Communication is the main way of defusing uncertainties. Unfortunately, communication discipline itself is mined by uncertainties. We can talk about onto-epistemological uncertainties and pragmatic uncertainties of communication, about theoretical and practical uncertainties, and about primary and secondary uncertainties of communication. Uncertainties regarding the object of communication as autonomous discipline, the research methods of communication, the sources, paradigms and models of communication represent theoretical, onto-epistemological uncertainties. Pragmatic uncertainties include uncertainties in communication processes; they have a practical character. Pragmatic uncertainties are those that lead to communication failure and they consist in minor obstacles or insurmountable barriers in concrete communication. (Florentin Smarandache & Stefan Vladutescu)
The book has 16 chapters written by the following authors and co-authors from USA, England, Poland, Slovakia, and Romania: Florentin Smarandache, Stefan Vladutescu, Mirela Teodorescu, Dan S. Stoica, Daniela Gifu, Calin Andrei, Ioan Constantin Dima, Mariana Man, Janusz Grabara, Paula Bajdor, Jim O'Brien, Andrzej Rabsztyn, Anabella-Maria Tarnovan, Adrian Nicolescu, Alina Tenescu, Nicusor Minculete, Vladimir Modrak, Sorin Mihai Radu, Alice Ionescu, Anca Diana Bibiri, Lucian Sacalean, Mircea Munteanu, Roxana Criu, Bogdan Constantin Neculau, Marin Dramnescu, MihaelaGabriela Paun, and Loredana Speriatu.
The purpose of writing this book is to suggest some improved estimators
using auxiliary information in sampling schemes like simple random sampling,
systematic sampling and stratified random sampling.
This volume is a collection of five papers, written by nine co-authors
(listed in the order of the papers): Rajesh Singh, Mukesh Kumar, Manoj Kr.
Chaudhary, Cem Kadilar, Prayas Sharma, Florentin Smarandache, Anil
Prajapati, Hemant Verma, and Viplav Kr. Singh.
In first paper dual to ratio-cum-product estimator is suggested and its
properties are studied. In second paper an exponential ratio-product type
estimator in stratified random sampling is proposed and its properties are
studied under second order approximation. In third paper some estimators are
proposed in two-phase sampling and their properties are studied in the
presence of non-response.
In fourth chapter a family of median based estimator is proposed in
simple random sampling. In fifth paper some difference type estimators are
suggested in simple random sampling and stratified random sampling and their
properties are studied in presence of measurement error.
This volume is a collection of ten papers, written by different authors and co-authors (listed in the order of the papers): F. Smarandache, Jun Ye, M. Shabir, M. Ali, M. Naz, F. Yuhua, A. A. Salama, S. Vladutescu, Y. Guo, A. Sengur, S. Broumi, P. Chi, and P. Liu.
In first paper, the author proposed Neutrosophic Measure and neutrosophic Integral. Another Form of Correlation Coefficient between Single Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Method is proposed in the second paper. Soft Neutrosophic Group is studied in third paper. In fourth paper Neutrosophic Example in Physics is discussed. Similarly in fifth paper Filters via Neutrosophic Crisp Sets are discussed. In paper six, Commnication vs. Information, an Axiomatic Neutrosophic Solution is presented by the authors. A Novel Image Segmentation Algorithm Based on Neutrosophic Filtering and Level Set is given in seventh paper. Paper eight is about to Neutrosophic Crisp Points and Neutrosophic Crisp Ideals. In the next paper Several Similarity Measures of Neutrosophic Sets are discussed. The authors introduced An Extended TOPSIS Method for the Multiple Attribute Decision Making Problems Based on Interval Neutrosophic Sets in the last paper.
We approach a novel form of plasma, Unmatter Plasma. The electron-positron beam plasma was generated in the laboratory in the beginning of 2015. This experimental fact shows that unmatter, a new form of matter that is formed by matter and antimatter bind together (mathematically predicted a decade ago) really exists.
Further, we generalize the Lorentz Contraction Factor for the case when the lengths are moving at an oblique angle with respect to the motion direction, and show that the angles of the moving relativistic objects are distorted.
Then, using the Oblique-Length Contraction Factor, we show several trigonometric relations between distorted and original angles of moving object lengths in the Special Theory of Relativity.
We also discuss some paradoxes which we call “neutrosophic” since they are based on indeterminacy (or neutrality, i.e. neither true nor false), which is the third component in neutrosophic logic. We generalize the Venn diagram to a Neutrosophic Diagram, which deals with vague, inexact, ambiguous, ill-defined ideas, statements, notions, entities with unclear borders. We define the neutrosophic truth table, then we introduce two neutrosophic operators (neuterization and antonymization operators), and give many classes of neutrosophic paradoxes.
Other topics addressed in this book are: neutrosophic physics as a new field of research, neutrosophic numbers in physics, neutrosophic degree of paradoxicity, unparticle and unmatter, multispace and multistructure, nucleon clusters, and others.
In a similar way as passing from Euclidean Geometry to Non-Euclidean Geometry, we can pass from Subluminal Physics to Superluminal Physics, and further to Instantaneous Physics (instantaneous traveling). In the lights of two consecutive successful CERN experiments with superluminal particles in the Fall of 2011, we believe these two new fields of research should begin developing.
A physical law has a form in Newtonian physics, another form in the Relativity Theory, and different form at Superluminal theory, or at Instantaneous (infinite) speeds –according to the S-Denying Theory spectrum.
First, we extend physical laws and formulas to superluminal traveling and to instantaneous traveling. Afterwards, we should extend existing classical physical theories from subluminal to superluminal and instantaneous traveling.
And lately we need to find a general theory that unites all theories at: law speeds, relativistic speeds, superluminal speeds, and instantaneous speeds –as in the S-Multispace Theory.
The First International Conference on Superluminal Physics as New Fields of Research was hold at the University of New Mexico, Gallup Campus, NM 87301, USA, as an electronic conference on 2-4 July 2012.
There were seven papers selected for this volume by the following authors and coauthors: KAIZHE GUO, CHONGWU GUO, CHEN JIANGUO, DONG JINGFENG, MI HAIJIANG, CHANGWEI HU, YANG SHIJIA, GULI, and FU YUHUA.
In this book the author pledges for the generalization of the Lupasco-Nicolescu’s Law of Included Middle [<A>, <nonA>, and a third value <T> which resolves their contradiction at another level of reality] to the Law of Included Multiple-Middle [<A>, <antiA>, and <neutA>, where <neutA> is split into a multitude of neutralities between <A> and <antiA>, such as <neut1A>, <neut2A>, etc.]. The <neutA> value (i.e. neutrality or indeterminacy related to <A>) actually comprises the included middle value.
Further, similarly to the extension from dialectics to neutrosophy, the author extends the Principle of Dynamic Opposition [opposition between <A> and <antiA>] to the Principle of Dynamic Neutrosophic Opposition [which means oppositions among <A>, <antiA>, and <neutA>].
The following dialogues are a compilation of different dialogues I had – during the years – on neutrosophy and related topics with academic colleagues, mostly by email.
As they were non-protocol dialogues, initially not intended for publication, I invented a fictional character (somehow resurrected from Plato’s dialogues), Filokratos, and put in his mouth opinions, ideas, questions, comments expressed by academic fellows, in a collective spirit.
Many thanks to all friends and dialogue partners who paid attention to neutrosophy and connected areas.