as "...one of the greatest of the great?"
What general commanded the Australian forces in France in World War I?
Who was and remains the only dentist in the Army to win the Congressional Medal of Honor?
Who won both the Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Cross in World War I?
Who won the Navy Cross during World War I and another during World War II?
What Navy surgeon received the Silver Star in Vietnam and is being considered for the Medal of Honor?
Who was one of the first nurses to die in Europe in WW II and is buried in a military cemetery in France?
What famous Los Angeles police officer and attorney won two Bronze Stars in Vietnam as a paratrooper?
Who was the Jewish chaplain who gave his life aboard the SS Dorchester to save American soldiers?
What Israeli astronaut was the youngest participant in the 1981 raid on the Osirak nuclear plant in Iraq?
All these changes carry administrative considerations. This volume suggests perspective and solutions for the challenges that must be successfully confronted by today's CE programs and the professionals who develop them.
This is the 140th volume of this Jossey-Bass series. Noted for its depth of coverage, it explores issues of common interest to instructors, administrators, counselors, and policymakers in a broad range of adult and continuing education settings, such as colleges and universities, extension programs, businesses, libraries, and museums.