This Handbook describes and discusses the features that make up the petroleum refining industry. It begins with a description of the crude oils and their nature. It continues with the saleable products from the refining processes, with a review of the modern day environmental impact.
There is a complete overview of the processes that make up the refinery with a brief history of the processes. It also describes design technique, operation, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, sufficient to enable good input to modern computer simulation packages.
The Handbook also covers off-sites and utilities, as well as environmental and safety aspects relevant to the industry.
The chapter on refinery planning covers both operational planning and the decision making procedures for new or revamped processes.
Finally, the major items of equipment used in the industry are reviewed. This chapter gives a detail of the equipment with examples of the process specifications for these items.
The final chapter is in part a glossary and in part a dictionary of the terms and expressions used in Petroleum Refining. This part of the book also includes an appendix section with an item on much used data such as converging factors, selected crude oil assays and an example of optimising a refinery configuration using linear programming.
The book covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programmes and key drawings produced by professional engineers as aids to design; subjects which are usually learned on the job rather than in education. You will learn how to produce smarter plant design through the use of computer tools, including Excel and AutoCAD, "What If Analysis", statistical tools, and Visual Basic for more complex problems. The book also includes a wealth of selection tables, covering the key aspects of professional plant design which engineering students and early-career engineers tend to find most challenging.
Professor Moran draws on over 20 years' experience in process design to create an essential foundational book ideal for those who are new to process design, compliant with both professional practice and the IChemE degree accreditation guidelines.Explains how to deliver a process design that meets both business and safety criteriaCovers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programmes and key drawings as aids to designIncludes a comprehensive set of selection tables, covering those aspects of professional plant design which early-career designers find most challenging
There are four main steps to getting licensed as a professional engineer. Each state and territory varies slightly, but in general one must graduate from an ABET-accredited engineering program, pass the fundamentals of engineering exam, gain work experience, and then pass the PE exam.
Because of the work experience requirement, PE examinees have generally been out of school for some time. This book summarizes the theoretical background of topics covered in the exam, which will help potential examinees refresh their memories on subjects they may not have been exposed to since their undergraduate classes. Another advantage of using this book to prepare for the PE exam is that two or three "logical distractors" (answers that result from common mistakes) are included among the answer choices for each problem. The solutions to the problems also explain why the logical distractors are incorrect. Research has shown that this is an efficient teaching tool. Thus, the inclusion of these logical distractors and their explanations will give individuals a better foundation in the subject matter in a shorter period of time.
Although this book is intended primarily to help engineers prepare for the PE environmental engineering examination, it will also be useful in undergraduate engineering courses that cover environmental engineering topics.
The introduction contains hints for successful completion of the exam and information on how to use this book. Chapters 2 through 5 consist of a summary of relevant theory and multiple-choice sample examination problems for the four main topic areas of the exam (water, solid and hazardous waste, air, and environmental health, safety, and welfare). The more than 100 sample problems presented in Chapters 2 through 5 are in the same multiple-choice format as the actual exam, and detailed solutions are provided. An additional 100 original multiple-choice problems are provided in the Sample Exam in Chapter 6, again with detailed, step-by-step solutions. The topic distribution of the problems in Chapters 2 through 5 and in Chapter 6 matches the NCEES descriptions of material covered in the examination, and topics covered in the chapters closely follow the syllabus published by NCEES for the Principals and Practice of Environmental Engineering exam.
In addition to being a preparation text for potential examinees of the PE Environmental Engineering exam, this book will be an excellent reference text for students in undergraduate environmental, civil, and chemical engineering programs.
Chemical Process Development and Design Technologies for Green Environment Advances in Transportation Engineering Emerging Trends in Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Construction Technology and Management Concrete and Structural Engineering Sustainable Manufacturing Processes Design and Analysis of Machine and Mechanism Energy Conservation and Management