Foundations of Quantum Theory

Fundamental Theories of Physics

Book 188
Springer
27

This book studies the foundations of quantum theory through its relationship to classical physics. This idea goes back to the Copenhagen Interpretation (in the original version due to Bohr and Heisenberg), which the author relates to the mathematical formalism of operator algebras originally created by von Neumann. The book therefore includes comprehensive appendices on functional analysis and C*-algebras, as well as a briefer one on logic, category theory, and topos theory. Matters of foundational as well as mathematical interest that are covered in detail include symmetry (and its "spontaneous" breaking), the measurement problem, the Kochen-Specker, Free Will, and Bell Theorems, the Kadison-Singer conjecture, quantization, indistinguishable particles, the quantum theory of large systems, and quantum logic, the latter in connection with the topos approach to quantum theory.

This book is Open Access under a CC BY licence.

Read more
Collapse

About the author

Klaas Landsman (1963) obtained his PhD in Theoretical High-Energy Physics from the University of Amsterdam in 1989. He was a research fellow at the University of Cambridge from 1989-1997, with a sojourn as Alexander von Humboldt Fellow in Hamburg from 1993-94. He was subsequently a Royal Academy Research Fellow at the University of Amsterdam from 1997-2002, and obtained a Pioneer Grant from NWO in 2002. Klaas has held the Chairs in Analysis and subsequently in Mathematical Physics at the Radboud University since 2004, and in 2011 was awarded the Bronze Medal of this university for his outreach work in mathematics. His research is mainly concerned with non-commutative geometry and with the mathematical foundations of quantum theory.

Read more
Collapse
4.6
27 total
Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
Springer
Read more
Collapse
Published on
May 11, 2017
Read more
Collapse
Pages
861
Read more
Collapse
ISBN
9783319517773
Read more
Collapse
Read more
Collapse
Best For
Read more
Collapse
Language
English
Read more
Collapse
Genres
Mathematics / Algebra / General
Mathematics / Algebra / Linear
Science / History
Science / Physics / General
Science / Physics / Mathematical & Computational
Science / Physics / Quantum Theory
Read more
Collapse
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more
Collapse

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
It is a great pleasure for me that the new Springer Quantum Probability ProgrammeisopenedbythepresentmonographofAkihitoHoraandNobuaki Obata. In fact this book epitomizes several distinctive features of contemporary quantum probability: First of all the use of speci?c quantum probabilistic techniques to bring original and quite non-trivial contributions to problems with an old history and on which a huge literature exists, both independent of quantum probability. Second, but not less important, the ability to create several bridges among di?erent branches of mathematics apparently far from one another such as the theory of orthogonal polynomials and graph theory, Nevanlinna’stheoryandthetheoryofrepresentationsofthesymmetricgroup. Moreover, the main topic of the present monograph, the asymptotic - haviour of large graphs, is acquiring a growing importance in a multiplicity of applications to several di?erent ?elds, from solid state physics to complex networks,frombiologytotelecommunicationsandoperationresearch,toc- binatorialoptimization.Thiscreatesapotentialaudienceforthepresentbook which goes far beyond the mathematicians and includes physicists, engineers of several di?erent branches, as well as biologists and economists. From the mathematical point of view, the use of sophisticated analytical toolstodrawconclusionsondiscretestructures,suchas,graphs,isparticularly appealing. The use of analysis, the science of the continuum, to discover n- trivial properties of discrete structures has an established tradition in number theory, but in graph theory it constitutes a relatively recent trend and there are few doubts that this trend will expand to an extent comparable to what we ?nd in the theory of numbers. Two main ideas of quantum probability form the unifying framework of the present book: 1. The quantum decomposition of a classical random variable.
This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at the 2011 summer school in theoretical physics in Les Houches, France, Session XCVI. What is a quantum machine? Can we say that lasers and transistors are quantum machines? After all, physicists advertise these devices as the two main spin-offs of the understanding of quantum mechanical phenomena. However, while quantum mechanics must be used to predict the wavelength of a laser and the operation voltage of a transistor, it does not intervene at the level of the signals processed by these systems. Signals involve macroscopic collective variables like voltages and currents in a circuit or the amplitude of the oscillating electric field in an electromagnetic cavity resonator. In a true quantum machine, the signal collective variables, which both inform the outside on the state of the machine and receive controlling instructions, must themselves be treated as quantum operators, just as the position of the electron in a hydrogen atom. Quantum superconducting circuits, quantum dots, and quantum nanomechanical resonators satisfy the definition of quantum machines. These mesoscopic systems exhibit a few collective dynamical variables, whose fluctuations are well in the quantum regime and whose measurement is essentially limited in precision by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Other engineered quantum systems based on natural, rather than artificial degrees of freedom can also qualify as quantum machines: trapped ions, single Rydberg atoms in superconducting cavities, and lattices of ultracold atoms. This book provides the basic knowledge needed to understand and investigate the physics of these novel systems.
©2019 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google|Location: United StatesLanguage: English (United States)
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.