Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: A Handbook

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Publisher
FEMA
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Published on
Dec 31, 1988
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Pages
137
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Language
English
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Federal Emergency Management Agency
This report, FEMA-351 – Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings has been developed by the SAC Joint Venture under contract to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to provide structural engineers with recommended criteria for evaluation of the probable performance of existing steel moment-frame buildings in future earthquakes and to provide a basis for updating and revision of evaluation and rehabilitation guidelines and standards. It is one of a series of companion publications addressing the issue of the seismic performance of steel moment-frame buildings. The set of companion publications includes: FEMA-350 – Recommended Seismic Design Criteria for New Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. This publication provides recommended criteria, supplemental to FEMA-302 – 1997 NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures, for the design and construction of steel moment-frame buildings and provides alternative performance-based design criteria. FEMA-351 – Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. This publication provides recommended methods to evaluate the probable performance of existing steel moment-frame buildings in future earthquakes and to retrofit these buildings for improved performance. FEMA-352 – Recommended Postearthquake Evaluation and Repair Criteria for Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. This publication provides recommendations for performing postearthquake inspections to detect damage in steel moment-frame buildings following an earthquake, evaluating the damaged buildings to determine their safety in the postearthquake environment, and repairing damaged buildings. FEMA-353 – Recommended Specifications and Quality Assurance Guidelines for Steel Moment-Frame Construction for Seismic Applications. This publication provides recommended specifications for the fabrication and erection of steel moment frames for seismic applications. The recommended design criteria contained in the other companion documents are based on the material and workmanship standards contained in this document, which also includes discussion of the basis for the quality control and quality assurance criteria contained in the recommended specifications. The information contained in these recommended evaluation and upgrade criteria, hereinafter referred to as Recommended Criteria, is presented in the form of specific recommendations for design and performance evaluation procedures together with supporting commentary explaining part of the basis for these recommendations.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Preparedness takes action! Learn more about hazards which can affect your community and ways you can take action to prepare and participate: Earthquakes can occur suddenly and be deadly. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects. Flooding is the most common natural disaster in the United States and can happen anywhere. Hurricanes have the power to cause widespread devastation, and can affect both coastal and inland areas. Tornadoes are one of nature’s most violent storms, and can cause death, injury, and destruction within seconds. Wildfires can occur anywhere and can destroy homes, businesses, infrastructure, natural resources, and agriculture. Winter storms can occur anywhere and bring freezing rain, ice, snow, high winds or a combination of all these conditions. They can cause power outages that last for days or weeks; making it hard to keep warm and making travel very dangerous. Recent national tragedies remind us that the risk is real: an active shooter incident can happen in any place at any time. The best way to make sure you and your loved ones stay safe is to prepare ahead of time. Content: How to Prepare for an Earthquake How to Prepare for a Flood How to Prepare for a Hurricane How to Prepare for a Tornado How to Prepare for a Wildfire How to Prepare for a Winter Storm How to Provide Emergency Medical Help: First Aid Case and Kits Emergency Rescue and Transportation Procedures First Aid Handbook in Case of Injury: Specific Injuries Fractures Climatic Injuries
Federal Emergency Management Agency

NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FORTHIS PRINT PRODUCT--OVERSTOCK SALE --Significantly reduced list price

This guide provides information on current best practices for earthquake-resistant house design and construction for use by builders, designers, code enforcement personnel, and potential homeowners. It incorporates lessons learned from the 1989 Loma Prieta and 1994 Northridge earthquakes as well as knowledge gained from the FEMA-funded CUREE-Caltech Woodframe Project. It also introduces and explains the effects of earthquake loads on one- and two-family detached houses and identifies the requirements of the 2003 International Residential Code (IRC) intended to resist these loads.

A typical model house is used to illustrate the concepts discussed and to identify approximate deflections under earthquake loading, which permits performance to be compared for various building configurations using the minimum code requirements and the above-code techniques. The above-code recommendations are based on an analysis of the model house as well as comparative tests performed by various researchers and the lessons learned from investigation of residential building performance in past earthquakes. A nonlinear time-history analysis was performed for the model building using the SAWS computer program developed as part of the CUREE-Caltech Woodframe Project (Folz and Filiatrault, 2002). Details of the analysis are presented in Appendix A.

Related products:

Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: A Hanbook is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/064-000-00060-8

Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: Supporting Documentation is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/064-000-00061-6

Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room for Your Home or Small Business; Includes Construction Plans (CD) can be found here:https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/064-000-00069-1

The Seismic Rehabilitation of Historic Buildings is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/024-005-01322-9






Additional appendices feature checklists for builders, designers, and plan checkers; explain significant differences between the 2003 and 2006 editions of the IRC; and present a list of reference materials.

Federal Emergency Management Agency
This report, FEMA-353 – Recommended Specifications and Quality Assurance Guidelines for Steel Moment-Frame Construction for Seismic Applications has been prepared by the SAC Joint Venture, under contract to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, to indicate those standards of workmanship for structural steel fabrication and erection deemed necessary to achieve reliably the design performance objectives contained in the set of companion publications prepared under this same contract: FEMA-350 – Recommended Seismic Design Criteria for New Steel Moment-Frame Buildings, which provides recommended criteria, supplemental to FEMA-302, 1997 NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures, for the design and construction of steel moment-frame buildings and provides alternative performance-based design criteria; FEMA-351 – Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings, which provides recommended methods to evaluate the probable performance of existing steel moment-frame buildings in future earthquakes and to retrofit these buildings for improved performance; and FEMA-352 – Recommended Postearthquake Evaluation and Repair Criteria for Welded, Steel Moment-Frame Buildings, which provides recommendations for performing postearthquake inspections to detect damage in steel moment-frame buildings following an earthquake, evaluating the damaged buildings to determine their safety in the postearthquake environment, and repairing damaged buildings. The recommended design criteria contained in these three companion reports are based on the material and workmanship standards contained in this document, which also includes discussion of the basis for the quality control and quality assurance criteria contained in the recommended specifications.
Homeland Security Dept., Federal Emergency Management Agency
CERT (Community Emergency Response Team) is a critical program in the effort to engage everyone in America in making their communities safer, more prepared, and more resilient when incidents occur.

Community-based preparedness planning allows us all to prepare for and respond to anticipated disruptions and potential hazards following a disaster. As individuals, we can prepare our homes and families to cope during that critical period. Through pre-event planning, neighborhoods and worksites can also work together to help reduce injuries, loss of lives, and property damage. Neighborhood preparedness will enhance the ability of individuals and neighborhoods to reduce their emergency needs and to manage their existing resources until professional assistance becomes available.

Studies of behavior following disasters have shown that groups working together in the disaster period perform more effectively if there has been prior planning and training for disaster response. These studies also show that organized grassroots efforts may be more successful if they are woven into the social and political fabric of the community-- neighborhood associations, schools, workplaces, places of worship, and other existing organizations.

Effective response therefore requires comprehensive planning and coordination of all who will be involved--government, volunteer groups, private businesses, schools, and community organizations. With training and information, individuals and community groups can be prepared to serve as a crucial resource capable of performing many of the emergency functions needed in the immediate post-disaster period. The CERT Program is designed to train individuals to be assets to help communities prepare for effective disaster response.

Audience: Effective response therefore requires comprehensive planning and coordination of all who will be involved--government, volunteer groups, private businesses, schools, and community organizations. With training and information, individuals and community groups can be prepared to serve as a crucial resource capable of performing many of the emergency functions needed in the immediate post-disaster period. The CERT Program is designed to train individuals to be assets to help communities prepare for effective disaster response.

Related items:

Companion to CERT Basic Training Instructor's Guide that can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/027-002-00628-3

Emergency Management & First Responders publications can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/security-defense-law-enforcement/emergency-management-first-responders

Homeland Security Dept., Federal Emergency Management Agency
CERT es un programa cr�tico en el esfuerzo de involucrar a todos en Estados Unidos en hacer sus comunidades m�s seguras, m�s preparadas y m�s resistentes cuando ocurran incidentes. la planificaci�n de preparaci�n basada en la comunidad de

nos permite a todos prepararse y responder a interrupciones anticipadas y peligros potenciales despu�s de un desastre. Como individuos, podemos preparar nuestros hogares y familias para hacer frente durante ese per�odo cr�tico. A trav�s de la planificaci�n previa al evento, los vecindarios y los trabajo tambi�n pueden trabajar juntos para ayudar a reducir las lesiones, la p�rdida de vidas y el da�o a la propiedad. La preparaci�n del vecindario mejorar� la capacidad de las personas y los vecindarios para reducir sus necesidades de emergencia y para administrar sus recursos existentes hasta que la asistencia profesional est� disponible.

Estudios de comportamiento despu�s de los desastres han demostrado que los grupos que trabajan juntos en el per�odo de desastre se desempe�an de manera m�s eficaz si ha habido planificaci�n previa y capacitaci�n para la respuesta ante desastres. Estos estudios tambi�n muestran que los esfuerzos de base organizados pueden ser m�s exitosos si se tejen en el tejido social y pol�tico de la comunidad -- asociaciones vecinales, escuelas, lugares de trabajo, sitios de culto y otras organizaciones existentes. por lo tanto, la respuesta efectiva de

Requiere una planificaci�n y una coordinaci�n integrales de todos los que estar�n involucrados: Gobierno, grupos de voluntarios, empresas privadas, escuelas y organizaciones comunitarias. Con la capacitaci�n y la informaci�n, los individuos y los grupos comunitarios pueden estar preparados para servir como un recurso crucial capaz de desempe�ar muchas de las funciones de emergencia necesarias en el per�odo inmediato posterior al desastre. El programa CERT est� dise�ado para capacitar a los individuos para que sean activos para ayudar a las comunidades a prepararse para una respuesta eficaz ante desastres.

Las publicaciones de Emergency Management & First Responders se pueden encontrar aqu�: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/security-defense-law-enforcement/emerg...
Homeland Security
Recent improvised explosive device (IED) and active shooter incidents reveal that some traditional practices of first responders need to be realigned and enhanced to improve survivability of victims and the safety of first responders caring for them. This multi-disciplinary edition translates evidence-based response strategies based on military experience in responding to and managing casualties from IED and/or active shooter incidents and from its significant investment in combat casualty care research into the civilian first responder environment. Table of Contents: Executive Summary Purpose General Information: Improvised Explosive Device Active Shooter Take an Active Role in Your Own Safety: Explosions Active Shooter Incident First Responder for Improving Survivability in Improvised Explosive Device and/or Active Shooter Incidents Background: Defining First Responders Defining the Threat Military Lessons Learned and Civilian Adaptation Improvised Explosive Device Incidents Active Shooter Incidents Hemorrhage Control Protective Equipment Response and Incident Management Responder Guidelines: Hemorrhage Control Protective Equipment Response and Incident Management Summary Threat-based Scenarios: Large-scale Terrorist/insurgency Attack Medium-scale Terrorist/insurgency Attack Medium-scale Terrorist/insurgency Attack Small Scale Terrorist/insurgency Attack Involuntary Suicide Bomber Discovery/recovery of Homemade Explosives (Not an Attack) Active Shooter With Access Denial to First Responders Active Shooter in a Public Commercial Facility Active Shooter in an Open, Outdoor, Unbounded Location Active Shooter in a Public Sports Complex Provide First Aid After Improvised Explosive Device and/or Active Shooter Incidents Stop the Bleeding and Protect the Wound First Aid for Specific Injuries List of Major Bombing Incidents in the United States 2007-2017 List of Major Mass Shootings in the United States 2007-2017
Federal Emergency Management Agency
This report, FEMA-351 – Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings has been developed by the SAC Joint Venture under contract to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to provide structural engineers with recommended criteria for evaluation of the probable performance of existing steel moment-frame buildings in future earthquakes and to provide a basis for updating and revision of evaluation and rehabilitation guidelines and standards. It is one of a series of companion publications addressing the issue of the seismic performance of steel moment-frame buildings. The set of companion publications includes: FEMA-350 – Recommended Seismic Design Criteria for New Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. This publication provides recommended criteria, supplemental to FEMA-302 – 1997 NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures, for the design and construction of steel moment-frame buildings and provides alternative performance-based design criteria. FEMA-351 – Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. This publication provides recommended methods to evaluate the probable performance of existing steel moment-frame buildings in future earthquakes and to retrofit these buildings for improved performance. FEMA-352 – Recommended Postearthquake Evaluation and Repair Criteria for Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings. This publication provides recommendations for performing postearthquake inspections to detect damage in steel moment-frame buildings following an earthquake, evaluating the damaged buildings to determine their safety in the postearthquake environment, and repairing damaged buildings. FEMA-353 – Recommended Specifications and Quality Assurance Guidelines for Steel Moment-Frame Construction for Seismic Applications. This publication provides recommended specifications for the fabrication and erection of steel moment frames for seismic applications. The recommended design criteria contained in the other companion documents are based on the material and workmanship standards contained in this document, which also includes discussion of the basis for the quality control and quality assurance criteria contained in the recommended specifications. The information contained in these recommended evaluation and upgrade criteria, hereinafter referred to as Recommended Criteria, is presented in the form of specific recommendations for design and performance evaluation procedures together with supporting commentary explaining part of the basis for these recommendations.
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